Ministry of Justice (Japan)

The Ministry of Justice (法務省, Hōmu-shō) is one of the cabinet level ministries of the Japanese government. It is responsible for the judicial system, correctional services, household, property and corporate registrations, and also serves as the government legal representatives.

Ministry of Justice
法務省
Hōmu-shō

The Ministry of Justice building
Agency overview
FormedFebruary 15, 1948 (1948-02-15)
Preceding agency
  • Ministry of Justice (司法省, Shihōshō) (July 9, 1871 (1871-07-09) – February 15, 1948 (1948-02-15))
Jurisdiction Japan
Headquarters1-1-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Ministers responsible
Parent agencyGovernment of Japan
Websitehttp://www.moj.go.jp

At the top of the ministry is the Minister of Justice, a member of the Cabinet, and he or she is chosen by the Prime Minister typically from members of the National Diet.

History

Meiji Constitution

The Ministry of Justice was established under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan in 1871 as the Ministry of Justice (司法省, Shihōshō).

Constitution of Japan

The Ministry acquired its present name under the post-war Constitution of Japan in 1952. Its responsibilities include administration of Japan's judicial system and penal system. It represents the Japanese government in litigation, and is also responsible for maintenance of government registration of families, resident aliens, real estate and corporations.

Structure

The Ministry has jurisdiction over the National Bar Examination Commission, the Public Security Examination Commission, and the Public Security Intelligence Agency. Although the Public Prosecutors Office are administratively part of the Ministry of Justice, they are independent from the authority of the Minister of Justice.

It also has the Immigration Services Agency.[1]

See also

References

  • Kenkyusha's New Japanese–English Dictionary, Kenkyusha Limited, Tokyo 1991, ISBN 4-7674-2015-6

Footnotes

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