Szczuczyn

Szczuczyn [ˈʂt͡ʂut͡ʂɨn] is a town in Grajewo County, Podlaskie Voivodeship, Poland, with 3,602 inhabitants (2004).

Szczuczyn
Piarist abbey

Coat of arms
Szczuczyn
Coordinates: 53°33′58″N 22°17′6″E
Country Poland
VoivodeshipPodlaskie
CountyGrajewo
GminaSzczuczyn
Area
  Total13.23 km2 (5.11 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
  Total3,564
  Density270/km2 (700/sq mi)
Postal code
19-230
Websitehttp://www.um.szczuczyn.pl

History

Holocaust

Some 56% of the town's 4,502 inhabitants were Jews prior to the war.[1] At the outbreak of the Second World War Szczuczyn was briefly occupied by German forces who sent 350 men, mostly Jewish, to forced labor, of whom only 30 returned after five months. The town was then turned over to the Soviets, who arrested the wealthy residents of the town, including many Jews. Some twenty Jewish families were expelled to Siberia on 21 June 1941 and approximately 2,000 Jews remained in the town.[2] In June 1941, some 300 Jews were killed in a massacare carried out by the Polish inhabitants of Szczuczyn after the town was bypassed by the invading German soldiers in the beginning of Operation Barbarossa. The June massacre was stopped by German soldiers. A subsequent massacre by Poles in July killed some 100 Jews, and following the German Gestapo takeover in August 1941 some 600 Jews were killed by the Germans, the remaining Jews placed in a ghetto, and subsequently sent to Treblinka extermination camp.[2][3]

Notable residents

Stanisław Antoni Szczuka is buried there.

  • Fania Bergstein (1908–1950), Hebrew-language poet
  • Myer Prinstein (1878–1925), Jewish American track and field athlete, three-time Olympic gold medal winner
  • Chaim-Dovid Romerowski (1898-1942), Rabbi in the city of Szczuczyn

References

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