The hammer-part of the Lucerne hammer was a three- to four-pronged head mounted atop a 2m-long (7 foot) polearm stick. It bore a long spike on its reverse, and an even longer spike extending from the very top.
The Lucerne hammer required both hands for effective handling. As a modified polearm, Lucerne hammers had multiple functions in battle. The forward-pointing spike could be used for spearing, while the hammer proved effective at puncturing or smashing armor. Like many other polearms, the Lucerne hammer was also used for dismounting the enemy. The long pole could provide a swing of the hammer with a large torque, resulting in tremendous force upon impact.
- Oakeshott, Ewart (1980). European Weapons and Armour. Guildford and London: Lutterworth Press. p. 51. ISBN 0-7188-2126-2.
- Spotlight: The Medieval Poleaxe, by Alexi Goranov