Palwal is a city and a municipal council. It is the headquarters of Palwal district, the 21st district of Haryana state in northern India. It is a centre for the cotton trade in the area.

Kos Minar at Palwal along Grand Trunk Road
Location in Haryana, India
Palwal (India)
Coordinates: 28.143°N 77.329°E / 28.143; 77.329
Country India
199.49 m (654.49 ft)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code01275
ISO 3166 codeIN-HR
Vehicle registrationHR30
Sex ratio879 /

Palwal is 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Delhi, 29 kilometres (18 mi) from Faridabad, 313 kilometres (194 mi) from Chandigarh and 143 kilometres (89 mi) from Agra.The latitude of the town is 28° 40' N and longitude is 76° 59' E. The area of town is 22.10 square kilometres (8.53 sq mi).[1]

The local tradition identifies Palwal with the Apelava town mentioned in the Mahabharata, which was later restored by Vikramaditya.[2]

Etymology and legend

The origin of Palwal is related to the local legend related to the mahabarta, according to which the town is named after an asura called "Palwasura" who was slain by Balarama, the brother of Krishna. To commemorate this even an annual festival called "Baldev Chhat Ka Mela" is held here, and a "Dauji temple" in honor of Balrama is situtated in Banchari village 25 km from Palwal on Grand Trunk Road.[3]


Palwal is located at 28.12°N 77.33°E / 28.12; 77.33. It has an average elevation of 195 metres (640 ft).


A historical building Gandhi Seva Ashram( Museum) was made in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi.

The Gandhi Museum is close to Palwal Railway Station. Mahatma Gandhi was arrested on 10 April 1919 at Palwal railway station while going to Punjab against the Rowlatt Act. Keeping this memory alive lasting on October 2, 1938, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose had kept it. Gandhi exhibition was established in Gandhi Seva Ashram in the year 1962. In it, history related to Gandhiji was preserved. Pictures for the exhibition were brought from the National Gandhi Museum of Delhi. Later, they started getting damaged, they were upgraded and the exhibition site was changed to the museum.[4]


On 15 August 1979, Gurgaon district was further divided to form a new Faridabad district, and Palwal became a part of it.[5] On 13 August 2008, Palwal became the administrative headquarters of the newly formed Palwal district, 21st district of Haryana.

See also

palwal district in haryana click here to know more==References==

  1. Palwal Geography Yamuna Action Plan official website.
  2. Palwal Town The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 19, p. 375.
  3. Haryana’s Palwal town is closely linked to a demon, the Pandavas and Gandhi, India Times, 23 Sept 2019.
  4. "Gandhi Museum | District Palwal". GOVERNMENT OF HARYANA. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  5. History Archived 13 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine Official website Gurgaon.
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