Scottish Land Commission
The Scottish Land Commission (Scottish Gaelic: Coimisean Fearainn na h-Alba) was established by the Scottish Government following the passage of the Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2016 by the Scottish Parliament; the Commission also incorporates the work of the Tenant Farming Commissioner. The Lands Commissioners, who constitute the Commission, have functions relating to land in Scotland, so that they address issues which relate to ownership of land, land rights, management of land, and use of land. The Tenant Farming Commissioner has the aim of improving the relationship between tenant farmers and land owners, and can create codes of practice, provide practical guidance, and must consult on such matters. The Tenant Farming Commissioner cannot be an agricultural landlord or agricultural tenant, and will develop codes of practice which are in addition to the law and the jurisdiction of the Scottish Land Court.
|Scottish Gaelic: Coimisean Fearainn na h-Alba|
Scottish Land Commission logo
|Formed||1 April 2017|
|Type||Executive non-departmental public body|
|Headquarters||Longman House, Inverness, IV1 1SF|
|Parent department||Scottish Government|
Scotland in the UK and Europe
The Scottish Land Commission is a body concerned with looking at the concentration of land ownership, land taxation, and effective use of land for the common good. The Commission will also provide some scrutiny of those laws and policies that relate to land within Scotland.
In 2013 Richard Lochhead , then Cabinet Secretary for Rural Affairs and the Environment, announced the launch of the Agricultural Holdings Review, which would examine the situation of land ownership and use, tenant-owner relationships, and all of the relevant legislation. The Review published its final report in January 2015, and the recommendations were put out to consultation.
In the final report Richard Lochead noted the importance of the relationships between landowners and tenants for the future of agriculture in Scotland, stating,
What we heard confirms to us that the future of the sector depends on productive relationships between tenants and landlords based on mutual trust, respect and confidence in the sector.
Following the responses to the consultation the Scottish Government presented the Land Reform (Scotland) Bill to the Scottish Parliament on 22 June 2015. The Bill was passed by the Scottish Parliament on 16 March 2016, and received Royal Assent on 22 March 2016 becoming Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2016.
The Land Reform (Scotland) Bill was criticised during its passage by the Delegated Powers and Law Reform Committee of the Scottish Parliament on the basis that it granted a significant power to Scottish Minister to implement much of the details of the Act through secondary legislation and delegated powers. Turcan Connell identified concerns around the implementation of the Act and the amount of scrutiny the detailed law would receive.
On 1 March 2016 concerns were also raised by Scottish Land and Estates about the passage of the Land Reform Bill, the body that represents Scotland's rural landowners, who felt that the good that landowners did was ignored in favour of "being radical". Scottish Land and Estates, further asserted that how land is used is as important as who owns that land. Aileen McLeod , as Minister for Environment, Climate Change and Land Reform addressed the members of Scottish Land and Estates, who recognised the expertise of land owners in managing land, affirming that the intention is bring about balance in the tenant/land owner relationship, and to ensure everyone who has stake in land ownership and management is involved. She stated the Bill was about spreading good practice around Scotland,
There are many good examples of communities and landowners working together for mutual benefit, and a key aim of the Bill will be to encourage wider adoption of good practice. ... I recognise the expertise and role of land owners in managing land, and the contribution that many landowners make to our economy at both a local and national level.
Libby Brooks, writing in The Guardian newspaper on 17 March 2016, reported dissatisfaction with the new law from the Scottish Green Party for not being radical enough. Andy Wightman , land reform spokesperson for the Scottish Green Party, was disappointed that the Land Reform (Scotland) Act did not outlaw the ownership of Scottish land by offshore companies in tax havens. Brooks also reported dissatisfaction that the Act does not restrict the amount of land that can be owned by any one individual.
The Commission was established by the Scottish Government on 1 April 2017 by The Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2016 (Commencement No. 4, Transitional and Saving Provisions) Regulations 2016 made under the Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2016.
It is headquartered at Longman House in Inverness. There is a staff of around twenty: five Land Commissioners, the Tenant Farming Commissioner and support staff. The interim chief executive officer was announced as Hilary Pearce, a civil servant in the Scottish government seconded to the post.
The nominated Commissioners were considered by the Environment, Climate Change, and Land Reform Committee of Scottish Parliament, which reported on 8 December 2016, recommending that the Scottish Parliament approve the appointment of the Commissioners. Nonetheless, the Committee did recommend that Bob McIntosh, proposed Tenant Farming Commissioner, should resign from membership of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors to maintain the perception of impartiality; the Committee believed McIntosh was in good a position for building relationships with both landowners and tenants. The Committee also recommended that Lorne MacLeod stand down as Chairman of Community Land Scotland and as a director of community owned land on Eriskay, and asked the Scottish Government to provide a date for when appointments to the Commission would be regulated by the Commissioner for Ethical Standards in Public Life in Scotland.
The Report of the Environment, Climate Change, and Land Reform Committee was noted by the Scottish Parliament on 13 December 2016, and approved the appointment of the Land Commissioners (including the Tenant Farming Commissioner).
The first chairman, Andrew Thin, was previously the Scottish Government's Independent Advisor on Tenant Farming, and was involved in the establishment of the Cairngorms National Park Authority and had previously worked for Scottish Natural Heritage.
Tenant Farming Commissioner
The Tenant Farming Commissioner cannot be an agricultural landlord or agricultural tenant, and will develop codes of practice which are in addition to the law and the jurisdiction of the Scottish Land Court. The Tenant Farming Commissioner has the power to investigate breaches of the codes of practice.
As reported in The Herald newspaper on 11 August 2016, Christopher Nicholson of the Scottish Tenant Farming Association stated that the creation of a Tenant Farming Commissioner had the support of both landowners and tenants. The Agriculture Holdings Review had identified examples of dysfunctional relationships between landlords and tenants, with Bob McIntosh stating,
The Agriculture Holdings Review identified examples of dysfunctional landlord/tenant relationships based on a ‘them and us’ culture, so a culture change towards a more mutually beneficial partnership approach would represent success.
The Press and Journal newspaper, reported on 8 April 2017 that Bob McIntosh, the first Tenant Farming Commissioner, was hoping that the Codes of Practice he would develop would help tenants and landowners to resolve disputes without recourse to the Scottish Land Court. He stated that he would be able to investigate instances where a landlord or tenant had not complied with the Codes of Practice, following the lodging of a formal complaint.
- Kirkaldy, Liam (23 September 2016). "Roseanna Cunningham: Land Commission will mean an end to the "stop-start nature of land reform"". Holyrood. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- Review of Agricultural Holdings Legislation Final Report (PDF) (Report). Edinburgh: Scottish Government. January 2015. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- "Land Reform (Scotland) Bill". www.parliament.scot. 18 June 2015. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- "Land Reform Update - April 2016". Turcan Connell. Turcan Connell. 27 April 2016. Archived from the original on 26 April 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- "Dr Aileen McLeod address to Scottish Land Owners - Scottish Countryside Alliance". countryside-alliance.org. 1 March 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- Brooks, Libby (17 March 2016). "A new dawn for land reform in Scotland?". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- Scottish Parliament. The Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2016 (Commencement No. 4, Transitional and Saving Provisions) Regulations 2016 as made, from legislation.gov.uk.
- "Inverness headquarters for Scottish Land Commission". BBC News. 14 October 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- "Will they deliver? The six commissioners proposed to advance land reform". CommonSpace. 11 November 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- 4th Report 2016 (Session 5): Appointment of the Scottish Land Commissioners and the Tenant Farming Commissioner (PDF). parliament.scot (Report). Scottish Parliament. 8 December 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- "Motion S5M-03099: Appointment of Scottish Land Commissioners and the Tenant Farming Commissioner". Chamber Office. Motions, Questions and Answers. Scottish Parliament. 15 December 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- Davidson, Gordon (18 November 2016). "Scotland's first Land Commission appointed". The Scottish Farmer. Newsquest Herald and Times Group Ltd. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- Blair, Mike (April 2016). "A Brief Guide to Land Reform in Scotland - April 2016" (PDF). gillespiemacandrew.co.uk. Gillespie MacAndrew and Hunters Residential. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 March 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- Wood, Rog (11 August 2016). "Process of setting up a Scottish Land Commission under way". The Herald. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- Henderson, Brian (3 January 2017). "Co-operation is key for farm tenancy relationships". The Scotsman. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- "Rural Relationships in Focus". www.pressreader.com. Press and Journal newspaper. 7 April 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2017.