Meiosis (figure of speech)
In rhetoric, meiosis is a euphemistic figure of speech that intentionally understates something or implies that it is lesser in significance or size than it really is. Meiosis is the opposite of auxesis, and is often compared to litotes. The term is derived from the Greek μειόω (“to make smaller”, "to diminish").
- "The Pond", for the Atlantic Ocean ("across the pond"). Similarly, "The Ditch" for the Tasman Sea, between Australia and New Zealand.
- "Intolerable meiosis!" comments a character in William Golding's Fire Down Below as their ship encounters an iceberg after another character comments, "We are privileged. How many people have seen anything like this?"
- "(Our) peculiar institution", for slavery and its economic ramifications in the American South.
- "The Recent Unpleasantness", used in the 19th century in the southern United States as an idiom to refer to the American Civil War and its aftermath.
- "The Emergency", a term used in the Republic of Ireland for the conflict that the rest of the world called the Second World War.
- In the Jewel Voice Broadcast, the Japanese emperor Hirohito said that "the war situation has developed not necessarily to Japan's advantage", only a week after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
- "The Troubles", a name for decades of violence in Northern Ireland.
Origins of meiosis in science
The scientific term of meiosis (originally maiosis) was first developed by J. B. Farmer and J. E. Moore in 1905 to describe gametic cell division—concepts researched extensively by German biologist Theodor Boveri. The process involves a reduction of chromosome number in the resulting germ cells. However, it was not until a few years later that maiosis was renamed "meiosis" to better embody the Greek definition, "to reduce" or "diminish".
- Burton, Gideon O. "Meiosis". Silva Rhetoricae. Retrieved 2006-12-24.