Southern miombo woodlands

The Southern miombo woodlands is a tropical grasslands and woodlands ecoregion extending across portions of Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Southern miombo woodlands
Miombo woodland in Kasungu National Park, Malawi
Map of the Southern miombo woodlands ecoregion
BiomeTropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Area408,200 km2 (157,600 sq mi)
CountriesMalawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Conservation statusvulnerable

It is one of four miombo woodlands ecoregions that span the African continent south of the Congo forests and East African savannas.


The Eastern miombo woodlands covers the hills and low plateaus in the watersheds of the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers, north and south of the Zambezi, and north and east of the Limpopo. The drier Zambezian and mopane woodlands occupy the lowlands along the Zambezi and its major tributaries, including the Shire and Lugenda, and the lowlands of the Limpopo. To the north and northwest, the Eastern miombo woodlands transition to the Central Zambezian miombo woodlands. To the southwest, they transition to the Southern Africa bushveld. The Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic bounds the ecoregion on the southeast, along the Indian Ocean coast.

Zambia's capital Lusaka and Zimbabwe's capital Harare are in the ecoregion.


The predominant vegetation is savanna and open-canopy woodland. The predominant trees are species of Brachystegia (aka miombo), Julbernardia, and Isoberlinia.[1]

Protected areas and conservation

Mozambique's Zinave National Park is partly within the ecoregion, as are Zimbabwe's Chizarira and Matusadona national parks, Malawi's Kasungu National Park, and Zambia's Lower Zambezi, Lukusuzi, and South Luangwa national parks.


  1. "Southern miombo woodlands." World Wildlife Fund ecoregion profie. Accessed 15 September 2019.
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