Rautjärvi

Rautjärvi is located in the province of Southern Finland and is part of the South Karelia region. The municipality has a population of 3,315 (31 January 2019)[2] and covers an area of 401.89 square kilometres (155.17 sq mi) of which 50.25 km2 (19.40 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 9.43 inhabitants per square kilometre (24.4/sq mi).

Rautjärvi
Municipality
Rautjärven kunta
Rautjärvi kommun
Simpele church in Rautjärvi

Coat of arms
Location of Rautjärvi in Finland
Coordinates: 61°26′N 029°21′E
Country Finland
RegionSouth Karelia
Sub-regionImatra sub-region
Charter1871
Government
  Municipal managerHarri Anttila
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
  Total401.89 km2 (155.17 sq mi)
  Land351.64 km2 (135.77 sq mi)
  Water50.25 km2 (19.40 sq mi)
Area rank219th largest in Finland
Population
 (2019-01-31)[2]
  Total3,315
  Rank213th largest in Finland
  Density9.43/km2 (24.4/sq mi)
Population by native language
  Finnish98.7% (official)
  Others1.2%
Population by age
  0 to 1413%
  15 to 6460.4%
  65 or older26.6%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]19%
Websitewww.rautjarvi.fi

Rautjärvi is a municipality of Finland.

The municipality is unilingually Finnish. It was the birthplace of legendary sniper Simo Häyhä, a hero of the Winter War of World War II.

History

The municipality of Rautjärvi was founded in the year of 1861. A few years prior in 1859, the Rautjärvi parish had founded an independent church.

After the Winter War ended with the signing of the Moscow Peace Treaty on March 12, 1940, almost half of Rautjärvi (198.9 km²) was handed over to the Soviet Union in accordance with the treaty.

Villages

The villages of Rautjärvi are inclusive of: Haakanala, Hallilanmäki, Hiivaniemi, Hinkkala, Hynnilä, Ilmee, Jurvala, Kalpiala, Kekäleniemi, Kokkola, Kopsala, Korjola, Korpijärvi, Lankila, Latvajärvi, Miettilä, Niskapietilä, Partila, Pirhola, Purnujärvi, Rautjärvi, Siisiälä, Torsansalo, Uimola, Untamo, Viimola, Vähikkälä

Noteworthy attractions

  • Hiitolanjoki, a river that descends from Lake Ladoga
  • Haukkavuori, the highest place in South Karelia
  • Iivanansaari, an island which also serves as the burial place of Jussi Reinikainen
  • Pirunkirkko, several rock and stone formations
  • Laiko
  • Miettilä Historical Reserve Garrison, historic barracks which were constructed in the years of 1881-1883.
  • Rautjärvi local history exhibition
  • Kollaa Museum, a museum which documents the Battle of Kollaa
  • Niskapietiläntie, a road connecting the villages of Rautjärvi and Miettilä
  • Rautjärvi church, completed in the year of 1881
  • Simpele church, completed in the year of 1933

Notable individuals

  • Hannes Pulkkinen, elementary school teacher and a Member of the Parliament of Finland
  • Jesse Joronen, football goalkeeper who is currently playing for Fulham FC.
  • Johannes Häyhä, teacher and writer
  • Jorma Kosunen, Finnish Border Guard colonel and former Frontier school (later the Border and Coast Guard Academy) leader
  • Jouni Vento, ice hockey player
  • Karl Henrik Jakob Ignatius, priest and writer
  • Lauri Vilkko, Olympic pentathlete
  • Lea Piltti, opera singer
  • Martti Siisiäinen, professor and researcher
  • Matti Mononen, pole vaulter
  • Olli Pajari, Member of the Parliament
  • Simo Häyhä, notable hero of the Winter War of World War II.
  • Yrjö Roiha, missionary

References

  1. "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.

Media related to Rautjärvi at Wikimedia Commons


This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.