Satsuki Eda

Satsuki Eda (江田 五月, Eda Satsuki, born 22 May 1941[1] in Okayama City[2]) is the first opposition member to serve as the President of the House of Councillors in Japan. Eda had served for three terms in the House of Councillors before his election as President on 7 August 2007, after the success of the Democratic Party in the July 2007 election for the Japanese House of Councillors. He had earlier served four terms in the House of Representatives of Japan. Eda was also the head of the Science and Technology Agency.[3]

Satsuki Eda
江田 五月
Minister of Justice
In office
14 January 2011  2 September 2011
Prime MinisterNaoto Kan
Preceded byYoshito Sengoku
Succeeded byHideo Hiraoka
Personal details
Born (1941-05-22) 22 May 1941
Okayama, Japan
Political partyDemocratic Party (1996–2016)
Other political
Socialist Democratic Federation (Before 1994)

Eda graduated the University of Tokyo having passed the Japanese bar examination while studying in its law faculty. He elected to serve as a judge while undergoing training at the Legal Research and Training Institute, and worked as an assistant judge in Tokyo, Chiba and Yokohama. In 1969, he won a government scholarship to attend Linacre College, Oxford (together with then-Finance Ministry bureaucrat Haruhiko Kuroda, who went on to head the Bank of Japan).[1]

Eda's father, Socialist Democratic Federation co-founder Saburo Eda, died unexpectedly in May 1977, on the eve of a Japanese House of Councillors election in July. Eda was quickly enlisted as a SDF at-large candidate to take his father's place, and won a seat. He served until July 1983, when he declined to run in the House of Councillors election that year and instead stood in the Japanese general election in December, where he won a seat representing the Okayama 1st District. He held this seat until 1996, when he resigned to unsuccessfully run for Governor of Okayama Prefecture. From 1985 to 1994 he was the president of the Socialist Democratic Federation.

Eda returned to the House of Councillors in the 1998 election as a member of the Democratic Party of Japan. He served in the upper house until 2016, when he retired from politics at the age of 74.[4]


  1. Profile at Democratic Party website.
  2. "江田五月 プロフィール". Retrieved 2012-12-06.
  3. Chisaki Watanabe, "Opposition to Lead Japan's Upper House", AP via Washington Post, August 6, 2007.
  4. "DPJ lawmaker Eda to retire from politics in summer". The Japan Times Online. 2016-01-09. ISSN 0447-5763. Retrieved 2017-04-17.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Saburō Eda
President of the Socialist Citizen's Federation
Merged into Social Democratic Federation
Preceded by
Hideo Den
President of the Socialist Democratic Federation
Party dissolved
House of Councillors
New constituency Councillor for Japan
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
Norifumi Katō
Junji Ichii
Councillor for Okayama
Served alongside: Norifumi Katō
Preceded by
Chikage Ōgi
President of the House of Councillors
Succeeded by
Takeo Nishioka
House of Representatives of Japan
Preceded by
Takeo Hiranuma
Hideo Aizawa
Yūsaku Yayama
Jōji Ōmura
Tarō Yamada
Member of the House of Representatives for
Okayama 1st district

Served alongside: Ichirō Aisawa, Takeo Hiranuma, Katsuyuki Hikasa, Akihiko Kumashiro, Keisuke Tanimura, Jōji Ōmura, Yūsaku Yayama
Constituency abolished
Political offices
Preceded by
Shōichi Watanabe
Chairperson of the Science and Technology Agency
Succeeded by
Mikio Ōmi
Preceded by
Yoshito Sengoku
Minister of Justice
Succeeded by
Hideo Hiraoka

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