Trema micrantha

Trema micrantha, common name Jamaican nettletree[2] or guacimilla, is a plant species native to warmer parts of the Western Hemisphere. It has been reported from Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Belize, Bolivia, Argentina, Nicaragua, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, the Virgin Islands, Guyana, Honduras, Panamá, Venezuela, Suriname, Perú, Paraguay, Jamaica, Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, and southern Florida.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13] Within the State of Florida, it has been collected in 10 counties: Monroe, Miami-Dade, Lee, Broward, Palm Beach, Collier, Hendry, Martin, Sarasota and Pinellas.[14][15]

Jamaican nettletree
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Cannabaceae
Genus: Trema
T. micrantha
Binomial name
Trema micrantha
(L.) Blume
  • Celtis albicans Willd. ex Steud.
  • Celtis canescens Kunth
  • Celtis chichilea Ruiz & Pav. ex Planch.
  • Celtis curiandiuba M.Gómez ex Planch.
  • Celtis lima Lam.
  • Celtis macrophylla Kunth
  • Celtis micrantha (L.) Sw.
  • Celtis microcarpa Salzm. ex Planch.
  • Celtis mollis Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.
  • Celtis rufescens Banks ex Planch.
  • Celtis schiedeana Schltdl.
  • Rhamnus micrantha L.
  • Sponia canescens (Kunth) Decne.
  • Sponia chichilea Planch.
  • Sponia crassifolia Liebm.
  • Sponia grisea Liebm.
  • Sponia lima Decne.
  • Sponia macrophylla (Kunth) Decne.
  • Sponia micrantha (L.) Decne. ex Planch.
  • Sponia micrantha (L.) Decne.
  • Sponia mollis Decne.
  • Sponia peruviana Klotzsch
  • Sponia riparia Decne.
  • Sponia schiedeana (Schltdl.) Planch.
  • Trema canescens (Kunth) Blume
  • Trema chichilea (Planch.) Blume
  • Trema floridana Britton ex Small
  • Trema lima Blume
  • Trema macrophylla (Kunth) Blume
  • Trema melinona Blume
  • Trema micrantha var. obtusatum Urb.
  • Trema micrantha var. strigillosa (Lundell) Standl. & Steyerm.
  • Trema mollis (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Blume
  • Trema riparia Blume
  • Trema rufescens Blume
  • Trema schiedeana (Schltdl.) Blume
  • Trema strigillosa Lundell
  • Urtica alnifolia Bertero ex Griseb.

Trema micrantha is a shrub or small tree up to 10 m tall. Leaves are egg-shaped, up to 9 cm long, green on top but covered with white, woolly pubescence underneath. Flowers are greenish-white. Fruits are yellow to bright reddish-range, up to 4 mm in diameter. [3][16][17]


  1. The Plant List, Trema micrantha"
  2. "Trema micratha". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  3. Flora of North America vol 3 Trema micrantha'
  4. Tropicos, Trema micrantha, distribution
  5. Wijnands, D. Onno. 1983. Botany of the Commelins. A.A. Balkema , Rotterdam.
  6. CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  7. Correa A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf. 2004. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá 1–599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama.
  8. Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
  9. Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro.
  10. Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 55: 1–584
  11. Lawesson, J. E., H. Adsersen & P. Bentley. 1987. An updated and annotated check list of the vascular plants of the Galapagos Islands. Reports from the Botanical Institute, University of Aarhus 16: 1–74.
  12. Long, R. W. & O. K. Lakela. 1971. Flora of Tropical Florida i–xvii, 1–962. University of Miami Press, Coral Cables.
  13. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida i–x, 1–806. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
  14. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, Plants Database
  15. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants, Institute for Systematic Botany
  16. Blume, Carl (Karl) Ludwig von. 1856. Museum botanicum Lugduno-Batavum, sive, Stirpium exoticarum novarum vel minus cognitarum ex vivis aut siccis brevis expositio et descriptio 2: 58.
  17. Linnaeus, Carl von. 1759. Systema Naturae, Editio Decima 2: 937.
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