The Western Bloc during the Cold War refers to the capitalist countries who were under the hegemony of the United States and NATO against the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact. The latter were referred to as the Eastern Bloc. The governments and press of the Western Bloc were more inclined to refer to themselves as the "Free World" or the "Western world", whereas the Eastern Bloc was often called the "Communist world or Second world".
Since the end of the Cold War, until recently, further escalation between China and Russia became tense since the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia in 1999, such as the conflicts in the Middle East (particularly in Iran, Syria and Yemen), Venezuela and Ukraine.
Western Bloc associations
Albania (from 2009) Belgium Bulgaria (from 2004) Canada Croatia (from 2009) Czech Republic (from 1999) Denmark Estonia (from 2004) France Germany (from 1990) West Germany (1955-1990) Greece (from 1952) Hungary (from 1999) Iceland Italy Latvia (from 2004) Lithuania (from 2004) Luxembourg Montenegro (from 2017) Netherlands Norway Poland (from 1999) Portugal Romania (from 2004) Slovakia (from 2004) Slovenia (from 2004) Spain (from 1982) Turkey (from 1952) United Kingdom United States
Other NATO-affiliated states and partners
Argentina Bahamas (from 1982) Bolivia (until 2012) Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba (until 1959, withdrew in 2012) Dominican Republic Ecuador (until 2012) El Salvador Guatemala Haiti Honduras Mexico (until 2004) Nicaragua (until 2012) Panama Paraguay Peru Trinidad and Tobago (from 1967) United States Uruguay Venezuela
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- Kissinger, Henry. Diplomacy. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994. 447,454.
- Lewkowicz, Nicolas. The United States, the Soviet Union and the Geopolitical Implications of the Origins of the Cold War New York and London: Anthem Press, 2018.