Statutory city (Czech Republic)

In Czech politics, a statutory city (Czech: statutární město) is a municipal corporation which has been granted city status by Act of Parliament. It is more prestigious than the simple title město ("town"), which can be awarded by the cabinet and chair of the Chamber of Deputies to a municipality which applies for it. Statutory city status is partially ceremonial; the mayor is called primátor, rather than the starosta of other municipalities. Statutory cities are allowed to subdivide into self-governing boroughs (sg. městský obvod or městská část) with their own elected councils; such a statutory city has to issue a statute (statut) that delimits power to boroughs. As of 2016 only seven of then total 25 statutory cities have done so. Also the capital of Prague, while not being de iure statutory city, is subdivided into similar self-governing boroughs.

History

The model, derived from its common origin in Austria-Hungary, was renewed after the fall of communism by the Act on Municipalities in 1990, which established 13 statutory cities in addition to Prague, the capital city which is a de facto statutory city. Unlike Austria, before districts of the Czech Republic were abolished only the three largest cities (Brno, Ostrava and Plzeň) constituted a district okres on their own; the others were a part (though always a capital, except Havířov) of a district with smaller municipalities. As the prestige associated with statutory city status grew, 12 additional statutory cities were created by the Act on Municipalities in 2000[1] and its four later amendments.

There are only two statutory cities, Havířov and Třinec, that are not seats of their eponymous districts.

List

Since August 2018, there are 26 statutory cities (plus Prague), comprising all Czech cities over 40 thousand inhabitants (and Třinec):

Name Population[2] Area (km²) Region Statutory city since
Prague (Praha)1,308,632496Prague“time immemorial”
Brno380,681230South Moravian Region1990
Ostrava289,128214Moravian-Silesian Region1990
Plzeň172,441138Plzeň Region1990
Liberec104,445106Liberec Region1990
Olomouc100,523103Olomouc Region1990
České Budějovice94,01456South Bohemian Region1990
Ústí nad Labem92,95294Ústí nad Labem Region1990
Hradec Králové92,742106Hradec Králové Region1990
Pardubice90,68878Pardubice Region1990
Zlín74,997119Zlín Region1990
Havířov71,90332Moravian-Silesian Region1990
Kladno69,05437Central Bohemian Region2000
Most66,18687Ústí nad Labem Region2000
Opava56,63891Moravian-Silesian Region1990
Frýdek-Místek55,93152Moravian-Silesian Region2006
Karviná52,82457Moravian-Silesian Region2003
Jihlava50,84579Vysočina Region2000
Teplice49,57524Ústí nad Labem Region2003
Děčín48,809118Ústí nad Labem Region2006
Chomutov48,72029Ústí nad Labem Region2006
Karlovy Vary48,50159Karlovy Vary Region1990
Jablonec nad Nisou45,80231Liberec Region2012
Mladá Boleslav44,48929Central Bohemian Region2003
Prostějov43,68039Olomouc Region2012
Přerov43,18659Olomouc Region2006
Třinec35,13185Moravian-Silesian Region2018

References

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