Scottish Legal Complaints Commission
The Scottish Legal Complaints Commission (SLCC) is a non-departmental public body responsible dealing with unresolved complaints against legal practitioners operating in Scotland. It was established under the Legal Profession and Legal Aid (Scotland) Act 2007 and came into operation on 1 October 2008, replacing the Scottish Legal Services Ombudsman.
|Formed||October 1, 2008|
|Type||non-departmental public body|
|Headquarters||The Stamp Office, 10-14 Waterloo Place, Edinburgh|
|Annual budget||£1.8 million|
The Commission investigates and resolves complaints about inadequate professional service provided by solicitors, advocates, and commercial attorneys, but only investigates how the complaint was dealt with by the relevant professional organisation. Conduct complaints are referred to the relevant professional organisation.
The Commission has the power to fine legal practitioners whose service is sub-standard, but has no power to suspend or remove a solicitor's license to practice - such power rests with the Scottish Solicitors' Discipline Tribunal.
As of May 2018, the Chair of the Commission is Jim Martin, and the Chief Executive is Neil Stevenson
Proposals for the Scottish Legal Services Commission were announced by the Scottish Executive on 22 December 2005. The proposals retained self-regulation of conduct with the Law Society of Scotland and the Faculty of Advocates, with only unresolved service complaints being in the remit of the new Commission. The proposals also stated that funding of the new Commission would come from a levy on practising lawyers, and a further levy on those who are subject to complaints. Such proposals were not without criticism with both the Dead of the Faculty of Advocates and President of the Law Society of Scotland criticising the complexity and costs of the proposed system.
The Commission was established under the Legal Profession and Legal Aid (Scotland) Act 2007 and came into operation on 1 October 2008, replacing the Scottish Legal Services Ombudsman.
Previously, Bill Brackenridge had served as Chair, having taken over in February 2013, from Jane Irvine who had been the first chair of the Commission and who left office at the end of 2012. Jane Irvine had served the Scottish Legal Services Ombudsman from April 2006.
On 20 March 2018, the Law Society of Scotland criticised the Commission's proposal for a larger budget for 2018/19, and a 10% rise in the levy on solicitors. The President of the Law Society of Scotland stated, "People rightly ask why the SLCC is increasing its budget when eligible complaints for them to investigate are falling."
Remit and jurisdiction
The Commission is responsible for managing its own finances and setting its own annual budget and it is not funded by the public. It has an annual income of around £1.8 million, raised through a levy which is collected from the Law Society of Scotland, the Faculty of Advocates and the Association of Commercial Attorneys.
Decisions of the Commission are subject to judicial review by the Court of Session, but can only be heard with the permission of the Court. However, a complaint can only be brought if the following grounds are met, set out in Section 21 of the 2007 Act are met:
- that the Commission's decision was based on an error of law;
- that there has been a procedural impropriety in the conduct of any hearing by the Commission on the complaint;
- that the Commission has acted irrationally in the exercise of its discretion;
- that the Commission's decision was not supported by the facts found to be established by the Commission.:21
Service and Conduct Complaints
The Commission was designed a single-point of contact for complaints against legal practitioners, and as such has the power to determine if a complaint is service-related or conduct-related. Service-related complaints remain with the Commission, whilst conduct complaints are sent to the relevant professional organisation. By 2016, the Commission had developed a practice of classifying a complaint as a hybrid complaint - being both service and conduct related. However, the Inner House of the Court of Session ruled, in 2016, that the Commission lacked this power, and had to classify a complaint as either service-related or conduct-related. The Inner House deemed it ultra vires for the Commission to make a determination that a complaint was a hybrid of conduct and service.
The Law Society of Scotland challenged the Commission's power to decide if a complaint previously classified as hybridwas either a service-related or conduct-related complaint. The Inner House found, unanimously, in favour of the Commission, affirming that the Commission has power as a matter of law of re-categorise or re-determine any previously categorised hybrid complaint. The Commission alone has the power to determine if a complaint is service-related or conduct-related, and such power is an exercise of administrative law, and as such is within its power.
- "National Public Bodies Directory". www.gov.scot. Scottish Government. 17 June 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
- MacQueen, Hector L. (May 2006). "Scots Law News". Edinburgh Law Review. 10: 179–184 – via heinonline.
This article incorporates text published under the British Open Government Licence: Scottish Parliament. Legal Profession and Legal Aid (Scotland) Act 2007 as amended (see also enacted form), from legislation.gov.uk.
- "Analysis: The Law Society's ideas are understandable but seem like wishful thinking". HeraldScotland. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- "Complaints Commission welcomes new chair". The Journal. Law Society of Scotland. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- "Scottish Legal Complaints Commission" (Press release). Scottish Government. 10 January 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- "SLCC budget and levy response 2018 | Law Society of Scotland". Law Society of Scotland. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- "About the Consumer Panel | Scottish Legal Complaints Commission". www.scottishlegalcomplaints.org.uk. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- "About us". Scottish Legal Complaints Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- "Scottish Legal Complaints Commission: 2010-11 Audit. Annual Report to the Commission and the Auditor General for Scotland" (PDF). Audit Scotland. 27 October 2011.
- "Unhappy with a decision? | Scottish Legal Complaints Commission". www.scottishlegalcomplaints.org.uk. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- Anderson Strathern LLP v The Scottish Legal Complaints Commission, 2016 71 (CSIH 31 August 2016).
- News, Scottish Legal. "SLCC has 'administrative law power' to re-categorise complaints, Inner House rules". Scottish Legal News. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- The Law Society of Scotland vs The Scottish Legal Complaints Commission, 2017 36 (CSIH 31 August 2016).