Square antiprismatic molecular geometry
In chemistry, the square antiprismatic molecular geometry describes the shape of compounds where eight atoms, groups of atoms, or ligands are arranged around a central atom, defining the vertices of a square antiprism. This shape has D4d symmetry and is one of the three common shapes for octacoordinate transition metal complexes, along with the dodecahedron and the bicapped trigonal prism.
|Square antiprismatic molecular geometry|
Like with other high coordination numbers, eight-coordinate compounds are often distorted from idealized geometries, as illustrated by the structure of Na3TaF8. In this case, with the small Na+ ions, lattice forces are strong. With the diatomic cation NO+, the lattice forces are weaker, such as in (NO)2XeF8, which crystallizes with a more idealized square antiprismatic geometry.
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