Satsuki Eda (江田 五月 Eda Satsuki, born 22 May 1941 in Okayama City) is the first opposition member to serve as the President of the House of Councillors in Japan. Eda had served for three terms in the House of Councillors before his election as President on 7 August 2007, after the success of the Democratic Party in the July 2007 election for the Japanese House of Councillors. He had earlier served four terms in the House of Representatives of Japan. Eda was also the head of the Science and Technology Agency.
|Minister of Justice|
14 January 2011 – 2 September 2011
|Prime Minister||Naoto Kan|
|Preceded by||Yoshito Sengoku|
|Succeeded by||Hideo Hiraoka|
|Born||22 May 1941|
|Political party||Democratic Party (1996–2016)|
|Socialist Democratic Federation (Before 1994)|
Eda graduated the University of Tokyo having passed the Japanese bar examination while studying in its law faculty. He elected to serve as a judge while undergoing training at the Legal Research and Training Institute, and worked as an assistant judge in Tokyo, Chiba and Yokohama. In 1969, he won a government scholarship to attend Linacre College, Oxford (together with then-Finance Ministry bureaucrat Haruhiko Kuroda, who went on to head the Bank of Japan).
Eda's father, Socialist Democratic Federation co-founder Saburo Eda, died unexpectedly in May 1977, on the eve of a Japanese House of Councillors election in July. Eda was quickly enlisted as a SDF at-large candidate to take his father's place, and won a seat. He served until July 1983, when he declined to run in the House of Councillors election that year and instead stood in the Japanese general election in December, where he won a seat representing the Okayama 1st District. He held this seat until 1996, when he resigned to unsuccessfully run for Governor of Okayama Prefecture. From 1985 to 1994 he was the president of the Socialist Democratic Federation.
- Profile at Democratic Party website.
- "江田五月 プロフィール". Eda-jp.com. Retrieved 2012-12-06.
- Chisaki Watanabe, "Opposition to Lead Japan's Upper House", AP via Washington Post, August 6, 2007.
- "DPJ lawmaker Eda to retire from politics in summer". The Japan Times Online. 2016-01-09. ISSN 0447-5763. Retrieved 2017-04-17.
|Party political offices|
| President of the Socialist Citizen's Federation
|Merged into Social Democratic Federation|
| President of the Socialist Democratic Federation
|House of Councillors|
|New constituency|| Councillor for Japan
| Councillor for Okayama
Served alongside: Norifumi Katō
| President of the House of Councillors
|House of Representatives of Japan|
| Member of the House of Representatives for
Okayama 1st district
Served alongside: Ichirō Aisawa, Takeo Hiranuma, Katsuyuki Hikasa, Akihiko Kumashiro, Keisuke Tanimura, Jōji Ōmura, Yūsaku Yayama
| Chairperson of the Science and Technology Agency
| Minister of Justice