Mangbetu people

The Mangbetu are a people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, living in the Orientale Province.


The language is called kingbetu in the regional language of Lingala, but the Mangbetu call it nemangbetu. It is a member of the Central Sudanic language family.


The Mangbetu are known for their highly developed art and music. One instrument associated with and named after them is the Mangbetu harp or guitar. See the National Music Museum and the Hamill Gallery for images. One harp has sold for over $100,000.[1]

Musicologists have also sought out the Mangbetu to make video and audio recordings of their music.[2]

The Mangbetu stood out to European colonists because of their elongated heads. Traditionally, babies' heads were wrapped tightly with cloth in order to give them this distinctive appearance. The practice, called Lipombo, began dying out in the 1950s with the arrival of more Europeans and westernization. Because of this distinctive look, it is easy to recognize Mangbetu figures in African art.


By the early 18th century the Mangbetu had consisted of a number of small clans who, from southward migrations, had come in contact with a number of northward-migrating Bantu-speaking tribes among whom they lived interspersed. In the late 18th century a group of Mangbetu-speaking elites, mainly from the Mabiti clan, assumed control over other Mangbetu clans and many neighboring Bantu-speaking tribes. It is likely that their knowledge of iron and copper forgery, by which they made weapons and fine ornaments, gave them a military and economic advantage over their neighbors.[3]


Many recent ideologies feature the Mangbetu as a historically cannibalistic people.[4] Historian David Levering Lewis asserts that a "wave of flesh-eating that spread from inveterate cannibals like Bakusa to Batetela, the Mangbetu, and much of the Zande" resulted from ongoing political disorder caused by Swahili raids in the 1880s.[5]


  1. "Sale Results, New York; Sale N08132 African & Oceanic Art" (PDF). 2005-11-05. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-29.
  2. L'orchestre Mangbetu (1954),
  3. Mangbetu People Archived 2009-03-05 at the Wayback Machine. (1998-11-03). Retrieved on 2010-12-08.
  4. Mangbetu. YouTube. Retrieved on 2010-12-08.
  5. Lewis, David Levering, 1936- (1988). The race to Fashoda : European colonialism and African resistance in the scramble for Africa. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 0747501130. OCLC 59240699.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

Further reading

  • Christopher Ehret, The Civilizations of Africa: A History to 1800 (University of Virginia Press, 2002), 436–438.
  • Curtis A. Keim, Mistaking Africa: Curiosities and Inventions of the American Mind (Basic Civitas Books, 1999), 42–43, 92–93.
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