List of hoards in Great Britain

The list of hoards in Britain comprises significant archaeological hoards of coins, jewellery, precious and scrap metal objects and other valuable items discovered in Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales). It includes both hoards that were buried with the intention of retrieval at a later date (personal hoards, founder's hoards, merchant's hoards, and hoards of loot), and also hoards of votive offerings which were not intended to be recovered at a later date, but excludes grave goods and single items found in isolation. The list is subdivided into sections according to archaeological and historical periods.

Neolithic hoards

Hoards dating to Neolithic period, approximately 4000 to 2000 BC, comprise stone weapons and tools such as axeheads and arrowheads. Such hoards are very rare, and only a few are known from Britain.

HoardImageDatePlace of discoveryYear of discoveryCurrent LocationContents
Ayton East Field Hoard 30th to 25th century BC East Ayton
North Yorkshire
54.255°N 0.474°W / 54.255; -0.474 (Ayton East Field Hoard)
1848 British Museum, London 3 flint axes
1 flint adze
5 arrowheads
1 polished flint knife
2 flint flakes
1 antler macehead
2 boar-tusk blades[1]
York Hoard 30th century BC York
North Yorkshire
53.958°N 1.080°W / 53.958; -1.080 (York Hoard)
1868 Yorkshire Museum ~70 flint tools and weapons[2]

Bronze Age hoards

A large number of hoards associated with the British Bronze Age, approximately 2700 BC to 8th century BC, have been found in Great Britain. Most of these hoards comprise bronze tools and weapons such as axeheads, chisels, spearheads and knives, and in many cases may be founder's hoards buried with the intention of recovery at a later date for use in casting new bronze items. A smaller number of hoards include gold torcs and other items of jewellery. As coinage was not in use during the Bronze Age in Great Britain, there are no hoards of coins from this period.

Iron Age hoards

A large number of hoards associated with the British Iron Age, approximately 8th century BC to the 1st century AD, have been found in Britain. Most of the hoards comprise silver or gold Celtic coins known as staters, usually numbered in the tens or hundreds of coins, although the Hallaton Treasure contained over 5,000 silver and gold coins. In addition to hoards of coins, a number of hoards of gold torcs and other items of jewellery have been found, including the Snettisham Hoard, the Ipswich Hoard and the Stirling Hoard.

Romano-British hoards

Hoards associated with the period of Romano-British culture when part of Great Britain was under the control of the Roman Empire, from AD 43 until about 410, as well as the subsequent Sub-Roman period up to the establishment of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms are the most numerous type of hoard found in Great Britain, and Roman coin hoards are particularly well represented, with over 1,200 known examples. In addition to hoards composed largely or entirely of coins, a smaller number of hoards, such as the Mildenhall Treasure and the Hoxne Hoard, include items of silver or gold tableware such as dishes, bowls, jugs and spoons, or items of silver or gold jewellery.

Anglo-Saxon hoards

Appledore Hoard
Bamburgh Hoard
Crondall Hoard
Harkirke Hoard
Lenborough Hoard
Pentney Treasure
Staffordshire Hoard
Trewhiddle Hoard
West Yorkshire Hoard
Anglo-Saxon hoards

Hoards associated with the Anglo-Saxon culture, from the 6th century to 1066, are relatively uncommon. Those that have been found include both hoards of coins and hoards of jewellery and metalwork such as sword hilts and crosses. The Staffordshire Hoard is the largest Anglo-Saxon hoard to have been found, comprising over 1,500 items of gold and silver. More Anglo-Saxon artefacts have been found in the context of grave burials than hoards in England. These include major finds from Sutton Hoo in Suffolk, Taplow in Buckinghamshire, Prittlewell, Mucking and Broomfield in Essex, and Crundale and Sarre in Kent.

HoardImageDatePlace of discoveryYear of discoveryCurrent LocationContents
Appledore Hoard mid 11th century Appledore
51.031°N 0.790°E / 51.031; 0.790 (Appledore Hoard)
1997 British Museum, London 490 pennies (1997)
12 silver pennies of Edward the Confessor (1998)[3]
Bamburgh Hoard mid 9th century Bamburgh
55.604°N 1.722°W / 55.604; -1.722 (Bamburgh Hoard)
1999 and 2004 Museum of Antiquities, Newcastle 384 base metal stycas
copper alloy fragments
bronze folding balance[4][5]
Beeston Tor Hoard 9th century Beeston Tor
53.08312°N 1.84470°W / 53.08312; -1.84470 (Beeston Tor Hoard)
1926 British Museum, London 49 pennies, two silver brooches, three finger rings and assorted fragments[6]
Brantham Hoard 10th century Brantham
51.969°N 1.063°E / 51.969; 1.063 (Brantham Hoard)
2003 Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge 90 silver pennies[7]
Canterbury-St Martin's hoard late 6th or early 7th century Canterbury
51.278°N 1.094°E / 51.278; 1.094 (Canterbury-St Martin's hoard)
1840s World Museum, Liverpool 8 items, including 3 gold coins, and two pieces of jewellery[8]
Crondall Hoard mid 7th century Crondall
51.230°N 0.862°W / 51.230; -0.862 (Crondall Hoard)
1828 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford 100 small gold coins and 2 cloisonné pins[9]
Harkirke (or Harkirk) Hoard early 10th century Crosby
53.502°N 3.020°W / 53.502; -3.020 (Harkirk(e) Hoard)
1611 unknown[note 1] ~300 Viking and Kufic coins[10]
Ipswich Hoard (1863) 10th century Ipswich
52.059°N 1.156°E / 52.059; 1.156 (Ipswich Hoard (1863))
1863 150 coins (75 now known)[11]
Lenborough Hoard mid 11th century Lenborough, near Padbury
51.977°N 0.981°W / 51.977; -0.981 (Lenborough Hoard)
2014 5,251½ coins in a lead bucket, including coins of Ethelred the Unready and Canute[12]
Pentney Hoard early 9th century Pentney
52.695°N 0.545°E / 52.695; 0.545 (Pentney Treasure)
1978 British Museum, London 6 silver disc brooches[13]
Staffordshire Hoard 7th or 8th century Hammerwich
52.655°N 1.907°W / 52.655; -1.907 (Staffordshire Hoard)
2009 Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery
Potteries Museum & Art Gallery, Stoke-on-Trent
more than 1,500 items (about 5 kg (11 lb) of gold and 1.3 kg (2.9 lb) of silver), mostly sword fittings and decorative parts of weaponry, but also two gold crosses and an inscribed gold strip[14]
Trewhiddle Hoard late 9th century Trewhiddle
50.329°N 4.804°W / 50.329; -4.804 (Trewhiddle Hoard)
1774 British Museum, London 114 Anglo-Saxon coins, and various items of silverware, including a scourge, a chalice and a Celtic penannular brooch[15]
West Yorkshire Hoard 11th century Leeds
West Yorkshire
53.8°N 1.55°W / 53.8; -1.55 (West Yorkshire Hoard)
2008–2009 5 items of 7th to 11th century gold jewellery (a cabochon ring, a filigree ring, a niello finger ring, a filigree and granular ring, and a piece of a cloisonné bracelet), an ingot of gold, and a lead spindle whorl.[16]

Pictish hoards

Broch of Burgar Hoard
Gaulcross Hoard
Norrie's Law Hoard
St Ninian's Isle Treasure
Pictish hoards

Hoards associated with Pictish culture, dating from the end of Roman occupation in the 5th century until about the 10th century, have been found in eastern and northern Scotland. These hoards often contain silver brooches and other items of jewellery.

HoardImageDatePlace of discoveryYear of discoveryCurrent LocationContents
Aberdeenshire hoard 4th to 6th century Undisclosed location
2014 100 pieces of hacksilver, comprising late Roman coins and pieces of Roman and Pictish silver vessels, bracelets and brooches.[17]
Broch of Burgar Hoard late 8th century Broch of Burgar, near Evie
59.131°N 3.134°W / 59.131; -3.134 (Broch of Burgar Hoard)
1840 unknown 8 silver vessels
several silver combs
5 or 6 silver hair pins
2 or 3 silver brooches
several fragments of silver chains
a large number of amber beads[18]
Gaulcross Hoard 6th or early 7th century Gaulcross, near Fordyce
57.663°N 2.779°W / 57.663; -2.779 (Gaulcross Hoard)
late 1830s Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh several silver hand pins (only one extant)
1 silver bracelet
1 silver chain
several silver brooches (all lost)[19]
Norrie's Law hoard late 7th century Norrie's Law, Largo
56.255°N 2.953°W / 56.255; -2.953 (Norrie's Law Hoard)
1819 Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh nearly 12.5 kg of silver objects, of which all but 750 g were melted down. The 153 surviving objects include:
2 penannular brooches
2 oval plaques
3 or 4 hand-pins
2 spiral finger-rings
1 small vessel lid
fragment of a 4th-century Roman spoon
knife-handle mounts
fragments of arm-bands
various rod and chain fragments[20]
St Ninian's Isle Treasure late 8th or early 9th century St Ninian's Isle
59.971°N 1.342°W / 59.971; -1.342 (St Ninian's Isle Treasure)
1958 Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh 8 silver bowls
12 silver penannular brooches
2 silver chapes (part of scabbard that protects the point)
1 silver communion spoon
1 silver knife
1 silver pommel
3 silver cones[21]

Viking hoards

Hoards associated with the Viking culture in Great Britain, dating from the 9th to 11th centuries, are mostly found in northern England and Orkney, and frequently comprise a mixture of silver coins, silver jewellery and hacksilver that has been taken in loot, some coins originating from as far away as the Middle East.

HoardImageDatePlace of discoveryYear of discoveryCurrent LocationContents
Ainsbrook Hoard[note 2] late 10th century Thirsk
North Yorkshire
54.233°N 1.343°W / 54.233; -1.343 (Ainsbrook Hoard)
2003 British Museum, London ~130 objects of gold, silver (including 10 Anglo-Saxon coins), copper alloy, lead, iron, and stone[22][23]
Bedale Hoard early 10th century Bedale
North Yorkshire
54.29°N 1.59°W / 54.29; -1.59 (Bedale Hoard)
2012 Yorkshire Museum, York 1 iron sword pommel with gold foil plaques, 4 gold hoops a sword hilt, 6 small gold rivets, 4 silver collars and neck-rings, 1 silver arm-ring, 1 fragment of a silver Permian ring, 1 silver penannular brooch, and 29 silver ingots.[24]
Bossall-Flaxton Hoard early 10th century between Bossall and Flaxton
North Yorkshire
54.050°N 0.945°W / 54.050; -0.945 (Bossall-Flaxton Hoard)
1807 coins, bullion, arm-ring in a leaden box[25]
Bryn Maelgwyn Hoard early 11th century near Deganwy Castle, Llandudno
53.305°N 3.815°W / 53.305; -3.815 (Bryn Maelgwyn Hoard)
1979 National Museum Cardiff 204 silver pennies of Cnut the Great[26]
Cuerdale Hoard early 10th century Cuerdale, near Preston
53.755°N 2.640°W / 53.755; -2.640 (Cuerdale Hoard)
1840 British Museum, London, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford 8,600 items including silver coins and bullion[27]
Eye Hoard late 9th century Eye
52.2705°N 2.7408°W / 52.2705; -2.7408 (Eye Hoard)
2015 Dispersed[note 3] About 300 Anglo-Saxon silver and gold coins, some issued by Ceolwulf II of Mercia and some issued by Alfred of Wessex, together with one or more silver ingots, and some items of jewellery, including a late 6th-century crystal pendant, a gold arm-band and a gold finger ring[28][29]
Furness Hoard 10th century Furness
54.20°N 3.15°W / 54.20; -3.15 (Furness Hoard)
2011 Dock Museum, Barrow-in-Furness 92 silver coins, including two Arabic dirhams, several silver ingots, and one silver bracelet.[30]
Galloway Hoard early 10th century Kirkcudbrightshire 2014 Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh over 100 gold and silver items, including armbands, a Christian cross, brooches, ingots and an exceptionally large Carolingian pot[31][32]
Goldsborough Hoard early 10th century Goldsborough
North Yorkshire
54.000°N 1.415°W / 54.000; -1.415 (Goldsborough Hoard)
1859 British Museum, London fragments of Viking brooches and arm-rings, together with thirty-nine coins[33]
Huxley Hoard late 9th to 10th century Huxley, Cheshire
53.147°N 2.733°W / 53.147; -2.733 (Huxley Hoard)
2004 World Museum, Liverpool 22 silver pieces (including 20 flattened bracelets)[34]
Penrith Hoard early 10th century Newbiggin Moor, near Penrith
54.650°N 2.578°W / 54.650; -2.578 (Penrith Hoard)
1785–1989 British Museum, London a number of silver penannular brooches[35]
Silverdale Hoard early 10th century Silverdale
54.17°N 2.83°W / 54.17; -2.83 (Silverdale Hoard)
2011 Museum of Lancashire, Preston, Lancaster City Museum 201 silver objects inside a box made from a sheet of lead; comprising 27 coins (Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-Viking, Frankish and Islamic), 10 arm rings, 2 finger rings, 14 ingots, 6 brooch fragments, 1 wire braid, and 141 pieces of hacksilver.[36]
Skaill Hoard mid 10th century Bay of Skaill
59.050°N 3.337°W / 59.050; -3.337 (Skaill Hoard)
1858 Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh over 100 items, including bracelets, brooches, hacksilver, and ingots[37]
Vale of York Hoard
(Harrogate Hoard)
early 10th century near Harrogate
North Yorkshire
53.99°N 1.54°W / 53.99; -1.54 (Vale of York Hoard)
2007 British Museum, London
Yorkshire Museum, York
more than 617 silver coins, and 65 other items, including silver and gold armrings, neckrings and brooch fragments, as well as hacksilver, all placed inside a 9th-century gilt-silver vessel[38]
Warton Hoard early 10th century Warton, near Carnforth
54.147°N 2.766°W / 54.147; -2.766 (Warton Hoard)
1997 Lancaster City Museum, Lancaster 3 silver dirhems of the Samanid dynasty
6 pieces of cut silver weighing 116.49 g (4.109 oz)[39]
Watlington Hoard late 9th century Watlington
51.645°N 1.000°W / 51.645; -1.000 (Watlington Hoard)
2015 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford About 210 silver coins from the reigns of Alfred the Great of Wessex and Ceolwulf II of Mercia, together with 15 silver ingots, 6 silver arm rings, 2 neck ring fragments, and one small piece of hack gold[40]

Later Medieval hoards

Hoards dating to the later medieval period, from 1066 to about 1500, mostly comprise silver pennies, in some cases amounting to many thousands of coins, although the Fishpool Hoard contains over a thousand gold coins.

HoardImageDatePlace of discoveryYear of discoveryCurrent LocationContents
Abergavenny Hoard late 11th century Abergavenny
51.824°N 3.017°W / 51.824; -3.017 (Abergavenny Hoard)
2002 National Museum Cardiff 199 silver pennies of Edward the Confessor and William the Conqueror[41]
Baschurch Hoard mid 13th century Baschurch
52.792°N 2.854°W / 52.792; -2.854 (Baschurch Hoard)
2007–2008 Shrewsbury Museum and Art Gallery 191 long cross pennies of Henry III of England, 1 penny of Alexander III of Scotland, and some coin fragments[42]
Beverley Hoard mid 13th century Beverley
East Yorkshire
53.845°N 0.427°W / 53.845; -0.427 (Beverley Hoard (Med))
2000 British Museum, London 448 short cross pennies
27 cut half pennies[43]
Chesterton Lane Hoard mid 14th century Chesterton Lane, Cambridge
52.211°N 0.115°E / 52.211; 0.115 (Chesterton Lane Hoard)
2000 Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge 9 gold coins
1806 silver coins[44][45]
Chesterton Lane Hoard mid 14th century Chesterton Lane, Cambridge
52.211°N 0.115°E / 52.211; 0.115 (Chesterton Lane Hoard)
2000 Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge 9 gold coins
1806 silver coins[46][47]
Chew Valley Hoard mid 11th century Chew Valley
51.350°N 2.600°W / 51.350; -2.600 (Chew Valley Hoard)
2019 2,528 silver coins, including 1,236 coins of Harold II and 1,310 coins of William I[48]
Colchester Hoard (1902) mid 13th century High Street, Colchester
51.890°N 0.903°E / 51.890; 0.903 (Colchester Hoard)
1902 British Museum, London 11,000 – 12,000 silver pennies in a lead canister[49]
Colchester Hoard (1969) late 13th century High Street, Colchester
51.890°N 0.903°E / 51.890; 0.903 (Colchester Hoard)
1969 British Museum, London over 14,000 silver pennies of Henry III in a lead canister[49]
Cwm Nant Col Hoard early 16th century near Llanbedr
52.820°N 4.101°W / 52.820; -4.101 (Cwm Nant Col Hoard)
1918 National Museum Cardiff 1 late 13th or early 14th century copper alloy aquamanile in the shape of a stag, 1 5th century copper alloy ewer, 1 copper alloy tray, 1 bronze cauldron, 2 bronze skillets, 1 woodman's iron axe, and iron firedog fragments[50]
Fauld Hoard early 15th century Fauld, Tutbury
52.84°N 1.73°W / 52.84; -1.73 (Fauld Hoard)
2000 Potteries Museum & Art Gallery, Stoke-on-Trent 114 silver groats[51]
Fishpool Hoard mid 15th century Ravenshead
53.08°N 1.17°W / 53.08; -1.17 (Fishpool Hoard)
1966 British Museum, London 1,237 gold coins
8 pieces of jewellery
2 lengths of gold chain[52]
Fillongley Hoard early 13th century Fillongley
52.482°N 1.588°W / 52.482; -1.588 (Fillongley Hoard)
1997 Warwickshire Museum, Warwick 2 silver brooches
silver finger ring
127 short-cross pennies[53]
Gayton Hoard late 12th century Gayton
52.170°N 0.993°W / 52.170; -0.993 (Gayton Hoard)
1998–1999 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford 308 silver pennies
7 fragments[54]
Glenluce Hoard late 15th century Glenluce sand-dunes
54.850°N 4.883°W / 54.850; -4.883 (Glenluce Hoard)
1956 2 English silver coins
10 Scottish silver coins
99 Scottish billon coins
1 Scottish copper farthing[55]
Gorefield Hoard early 14th century Gorefield
52.683°N 0.092°E / 52.683; 0.092 (Gorefield Hoard)
1998 British Museum, London
Wisbech & Fenland Museum,
Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge
1,084 silver pennies, halfpennies and farthings[56]
Llanddona Hoard early 14th century Llanddona
53.294°N 4.139°W / 53.294; -4.139 (Llanddona Hoard)
1999, 2005–2006 returned to finder 970 silver pennies[57][58]
Piddletrenthide Hoard (2008) 1400‑1412 Piddletrenthide,
50.800°N 2.425°W / 50.800; -2.425 (Piddletrenthide Hoard (2008))
2008 293 Medieval silver coins, comprising 272 complete pennies, 2 broken pennies, 14 half groats, and 4 groats, found in a fragmentary pottery vessel.[59][60]
Reigate Hoard mid 15th century Reigate
51.230°N 0.188°W / 51.230; -0.188 (Reigate Hoard)
1990 dispersed 135 gold nobles, half nobles and quarters
6,566 silver groats[61]
Rhoneston Hoard late 15th century Rhoneston, near Dumfries
55.154°N 3.708°W / 55.154; -3.708 (Rhoneston Hoard)
1961 7 English silver coins
6 Scottish silver coins
70 Scottish billon coins[62]
Roslin Hoard late 13th/early 14th century Roslin
spring equinox day of 2019 National Museums of Scotland, Edinburgh A total of about 250 coins and their fragments as well as the vessel in which they were hidden have been found. At the moment protection and conservation of the whole is in progress. Over 200 long cross complete silver pennies mostly English of Edward I, number of Irish mint and Scottish from the reign of Alexander III found in a fragmentary pottery vessel.
Rumney Castle Hoard late 13th century Rumney Castle
51.50342°N 3.13970°W / 51.50342; -3.13970 (Rumney Castle Hoard)
1981 63 silver pennies from the reign of Edward I[63]
Ryther Hoard late 15th century Ryther
North Yorkshire
53.845°N 1.168°W / 53.845; -1.168 (Ryther Hoard)
1992 Yorkshire Museum, York 812 silver coins, mostly English groats, half-groats and pennies dating from the reigns of Edward I/II through Henry VII, in an unglazed drinking jug.[64]
Tealby Hoard late 12th century Tealby
53.400°N 0.265°W / 53.400; -0.265 (Tealby Hoard)
1807 5,127 melted down at the Tower of London; rest dispersed. 5,731 silver pennies of the reign of Henry II (dated 1158–1180), in a glazed earthenware pot.[65]
Tutbury Hoard early 14th century Tutbury
52.85°N 1.69°W / 52.85; -1.69 (Tutbury Hoard)
1831 dispersed 360,000 silver coins (the largest hoard of coins ever discovered in Britain)[66][67]
Twynholm Hoard early 14th century Twynholm
Dumfries and Galloway
54.863°N 4.090°W / 54.863; -4.090 (Twynholm Hoard)
2013 322 silver coins dating from 1249 to 1325, including Scottish coins from the reigns of Alexander III and John Balliol, and English coins from the reigns of Edward I, Edward II and Edward III[68]
Wainfleet Hoard late 12th century Wainfleet
53.108°N 0.237°E / 53.108; 0.237 (Wainfleet Hoard)
1990 British Museum, London 380 silver pennies and 3 halfpennies in a green-glazed ceramic bottle[69]

Post-Medieval hoards

Most hoards from the post-medieval period, later than 1500, date to the period of the English Civil War (1642–1651), from which time over 200 hoards are known.[70]

HoardImageDatePlace of discoveryYear of discoveryCurrent LocationContents
Abbotsham Hoard mid 17th century Abbotsham
51.016°N 4.250°W / 51.016; -4.250 (Abbotsham Hoard)
2001 Bideford Museum 9 gold coins
425 silver coins[71]
Ackworth Hoard mid 17th century High Ackworth
West Yorkshire
53.655°N 1.335°W / 53.655; -1.335 (Ackworth Hoard)
2011 Pontefract Museum 52 gold coins, 539 silver coins, and a gold ring inscribed "When this you see, remember me", in a clay Wrenthorpe ware pot.[72]
Alderwasley Hoard mid 17th century Alderwasley
53.073°N 1.524°W / 53.073; -1.524 (Alderwasley Hoard)
1971 Derby Museum and Art Gallery 907g of silver clippings from coins issued by Philip and Mary (1553–1558), Elizabeth I (1558–1603), James I (1603–1625), and Charles I (1625–1649), stored in an earthenware jar.[73][note 4]
Asthall Hoard early 16th century Asthall
51.80°N 1.58°W / 51.80; -1.58 (Asthall Hoard)
2007 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford 210 English gold angels and half-angel coins dating to the period 1470–1526[74]
Bishops Waltham Hoard early 18th century Bishops Waltham
50.954°N 1.213°W / 50.954; -1.213 (Bishops Waltham Hoard)
? 7,083 forged French 30-denier coins dated 1711[75]
Bitterley Hoard mid 17th century Bitterley
52.395°N 2.645°W / 52.395; -2.645 (Bitterley Hoard)
2011 1 gold coin and 137 silver coins (half crowns and shillings) with a leather purse in a tyg[76]
Breckenbrough Hoard mid 17th century Breckenbrough
North Yorkshire
54.246480°N 1.4271327°W / 54.246480; -1.4271327 (Breckenbrough Hoard)
June 1985 Yorkshire Museum 30 gold and 1552 silver coins, within a ceramic Ryedale ware vessel, and two receipts for cheese.[77]
Cheapside Hoard late 16th to early 17th century Cheapside, London 1912 Museum of London, British Museum, London, Victoria and Albert Museum, London over 400 pieces of Elizabethan and Jacobean jewellery[78]
Deal Hoard mid 16th century Deal
51.223°N 1.401°E / 51.223; 1.401 (Deal Hoard)
2000 British Museum, London 191 base silver coins within a linen bag inside a pot[79]
Hackney Hoard mid 20th century (1940) Hackney
51.571°N 0.081°W / 51.571; -0.081 (Hackney Hoard)
2007 British Museum, London 80 American Double eagle gold coins minted between 1854 and 1913[80][81]
Haddiscoe Hoard mid 17th century Haddiscoe
52.525°N 1.620°E / 52.525; 1.620 (Haddiscoe Hoard)
2003 Elizabethan House Museum, Great Yarmouth 316 silver coins[82][83]
Hartford Hoard early 16th century Hartford
52.337°N 0.159°W / 52.337; -0.159 (Hartford Hoard)
1964 British Museum, London 1,108 silver groats from the reigns of Edward IV, Henry VI, Richard III and Henry VII, and double patards of Charles the Bold[84]
Lincoln Spanish-American gold hoards early 19th century North Kesteven
53.185°N 0.59°W / 53.185; -0.59 (Lincoln Spanish-American gold hoard)
24 Spanish-American gold 8-escudo coins minted between 1790 and 1801 (18 discovered in 1928, and 6 discovered in 2010)[85]
Mason Hoard[note 5] mid 16th century Lindisfarne
55.671°N 1.801°W / 55.671; -1.801 (Mason Hoard)
2003 Great North Museum, Newcastle upon Tyne 10 gold and 7 silver coins, including 11 English coins dating from the reigns of Henry VI through Elizabeth I and 6 coins from France, Saxony, the Netherlands and the Papal States, in a mid-16th century German jug.[86]
Middleham Hoard mid 17th century Middleham
North Yorkshire
54.2797°N 1.8399°W / 54.2797; -1.8399 (Middleham Hoard)
1993 Dispersed amongst various museums and private collections, including Yorkshire Museum, York 5,099 silver coins, comprising 4,772 English coins of Edward VI through Charles I, 31 Scottish coins, 10 Irish coins, 245 coins from the Spanish Netherlands, and 2 coins from the Spanish New World. The coins were found in three pots from two different pits, and were probably deposited at slightly different dates.[87]
Mitton Hoard 15th century Great Mitton
53.846°N 2.442°W / 53.846; -2.442 (Mitton Hoard)
2009 Clitheroe Castle Museum, Lancashire 11 silver coins or fragments, including one or two from France.[88]
Nether Stowey Hoard mid 17th century Nether Stowey
51.152°N 3.153°W / 51.152; -3.153 (Nether Stowey Hoard)
2008 Somerset County Museum,Taunton Silverware, including four spoons, a goblet and a bell salt, in an incomplete earthenware vessel[89]
Short Hoard[note 6] mid 16th century Lindisfarne
55.671°N 1.801°W / 55.671; -1.801 (Mason Hoard)
1962 50 English silver sixpences and groats, the latest dating to 1562 during the reign of Elizabeth II, in a mid-16th century German jug.[86]
Tidenham Hoard mid 17th century Tidenham
51.66°N 2.64°W / 51.66; -2.64 (Tidenham Hoard)
1999 Chepstow Museum 1 gold coin
117 silver coins[90]
Totnes Hoard mid 17th century Totnes
50.432°N 3.684°W / 50.432; -3.684 (Totnes Hoard)
1930s Totnes Museum 176 silver coins of England, Scotland, Ireland and Spanish Netherlands[91]
Tregwynt Hoard mid 17th century Tregwynt
51.970°N 5.073°W / 51.970; -5.073 (Tregwynt Hoard)
1996 National Museum Wales, Cardiff 33 gold coins
467 silver coins
a gold ring[70]
Warkworth Hoard early 16th century Warkworth
55.340°N 1.6120°W / 55.340; -1.6120 (Warkworth Hoard)
2017 Private ownership 128 coins, comprising groat and half-groat coins from the reigns of Edward IV (r. 1461–1470 and 1471–1483) and Henry VII (r. 1485–1509), as well as nine coins issued by Charles the Bold when he was Duke of Burgundy from 1467 to 1477.[92]
Warmsworth Hoard early 17th century Warmsworth
South Yorkshire
53.498°N 1.182°W / 53.498; -1.182 (Warmsworth Hoard)
1999 Doncaster Museum 122 silver coins
pottery fragments
bronze alloy spoon[93]
Weston-sub-Edge Hoard mid 17th century Weston-sub-Edge,
52.068°N 1.817°W / 52.068; -1.817 (Weston-sub-Edge Hoard)
1981 Corinium Museum, Cirencester 307 silver and 2 gold coins.[94]

See also


  1. The hoard was uncovered when preparing a burial ground in an area called Harkirke, or Harkirk (meaning "hoary or grey church"), which is now park land. The only record of the coins was a copperplate engraving of thirty five of them which was reproduced in a book by John Spelman, published in 1678.
  2. The Ainsbrook Hoard is named after the two men who discovered the hoard, Mark Ainsley and Geoffrey Bambrook; it was covered in a special episode of the Channel 4 programme Time Team, first broadcast 14 January 2008. The programme was sceptical about the Viking origins of the hoard, and the location of the find was initially kept secret "to avoid the location becoming known to unscrupulous 'nighthawk' detectorists".[22]
  3. The Eye hoard was not declared to the Portable Antiquities Scheme, but was illegally sold to dealers by the finders, who were convicted of theft and concealing the find in 2019. Only 31 of the coins, a silver ingot, and three pieces of jewellery have been recovered.[28]
  4. The Alderwasley Hoard was found a few metres away from the site of another hoard of clippings in a ceramic jar, weighing 3.6kg, which was discovered in 1846, and subsequently melted down to make silver altarware for the Alderwasley church.[73]
  5. The Mason Hoard is named after its discover, Richard Mason, a builder who found the jug when working on an extension to a modern house in Lindisfarne; he did not realize the jug contained any coins until 2011. The Mason hoard was found at exactly the same location that the 1962 Short Hoard had been found at.
  6. The Short Hoard is named after its discover, Alan Short, a builder who found the jug when working on a modern house in Lindisfarne. The Mason Hoard was found at the same location in 2003.


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  3. Bland 2000, p. 129
  4. Bland 2000, p. 127
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