Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004

The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c 5) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was promoted by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. It substantially reforms the town planning and compulsory purchase framework in the United Kingdom.

Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004[1]
Long titleAn Act to make provision relating to spatial development and town and country planning; and the compulsory acquisition of land.
Citation2004 c 5
Territorial extentEngland and Wales, except that sections 111(1) and 118(2) and 120 to 122 and 124 and 125 also extend, and sections 90 to 98 and 117(8) and 119(2) only extend, to Scotland, and the extent of any amendment, repeal or revocation made by this Act is the same as that of the enactment amended, repealed or revoked.[2]
Royal assent13 May 2004
Text of statute as originally enacted
Revised text of statute as amended

It both amended and repealed significant parts of the existing planning and compulsory purchase legislation in force at the time, including the Town and Country Planning Act 1990, and introduced reforms such as the abolition of Local Plans and Structure Plans, and their replacement with Local Development Frameworks.


The Act took over 18 months to negotiate its passage through Parliament and required special dispensation both to be carried over from one Parliamentary session to another and to prevent it being lost on one occasion due to an error in the wording of a Commons motion.[3]

The Bill was introduced in the House of Commons in December 2002. It was re-committed to Commons Committee to allow the inclusion of significant new material relating to the removal of Crown Immunity and Compulsory Purchase and carried over to the current session.

The Act received Royal Assent on 13 May 2004 and came into force in mid July 2004; Regulations implementing the parts of the Act reforming development plans came into force shortly afterwards.

The remaining sections of the Act are being implemented by further regulations and development orders.

Structure of The Act

  • Part 1 - Regional Functions
  • Part 2 - Local Development
  • Part 3 - Development
  • Part 4 - Development Control
  • Part 5 - Correction of Errors
  • Part 6 - Wales
  • Part 7 - Crown Application of Planning Acts
    • Chapter 1 - England and Wales
    • Chapter 2 - Scotland
  • Part 8 - Compulsory Purchase
  • Part 9 - Miscellaneous and General

See also


  1. The citation of this Act by this short title is authorised by section 125 of this Act.
  2. The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004, section 124
  3. House of Lords Procedure Committee (10 February 2005). "1st Report of Session 2004–05" (PDF). Parliament of the United Kingdom. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 2010-03-23.


UK Legislation

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