The term can also refer to the process by which waterborne minerals, such as calcium carbonate (calcite), iron oxide (hematite or limonite) or silica (quartz), replace organic material within the body of an organism that has died and was buried by sediments.
Mineralization may also refer to the product resulting from the process of mineralization. For example, mineralization (the process) may introduce metals (such as iron) into a rock. That rock may then be referred to as possessing iron mineralization.
- Embrey, P. G. and Symes, R. F. Minerals of Cornwall and Devon, London, British Museum of Natural History, 1987. ISBN 0-565-01046-8 hardback, 0-565-00989-3 paperback. page 14, and bibliography Fox: 135, Henwood: 137/8
- Leveille, R. J. (2010). "Mineralized iron oxidizing bacteria from hydrothermal vents: targeting biosignatures on Mars". American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting (abstract #P12A–07). Bibcode:2010AGUFM.P12A..07L.