Vertical metre

A vertical metre is the metric unit used to measure the difference in height between two points on the terrain. For example, if the base camp for a mountaineering expedition is at 2,000 metres above sea level and the upper camp is at 5,000 metres; the height difference between them is 3,000 vertical metres. The term is used when there may be confusion between the point-to-point distance and the vertical distance.


Vertical metres are used to measure:


In German-speaking countries the abbreviation 'Hm' for Höhenmeter ("height metre") is used. If it is preceded by a '±' it refers to the cumulative elevation gain.

See also


  1. See for example Nash, Mike, Exploring Prince George: A Guide to North Central B. C. Outdoors, Vancouver: Rocky Mountain Books, 2004, p. 105.
  2. Glossary of Mining Terms at Retrieved 29 Dec 2017.
  3. Calculating bricks and blocks at Retrieved 29 Dec 2017.
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