# Procept

A procept is an amalgam of three components: a process which produces a mathematical object and a symbol which is used to represent either process or object. It derives from the work of Eddie Gray and David O. Tall, and is a much used construct in mathematics education research.

The notion was first published in a paper in the Journal for Research in Mathematics Education in 1994, and is part of the process-object literature. This body of literature suggests that mathematical objects are formed by encapsulating processes, that is to say that the mathematical object 3 is formed by an encapsulation of the process of counting: 1,2,3...

Gray & Tall's notion of procept improved upon the existing literature by noting that mathematical notation is often ambiguous as to whether it refers to process or object. Examples of such notations are:

$3+4$ : refers to the process of adding as well as the outcome of the process.
$\sum _{n=0}^{\infty }(a_{n})$ : refers to the process of summing an infinite sequence, and to the outcome of the process.
$f(x)=3x+2$ : refers to the process of mapping x to 3x+2 as well as the outcome of that process, the function f(x).
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.