Noda Cabinet

The Noda Cabinet governed Japan from September 2011 to December 2012 under the leadership of Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda, who came into power after winning the DPJ presidential election in September 2011. The Cabinet enacted economic reforms to reduce the burden of Japan's debt and the costs inflicted by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.

Noda Cabinet

95th cabinet of Japan
Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda (front row, centre) with his new cabinet inside the Kantei, September 2, 2011.
Date formedSeptember 2, 2011
Date dissolvedDecember 26, 2012
People and organisations
Head of stateEmperor Akihito
Head of governmentYoshihiko Noda
Deputy head of governmentKatsuya Okada (from January 13, 2012)
Member partyDPJPNP Coalition
Status in legislatureHoR: DPJ–PNP Coalition majority
HoC: DPJ–PNP Coalition minority
Opposition partyLiberal Democratic Party of Japan
Opposition leaderSadakazu Tanigaki (until September 26, 2012)
Shinzō Abe (from September 26, 2012)
History
PredecessorKan Cabinet
SuccessorSecond Abe Cabinet

Political background

The previous Prime Minister and DPJ president, Naoto Kan resigned on 26 August 2011 after the passage of the second extra budget for 2011. Kan's resignation triggered a DPJ presidential election, which was won by Finance Minister Yoshihiko Noda. On 2 September, Noda was formally appointed by the Emperor as the Japan's 95th Prime Minister.

The administration oversaw the first increase of consumption tax since 1997. Noda seek to increase the tax to gain more revenue to pay off Japan's debt and the cost of the recovery of the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. Long considered to be an unpopular policy, successive governments failed to enact the increase.[1] The consumption tax increase also caused a split within the DPJ. While the consumption tax increase bill received wide support in the Diet, including from the LDP opposition, a major faction in the DPJ led by Ichirō Ozawa was strongly opposed to the policy. Ozawa and his faction decided to split from the DPJ on 11 July 2012, forming People's Life First.

Noda's government also oversaw further closedown of Japan's nuclear power plants, continuing his predecessor's policy.[2] An exception to this was the Ōi Nuclear Power Plant in Fukui which was reopened on July 2012 to mitigate the damage inflicted to the plant-dependent local economy. The reopening was proven to be brief with both of the restarted reactors shut down again on September 2013.

Election of the Prime Minister

30 August 2011
House of Representatives
Absolute majority (239/476) required
Choice Vote
Caucuses Votes
YYoshihiko Noda DPJ (303), PNP (3), NPN (1), Independent [Speaker] (1)
308 / 476
Sadakazu Tanigaki LDP (116), Independent (1), Independent [Vice Speaker] (1)
118 / 476
Natsuo Yamaguchi Kōmeitō (21)
21 / 476
Kazuo Shii JCP (9)
9 / 476
Mizuho Fukushima Social Democratic Party of Japan (6)
6 / 476
Yoshimi Watanabe Your Party (5)
5 / 476
Takeo Hiranuma Sunrise Party (2), Hiranuma Group independents (2)
4 / 476
Ichirō Ozawa Independent (1)
1 / 476
Banri Kaieda Independent (1)
1 / 476
Kunio Hatoyama Independent (1)
1 / 476
Katsuhito Yokokume Independent (1)
1 / 476
Abstention Genzei Nippon (1)
1 / 480
Did not vote Independent (2), LDP (1)
3 / 480
Vacant
1 / 480
Source: 177th Diet Session (House of Representatives) (roll call only lists individual votes, not grouped by caucus)
30 August 2011
House of Councillors
Choice Vote
Caucuses Votes
First round
Absolute majority (121/241) required
Yoshihiko Noda DPJーShin-Ryokufūkai (106), PNP (3), Independent (1)
110 / 241
Sadakazu Tanigaki LDP (82), Independent [Yasuhiro Ōe and Tamon Hasegawa] (2), Independent [Vice President] (1)
85 / 241
Natsuo Yamaguchi Kōmeitō (19)
19 / 241
Yoshimi Watanabe Your Party (11)
11 / 241
Kazuo Shii JCP (6)
6 / 241
Mizuho Fukushima Social Democratic Party of Japan (4), Independent (1)
5 / 241
Takeo Hiranuma Sunrise PartyNRP (3)
3 / 241
Yōichi Masuzoe Sunrise PartyNRP (2)
2 / 241
Did not vote Independent [President] (1)
1 / 242
Second round (runoff)
Simple majority required
YYoshihiko Noda DPJーShin-Ryokufūkai (106), PNP (3), Independent (1)
110 / 241
Sadakazu Tanigaki LDP (82), Kōmeitō (19), Sunrise PartyNRP (3), Independent [Yasuhiro Ōe and Tamon Hasegawa] (2), Independent [Vice President] (1)
107 / 241
Blank votes Your Party (11), JCP (6), Social Democratic Party of Japan (4), Sunrise PartyNRP (2), Independent (1)
24 / 241
Did not vote Independent [President] (1)
1 / 242
Source: 177th Diet Session (House of Councillors) - First round vote
177th Diet Session (House of Councillors) - Second round vote (lists individual votes grouped by caucus)

Lists of ministers

  Democratic
  People's New
  Independent
R = Member of the House of Representatives
C = Member of the House of Councillors
N = Non-Diet member
Italics denote acting minister

Cabinet

Noda Cabinet from September 2, 2011 to January 13, 2012
Portfolio Minister Term
Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda R September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications
Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs
Minister of State for Promotion of Local Sovereignty
Tatsuo Kawabata R September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister of Justice Hideo Hiraoka R September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister of Foreign Affairs Kōichirō Genba R September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister of Finance Jun Azumi R September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Masaharu Nakagawa R September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister of Health, Labour, and Welfare
Minister of State for Pension Reform
Yōko Komiyama R September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Michihiko Kano R September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Yoshio Hachiro R September 2–11, 2011
Osamu Fujimura R September 11–12, 2011
Yukio Edano R September 12, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Takeshi Maeda C September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister of the Environment
Minister of State for the Nuclear Power Policy and Administration
Gōshi Hosono R September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister of Defence Yasuo Ichikawa C September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Chief Cabinet Secretary Osamu Fujimura R September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Chairman of the National Public Safety Commission
Minister of State for Consumer Affairs and Food Safety
Kenji Yamaoka R September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister of State for Disaster Management Tatsuo Hirano C September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister of State for Financial Services
Minister of State for Postal Reform
Shōzaburō Jimi C September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister of State for Economic and Fiscal Policy
Minister of State for Science and Technology Policy
Motohisa Furukawa R September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister of State for Government Revitalization
Minister of State for Measures for Declining Birthrate
Minister of State for Gender Equality
Minister of State for the New Public Commons
Renho C September 2, 2011 – January 13, 2012
Minister of State for the Corporation in Support of Compensation for Nuclear Damage Gōshi Hosono R September 2 – October 3, 2011
Yukio Edano R October 3, 2011 – January 13, 2012

First Reshuffled Cabinet

Noda Cabinet from January 13 to June 4, 2012
Portfolio Minister Term
Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda R January 13 – June 4, 2012
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of State for Government Revitalization
Katsuya Okada R January 13 – June 4, 2012
Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications
Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs
Minister of State for Promotion of Local Sovereignty
Tatsuo Kawabata R January 13 – June 4, 2012
Minister of Justice Toshio Ogawa C January 13 – June 4, 2012
Minister of Foreign Affairs Kōichirō Genba R January 13 – June 4, 2012
Minister of Finance Jun Azumi R January 13 – June 4, 2012
Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Hirofumi Hirano R January 13 – June 4, 2012
Minister of Health, Labour, and Welfare
Minister of State for Pension Reform
Yōko Komiyama R January 13 – June 4, 2012
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Michihiko Kano R January 13 – June 4, 2012
Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Yukio Edano R January 13 – June 4, 2012
Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Takeshi Maeda C January 13 – June 4, 2012
Minister of the Environment
Minister of State for the Nuclear Power Policy and Administration
Gōshi Hosono R January 13 – June 4, 2012
Minister of Defence Naoki Tanaka C January 13 – June 4, 2012
Chief Cabinet Secretary Osamu Fujimura R January 13 – June 4, 2012
Chairman of the National Public Safety Commission
Minister of State for Consumer Affairs and Food Safety
Jin Matsubara R January 13 – June 4, 2012
Minister of State for Disaster Management Tatsuo Hirano C January 13 – February 10, 2012
Masaharu Nakagawa R February 10 – June 4, 2012
Minister of State for Financial Services
Minister of State for Postal Reform
Shōzaburō Jimi C January 13 – June 4, 2012
Minister of State for Economic and Fiscal Policy
Minister of State for Science and Technology Policy
Motohisa Furukawa R January 13 – June 4, 2012
Minister of State for Gender Equality
Minister of State for the New Public Commons
Katsuya Okada R January 13 – February 10, 2012
Masaharu Nakagawa R February 10 – June 4, 2012
Minister of State for Measures for Declining Birthrate Katsuya Okada R January 13 – February 10, 2012
Masaharu Nakagawa R February 10 – April 23, 2012
Yōko Komiyama R April 23 – June 4, 2012
Minister of State for the Corporation in Support of Compensation for Nuclear Damage Yukio Edano R January 13 – June 4, 2012
Minister for Reconstruction Tatsuo Hirano C January 13 – June 4, 2012

Second Reshuffled Cabinet

Noda Cabinet from June 4 to October 1, 2012
Portfolio Minister Term
Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda R June 4 – October 1, 2012
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of State for Government Revitalization
Katsuya Okada R June 4 – October 1, 2012
Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications
Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs
Minister of State for Promotion of Local Sovereignty
Tatsuo Kawabata R June 4 – October 1, 2012
Minister of Justice Makoto Taki R June 4 – October 1, 2012
Minister of Foreign Affairs Kōichirō Genba R June 4 – October 1, 2012
Minister of Finance Jun Azumi R June 4 – October 1, 2012
Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Hirofumi Hirano R June 4 – October 1, 2012
Minister of Health, Labour, and Welfare
Minister of State for Measures for Declining Birthrate
Yōko Komiyama R June 4 – October 1, 2012
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Akira Gunji C June 4 – October 1, 2012
Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
Minister of State for the Corporation in Support of Compensation for Nuclear Damage
Yukio Edano R June 4 – October 1, 2012
Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Yūichirō Hata C June 4 – October 1, 2012
Minister of the Environment
Minister of State for the Nuclear Power Policy and Administration
Minister of State for Nuclear Emergency Preparedness
Gōshi Hosono R June 4 – October 1, 2012
Minister of Defence Satoshi Morimoto N June 4 – October 1, 2012
Chief Cabinet Secretary Osamu Fujimura R June 4 – October 1, 2012
Minister for Reconstruction Tatsuo Hirano C June 4 – October 1, 2012
Chairman of the National Public Safety Commission
Minister of State for Consumer Affairs and Food Safety
Jin Matsubara R June 4 – October 1, 2012
Minister of State for Disaster Management
Minister of State for Gender Equality
Minister of State for the New Public Commons
Masaharu Nakagawa R June 4 – October 1, 2012
Minister of State for Financial Services
Minister of State for Postal Reform
Tadahiro Matsushita C June 4 – September 10, 2012
Jun Azumi R September 10 – October 1, 2012
Minister of State for Economic and Fiscal Policy
Minister of State for Science and Technology Policy
Minister of State for Space Policy
Motohisa Furukawa R June 4 – October 1, 2012

Third Reshuffled Cabinet

Noda Cabinet from October 1 to December 26, 2012
Portfolio Minister Term
Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda R October 1 – December 26, 2012
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of State for Government Revitalization
Katsuya Okada R October 1 – December 26, 2012
Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications
Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs
Minister of State for Promotion of Local Sovereignty
Shinji Tarutoko R October 1 – December 26, 2012
Minister of Justice Keishū Tanaka R October 1–23, 2012
Tadamasa Kodaira R October 23–24, 2012
Makoto Taki R→N October 24 – December 26, 2012
Minister of Foreign Affairs Kōichirō Genba R October 1 – December 26, 2012
Minister of Finance Kōriki Jōjima R→N October 1 – December 26, 2012
Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Makiko Tanaka R→N October 1 – December 26, 2012
Minister of Health, Labour, and Welfare Wakio Mitsui R→N October 1 – December 26, 2012
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Akira Gunji C October 1 – December 26, 2012
Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
Minister of State for the Corporation in Support of Compensation for Nuclear Damage
Yukio Edano R October 1 – December 26, 2012
Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Yūichirō Hata C October 1 – December 26, 2012
Minister of the Environment
Minister of State for Nuclear Emergency Preparedness
Hiroyuki Nagahama C October 1 – December 26, 2012
Minister of Defence Satoshi Morimoto N October 1 – December 26, 2012
Chief Cabinet Secretary Osamu Fujimura R→N October 1 – December 26, 2012
Minister for Reconstruction Tatsuo Hirano C October 1 – December 26, 2012
Chairman of the National Public Safety Commission
Minister of State for Consumer Affairs and Food Safety
Tadamasa Kodaira R→N October 1 – December 26, 2012
Minister of State for Financial Services
Minister of State for Postal Reform
Minister of State for Gender Equality
Minister of State for the New Public Commons
Minister of State for Measures for Declining Birthrate
Ikkō Nakatsuka R→N October 1 – December 26, 2012
Minister of State for Economic and Fiscal Policy
Minister of State for Science and Technology Policy
Minister of State for the Nuclear Power Policy and Administration
Minister of State for Space Policy
Seiji Maehara R October 1 – December 26, 2012
Minister of State for Disaster Management Mikio Shimoji R→N October 1 – December 26, 2012

References

  1. Dickie, Mure (25 June 2012). "Noda gambles on consumption tax rise". Financial Times. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  2. Tabuchi, Hiroko (2 September 2011). "Japan's New Prime Minister Vows Gradual Nuclear Phaseout". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
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