Taus (instrument)

The Taus is a bowed string instrument from the north Indian region of Punjab. The taus was invented by Guru Hargobind, the sixth Guru of the Sikhs.[1] The Taus was later modified into the lighter Dilruba by Guru Gobind Singh. It has a peacock body and neck with 20 heavy metal frets. The neck consists of a long wooden rack with 28-30 strings and is played with a bow.

A Sikh man playing the Taus
Classification Bowed string instrument
Inventor(s)Guru Hargobind
Related instruments

Relation to Dilruba/Esraj

The Dilruba originates from the taus and is the creation of the 10th Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh.[2] The Dilruba was designed to be a compact version of the Taus, making it more convenient for the Sikh army to carry on horseback. The Esraj is a modern variant of the Dilruba.


  1. Dharam Singh (2001). Perspectives on Sikhism. Publication Bureau, Punjabi University. p. 158. ISBN 978-8-1738-0736-7.
  2. Dutta, Madhumita (2008). Let's Know Music and Musical Instruments of India. Star Publications. pp. 22–23. ISBN 978-1-9058-6329-7.
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