Murcanyo (Somali: Muranyo, Arabic: مورايو), also known as Bander Murcaayo (alternatively Bandar Murcaayo or Bunder Marayah), is a coastal town in the northeastern Bari province of Somalia. It is situated in the autonomous Puntland region.
View of Murcanyo town at the foot of the Jebel Murcanyo mountains
Location in Somalia.
|Coordinates: 11°41′00″N 50°27′00″E|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (EAT)|
Murcanyo is located at 11°41′34.98″N 50°27′25.34″E, in the Gulf of Aden. It lies 7 nautical miles (8 miles) southwest of Habo, 18 nautical miles (21 miles) southwest of Ras Filuk, and 38 nautical miles (44 miles) east of Qandala.
The town is situated along the beach of a long bay that borders the Gulf of Aden.
Murcanyo lies at the foot of the Jebel Murcanyo mountains (Jebel meaning mountain in Arabic), also known as Jebel Marayah. This mountain range stretches across the Bari region to the Indian Ocean coastline at Bargal. The range consists of cream-coloured limestone, as well as sandstone, shale and quartz.
Murcanyo was historically an important port town along the northeastern Somalia littoral. It served as a stronghold of Bedouins from the Majeerteen clan.in Murcanyo. Through trading dhows, the town was connected to a merchant network that included regional ports like Mukalla, Jeddah and Mumbai. Local inhabitants produced and exported frankincense, indigo and mats, and imported items such as dates, a special cloth, rice and metals.
In 1872, Murcanyo's resident population was estimated at 600-700 inhabitants. The town was at the time ruled by the Majeerteen Sultanate, which maintained a fort in the area. It also had four mosques. Murcanyo is a rapidly growing village and is populated mainly by the Mohamed Talareer (Wadalmuge), sub-clan Ideris Muse tribe.
On April 8, 2013, the Puntland government announced the creation of a new region coextensive with Murcanyo and Cape Guardafui, named Gardafuul. Carved out of the Bari region, it consists of 4 districts. The government announced that Abdirisak jama dhiisi would be the first mayor of the murcanyo district, and created the council of the district. There are 9 villages under the murcanyo district: 1. Garsa,2. Qajawe,3. Dhurbo,4 Galgala-madow 5. Huurshe,6. Sidibta,7. Xanamhel,8. Hoodaa, 9. Dibir.
According to the Puntland Ministry of Education, there is 2 primary school they are dayaha primary and murcayo primary.
- Miles, S.B. (1872). On the Neighbourhood of Bunder Marayah - The Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, Volume 42. Royal Geographical Society (Great Britain). pp. 61–68. Retrieved 18 November 2014.