Rao Tula Ram

Rao Tularam Singh (circa 9 December 1825 – 23 September 1863) was a Yaduvanshi Ahir or Yadav King of Ahirwal.[1] He was one of the key leaders of the Indian rebellion of 1857 in Haryana, where he is considered a state hero.[2]

Rao Tularam
Raja
Rao Tula Ram on a 2001 stamp of India
Reign1838 -1857
PredecessorRao Puran Singh
SuccessorBritish Raj
Borncirca (1825-12-09)9 December 1825
Rampura, Rewari, Ahirwal, Punjab region
Died23 September 1863(1863-09-23) (aged 37)
Kabul, Afghanistan
FatherRao Puran Singh
MotherRani Gyan Kaur

He is credited with temporarily driving all of the British rule from the south-west Haryana during the rebellion, and also helping rebel forces fighting in the historic city of Delhi with men and money. Noted as a good administrator and military commander.

Personal life

He was born on 9 December 1825 in Rampura suburb of Rewari in a royal Ahir Yadav family to Rao Puran Singh (son of Rao Tej Singh) and Rani Gyan Kaur(daughter of Rao Jahari Singh).[3]

He was named Tula Singh Ahir at birth. His education, including weapons training and horse riding, started from the age of 5 years. His father died of pneumonia when he was 14 years of age. At that time he was crowned after his name was changed to Tula Ram.

Reign

Coronation

He ruled for 18 years from 1839 to 1857, from the age of 14 to the age of 34 years.[4] Headquartered in Rewari, extent of area under his princely state was in a narrow strip in South Haryana from Kanina Khas (Mahendragarh district) in west, Farrukhnagar and Gurugram in northeast, Faridabad in east, Bawal in south, Ferozepur Jhirka in southeast.[4] He was a good administrator and military commander.[5]

War of independence

Initial success

On 17 May 1857 he along with his cousin, Rao Gopal Dev, and four to five hundred followers, deposed the local tehsildar and occupied Rewari. He raised a force of about 5000 soldiers and set up a workshop for manufacturing the guns and other ammunition. Rao Tula Ram helped Emperor Bahadur Shah and other rebel forces who were waging war against British in Delhi. He sent Rs 45000/- through General Bakht Khan, ten days before the fall of Delhi and supplied large quantities of necessary commodities and supplied two thousand sacks of wheat .

The battle

Rao's forces which were led by his cousin Rao Kirshan Singh fought against the British on 16 November 1857 in the field of Nasibpur on outskirts of Narnaul. The first charge of Rao Tularam's forces was irresistible and The British forces scattered before them, and British commanding officers Colonel John Grant Gerrard and Capt. Wallace were beheaded and Lieutenant Graiji, Kennedy and Pearse were severely wounded.[6]

Rao Kirshan Singh was at the point of defeating the British force under Colonel Gerrard when the pro-British, Sikh army from the princely states of Nabha, Kapurthala, Jind and Patiala came to their rescue and Rao Kirshan Singh was killed in the battlefield.

Aftermath

After that British forces have heavy artillery and infantry they broke the backbone of Rao's forces and the commanders of Rao's, Rao Kishan Singh, Rao Ram Lal, Sahjada Muhammad Ajam, nephew and son's of Abdus samad Khan and many others top ranking officers were killed in action. The battle of Narnaul was undoubtedly one of the most decisive battles of the uprising of 1857. The English felt jubilant over their success in this confrontation, for it resulted in the marked close of the crucial period of the struggle in the Haryana region and Northern Rajasthan.

After the battle of Narnaul Rao Tularam moved in to Rajasthan and joined the force of Tantia Tope for one year but the forces of the Tantia Tope were defeated by British forces in the battle of Sikar in Rajasthan. After which Rao Tularam left India to seek help from the Shah of Iran (also see Anglo-Persian War from November 1856 to April 1857), Dost Mohammad Khan ruler of Emirate of Afghanistan (also see First Anglo-Afghan War from 1938 to 42) and Alexander II Emperor of All Russia against British colonial empire. Rao Tularam's estates were confiscated by the British in 1859, though proprietary rights of his two wives were retained. In 1877, his title was restored to his son Rao Yudhister Singh, who was made head of the Ahirwal area.[7]

After Rao Tula Ram's defeat, his arch rivals meo who often raided and plundered ahir villages attacked Jourassi village and massacred a total of 111 Ahirs, Brahmins and Jats.

Death

On 23 September 1863, he died in Kabul in Afghanistan at the age of 38 due to some infection that spread to his wholebody.[7][4]

Legacy

The Government of India issued a postage stamp on 23 September 2001 featuring Rao Tularam.

Instutions named in his honor

Institutions named in his honour include:

  • Rao Tularam Memorial Hospital, Jaffarpur Kalan, Delhi[8]
  • Rao Tularam Market, Nihal Vihar, Nangloi, Delhi
  • Rao Tularam Market, Mohan Garden, Hastsal, Delhi
  • Rao Tularam Govt. Sarvodaya School, New Delhi
  • Shri Tula Ram Public School, Sultanpuri, Delhi
  • Rao Tularam Stadium, Rewari, Haryana
  • Shahid Rao Tularam Park, Near LIC office, Chandausi, Sambhal district, Uttar Pradesh
  • Rao Tularam Marg, near IGI Airport Delhi
  • Rao Tularam Chowk, Khera Village, Gurgaon, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Chowk, Friends Colony, Mahendergarh, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Chowk (Naiwali Chowk), Rewari, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Memorial Park, Rewari, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam National Prograce Sen. Sec. School, Bikaner, Rajasthan
  • Rao Tularam Model Collage, Sec 51 Gurgaon
  • Rao Tularam Circle (Jail circle), Alwar, Rajasthan
  • Rao Tularam Fountain Park, Sec 4, Gurgaon
  • Rao Tularam Stadium, Dhana Kalan, Hisar, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Sen. Sec. School, Jamawadi, Hansi, Haryana
  • Shahid Rao Tularam Sen. Sec. School, Surjanwas, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Khel Stadium, Patuada, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Khel Stadium, Misri, Chaki Dadari, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Chowk, Jhajjar, Haryana
  • Shahid Rao Tularam Park, Basant Vihar, Bahadurgarh, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Vihar, Rewari, Haryana

Martyr's fair

A two-day Shahidi mela (martyr's fair) is held annually in September at Rampura suburb of Rewari city to commemorate the death anniversary of Rao Tularam.[9][4]

See also

References

Further reading

  • K.C. Yadav, Rao Tula Ram, National Book Trust of India (2008). ISBN 978-81-237-5110-8
  • Er. Anil Yadav," Krantidoot- Rao Raja Tularam (1999) Sarita Book House, Delhi

Citations

  • Dr. Ravindra Singh Yadav & Vijay pal, 1857 Ki kranti k purodha: Rao Raja Tularam,2013 Punit Publication, Jaipur ISBN 978-81-88559-54-1
  1. Yadava, S. D. S. (2006). Followers of Krishna: Yadavas of India. ISBN 9788170622161.
  2. "Republic Day Celebrations". The Tribune. 28 January 2008.
  3. महान योद्धा थे राव तुलाराम, अंग्रेजों से आखिरी सांस तक लड़े : अजीत सिंह, Dainik Bhskar, 10 Dec 2018.
  4. Rao Tularam - family and history, Sahu4you.com.
  5. Haryana (India) (1988). Haryana District Gazetteers: Mahendragarh. Haryana Gazetteers Organization.
  6. Prakash, Buddha (1967). Glimpses of Haryana. University of Kurukshetra. p. 110. Retrieved 8 May 2016.
  7. Punjabi University (2001). "The Panjab Past and Present, Volume 32". Punjab (India). Department of Punjab Historical Studies, Punjabi University, Original from the University of Michigan. pp. 76, 77, 78. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  8. "Directorate of Health Services". Department of Health. Archived from the original on 28 March 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
  9. R. K. Upadhyay (1996). Widowed and Deserted Women in Indian Society. India. Dept. of Women and Child Development & Harnam Publications. p. 71. ISBN 9788185247113.

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