It was located in the province of Western Finland and was part of the Pirkanmaa region. The municipality had a population of 2,043 (2003) and covered an area of 224.70 km² of which 24.61 km² was water. The population density was 10.2 inhabitants per km². Viljakkala was consolidated with Ylöjärvi on January 1, 2007.
The municipality was unilingually Finnish.
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