University of Saint Mary of the Lake
The University of Saint Mary of the Lake, also called Mundelein Seminary, is the principal seminary and school of theology for the formation of priests in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago, governed from Chicago, Illinois, in the United States. Chartered by the Illinois General Assembly in 1844, it has the longest continuous academic charter in the state of Illinois.
|St. Mary's College |
St. Mary of the Lake Seminary
|Chancellor||Blase J. Cupich|
|400 (special programs)|
1000 East Maple Avenue,
Mundelein, IL 60060
600 acres (242.8 ha)
|Affiliations||Association of Theological Schools (ATS)|
Association of Chicago Theological Schools (ACTS)
The largest major Catholic seminary (a seminary containing a graduate school of theology) in the United States, Mundelein Seminary serves 45 dioceses in eight different countries and was the first ecclesiastical faculty in the U.S.
In addition to the seminary, the University of St. Mary of the Lake offers the Lay Formation Program, Instituto de Liderazgo Pastoral, Diaconate Formation Program, and the Liturgical Institute.
Bishop William Quarter, the first Bishop of Chicago, oversaw the creation and early development of the University of Saint Mary of the Lake with the primary objective of ordaining priests to serve the growing diocese. After years in flourishing operation but growing financial burden, the university was forced to close in 1866.
Expressing a need for more priests, Archbishop George Mundelein was compelled to re-open the institution as Saint Mary of the Lake Seminary around 1921. In 1926, the seminary opened a new campus church, designed by Chicago architect Joseph W. McCarthy. The institution became known throughout the world in 1926 as a site for the International Eucharistic Congress.
In September 1929, the seminary received a second charter, this time from the Holy See. Cardinal Mundelein obtained from the Sacred Congregation for Seminaries and Universities the authority to grant the international academic degrees of the Holy See. In 1934 the Ecclesiastical Faculty of Theology at Mundelein was honored with a permanent grant of this authority. The seminary became the first American institution to be honored as a pontifical theological faculty under the Apostolic Constitution. The seminal liturgical leader and Catholic Action chaplain Msgr. Reynold Henry Hillenbrand served as rector of St. Mary of the Lake Seminary from 1936-1944.
Under the leadership of Cardinal Albert Meyer, in 1961 the seminary opened a second campus in Niles, Illinois. The Niles campus became the site for the two-year liberal arts program. The Mundelein campus included the upper class college studies in philosophy followed by a four-year theology curriculum. Under Cardinal Meyer’s successor, Cardinal John Cody, the undergraduate program was affiliated with Loyola University of Chicago and became Niles College of Loyola University. Saint Mary of the Lake Seminary was now strictly a graduate school of theology. The program which resulted from that revision continued to be implemented for more than a decade, its academic, formation/spiritual and pastoral aspects guided by the Program of Priestly Formation of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops and the directives of the Sacred Congregation for Catholic Institutions.
In 1971, Saint Mary of the Lake Seminary became affiliated with the Association of Theological Schools of the United States and Canada, which is the accrediting body for theological seminaries and divinity schools.
1976 saw two milestones in the seminary history. In cooperation with the Center for Pastoral Ministry, the Archdiocese of Chicago’s continuing education school, the seminary began a program of studies leading to the new doctor of ministry degree. Also in 1976, the seminary celebrated the 50th anniversary of the first ordinations held in the Chapel of the Immaculate Conception.
In 1982, under the direction of Archbishop Joseph Bernardin, the seminary faculty initiated a thorough revision of the program which had been in place for ten years. The changes had as their goal the better implementation of the objectives set forth in the third edition of the Program of Priestly Formation.
In 1986, Cardinal Bernardin announced that the University of Saint Mary of the Lake would be revived with the addition of a continuing education school, the Center for Development in Ministry, to the campus. The new center would continue the work of continuing education for priests which was the mission of the Center for Pastoral Ministry, but would now expand to offer continuing education to all those in ministry, clergy, religious and laity. Saint Mary of the Lake Seminary again adopted the name on its original 1844 charter, the University of Saint Mary of the Lake, and honored its second founder by renaming the graduate school as Mundelein Seminary.
During 1996, Mundelein Seminary was visited by members of the Bishops' Committee on Seminaries. After an extensive series of meetings with faculty and students, the members of the committee gave a strong recommendation to the seminary program.
Cardinal Francis George continued this development of the university in February 2000 by transferring the Archdiocese of Chicago’s programs of ministry formation to the seminary. Three former agencies of the Pastoral Center were transferred there to become programs of Mundelein Seminary. Joining USML that year were the Lay Ministry Formation Program, the Diaconate Formation Program and the Instituto de Liderazgo Pastoral. While remaining separate and distinct from the priestly formation program, all are to cooperate under the seminary aegis in advancing the efforts of ministry preparation and formation for all those involved in pastoral ministry. Plans were also begun to separate the continuing education programs of the Center for Development in Ministry from the university and to relocate them as an agency of the Pastoral Center. These same plans included the continued operation of a Conference Center at the University of Saint Mary of the Lake. This would make Mundelein Seminary the center for all basic formation for ministry, while leaving continuing formation to other agencies. To reflect this evolution, the Board of Advisors decided to adopt a compound name, the University of Saint Mary of the Lake / Mundelein Seminary. This follows the style of most of the pontifical universities which have a formal name and a common name which become interchangeable.
Also in 2000, Cardinal George established the Liturgical Institute at the University of Saint Mary of the Lake / Mundelein Seminary. This is the first step in a new vision of the cardinal to expand the university to include specialized institutes to support the major ministries of the archdiocese.
The Mundelein Psalter, the first complete one-volume edition containing the approved English-language texts of the Liturgy of the Hours with psalms that are pointed for the chanting of the Divine Office, was published in 2007.
On September 22, 2012, Sister Sara Butler, M.S.B.T., a professor and a member of the International Theological Commission, was chosen to be one of the papally-appointed experts at the upcoming October 2012 13th Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the New Evangelization.
Monsignor Dennis J. Lyle was the outgoing rector and president of the seminary and university; he was succeeded on July 1, 2012, by the Reverend Father Robert Barron. Father Thomas A. Baima is the Vice Rector for Academic Affairs, coordinating the schools and institutes of the university. On December 3, 2012, Elizabeth Nagel was named to succeed Father John G. Lodge as president of the (mostly lay and postgraduate) Pontifical Faculty of Theology.
Located north of Route 176 and east of Rt. 45 in the northeastern corner of the Village of Mundelein on Saint Mary's Lake (Illinois), the seminary occupies more than 600 acres (242.8 ha). The eastern portion of St. Mary's Lake extends into Libertyville, Illinois
The campus has capacity for about 400 students. It is distinctive for its neo-Georgian architecture, laid out symmetrically and centered upon the chapel, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary under the title of her Immaculate Conception — the patroness of the seminary.
Other important buildings on the extensive campus - unique among Catholic seminaries - are separate seminarian and faculty residences, a classroom building, the refectory, the Feehan Memorial Library/McEssy Theological Resource Center, the administration building, a convent, gymnasium, conference and guest facilities, the Cardinal Stritch Retreat House, and a Villa for the Archbishop of Chicago.
Organization and administration
The Liturgical Institute has its own faculty and is dedicated to training, research and publication in the fields of sacramental theology and liturgy. The Institute offers a professional master of arts in liturgy, an academic master of arts (liturgical studies), and a licentiate in sacred theology. All degrees are awarded by the University of Saint Mary of the Lake / Mundelein Seminary.
Sports teams of the university are known as the Lakers.
- Auxiliary Bishop Alfred Leo Abramowicz
- Bishop Robert Barron
- Bishop Romeo Roy Blanchette
- Bishop Edward K. Braxton
- Bishop Maurice Francis Burke
- Edwin R. Chess
- Father George Clements
- Father Daniel P. Coughlin
- Archbishop William Edward Cousins
- Cardinal Edward Egan
- Father Dominic Grassi
- Father Andrew Greeley
- Archbishop Wilton D. Gregory
- Monsignor Reynold Hillenbrand
- Bishop Gerald Kicanas
- Archbishop Jerome E. Listecki
- Father Douglas Martis
- Archbishop John Lawrence May
- Archbishop Thomas Joseph Murphy
- Bishop Thomas J. Paprocki
- Father Michael Pfleger
- Bishop George James Rassas
- Archbishop Patrick William Riordan
- Bishop Alberto Rojas
- Bishop Edward James Slattery
- Archbishop John George Vlazny
- Bishop James S. Wall (Liturgical Institute)
In addition to the Archdiocese of Chicago, the seminary was used by the following dioceses as of the 2010–2011 academic year:
- Diocese of Albany
- Archdiocese of Atlanta
- Diocese of Brownsville
- Diocese of Davenport
- Diocese of Des Moines
- Archdiocese of Dubuque
- Diocese of Gary
- Diocese of Gaylord
- Diocese of Grand Island
- Diocese of Grand Rapids
- Diocese of Green Bay
- Diocese of San Jose
- Diocese of Joliet
- Archdiocese of Kansas City in Kansas
- Diocese of La Crosse
- Diocese of Las Cruces
- Diocese of Rockford
- Diocese of San Bernardino
- Diocese of Saginaw
- Diocese of Salina
- Archdiocese of Seattle
- Diocese of Springfield in Illinois
- Diocese of Superior
- Diocese of Tucson
- Diocese of Yakima
- "CARA - Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate". Cara.georgetown.edu. 2000-07-26. Retrieved 2015-04-24.
- "Catholic Ministry Formation Enrollments Statistical Overview for 2007–2008" (PDF). Cara.georgetown.edu. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2010. Retrieved 2015-04-24.
- "Joseph William McCarthy". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2015-04-24.
- "Deus scientiarum Dominus, Constitutio Apostolica, De Universitatibus et Facultatibus studiorum ecclesiasticorum, d. 24 m. Maii a. 1931, Pius PP. XI". Vatican.va. Retrieved 2015-04-24.
- "George Cardinal Mundelein Auditorium Theatre Organ", Theatreorgans.com
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Archived October 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine