Second Empire of Haiti

The Second Empire of Haiti, officially known as the Empire of Haiti (French: Empire d'Haïti; Haitian Creole: Anpi an Ayiti), was a state which existed from 1849 to 1859. It was established by the then-President, former Lieutenant General and Supreme Commander of the Presidential Guards under President Riché, Faustin Soulouque,[1] who, inspired by Napoleon, declared himself Emperor Faustin I on August 26, 1849 at the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption in Port-au-Prince.[2] Faustin's unsuccessful invasions (in part due to the diplomatic interference of the United States and Spain)[3] in an attempt to reconquer the Dominican Republic (in 1849, 1850, 1855 and 1856), which seceded from Haiti in 1844, undermined his control over the country.

Empire of Haiti

Empire d'Haïti
Anpi an Ayiti
Motto: Dieu, Ma Patrie Et Mon Épée (French)
"God, my fatherland, my sword"
The Empire of Haiti
Common languagesFrench, Haitian Creole
Roman Catholic
Faustin I
26 August 1849
 Republic proclaimed
15 January 1859
ISO 3166 codeHT
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Unification of Hispaniola
First Haitian Republic

In 1858, a revolution began, led by General Fabre Geffrard, Duke of Tabara. In December of that year, Geffrard defeated the Imperial Army and seized control of most of the country. As a result, the Emperor abdicated his throne on 15 January 1859. Refused aid by the French Legation, Faustin was taken into exile aboard a British warship on 22 January 1859. General Geffrard succeeded him as President. Soon afterwards, the Emperor and his family arrived in Kingston, Jamaica, where they remained for several years. Allowed to return to Haiti, Faustin died at Petit-Goâve on 6 August 1867 and was buried at Fort Soulouque.[4]

See also


  1. The impact of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic world. David Patrick Geggus (ed), p. 25. University of South Carolina Press, 2001. ISBN 1-57003-416-8, ISBN 978-1-57003-416-9.
  2. Davis, H. P. Black Democracy - The Story of Haiti, Read Books, 2008, p. 161. ISBN 1-4437-2849-7, ISBN 978-1-4437-2849-2.
  3. Baur, John E. (1949). "Faustin Soulouque, Emperor of Haiti His Character and His Reign". The Americas. 6 (2): 131–166. doi:10.2307/978436. JSTOR 978436.
  4. Rogozinski, Jan (1999). A Brief History of the Caribbean (Revised ed.). New York: Facts on File, Inc. pp. 220. ISBN 0-8160-3811-2.

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