Luke 22 is the twenty-second chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It commences in the days just before the Passover or Feast of Unleavened Bread, and records the plot to kill Jesus Christ, the institution of the Lord's Supper, Jesus' arrest and his trial before the Sanhedrin. The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this Gospel as well as the Acts of the Apostles.
Luke 22:44-50 on fragments a and b (recto) of the codex 0171, written about AD 300.
|Book||Gospel of Luke|
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||3|
Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:
- Papyrus 75 (175-225)
- Papyrus 69 (3rd century; extant verses 41,45-48, 58-61)
- Uncial 0171 (~300; extant verses 44-50,52-56,61,63-64)
- Codex Vaticanus (325-350)
- Codex Sinaiticus (330-360)
- Codex Bezae (~400)
- Codex Washingtonianus (~400)
- Codex Alexandrinus (400-440)
- Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (~450; extant verses 1-18)
Luke 22:14-38 describes how Jesus sent Peter and John to prepare a place for their taking of a Passover meal (what would be the Last Supper). Also depicted in Mark 14:12–16, Matthew 26:17-25, Luke's is the only account which names the apostles.
Luke 22:14-38 has been described as "Jesus' farewell address", modeled after other farewell addresses in the Greco-Roman and biblical traditions. Jesus declares to his apostles that "with fervent desire" (Greek: επιθυμια επεθυμησα (epithumia epithumesa) he has longed to celebrate this Passover with them. Pope Gregory X used these words as his text (Latin: Desiderio desideravi) at the Second Council of Lyons in 1274, in his sermon on the unity of the churches.
- Pray that you will not fall into temptation (New International Version)
- Not my will, but yours, be done (New King James Version)
The words reflect Jesus' previous instructions to his disciples on how to pray (the Lord's Prayer, Luke 11:2-4), although the words "thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven" do not appear in the earliest-known versions of Luke's Lord's Prayer. The Pulpit Commentary suggests that "the temptation in question was the grave sin of moral cowardice into which so soon the disciples fell".
The authenticity of Luke 22:43-44 has been disputed by scholars since the second half of the 19th century. The verses are placed in double brackets in modern editions of the Greek text, and listed in a footnote in the Revised Standard Version.
- εἶπαν δὲ πάντες Σὺ οὖν εἶ ὁ Υἱὸς τοῦ Θεοῦ; ὁ δὲ πρὸς αὐτοὺς ἔφη Ὑμεῖς λέγετε ὅτι ἐγώ εἰμι.
- Eipan de pantes, "Su oun ei ho Huios tou Theou?"; ho de pros autous ephē, "Humeis legete hoti egō eimi."
- All of them asked, “Are you, then, the Son of God?”
- He said to them, “You say that I am”. (New Revised Standard Version)
The New King James Version adds "rightly":
Similarly, J. B. Phillips translates as:
The Pulpit Commentary describes the style here as rabbinic: "by such an answer, the one interrogated accepts as his own affirmation the question put to him in its entirety."
- Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
- Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
- Chapter 1 has 80 verses
- Kurz, W. S. (1985), Luke 22:14-38 and Greco-Roman and Biblical Farewell Addresses, Journal of Biblical Literature, Vol. 104, No. 2 (June 1985), pp. 251-268, accessed 19 July 2018
- Catholic Encyclopedia (1913), Second Council of Lyons (1274), accessed 19 July 2018
- Pulpit Commentary on Luke 11, accessed 20 July 2018
- Pulpit Commentary on Luke 22, accessed 20 July 2018
- Luke 22:70 - NKJV
- Luke 22:70 - J.B. Phillips' New Testament
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gospel of Luke - Chapter 22.|
- Luke 22 King James Bible - Wikisource
- English Translation with Parallel Latin Vulgate
- Online Bible at GospelHall.org (ESV, KJV, Darby, American Standard Version, Bible in Basic English)
- Multiple bible versions at Bible Gateway (NKJV, NIV, NRSV etc.)
| Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of Luke