List of musical scales and modes

The following is a list of musical scales and modes. Degrees are relative to the major scale.

List of musical scales and modes
NameImageSoundDegrees Intervals# of pitch classesLower tetrachordUpper tetrachordUse of key signature usual or unusual
15 equal temperamentPlay  15
16 equal temperamentPlay  16
17 equal temperamentPlay  17
19 equal temperamentPlay  19
21 equal temperamentPlay  21
Acoustic scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 W-W-W-H-W-H-W7whole toneminor
Aeolian mode or natural minor scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 W-H-W-W-H-W-W7minorPhrygianUsual
Algerian scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 etc. W-H-3H-H-H-3H-H-W-H-Wvariable
Alpha scalePlay  15.39
Altered scale or Super Locrian scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 H-W-H-W-W-W-W7diminishedwhole tone
Augmented scalePlay 1 3 3 5 5 7 3H-H-3H-H-3H-H6
Bebop dominant scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 W-W-H-W-W-H-H-H 8
Beta scalePlay  18.75
Blues scalePlay 1 3 4 5 5 7 3H-W-H-H-3H-W 6
Bohlen–Pierce scalePlay 
Chromatic scalePlay 1 1 2 2 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7
7 7 6 6 5 5 4 3 3 2 2 1
H-H-H-H-H-H-H-H-H-H-H-H12
Delta scalePlay  85.7
Dorian modePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 W-H-W-W-W-H-W 7minorminorUsual
Double harmonic scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 H-3H-H-W-H-3H-H 7harmonicharmonicUnusual
Enigmatic scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 H-3H-W-W-W-H-H 7Unusual
Euler–Fokker genusPlay  6
Flamenco modePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 H-3H-H-W-H-3H-H 7PhrygianPhrygianUnusual
Gamma scalePlay  34.29
"Gypsy" scale[lower-alpha 1]Play 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 W-H-3H-H-H-W-W 7GypsyPhrygianUnusual
Half diminished scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 W-H-W-H-W-W-W7minorwhole tone
Harmonic major scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 W-W-H-W-H-3H-H7majorharmonic
Harmonic minor scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 ()7 W-H-W-W-H-3H-H7minorharmonic
Harmonic ScalePlay  144
Hexany
Hirajoshi scalePlay 1 3 4 5 7 2W-W-H-2W-H5
Hungarian "Gypsy" scale[lower-alpha 1]Play 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 W-H-3H-H-H-3H-H7GypsyharmonicUnusual
Hungarian minor scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 W-H-3H-H-H-3H-H7Gypsyharmonic
In scale Play 1 2 4 5 6 H-2W-W-H-2W5
Insen scalePlay 1 2 4 5 7 H-2W-W-2W-W5
Ionian mode or major scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 W-W-H-W-W-W-H7majormajorUsual
Istrian scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 5 H-W-H-W- 6
Iwato scalePlay 1 2 4 5 7 H-2W-H-2W-W 5
Locrian modePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 H-W-W-H-W-W-W7Phrygianwhole toneUsual
Lydian augmented scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 W-W-W-W-H-W-H7whole tonediminished
Lydian modePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 W-W-W-H-W-W-H7whole tonemajorUsual
Major bebop scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 (5/6) 6 7 W-W-H-W-(H-H)-W-H 7(8)
Major Locrian scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 W-W-H-H-W-W-W 7majorwhole tone
Major pentatonic scalePlay 1 2 3 5 6 W-W-3H-W-3H5Usual
Melodic minor scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 W-H-W-W-W-W-H (ascending)

W-W-H-W-W-H-W (descending)

9minorvaries
Melodic minor scale (ascending)Play 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 W-H-W-W-W-W-H7minormajor
Minor pentatonic scalePlay 1 3 4 5 7 3H-W-W-3H-W5Usual
Mixolydian mode or Adonai malakh modePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 W-W-H-W-W-H-W7majorminorUsual
Neapolitan major scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 H-W-W-W-W-W-H 7PhrygianmajorUnusual
Neapolitan minor scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 H-W-W-W-H-3H-H 7PhrygianharmonicUnusual
Non-Pythagorean scalePlay 
Octatonic scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 6 7


1 2 3 3 4 5 6 7

W-H-W-H-W-H-W-H


H-W-H-W-H-W-H

8
PelogPlay 
Persian scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 H-3H-H-H-W-3H-H 7harmonicunusual
Phrygian dominant scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 H-3H-H-W-H-W-W 7harmonicPhrygianUnusual
Phrygian modePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 H-W-W-W-H-W-W 7PhrygianPhrygianUsual
Prometheus scalePlay 1 2 3 4 6 7 W-W-W-3H-H-W 6
Quarter tone scalePlay 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 7


8 7 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 4 4 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1

Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q 24
Scale of harmonicsPlay 1 3 3 4 5 6 3H-H-H-W-W-3H
SlendroPlay  or Play  5
Tritone scalePlay 1 2 3 5 5 7 H-3H-W-H-3H-W 6
Two-semitone tritone scalePlay 1 2 2 4 5 6 H-H-4H-H-H 6
Ukrainian Dorian scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 W-H-3H-H-W-H-W 7GypsyminorUnusual
Vietnamese scale of harmonicsPlay 1 3 3 3 5 7 5Q-Q-H-H-W 6
Whole tone scalePlay 1 2 3 4 5 6 W-W-W-W-W-W 6
Yo scale Play 1 3 4 5 7 3H-W-W-3H-W 5

See also

Notes

  1. "Gypsy" is considered a derogatory term for people who refer to themselves as Roma.
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