# Non-standard model

In model theory, a discipline within mathematical logic, a **non-standard model** is a model of a theory that is not isomorphic to the intended model (or standard model).[1]

## Existence

If the intended model is infinite and the language is first-order, then the Löwenheim–Skolem theorems guarantee the existence of non-standard models. The non-standard models can be chosen as elementary extensions or elementary substructures of the intended model.

## Importance

Non-standard models are studied in set theory, non-standard analysis and non-standard models of arithmetic.

## References

- Roman Kossak, 2004
*Nonstandard Models of Arithmetic and Set Theory*American Mathematical Soc.

This article is issued from
Wikipedia.
The text is licensed under Creative
Commons - Attribution - Sharealike.
Additional terms may apply for the media files.