Nathaniel Goddard Benchley (November 13, 1915 – December 14, 1981) was an American writer.
|Born||Nathaniel Goddard Benchley|
November 13, 1915
Newton, Massachusetts, US
|Died||December 14, 1981 66) (aged|
|Occupation||Writer, journalist, painter|
|Genre||Children's literature, humorous fiction, biography, historical fiction|
|Spouse||Marjorie Bradford Benchley|
Born in Newton, Massachusetts to a literary family, he was the son of Robert Benchley (1889–1945), a noted American writer, humorist, critic, and actor and one founder of the Algonquin Round Table in New York City, and Gertrude Darling. He graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy and Harvard College.
Benchley enlisted in the U.S. Navy prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor. He served as a public relations officer, and on destroyers and patrol craft in North Atlantic convoy duty (Battle of the Atlantic), and was transferred to the Pacific Theater in 1945.
After the war Benchley worked for the weekly magazine Newsweek as an assistant drama editor. Harcourt, Brace published Benchley's first book in 1950, Side Street, a novel featuring "hilarious activities of two New York City families living in the East Sixties"—that is, living on the East Side of Manhattan near 60th Street. He wrote a biography of his father Robert that McGraw-Hill published in 1955. In 1960 Harper & Row published his second novel, Sail a Crooked Ship, and Random House his first children's book, retold from Sindbad the Sailor with illustrations by Tom O'Sullivan.
Benchley was the respected author of much children's fiction that provides readers an experience of certain animal species, historical settings, and so on (Oscar Otter, Sam the Minuteman, etc). He presented diverse locales and topics: for instance, Bright Candles recounts the experiences of a 16-year-old Danish boy during the German occupation of Denmark in World War II; Small Wolf features a Native American boy who meets white men on the island of Manhattan and learns that their ideas about land are different from those of his own people.
Sail a Crooked Ship was adapted as a black-and-white comedy feature film of the same name by Columbia Pictures in 1961. His 1961 novel The Off-Islanders was made into comedy feature The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming by director/producer Norman Jewison in 1965. The Visitors (1965) was adapted as a horror/comedy feature The Spirit Is Willing by Paramount Pictures in 1967.
Benchley was a friend of the actor Humphrey Bogart and wrote a Bogart biography published in 1975. Sometime that year, ABC showed the made-for-TV drama Sweet Hostage, based on his 1968 novel Welcome to Xanadu.
Benchley and Margaret Bradford were married not long after his college years. They settled in New York City and had two sons, one before and one after World War II. Elder son Peter Benchley (1940–2006) was a writer, known best for the novel Jaws and the screenplay for its Steven Spielberg film, the 1975 best-seller Jaws. Younger son Nat Benchley is a writer and actor who has portrayed his grandfather, Robert Benchley, in a one-man, semi-biographical stage show, Benchley Despite Himself. The show was a compilation of Robert Benchley's best monologues, short films, radio rantings, and pithy pieces as recalled, edited, and acted by grandson Nat, combined with family reminiscences and friends' perspectives.
Nathaniel Benchley died 1981 in Boston and was interred in the family plot at Prospect Hill Cemetery in Nantucket.
- Side Street (Harcourt, Brace, 1950)
- A Firm Word or Two (1958)
- Sail a Crooked Ship (Harper & Row, 1960)
- The Off-Islanders (1961)
- Catch a Falling Spy (1964)
- A Winter's Tale (1964)
- The Visitors (1964)
- The Monument: A Satiric Novel (1966)
- Welcome to Xanadu (1968)
- The Wake of the Icarus (1969)
- Lassiter's Folly (1971)
- A Necessary End: A Novel of World War II (1976)
- Sweet Anarchy (1979)
- Portrait of a Scoundrel (1979)
- All Over Again (1981)
- Speakeasy (1982)
- "Short Cut", The New Yorker, January 28, 1950
I Can Read
Benchley was the writer of at least these 10 books published by Harper & Row in its I Can Read series (about 60 pages long), several in the History and Mystery subseries. These include eight of his ten "most widely held works" as catalogued by WorldCat libraries.
- Red Fox and His Canoe (1964), illustrated by Arnold Lobel
- Oscar Otter (1966), illus. Lobel
- The Strange Disappearance of Arthur Cluck (1967), illus. Lobel
- A Ghost Named Fred (1968), illus. Ben Shecter
- Sam, the Minuteman (1969), illus. Lobel
- The Several Tricks of Edgar Dolphin (1970), illus. Mamoru Funai
- Small Wolf (1972), illus. Joan Sandin
- Snorri and the Strangers (1976), illus. Don Bolognese
- George, the Drummer Boy (1977), illus. Bolognese
- Running Owl the Hunter (1979), illus. Funai
- Sindbad the Sailor (Random House, 1960), illustrated by Tom O'Sullivan
- The Flying Lesson of Gerald Pelican (1970), illus. Mamoru Funai
- Feldman Fieldmouse: A Fable (1971), illus. Hilary Knight
- Gone and Back (1971) – Oklahoma "pioneer adventure of Obediah Taylor, a boy reaching manhood" OCLC 129030
- The Magic Sled (1972), illus. Mel Furukawa; UK title, The Magic Sledge
- Only Earth and Sky Last Forever (1972) – "Although recognizing the end of the Indians' freedom is near, a young Cheyenne still chooses to fight with Crazy Horse", OCLC 584020
- The Deep Dives of Stanley Whale (1973), illus. Mischa Richter
- Bright Candles: A Novel of the Danish Resistance (1974) – features "a sixteen-year-old Danish boy during the German occupation", OCLC 852747
- Beyond the Mists: A Novel (1975) – features "an adventurous youth who travels to Vinland with Leif Eriksson", OCLC 1728948
- Kilroy and the Gull (1977), illus. John Schoenherr – a Marineland killer whale "escapes to life on the open sea with his friend Morris the sea gull", OCLC 2372722
- Demo and the Dolphin (1981), illus. Stephen Gammell
- Snip (1981), illus. Irene Trivas
- Walter, the Homing Pigeon (1981), illus. Whitney Darrow
- "Peter Benchley Biography (1940–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 2018-08-01.
- "Nathaniel Benchley". Harpercollins.com. Retrieved 2018-08-01.
- Silvey, Anita (1995). Children's Books and Their Creators. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 56. ISBN 978-0395653807.
- "Side street". One catalog record of the 1st ed. WorldCat. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
- "Sindbad the sailor". WorldCat. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
- "Benchley, Nathaniel 1915–1981". WorldCat Identities. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
The Benchley Roundup, his selection from Robert Benchley, and Humphrey Bogart are his other "most widely held works". WorldCat also reports the next ten.