Qena Governorate

Qena Governorate (Arabic: محافظة قنا Muḥāfāzah Qinā) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Located in the southern part of the country, it covers a stretch of the Nile valley. Its capital is the city of Qena.

Qena Governorate

Flag

Qena Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 26.209°N 32.768°E / 26.209; 32.768
Country Egypt
SeatQena (capital)
Government
  GovernorAbdel Hamid Abdel Aziz El Hagan[1]
Area
  Total9,565 km2 (3,693 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2018)
  Total3,224,000[2]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2017)0.673[3]
medium
Websitewww.qena.gov.eg

Overview

The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.[4]

Municipal divisions

The governorate is divided into municipal divisions with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 3,181,688. In the case of Qena governorate, there is one kism, a number of marakiz and 1 new city. Sometimes a markaz and a kism share a name.[5][6]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized nameNative nameArabic transliterationPopulation
(July 2017 Est.)
Type
Abu Teshtمركز أبو طشتAbū Ṭisht466,395Markaz
El Waqfمركز الوقفAl-Waqf81,806Markaz
Dishnaمركز دشناDishnā390,637Markaz
Farshutمركز فرشوطFarshūṭ190,064Markaz
New Qenaمدينة قنا الجديدةMadīnat Qinā al-Jadīdah1,534New City
Nag Hammadiمركز نجع حمادىNaj' Ḥammādī581,507Markaz
Naqadaمركز نقادةNaqādah171,910Markaz
Gebtu or Coptosمركز قفطQifṭ143,215Markaz
Qenaقسم قناQinā236,624Kism (fully urban)
Qenaمركز قناQinā451,141Markaz
Qusمركز قوصQūṣ466,855Markaz

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1937 1,017,569    
1947 1,106,302+8.7%
1957 1,219,000+10.2%
1966 1,471,000+20.7%
1976 1,705,594+15.9%
1986 2,252,315+32.1%
1996 2,027,603−10.0%
2006 2,499,964+23.3%
2015 3,045,504+21.8%
2017E 3,181,688+4.5%
2018E 3,224,000+1.3%
sources:[7][8][9][5]

According to population estimates from 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 19.7%. Out of an estimated 3,045,504 people residing in the governorate, 2,445,051 people lived in rural areas as opposed to only 600,453 in urban areas.[10]

According to population estimates from 2018 the majority of residents in the governorate live in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 18.7%. Out of an estimated 3,224,000 people residing in the governorate, 2,621,000 people live in rural areas as opposed to only 603,000 in urban areas.[11]

Cities and towns

As of 2018, nine cities (or towns) in Qena had a population of over 15,000 inhabitants.[12]

City or TownNative NameArabic NameNov. 1996 CensusNov. 2006 CensusJuly 2017 Pop. Est.
Abu Teshtأبو تشتAbū Tisht10,46913,01517,022
El WaqfالوقفAl-Waqf24,03327,52532,495
DishnaدشناDishnā44,12552,53460,585
FarshutفرشوطFarshūṭ43,79651,05266,447
Nag Hammadiنجع حمادىNaj' Ḥammādī33,25245,03855,767
NaqadaنقادةNaqādah18,90521,53025,050
QiftقفطQifṭ17,91822,06322,465
QenaقناQinā155,382201,191236,624
QusقوصQūṣ49,05460,06878,959

Industrial zones

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), there are two industrial zones in this governorate: Al-Kalaheen Industrial Zone - Qeft, and Hou Industrial Zone Nag'a Hamadi.[13]

Projects and programs

In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS) had several water, road and other projects going on in several marakiz in the Qena Governorate.[14]

In 2016, Switzerland committed to funding a solid waste management program in Qena, a project with the Egyptian Ministry of Environment that will conclude in 2021. The National Solid Waste Management Programme (NSWMP) involves the construction of infrastructure for new as well as the expansion and improvement of existing waste treatment, landfill, and recycling facilities.[15]

In 2018, the Our District (Hayenna) project was launched with the help and investment of Switzerland. The project is to improve land use, and living conditions for people in Qena governorate.[16]

See also

References

  1. "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  2. "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  3. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. "Social Solidarity Ministry to provide citizens with disabilities financial support". Egypt Independent. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  5. "Qena Governorate Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-04-28. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  6. "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  7. "اPop. Estimates by Governorate 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02.
  8. "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  9. Law, Gwillim (November 23, 1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 Through 1998. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6097-7.
  10. "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  11. "Population by governorate - CAPMAS". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  12. "Cities". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-10-05. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  13. "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  14. "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program" (PDF). USAID. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-10-19. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  15. "Switzerland funds programme to improve solid waste management in 4 Egyptian governorates". Daily News Egypt. 5 October 2016.
  16. Omran, Hagar (23 April 2018). "Swiss embassy, Egypt's Ministry of Housing launch urban development project in Qena". Daily News Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-06-16. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
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