Naudiz

*Naudiz is the reconstructed Proto-Germanic name of the n-rune , meaning "need, distress". In the Anglo-Saxon futhorc, it is continued as nyd, in the Younger Futhark as , Icelandic naud and Old Norse nauðr. The corresponding Gothic letter is 𐌽 n, named nauþs.

NameProto-GermanicOld EnglishOld Norse
*NaudizNȳdNauðr
"need, hardship"
ShapeElder FutharkFuthorcYounger Futhark
Unicode
U+16BE
U+16BE
U+16BF
Transliterationn
Transcriptionn
IPA[n]
Position in
rune-row
108

The rune is recorded in all three rune poems:

Rune Poem:[1] English Translation:

Old Norwegian
Nauðr gerer næppa koste;
nøktan kælr í froste.


Constraint gives scant choice;
a naked man is chilled by the frost.

Old Icelandic
Nauð er Þýjar þrá
ok þungr kostr
ok vássamlig verk.
opera niflungr.


Constraint is grief of the bond-maid
and state of oppression
and toilsome work.

Anglo-Saxon
Nyd byþ nearu on breostan;
ƿeorþeþ hi þeah oft niþa bearnum
to helpe and to hæle gehƿæþre,
gif hi his hlystaþ æror.


Trouble is oppressive to the heart;
yet often it proves a source of help and salvation
to the children of men, to everyone who heeds it betimes.

See also

References

  1. Original poems and translation from the Rune Poem Page Archived 1999-05-01 at the Wayback Machine.
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