Rijswijk (/ˈrsvk/ RYSSE-vyke, Dutch: [ˈrɛisʋɛik] (listen)), formerly known as Ryswick (/ˈrɪzwɪk/ RIZ-wik) in English, is a town and municipality in the Western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. Its population was 51,742 in 2017, and it has an area of 14.49 km2 (5.59 sq mi), 0.44 km2 (0.17 sq mi) of which is water.




Coat of arms
Location in South Holland
Coordinates: 52°2′N 4°19′E
ProvinceSouth Holland
  BodyMunicipal council
  MayorMichel Bezuijen (VVD)
  Total14.49 km2 (5.59 sq mi)
  Land14.05 km2 (5.42 sq mi)
  Water0.44 km2 (0.17 sq mi)
Elevation0 m (0 ft)
 (August 2017)[4]
  Density3,683/km2 (9,540/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code070

The municipality also includes the villages 't Haantje and Sion.


Archeological excavations indicate that this area of the coastal dunes was already inhabited some 5500 years ago. The formation of the village Rijswijk took place in the 13th century, and its history was dominated by presence of mansions and estates of the nobility and affluent. Among the many country estates known to have been in Rijswijk are:

  • Arentsburg
  • Burchvliet
  • Cromvliet
  • Den Burgh
  • De Voorde
  • Drievliet
  • 's-Gravenmade
  • Haag- en Delftzicht
  • Hilvoorde
  • Hoekenburg
  • Hofrust
  • Hoornwijk
  • Huis te Werve
  • Huis ter Nieuwburg
  • Oversteen
  • Overvoorde
  • Schoonoord
  • Sion
  • Steenvoorde
  • Te Blotinghe
  • Tollenshuis
  • Vredenoord
  • Welgelegen
  • Zuidhoorn

The Treaty of Ryswick was signed at the Huis ter Nieuwburg in 1697, ending the Nine Years' War. A monument, the Needle of Rijswijk (1792), was erected to commemorate the treaty in the Rijswijk Forest.

Until 1900 Rijswijk remained a relative small community but it became urbanized during the 20th century when it expanded rapidly. Today, Rijswijk's area has almost been completely built-up. The last major development is the new Ypenburg neighbourhood, built on the lands of the former Ypenburg Airfield but this part of Rijswijk was annexed by The Hague in 2002. Rijswijk is part of the Haaglanden conurbation. During the years its built-up area has grown to the point where it has effectively merged with The Hague, even though it is still a separate municipality.

Up until 2009 Rijswijk had a polytechnic college for applied sciences; TH Rijswijk (Technische Hogeschool Rijswijk). After a merger with the Haagse Hogeschool, this was moved to the campus of the TUDelft in Delft. The building still remains.

Istana Negara, one of the six presidential palaces of Indonesia, in the Jakarta neighbourhood of Harmoni (formerly Rijswijk-Molenvliet), was called Palais te Rijswijk during Dutch colonial times.


  • Railway station: Rijswijk
  • Stopplaats Rijswijk-Wateringen


Rijswijk is home to:


  • Wilhelminapark
  • The Von Fisenne Park has a petting zoo.
  • Sports park 'De Schilp' has an indoor swimming pool.
  • Museum Rijswijk located at Herenstraat 67, 2282 BR Rijswijk has many works of art

The largest shopping center is called 'In de Bogaard' and smaller shops are located in the old town center (Herenstraat). There is the old Schaapweimolen (windmill). De Broodfabriek holds many fairs and events.

Notable residents


  1. "Burgemeester" [Mayor] (in Dutch). Gemeente Rijswijk. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. "Postcodetool for 2284DP". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
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