Savonlinna (UK: //, Finnish: [ˈsɑʋonˈlinnɑ], lit. 'Castle of Savonia'; Swedish: Nyslott, lit. 'New Castle') is a town and a municipality of 33,580 inhabitants in the southeast of Finland, in the heart of the Saimaa lake region.
Coat of arms
Location of Savonlinna in Finland
|Coordinates: 61°52′05″N 028°53′10″E|
|• Town manager||Janne Laine|
|• Total||3,597.70 km2 (1,389.08 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,210.51 km2 (467.38 sq mi)|
|• Water||762.62 km2 (294.45 sq mi)|
|Area rank||27th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||31st largest in Finland|
|• Density||27.74/km2 (71.8/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||97.7% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||13.7%|
|• 15 to 64||64.5%|
|• 65 or older||21.8%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||20.5%|
The city was founded in 1639, based on Olavinlinna castle. The castle was founded by Erik Axelsson Tott in 1475 in an effort to protect Savonia and to control the unstable border between the Kingdom of Sweden and its Russian adversary. During the Russo-Swedish War (1741–1743), the castle was captured by Field-Marshal Peter Lacy. It was held by Russia between 1743 and 1812, when it was granted back to Finland as a part of the "Old Finland".
In 1973 the municipality of Sääminki was consolidated with Savonlinna. In the beginning of year 2009 the municipality of Savonranta and a 31.24 km2 (12.06 sq mi) land strip from Enonkoski between Savonlinna and Savonranta were consolidated with Savonlinna.
Savonlinna is 335 kilometres (208 mi) away from the capital city of Helsinki by road, some four hours away by train. There is an airport in the town, and the journey to Helsinki takes 40–60 minutes by plane.
The University of Eastern Finland had a campus in Savonlinna, primarily for teacher education. The campus was shut down in 2018. There is also a XAMK vocational university campus, teaching healthcare as well as process technologies.
There are two high schools in Savonlinna. One of these high schools is specialized in art subjects, which when it started its operation in 1967 was the first specialized high school in Finland as well as in all of the Nordic countries.
The most notable attraction in Savonlinna is the Olavinlinna castle, a 15th-century castle built on an island. Near the castle is also the city museum. Some other attractions include the forest museum Lusto in the village of Punkaharju, and the Kerimäki Church in the neighboring village of Kerimäki, which is the largest wooden church in the world.
Savonlinna hosts the famous annual Savonlinna Opera Festival. The operas are performed on a stage built inside the Olavinlinna castle. The city has also hosted the Mobile Phone Throwing World Championships annually since 2000.
- Hannu Aravirta, former professional hockey forward, coach for the Finnish national men's team, SM-liiga and Elitserien
- Kari Hietalahti, actor
- Ville Leino, former professional hockey forward
- Jarmo Myllys, former professional hockey goaltender, member of the 1988, 1994 and 1998 Finnish Olympic ice hockey teams
- Joonas Rask, professional hockey forward for HIFK
- Tuukka Rask, professional hockey goaltender for the Boston Bruins, member of the 2014 Finnish Olympic ice hockey team
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Savonlinna". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
- "Savonlinnan ystävyyskaupungit". savonlinna.fi. Retrieved 26 April 2014.