Rikuchū Province

Rikuchū Province (陸中国, Rikuchū no kuni) was an old province in the area of Iwate and Akita Prefectures.[1] It was sometimes called Rikushū (陸州), with Rikuzen and Mutsu Provinces.

Rikuchu covered most of modern-day Iwate Prefecture: with the exceptions of Ninohe District, Ninohe City, the northern portion of Hachimantai City, and the northern portion of Kuzumaki Town; Kesen District, Rikuzentakata City, Ōfunato City, and the southern portion of Kamaishi City; but also including Kazuno City and Kosaka Town in Akita Prefecture.

Rikuchū was created shortly after the Meiji Restoration out of part of Mutsu Province.

History

  • January 19, 1869: Rikuchu Province is separated from Mutsu Province
  • 1872 A census estimates the population at 510,521

Historical districts

  • Akita Prefecture
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Isawa District (胆沢郡)
    • Iwai District (磐井郡)
    • Iwate District (岩手郡)
      • Kitaiwate District (北岩手郡) - merged with Minamiiwate District to re-create Iwate District on March 29, 1896
      • Minamiiwate District (南岩手郡) - merged with Kitaiwate District to re-create Iwate District on March 29, 1896
    • Esashi District (江刺郡) - dissolved
    • Kunohe District (九戸郡)
      • Kitakunohe District (北九戸郡) - merged with Minamikunohe District to re-create Kunohe District on March 29, 1896
      • Minamikunohe District (南九戸郡) - merged with Kitakunohe District to re-create Kunohe District on March 29, 1896
    • Shiwa District (紫波郡)
    • Hienuki District (稗貫郡) - dissolved
    • Hei District (閉伊郡)
      • Higashihei District (東閉伊郡) - merged with Kitahei and Nakahei Districts to become Shimohei District (下閉伊郡) on March 29, 1896
      • Kitahei District (北閉伊郡) - merged with Higashihei and Nakahei Districts to become Shimohei District on March 29, 1896
      • Minamihei District (南閉伊郡) - merged with Nishihei District to become Kamihei District (上閉伊郡) on March 29, 1896
      • Nakahei District (中閉伊郡) - merged with Higashihei and Kitahei Districts to become Shimohei District on March 29, 1896
      • Nishihei District (西閉伊郡) - merged with Minamihei District to become Kamihei District on March 29, 1896
    • Waga District (和賀郡)
      • Higashiwaga District (東和賀郡) - merged with Nishiwaga District to re-create Waga District on March 29, 1896
      • Nishiwaga District (西和賀郡) - merged with Higashiwaga District to re-create Waga District on March 29, 1896

See also

Notes

References

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

Other websites

Media related to Rikuchu Province at Wikimedia Commons


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