Socialist Popular Alliance Party

The Socialist People's Alliance Party (Arabic: حزب التحالف الشعبي الإشتراكي Hizb Al-Tahalof Al-Shaeby Al-Ishtiraky, SPAP) is a leftist party in Egypt formed shortly after the Egyptian Revolution of 2011. Its membership comprises many leftist organisations, mainly former members of the Tagammu Party (the only formal leftist party under Hosni Mubarak's reign) who resigned, later joining the party after a split over the party's position on the November 2010 parliamentary elections.[3] The party has been officially recognized on 3 September 2011.[4]

Socialist Popular Alliance Party

حزب التحالف الشعبي الاشتراكي
Hizb Al-Tahalof Al-Shaeby Al-Ishtiraky
PresidentAbu Al-Izz Al-Hariri
General SecretaryAbdel Ghafar Shokr[1]
FounderMohamed Refaat El-Saeed
Founded2011 (2011)
Split fromNational Progressive Unionist Party
HeadquartersCairo, Egypt
Political positionLeft-wing
National affiliationCivil Democratic Movement[2]
International affiliationNone
Colours     Desert sand
House of Representatives
0 / 568

One of the founding members of the party, Fathy Ghareeb, died by suffocation provoked by the tear gas fired by the Central Security Forces (CSF) during the November 2012 Tahrir square clashes.[5]

In November 2013, hundreds of members attempted to resign from the party over party elections as well as a lack of separation from the policies of the state; however, the resignations were rejected by party head Abdel Ghafar Shokr.[6] The former members created the Bread and Freedom Party in late November 2013.[7]

A 32-year-old member of the party named Shaimaa Sabagh was shot in the head and killed by police in Cairo on 24 January 2015.[8]


  1. Abdel Ghafar Shokr elected chairman of Social Popular Alliance Party, Daily News Egypt, 18 May 2013, retrieved 16 December 2013
  2. "Eight liberal and leftist Egyptian parties to boycott 2018 presidential elections". Ahram Online. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  3. "Egypt's leftist front, will it survive?". Ahram Online. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  4. "Five socialist parties unite to impact Egyptian politics". Ahram Online. 11 May 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  5. "Socialist Alliance holds slain protester's funeral in Egypt's Tahrir". Ahram Online. 28 November 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  6. Social Popular Alliance Party shaken by 304 resignations, Daily News Egypt, 9 November 2013, retrieved 16 December 2013
  7. "New socialist party launched in Egypt". Ahram Online. 25 November 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  8. "Innocent protester holding flowers killed on eve of egypt uprising". Daily Mail Online. 25 January 2015. Retrieved 25 January 2015.

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