London Borough of Redbridge

The London Borough of Redbridge is a London borough in East London, England.[2]

London Borough of Redbridge

Coat of arms

Council logo
Redbridge shown within Greater London
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionLondon
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Created1 April 1965
Admin HQIlford
Government
  TypeLondon borough council
  BodyRedbridge London Borough Council
  LeadershipLeader & Cabinet
Leader, Cllr Jas Athwal
Deputy, Cllr Elaine Norman (Labour)
  MayorCllr Zulfiqar Hussain (LAB)
  London AssemblyKeith Prince (CON) AM for Havering and Redbridge
  MPsJohn Cryer (LAB)
Iain Duncan Smith (CON)
Sam Tarry (LAB)
Wes Streeting (LAB)
  EU ParliamentLondon
Area
  Total21.78 sq mi (56.41 km2)
Area rank257th (of 317)
Population
 (mid-2018 est.)
  Total303,858
  Rank40th (of 317)
  Density14,000/sq mi (5,400/km2)
  Ethnicity[1]
34.5% White British
1.4% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
6.6% Other White
1.1% White & Black Caribbean
0.6% White & Black African
1.2% White & Asian
1.2% Other Mixed
16.4% Indian
11.1% Pakistani
5.7% Bangladeshi
1.1% Chinese
7.4% Other Asian
4.4% Black African
3.2% Black Caribbean
1.2% Other Black
0.6% Arab
2.1% Other
Time zoneUTC (GMT)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcodes
E, IG, RM
Area code(s)020
ONS code00BC
GSS codeE09000026
PoliceMetropolitan Police
Websitehttps://www.redbridge.gov.uk/

Its administrative headquarters is at Redbridge Town Hall in Ilford, Ilford being its main settlement. The local authority is Redbridge London Borough Council.

Etymology

The name comes from a bridge over the River Roding which was demolished in 1921. The bridge was made of red brick, unlike other bridges in the area made of white stone. The name had first been applied to the Redbridge area and Redbridge tube station was opened in 1947. It was earlier known as Hocklee's Bridge.[3]

Places of interest

Parks and open spaces

Redbridge has more than 35 parks, playgrounds and open spaces. These include Hainault Forest Country Park, with 300 acres of countryside including adventure play areas, cafe and petting zoo. Roding Valley Park, a wildlife sanctuary with a wide range of flora and fauna and woodland areas to explore. Fairlop Waters Country Park, which offers a huge range of activities both on and off the water. The award-winning Valentines Park, situated next to the beautiful Valentines Mansion, ornamental gardens, bowling green and outdoor gym among other attractions. Claybury Woods and Park, a conservation area that features and ancient area of oak and hornbeam woodland, meadows and wildlife ponds.

Six parks have attained the prestigious Green Flag Award.

Arts and culture

Valentines Mansion is a Georgian country house and gardens in the grounds of Valentines Park, Ilford. The 300-year-old restored building attracts thousands of visitors every year. There is also a Gardener's Cottage Café and regular art installations and exhibitions.

Redbridge Drama Centre in Churchfields, South Woodford, offers young people aged five to 21 the chance to take part in a professional performance and gives the public a year-round opportunity to see live shows in this part of the borough. It has a television studio and edit suite where film and videos are made.

Kenneth More Theatre in Oakfield Road, Ilford opened in 1975 and the theatre in Ilford Town Centre has since served up a diverse programme of amateur and professional performances to the local community with new shows most weeks.

Redbridge Museum is situated in on the second floor of Redbridge Central Library, Clements Road, Ilford. Redbridge Museum explores the many places, people and events in over 150,000 years of the borough's history. The museum also features interactive displays, family trails and touch displays to help bring the past to life. There are also regular changing exhibitions for visitors to enjoy.

Redbridge Heritage Centre is situated on the second floor of Redbridge Central Library, Clements Road, Ilford. Redbridge Heritage Centre holds the archive and local studies library for the borough, enabling visitors and residents to explore the history of Redbridge.

Libraries

Redbridge has 13 libraries across the borough. This includes the Redbridge Central Library, in Clements Road, Ilford, which had a major refurbishment in 2012. The libraries offer a number of services including reading clubs, story time sessions, study areas and learning resources. The libraries in Redbridge are:

  • Aldersbrook Library
  • Clayhall Library
  • Fullwell Cross Library
  • Gants Hill Library
  • Goodmayes Library
  • Hainault Library
  • Redbridge Central Library
  • Keith Axon Library
  • Seven Kings Library
  • South Woodford Library
  • Uphall School Library
  • Wanstead Library
  • Woodford Green Library

Sport and leisure facilities

Redbridge has a number of sports and leisure facilities including the fantastic road and off-road cycling tracks at Redbridge Cycling Centre, top class water sports at Fairlop Activity Centre, in Fairlop Waters and sporting facilities at Redbridge Sports and Leisure Centre, in Forest Road, Fairlop. Fullwell Cross Leisure Centre, in Barkingside features a swimming pool, dance studio and spa.

There are also a number of outdoor gyms in the Borough's parks:

  • Ashton Playing Fields
  • Claybury Woods and Park
  • Elmhurst Gardens
  • Forest Road Playing Fields
  • Goodmayes Park
  • Ray Park
  • Valentines Park

There are two local football teams both playing in the Isthmian League Division One: Redbridge F.C. (not to be confused with Dagenham & Redbridge) and Ilford FC. In addition there is fellow Non-League football club Barkingside F.C. who play at The Oakside stadium.

The borough was one of the locations of the 2010 Mayor of London's Sky Ride. Along with Ealing, it was the first time the event took place in Outer London boroughs as well as in central London.

Redbridge's Valentines Park in Ilford acted as one of Essex County Cricket Club's home grounds in 1923-4 and from 1935 until 2002, when the club stopped playing there due to financial constraints.[4]

Redbridge is home to several Scouting districts and Groups. One such group is 4th Goodmayes Scout Group, which celebrates its 90th year in 2016.

Geography

Demographics

In 2011 the population of Redbridge was recorded at 278,970.[5] In common with the other London boroughs this continues a period of growth; between the 1991 and 2001 censuses the increase was 7.5%[6] with a further rise of 15.3% by 2011.[5] Redbridge has the third highest proportion of children and a higher-than-average proportion of older adults while the proportion of working age adults is slightly lower than average.[7] The population density was last recorded at 4,945 residents per km2 (the London regional density is 5,199, far higher than the England and Wales figure of 371).[5]

The healthy life expectancy (HLE) at birth for Redbridge residents stands at 65.5 years for males and 62.4 years for females (the England average HLE is 63.4 for males and 64.1 for females).[8]

Redbridge is one of the most ethnically diverse local authorities in the UK. 34% of respondents to the 2011 census stated that they were born outside the UK and 65.5% identified as belonging to an ethnic group other than white British.[9] Redbridge's largest ethnic group is White British (34.5%), followed by Indian (16.4%),[9] and Pakistani (Redbridge has the highest proportion of Pakistani residents of any London borough).[9]

Population census
YearPop.±%
1801 4,909    
1811 6,317+28.7%
1821 7,829+23.9%
1831 8,572+9.5%
1841 9,290+8.4%
1851 9,921+6.8%
1861 16,409+65.4%
1871 22,897+39.5%
1881 29,385+28.3%
1891 51,250+74.4%
1901 77,621+51.5%
1911 117,735+51.7%
1921 152,209+29.3%
1931 196,790+29.3%
1941 230,876+17.3%
1951 270,876+17.3%
1961 254,605−6.0%
1971 239,337−6.0%
1981 224,724−6.1%
1991 231,198+2.9%
2001 238,628+3.2%
2011 278,970+16.9%
Note:[10]

Ethnic and religious change

In common with many London boroughs, the most recent (2011) census showed notable ethnic and religious population mobility in Redbridge. Ethnic groups whose proportions[9] fell in Redbridge were White British (-23% of the borough's total), Irish (-0.9%), and Caribbean (-0.6%). Ethnic groups whose proportions rose include Pakistani (+4.9%), other Asians (+4.4%), Bangladeshis (+3.9%), and other White (+2.9%). Religious groups whose proportions fell in Redbridge were Christian (-13.9%) and Jews (-2.5%). For Jews this represented a fall of over 50% of their number in some wards. Religious groups whose proportions rose include Muslims (+11.4%) followed by Hindu (+3.6%).

Ethnicity

Ethnic Group 2001[11] 2011[12]
Number % Number %
White: British137,09757.5%96,25334.5%
White: Irish5,5592.3%3,9001.4%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller1400.1%
White: Other8,9313.7%18,3536.6%
White: Total151,58763.5%118,64642.6%
Asian or Asian British: Indian33,30414.0%45,66016.4%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani14,8886.2%31,05111.1%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi4,2241.8%16,0115.7%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese1,9620.8%3,0001.1%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian7,2073.0%20,7817.4%
Asian or Asian British: Total61,58525.8%116,50341.7%
Black or Black British: African7,8273.3%12,3574.4%
Black or Black British: Caribbean9,1263.8%9,0643.2%
Black or Black British: Other Black1,1590.5%3,4241.2%
Black or Black British: Total18,1127.6%24,8458.8%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean1,8841.5%3,2041.1%
Mixed: White and Black African7420.8%1,6920.6%
Mixed: White and Asian1,8530.8%3,2511.2%
Mixed: Other Mixed1,3522.5%3,3091.2%
Mixed: Total5,8314.2%11,4564.1%
Other: Arab1,5510.6%
Other: Any other ethnic group1,5200.6%5,9692.1%
Other: Total1,5200.6%7,5202.7%
Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total87,04836.5%160,32457.3%
Total238,635100.00%278,970100.00%

Educated 30-40-year-old British-born Asian residents of Redbridge, who participated in a 2012 academic research project,[13] expressed nostalgia for an earlier Redbridge they described as more culturally diverse - by which they meant fewer British Asians.

Religion

Religion in Redbridge[14]
Religion Percent(%)
Christian
36.8%
Muslim
23.3%
Hindu
11.4%
No religion
11.0%
Undeclared
6.5%
Sikh
6.2%
Jewish
3.7%
Buddhist
0.7%
Other
0.5%

According to the 2011 Census, the largest religious groupings are Christians (36.8 per cent), followed by Muslims (23.3 per cent), Hindus (11.4 per cent), those of no religion (11.0 per cent), no response (6.5 per cent), Sikhs (6.2 per cent), Jews (3.7 per cent), Buddhists (0.7 per cent) and other (0.5 per cent).

The number Christians residing in Redbridge ranked fourth lowest in England and Wales, and 12 percent below the London average of 48.4%. The number of Muslims in Redbridge has more than doubled since 2001.[15]

Transport

Walking and cycling

The Roding Valley Way is a designated walking and cycling route between Woodford and Ilford.[16]

TfL Rail

Fairlop Loop (Hainault Loop)
Roding Valley
Chigwell
Woodford
Grange Hill
Hainault depot
Hainault
Fairlop
Barkingside
Newbury Park
A12 (Eastern Avenue)
Ilford Curve closed 1947
connection lifted 1956
Leytonstone
Central line
to Central London
Junction now site
of Ilford Depot
Seven Kings
Ilford
RouteFrequency
Shenfield to London Liverpool Street 6 trains per hour
Station Image Opened[17] Notes[17]
Ilford20 June 1839
Seven Kings 1 April 1899
Goodmayes18 February 1901
Chadwell Heath 11 January 1864

These services serving these stations will be rebranded from TfL Rail to Elizabeth Line in late 2020.

London Underground

Central line: Epping Branch.

Station Image Opened[17] Notes[17]
Snaresbrook14 December 1947First opened by the Eastern Counties Railway in 1856
South Woodford 14 December 1947First opened by the Eastern Counties Railway as South Woodford (George Lane) in 1856; renamed 1947
Woodford 14 December 1947First opened by the Eastern Counties Railway in 1856. Terminus of Hainault Loop

Central line: Hainault Loop (follows the route of the A12 from Wanstead to Newbury Park)

Station Image Opened[17] Notes[17]
Wanstead14 December 1947
Redbridge14 December 1947
Gants Hill14 December 1947
Newbury Park 14 December 1947First opened by the Great Eastern Railway in 1903
Barkingside31 May 1948First opened by the Great Eastern Railway in 1903
Fairlop31 May 1948First opened by the Great Eastern Railway in 1903
Hainault 31 May 1948First opened by the Great Eastern Railway in 1903. Closed 1908 to 1930.
Grange Hill21 November 1948First opened by the Great Eastern Railway in 1903

Buses

Numerous London buses run through and within the borough.

Travel to work

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: driving a car or van, 23.5% all residents aged 16–74; underground, metro, light rail, tram, 18.4%; train, 6.2%; bus, minibus or coach, 4.6%; on foot, 3.7%; work mainly at or from home, 2.6%; passenger in a car or van, 1.5%.[18]

History

The borough was formed in 1965 by the London Government Act 1963 as a merger of the former area of:

Former local government districtPopulation (1961)[19]
Municipal Borough of Ilford178,024
Municipal Borough of Wanstead and Woodford61,416
northern part of the Municipal Borough of Dagenham around Hog Hill3,569
south eastern part of Chigwell Urban District around Hainault7,071

All of which had been transferred from Essex to Greater London by the Act.

Destruction of Hainault Forest

An act of parliament in 1851 permitted the virtual destruction of Hainault Forest and 92% of the forest was cut down using machines specially designed for the task. The loss of this habitat outraged public opinion far beyond the local area. The naturalist Oliver Rackham argued that this led to the creation of the modern British conservation movement with the creation of organisations which successfully opposed such a fate happening to Epping Forest, which only lost around 10% of its area.

Awards

In November 2018, Redbridge Council was reported as the sixth-most productive council in England overall and the most productive in provision of adult social care in a report published by the public service consultancy iMPOWER.[20][21]

Redbridge London Borough Council

Summary of Council results:

Overall control Conservative Labour Lib Dem Others
2014 Labour 25 35 3 0
2012 No Overall Control 29 25 7 2
2010[22][23] No Overall Control 30 26 7 0
2009 No Overall Control 31 14 13 5
2006[24] Conservative 33 18 10 2
2002 Conservative 33 21 9 -
1998 No overall control 23 30 9 0
1994 No overall control 24 29 9
1990[25] Conservative 42 18 3
1986 Conservative 45 17 1
1982 Conservative 51 12
1978 Conservative 50 13
1974 Conservative 45 15
1971 Conservative 42 18
1968 Conservative 55 5
1964 Conservative 45 15

Education

Redbridge Council is the Local Education Authority. The Borough has the accolade of sending more young people to university than any other borough in the country in both 2011 and 2012. GCSE and A Level results are consistently higher than the Country's average. A 2017 report by Trust for London and the New Policy Institute found that Redbridge has the highest proportion of 19 year olds with Level 3 qualifications (equivalent to an A Level) of any London borough.[26]

All schools in the borough take part in the Redbridge Schools Choral Festival, a bi-annual music festival held in the Royal Albert Hall in Knightsbridge.[27] It was inaugurated in 1976. Around 1,900 children from Redbridge schools take part in each festival, with the latest edition being held in 2018.


References

  1. 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census.
  2. "London Places" (PDF). Greater London Authority. GLA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  3. Mills, A., Dictionary of London Place Names, (2001)
  4. "Valentine's Park". Cricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  5. "Population change 2001-2011". Office for National Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  6. "Population statistics". Redbridge i. Redbridge Council. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  7. "2011 Census - Population". Redbridge i. Redbridge Council. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  8. "How long can you expect to live in 'Good' general health?". Office for National Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  9. "2011 Census - Diversity". Redbridge i. Redbridge Council. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  10. "Redbridge: Total Population". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Great Britain Historical GIS Project. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
  11. "KS006 - Ethnic group". NOMIS. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  12. "Ethnic Group by measures". NOMIS. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  13. Saha, Anamik; Watson, Sophie (2013). Suburban drifts: mundane multiculturalism in outer London. Resourceful Cities, Research Committee 21, 29–31 August 2013, Humboldt-University Berlin, Institute for Social Science, Dept for Urban and Regional Sociology.
  14. "2011 Census results". redbridge.gov.uk. 11 December 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  15. https://www.redbridge.gov.uk/about-the-council/information-research-and-data-about-redbridge/2011-census-results/
  16. Sustrans, http://www.sustrans.org.uk/ncn/map/route/roding-valley-way
  17. Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. London: Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. OCLC 59556887.
  18. "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013. Percentages are of all residents aged 16-74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey’s longest part by distance.
  19. Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Redbridge. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
  20. "Top 10 most productive councils in England: 2018". iMPOWER. 22 November 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  21. "WHICH COUNCILS ARE BEST?" (PDF). iMPOWER. 22 November 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  22. "REDBRIDGE: Council election count - LIVE". East London and West Essex Guardian Series.
  23. http://www.redbridge.gov.uk/cms/the_council/council_people_and_elections/elections/election_results/2010_local_election_results.aspx
  24. "2006 Local election results". redbridge.gov.uk.
  25. GLA. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), London Borough Council Elections May 2010, March 2011, accessed 21 April 2011.
  26. "London's Poverty Profile". Trust for London. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  27. Redbridge Music Service - Redbridge Schools' Choral Festival

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