Minister of Finance (Japan)

The Minister of Finance (財務大臣, Zaimu Daijin) is the member of the Cabinet of Japan in charge of the Ministry of Finance. This position was formerly cited as being Japan's most powerful and one of the world's, because Japan had historically held the largest foreign exchange reserves. It seems that title has been passed to Bank of Japan governors, due to Japan's position as the world's largest and lowest rate creditor.

Until 2001, the position was known in Japanese literally as "Treasury Minister" (大蔵大臣, Ōkura Daijin), but the English name was "Minister of Finance" both before and after the name change in Japanese.

List of ministers

Prewar (1900–1946)

#NameTook officeLeft office
1Watanabe Kunitake19001901
2Saionji Kinmochi19011901
3Sone Arasuke19011906
4Yoshiro Sakatani19061908
5Masahisa Matsuda19081908
6Katsura Tarō19081911
7Yamamoto Tatsuo19111912
8Wakatsuki Reijirō
(1st)
19121913
9Takahashi Korekiyo
(1st)
19131914
8Wakatsuki Reijirō
(2nd)
19141915
10Taketomi Tokitoshi19151916
11Terauchi Masatake19161916
12Kazue Shōda
(1st)
19161918
9Takahashi Korekiyo
(2nd)
19181922
13Otohiko Ichiki19221923
14Junnosuke Inoue
(1st)
19231924
12Kazue Shōda
(2nd)
19241924
15Osachi Hamaguchi19241925
16Seiji Hayami19251925
17Kataoka Naoharu19251927
9Takahashi Korekiyo
(3rd)
19271927
18Chuzo Mitsuchi19271929
14Junnosuke Inoue
(2nd)
19291931
9Takahashi Korekiyo
(4th)
19311934
19Sadanobu Fujii19341934
9Takahashi Korekiyo
(5th)
19341936
20Machida Chūji19361936
21Eiichi Baba19361937
22Toyotaro Yuki[1]19371937
23Okinori Kaya
(1st)
19371938
24Shigeaki Ikeda19381939
25Sotaro Ishiwata
(1st)
19391939
26Kazuo Aoki19391940
27Yukio Sakurauchi19401940
28Isao Kawada19401941
29Masatsune Ogura19411941
23Okinori Kaya
(2nd)
19411944
25Sotaro Ishiwata
(2nd)
19441945
30Juichi Tsushima19451945
31Keizō Shibusawa19451946

Postwar (1946–present)

  Liberal (1945)
  Socialist
  Ryokufūkai
  Democratic (1947)
  Democratic Liberal
  Liberal (1950)
  Independent
  Democratic (1954)
  Liberal Democratic
  Japan New Party
  New Party Sakigake
  Japan Renewal Party
  Democratic

Finance Minister Term of office Prime Minister
# Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
32 Tanzan Ishibashi May 22, 1946 May 24, 1947 367 Shigeru Yoshida
- Tetsu Katayama
(Acting)
May 24, 1947 June 1, 1947 8 Tetsu Katayama
33 Shōtarō Yano June 1, 1947 June 25, 1947 24
34 Takeo Kurusu June 25, 1947 March 10, 1948 259
35 Tokutarō Kitamura March 10, 1948 October 15, 1948 223 Hitoshi Ashida
36 Sanroku Izumiyama October 19, 1948 December 14, 1948 56 Shigeru Yoshida
37 Shinzō Ōya
(Interim)
December 14, 1948 February 16, 1949 64
38 Hayato Ikeda February 16, 1949 October 30, 1952 1352
39 Tadaharu Mukai October 30, 1952 May 21, 1953 203
40 Sankurō Ogasawara May 21, 1953 December 10, 1954 568
41 Hisato Ichimada December 10, 1954 November 22, 1955 744 Ichirō Hatoyama
November 22, 1955 December 23, 1956
(38) Hayato Ikeda December 23, 1956 July 10, 1957 199 Tanzan Ishibashi
Nobusuke Kishi
(41) Hisato Ichimada July 10, 1957 June 12, 1958 337
42 Eisaku Satō June 12, 1958 July 19, 1960 768
43 Mikio Mizuta July 19, 1960 July 18, 1962 729 Hayato Ikeda
44 Kakuei Tanaka July 18, 1962 June 3, 1965 1051
Eisaku Satō
45 Takeo Fukuda June 3, 1965 December 3, 1966 548
(43) Mikio Mizuta December 3, 1966 November 30, 1968 728
(45) Takeo Fukuda November 30, 1968 July 5, 1971 947
(43) Mikio Mizuta July 5, 1971 July 7, 1972 368
46 Koshiro Ueki July 7, 1972 December 22, 1972 168 Kakuei Tanaka
47 Kiichi Aichi December 22, 1972 November 23, 1973 336
(45) Takeo Fukuda November 25, 1973 July 16, 1974 233
48 Masayoshi Ōhira July 16, 1974 December 24, 1976 892
Takeo Miki
49 Hideo Bo December 24, 1976 November 28, 1977 339 Takeo Fukuda
50 Tatsuo Murayama November 28, 1977 December 7, 1978 374
51 Ippei Kaneko December 7, 1978 November 9, 1979 337 Masayoshi Ōhira
52 Noboru Takeshita November 9, 1979 July 17, 1980 251
53 Michio Watanabe July 17, 1980 November 27, 1982 863 Zenkō Suzuki
(52) Noboru Takeshita November 27, 1982 July 22, 1986 1333 Yasuhiro Nakasone
54 Kiichi Miyazawa July 22, 1986 December 9, 1988 871
Noboru Takeshita
(52) Noboru Takeshita
(Acting)
December 9, 1988 December 27, 1988 18
(50) Tatsuo Murayama December 27, 1988 August 10, 1989 226
Sosuke Uno
55 Ryutaro Hashimoto August 10, 1989 October 14, 1991 795 Toshiki Kaifu
- Toshiki Kaifu
(Acting)
October 14, 1991 November 5, 1991 22
56 Tsutomu Hata November 5, 1991 December 12, 1992 403 Kiichi Miyazawa
57 Yoshiro Hayashi December 12, 1992 August 9, 1993 240
58 Hirohisa Fujii August 9, 1993 June 30, 1994 325 Morihiro Hosokawa
Tsutomu Hata
59 Masayoshi Takemura June 30, 1994 January 11, 1996 560 Tomiichi Murayama
60 Wataru Kubo January 11, 1996 November 7, 1996 301 Ryutaro Hashimoto
61 Hiroshi Mitsuzuka November 7, 1996 January 28, 1998 447
62 Hikaru Matsunaga January 30, 1998 July 30, 1998 181
(54) Kiichi Miyazawa July 30, 1998 April 26, 2001 1001 Keizo Obuchi
Yoshirō Mori
63 Masajuro Shiokawa April 26, 2001 September 22, 2003 879 Junichiro Koizumi
64 Sadakazu Tanigaki September 22, 2003 September 26, 2006 1100
65 Kōji Omi September 26, 2006 August 27, 2007 335 Shinzō Abe
66 Fukushiro Nukaga August 27, 2007 August 1, 2008 340
Yasuo Fukuda
67 Bunmei Ibuki August 1, 2008 September 24, 2008 54
68 Shōichi Nakagawa September 24, 2008 February 18, 2009 147 Taro Aso
69 Kaoru Yosano February 18, 2009 September 16, 2009 210
(58) Hirohisa Fujii September 16, 2009 January 6, 2010 112 Yukio Hatoyama
70 Naoto Kan January 6, 2010 June 8, 2010 153
71 Yoshihiko Noda June 8, 2010 September 2, 2011 451 Naoto Kan
72 Jun Azumi September 2, 2011 October 1, 2012 395 Yoshihiko Noda
73 Koriki Jojima October 1, 2012 December 26, 2012 86
74 Tarō Asō December 26, 2012 Incumbent 2515 Shinzō Abe

References

  1. Fuji Ginkō. (1967). Banking in modern Japan, p. 125.
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