The Stanchester Hoard is a hoard of 1,166 Roman coins dating from the fourth to early fifth century found in 2000 at Wilcot, in the Vale of Pewsey, Wiltshire, England. The find was considered important because of the large quantity of unclipped silver coins contained within. It was also the latest dated example of Roman coins found in Wiltshire.
|Discovered||Wilcot, Vale of Pewsey, Wiltshire, by John and David Philpott on 25 July 2000|
|Present location||Wiltshire Museum, Devizes|
|Identification||2000 Fig 268|
The hoard was discovered in a field on 25 July 2000 by John and David Philpotts, using metal detectors. It had been buried in a flagon made from the pottery known as Alice Holt pottery. The hoard was named after the former Stanchester villa, a nearby Roman villa with which the hoard was likely to have been associated, along with the Wansdyke earthwork. Excavations of the Stanchester villa in 1931 and 1969, revealed a wall and evidence for a Roman central heating system. Roof and flue tiles and pottery shards were dated by associated coins, which dated from the 2nd to the 4th centuries.
The Stanchester Hoard contains three gold solidi, 33 silver miliarenses—many described as in "mint condition", 1129 silver siliquae and one copper-alloy nummus, as well as a fragment of a bronze ring. The earliest coin was struck in the reign of Constantine I starting in 307; the latest coin was struck in 406 during the joint reign of Arcadius and Honorius. The silver coins were not clipped, suggesting that they had never been circulated. Within a year of the latest minting, Constantine III, declared emperor by his troops, crossed to Gaul with an army and was defeated by Honorius; it is unclear how many Roman troops remained or ever returned, or whether a commander-in-chief in Britain was ever reappointed.
|Reign||Date||? of coins||Empire|
|Arcadius/Honorius||383–423||3||E / W|
Other Stanchester finds
Other Roman places in England named Stanchester include the site of another villa in Pitchford, Shropshire.
- Keith Nurse. "Late Roman Coin Hoards and Wansdyke". Wansdyke Project 21. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- "Analysis of Coin Hoards from Roman Britain". forumancientcoins.com. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- "Treasure Annual Report 2000" (PDF). Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 March 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- "Table 3". forumancientcoins.com. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- Manor Farm, Wilcot, Pewsey, Wiltshire, An Archaeological Evaluation for W. Madiment, Helen Moore, Thames Valley Archaeological Services Ltd, accessed July 2010
- Guest 2005, pp. 39, 41 & 43
- "Monument no. 191845". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- "Monument no. 70090". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 21 July 2010.