List of ancient Egyptians

This is a list of ancient Egyptian people who have articles on Wikipedia. The list covers key ancient Egyptian individuals from the start of the first dynasty until the end of the ancient Egyptian nation when the Ptolemaic Dynasty ended and Egypt became a province of Rome in 30 BC.

Note that the dates given are approximate. The list presented below is based on the conventional chronology of Ancient Egypt, mostly based on the Digital Egypt for Universities database developed by the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology.

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

A

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
AahoteprePharaoh14th dynasty(fl. c. mid-17th century BC)A pharaoh of Canaanite descent from the 14th Dynasty possibly identical to 'Ammu.
AatQueen12th dynasty(fl. c. late-19th century BC)Queen and wife of Amenemhat III.
AbarQueen25th dynasty(fl. c. mid-8th century BC)An Egyptian queen, the mother of King Taharqa and probably the wife of King Piye.
AchillasMilitary commanderPtolemaic(fl. mid-1st century BC)Commander under the Ptolemaic Egyptian king Ptolemy XIII. Executed at the orders of Arsinoe IV of Egypt by Ganymedes.
AddayaDiplomat18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-14th century BC)Egyptian commissioner in southern Canaan mentioned in the Amarna letters. He probably served under Pharaohs Amenhotep III and/or Akhenaten.
AgathocleaMistressPtolemaic(fl. c. late-3rd century BC)Mistress of the Ptolemaic king Ptolemy IV Philopator and sister of his chief minister, Agathocles. Together, they managed to achieve complete influence over Ptolemy IV.
AgathoclesMinisterPtolemaic(fl. c. late-3rd century BC)Chief minister of the Ptolemaic king Ptolemy IV Philopator and brother of the king's mistress Agathoclea. Together, they managed to achieve complete influence over Ptolemy IV.
AhaneithQueen1st dynasty(fl. c. 30th century BC)Wife of King Djet
Ahhotep IQueen17th dynasty(fl. c. mid-16th century BC)A daughter of Queen Tetisheri and Senakhtenre Ahmose, and was probably the sister, as well as the wife, of pharaoh Seqenenre Tao. Ahhotep reigned as regent until her son, Ahmose I, was of age. Also known as Ahhotpe or Aahhotep.
Ahhotep IIQueen17th dynasty(fl. c. mid-16th century BC)Probably the Great Royal Wife of pharaoh Kamose.
AhmesScribe17th dynasty(fl. c. mid-17th century BC)He wrote the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, a work of Ancient Egyptian mathematics. Also called Ahmose.
Senakhtenre AhmosePharaoh17th dynastyfl. c. mid-16th century BCPharaoh of the late 17th dynasty, his existence and complete name were confirmed by recent archeological discoveries.
Ahmose IPharaoh18th dynasty(reigned c. 1549 BC – c. 1524 BC)Founder of the 18th dynasty. He was a son of pharaoh Seqenenre Tao and brother of the last pharaoh of the seventeenth dynasty, Kamose. During his reign, he completed the conquest and expulsion of the Hyksos from the delta region and restored Theban rule over the whole of Egypt.
AhmosePrincess17th dynasty(fl. c. mid-16th century BC)A daughter of pharaoh Seqenenre Tao by his sister-wife Sitdjehuti. Ahmose was a half-sister of Pharaoh Ahmose I.
AhmoseQueen18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-16th century BC)Wife of 18th dynasty pharaoh, Thutmose I, and the mother of queen and later, pharaoh, Hatshepsut.
AhmoseKing's son
High Priest of Re
18th dynasty(fl. c. late 15th century BC)Probably a son of pharaoh Amenhotep II. He was in office as High Priest of Re in Heliopolis during the reign of his brother Thutmose IV.
Ahmose, son of EbanaMilitary Commander17th/18th dynasty(fl. c. mid to late-16th century BC)Served in the Egyptian military under the 17th and 18th dynasty pharaohs Seqenenre Tao, Ahmose I, Amenhotep I, and Thutmose I.
Ahmose-ankhPrince18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-16th century BC)A son of Pharaoh Ahmose I and queen Ahmose Nefertari. He was the crown prince but pre-deceased his father.
Ahmose-HenutemipetPrincess17th/18th dynasty(fl. c. late-16th century BC)A daughter of Pharaoh Seqenenre Tao and probably Queen Ahhotep I. She was the sister of Ahmose I.
Ahmose-HenuttamehuPrincess / Queen17th/18th dynasty(fl. c. late-16th century BC)Daughter of 17th dynasty pharaoh Seqenenre Tao by his sister-wife Ahmose-Inhapi. She was probably married to her half-brother Pharaoh Ahmose I. Ahmose-Henuttamehu was a half-sister to queen Ahmose-Nefertari.
Ahmose-InhapiPrinces / Queen17th dynasty(fl. c. mid-16th century BC)A daughter of Pharaoh Senakhtenre Ahmose and was sister to Pharaoh Seqenenre Tao, and the queens Ahhotep I and Sitdjehuti. She was married to her (half-)brother Seqenenre Tao and they had a daughter, Ahmose-Henuttamehu.
Ahmose-MeritamonPrincess17th dynasty(fl. c. late-16th century BC)She was probably a daughter of Seqenenre Tao. Her mummy was found in the Deir el-Bahri cache and is now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
Ahmose-MeritamunPrincess / Queen18th dynasty(fl. c. late-16th century BC)Daughter of Ahmose I and Ahmose Nefertari, and was queen of her brother Amenhotep I.
Ahmose-NebettaPrincess17th dynasty(fl. c. mid-16th century BC)Probably the daughter of Seqenenre Tao and a sister of Ahmose I.
Ahmose NefertariPrincess / Queen17th/18th dynasty(fl. c. mid to late-16th century BC)A daughter of Seqenenre Tao and Ahhotep I, and royal sister and the wife of pharaoh Ahmose I. Following Ahmose I's death, Ahmose-Nefertari became the regent for her son Amenhotep I and ruled until he was old enough to rule on his own.
Ahmose Pen-NekhebetMilitary Commander18th dynasty(fl. c. late-16th to early-15th century BC)An Egyptian official and military commander who started his career under Ahmose I and served all subsequent pharaohs until Thutmose III.
Ahmose SapairPrince17th dynasty(fl. c. mid-16th century BC)Probably a son of Pharaoh Seqenenre Tao and a brother of Ahmose I.
Ahmose-SitamunPrincess18th dynasty(fl. c. late-16th century BC)The daughter of Pharaoh Ahmose I and sister of Amenhotep I. A colossal statue of hers stood before the eighth pylon at Karnak.
Ahmose called Si-TayitViceroy of Kush18th dynasty(fl. c. late-16th century BC)Viceroy of Kush during the reign of Ahmose I. Possibly the first Viceroy to serve in that capacity. Early in the reign of Amenhotep I, the position passed from Si-Tayit to his son Ahmose called Turo.
Ahmose-SitkamosePrincess / Queen17th/18th dynasty(fl. c. late-16th century BC)Probably the daughter of Pharaoh Kamose. She probably married Ahmose I. Also called Sitkamose.
Ahmose-TumerisyPrincess17th dynasty(fl. c. mid-16th century BC)Probably a daughter of pharaoh Seqenenre Tao and a sister of Ahmose I.
Ahmose called TuroViceroy of Kush18th dynasty(fl. c. late-16th century BC)Viceroy of Kush under Amenhotep I and Tuthmosis I. Son of Ahmose called Si-Tayit.
AkhenatenPharaoh18th dynasty(reigned c. 1353 BC – c. 1336 BC)Was known before the 5th year of his reign as Amenhotep IV (or Amenophis IV). He abandoned traditional Egyptian polytheism and introducing worship centered on Aten. Also called Echnaton or Akhenaton.
AkhratenKing of Kush(reigned c. 350 BC – c. 335 BC)Possibly a son of Harsiotef and a brother of Nastasen. Akhraten may have been succeeded by Nastasen.
Alara of NubiaKing of Kush(fl. c. early-8th century BC)The founder of the Napatan royal dynasty and was the first recorded prince of Nubia. He unified all of Upper Nubia from Meroë to the Third Cataract. His successors would comprise the 25th Dynasty of Egypt.
Alexander HeliosPrincePtolemaic(40 BC – c. 29 BC)Eldest son of queen Cleopatra VII and Roman triumvir Mark Antony.
AmanibakhiKing of Kush(fl. c. mid-4th century BC)Kushite King of Meroe. The successor of Akhraten and the predecessor of Nastasen.
AmanineteyerikeKing of Kush(fl. c. late-5th century BC)Kushite King of Meroe. The son of King Malewiebamani, and brother of Baskakeren. His predecessor Talakhamani was either an older brother or an uncle. His name is also written as Amanneteyerike, Aman-nete-yerike, or Irike-Amannote.
Amasis IIPharaoh26th dynasty(reigned c. 570 BC – c. 526 BC)Based at Sais and the successor to Apries. Under Amasis II, Egypt's agricultural based economy reached its zenith. He was able to defeat an invasion of Egypt by the Babylonian king Nebuchadrezzar II. Also called Ahmose II.
Amenemhat IPharaoh12th dynasty(reigned c. 1991 BC – c. 1962 BC)The first ruler of the 12th dynasty. Amenemhat I was a vizier of his predecessor Mentuhotep IV. He moved the capital from Thebes to Itjtawy.
Amenemhat IIPharaoh12th dynasty(reigned c. 1929 BC – c. 1895 BC)The third pharaoh of the 12th dynasty of Egypt. He was the son of Senusret I through the latter's chief wife, Queen Neferu III.
Amenemhat IIIPharaoh12th dynasty(reigned c. 1860 BC – c. 1814 BC)Sixth king of the 12th dynasty. Son of Senusret III.
Amenemhat IVPharaoh12th dynasty(reigned c. 1815 BC – c. 1806 BC)Seventh king of the 12th dynasty. Possibly a son of Amenemhat III.
Amenemhat V SekhemkarePharaoh13th dynasty(fl. c. early 18th century BC)An Egyptian king of the 13th Dynasty. He appears as 'Sekhemkare' in the Turin King List.
Amenemhet VIPharaoh13th dynasty(fl. c. mid-18th century BC)The seventh king of the Thirteenth Dynasty according to the Turin Canon.
AmenemhatNomarch12th dynasty(fl. 20th century BCE)Also known as Ameny, a governor at Men'at Khufu during the reign of pharaoh Senusret I.
AmenemhatHigh Priest of Amun18th dynasty(fl. c. late-15th century BC)High Priest of Amun during the reign of pharaoh Amenhotep II.
AmenemhatPrince18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-15th century BC)Son of Pharaoh Thutmose III. He was the eldest son and appointed heir but predeceased his father.
AmenemhatPrince18th dynasty(fl. c. early-14th century BC)The son of Pharaoh Thutmose IV. He died young and was buried in his father's tomb.
AmenemhatankhPrince12th dynasty(fl. c. early 19th century BC)A son of Amenemhat II.
Amenemipet called PairyVizier18th dynasty(fl. c. late-15th century BC)He served during the reigns of Amenhotep II and Thutmose IV.
AmenemnisuPharaoh21st dynasty(reigned c. 1051 BC – c. 1047 BC)Second pharaoh of the 21st dynasty. Only ruled 4 years.
AmenemopePharaoh21st dynasty(reigned c. 1001 BC – c. 992 BC)The son of Psusennes I and Queen Mutnedjemet. He was the successor to his father, and after c. 9 years of rule he was succeeded by Osorkon the Elder. AMenemope was buried in Tanis.
AmenemopetPrince18th dynasty(fl. c. late-15th century BC)He was probably a son of Amenhotep II. Known from stela from Giza, and possibly depicted on the stela of the royal nurse Senetruiu.
AmenemopetPrincess18th dynasty(fl. c. early-14th century BC)She was probably a daughter of Thutmose IV. Buried with other royal princesses in the Sheikh Abd el-Qurna cache.
AmenemopetViceroy of Kush19th dynasty(fl. c. early-13th century BC)Served as Viceroy of Kush during the reign of the 19th dynasty pharaoh Seti I.
AmenemopeScribeRamesside(fl. c. late-12th century BC)Amenemope, son of Kanakht, is thought to be the author of the Instruction of Amenemope, an Egyptian text written in the Ramesside Period. His discourses are presented in the traditional form of instructions from father to son on how to live a good and moral life.
Amenhotep IPharaoh18th dynasty(reigned c. 1526 BC – c. 1506 BC)The second pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt. He was the son of Ahmose I and queen Ahmose-Nefertari. He inherited an enlarged kingdom formed by his father's military conquests and maintained dominance over Nubia and the Nile Delta. Also called Amenophis I'.
Amenhotep IIPharaoh18th dynasty(reigned c. 1427 BC – c. 1400 BC)The son of Thutmose III and Queen Merytre-Hatshepsut. Also called Amenophis II'.
Amenhotep IIIPharaoh18th dynasty(reigned c. 1391 BC – c. 1353 BC)The son of Thutmose IV and queen Mutemwia. His lengthy reign was a period of unprecedented prosperity and artistic splendour, when Egypt reached the peak of her artistic and international power. Also called Amenophis III'.
Amenhotep IV (see Akhenaten)Pharaoh18th dynastySon of Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye. Changed his name to Akhenaten in the 4th year of his reign.
Amenhotep, son of HapuArchitect18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-14th century BC)Amenhotep, son of Hapu, was an architect, a priest, a scribe, and a public official, who held a number of offices under Pharaoh Amenhotep III.
AmenhotepHigh Priest of Amun18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-15th century BC)A High Priest in the Temple of Amun.
AmenhotepHigh Priest of Amun20th dynasty(fl. c. late-12th century BC)High priest of Amun under the 20th dynasty pharaohs Ramesses IX to Ramesses XI. He was also the vizier and first prophet of Amun-resonther.
AmenhotepPrince18th dynasty(fl. c. late-15th century BC)A son and possibly the designated heir of Amenhotep II.
Amenhotep HuyHigh steward of Memphis18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-14th century BC)Amenhotep-Huy was the high steward of Memphis under Amenhotep III. He was one of the highest officials at the royal court.
Amenhotep-HuyVizier18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-14th century BC)He served during the reign of the 18th dynasty pharaoh Amenhotep III. He was also director of Upper and Lower Egypt and overseer of all the works of the King in Upper and Lower Egypt.
AmeniaNoble Woman18th dynasty(fl. c. late-14th century BC)The first wife of the pharaoh Horemheb, the last ruler of the 18th dynasty. Amenia died before Horemheb became Pharaoh. Buried in Saqqara.
Amenirdis I Khaneferumut God's Wife of Amun25th dynasty(fl. c. 714 BC – c. 700 BC)She was a Kushite princess, daughter of Pharaoh Kashta and Queen Pebatjma.
Amenirdis IIDivine Adoratrice of Amun25th dynasty(fl. c. 650 BC – c. 640 BC)A daughter of the Kushite pharaoh Taharqa and was adopted by Shepenupet II, daughter of Piye, to become Divine Adoratrice of Amun.
AmenmessePharaoh19th dynasty(reigned c.1202 BC – c.1199 BC)Possibly the son of Pharaoh Merneptah and Queen Takhat. Amenmesse likely usurped the throne from Seti II, Merneptah's son. The two may have ruled as rivals until Seti II defeated Amenmesse. Also called Amenmesses or Amenmose.
AmenmoseNoble man18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-15th century BC)He was an Egyptian noble who lived during the reigns of the Pharaohs Thutmose III and Amenhotep II.
AmenmosePrince18th dynasty(fl. c. late-16th century BC)The eldest son and designated heir of Thutmose I. He predeceased his father.
AmenmoseVizier19th dynasty(fl. c. late-13th century BC)Vizier of Egypt during the reigns of the Pharaohs Amenmesse and Seti II.
Amethu called AhmoseVizier18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-15th century BC)He held this position during the reigns of the Pharaohs Thutmose II and Hatshepsut and during the early years of the reign of Thutmose III.
Ameny QemauPharaoh13th dynasty(fl. c. mid-18th century BC)Ameny Qemau ruled during the early 13th dynasty. A pyramid in southern Dahshur was constructed for him. Possibly also known as Sehotepibre.
AmmerisGovernor of Sais26th dynasty(died c. 695 BCE)A vassal of Shabaka of the 25th dynasty, installed as governor of Sais by him.
Amun-her-khepeshefPrince19th dynasty(fl. c. 1280 BC – c. 1250 BC)The first-born son of the 19th dynasty Pharaoh Ramesses II and Queen Nefertari. He was the crown prince of Egypt but predeceased his father. His name is also written as Amonhirkhopshef and earlier in his life as Amun-her-wenemef.
Amun-her-khepeshefPrince20th dynasty(fl. c. early-12th century BC)The eldest son and appointed heir of the 20th dynasty Pharaoh Ramesses III.
Amyrtaeus of SaisPharaoh28th dynasty(reigned 404 BC – 399 BC)The only king of the 28th dynasty of Egypt who ruled after the first Persian occupation of Egypt. Amyrtaeus started a revolt against Darius II of Persia in 411 BC and following the death of Darius declared himself king. Amyrtaeus was defeated in a battle with his successor, Nepherites I of Mendes, and executed. Also known as Amenirdisu of Sais.
AnalmayeKing of Kush(fl. c. mid-6th century BC)He succeeded King Malonaqen and was in turn succeeded by King Amaninatakilebte.
Anat-herPharaoh, prince or chieftain15th or 16th dynasty or contemporaneous with 12th dynasty(fl. c. late-19th to mid-17th century BC)Obscur semitic ruler during the second intermediate period. Possibly a vassal of the Hyksos, an Hyksos prince, or a Canaanite chieftain contemporaneous with the 12th dynasty.
AnedjibPharaoh1st dynasty(fl. c. 30th century BC)Possibly a son of King Den.
AnenSecond Prophet of Amun18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-15th century BC)Anen was the brother of Queen Tiye, the wife of Amenhotep III.
AnhotepViceroy of Kush19th dynasty(fl. c. 13th century BC)Viceroy of Kush during the reign of Ramesses II.
Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu iPriest of Monthu25th/26th dynasty(fl. c. mid-8th century BC)He is best known under the name of Ankh-af-na-khonsu, and as the dedicant of the so-called Stela of Revealing
AnkhefensekhmetHigh Priest of Ptah21st dynasty(fl. c. mid-10th century BC)He probably served during the reigns of king Psusennes II and king Shoshenq I.
AnkherfenedjefPrince4th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)He was a son of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu, and of Itet.
AnkhesenamenQueen18th dynasty(fl. c. late-14th century BC)Named Ankhesenpaaten at her birth, she was a daughter of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten and Nefertiti and became queen to her (half-) brother Tutankhamun. Following their marriage, the couple honored the deities of the restored religion by changing their names to Tutankhamun and Ankhesenamen.
Ankhesenpaaten TasheritPrincess18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-14th century BC)She was probably the daughter of Ankhesenamun (who was named Ankhesenpaaten as a princess) and Akhenaten.
Ankhesenpepi IQueen6th dynasty(fl. c. 24th century BC)A queen consort to Pharaoh Pepi I. Ankhesenpepi was a daughter of Nebet, the female vizier, and her husband Khui. Also called Ankhenesmeryre I.
Ankhesenpepi IIQueen6th dynasty(fl. c. 23rd century BC)Ankhesenpepi was a daughter of Nebet, the female vizier, and her husband Khui. Ankhesenpepi II was married to Pharaoh Pepi I and later was a queen to Merenre Nemtyemsaf I. Also called Ankhenesmeryre II.
Ankhesenpepi IIIQueen6th dynasty(fl. c. 23rd century BC)She was a daughter of Nemtyemsaf I and she became the wife of Pepi II.
Ankhesenpepi IVQueen6th dynasty(fl. c. 23rd century BC)Queen of Pharaoh Pepi II. She was the mother of 7th dynasty king Neferkare II.
AnkhhafPrince, Vizier4th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)An Egyptian prince who served as vizier and overseer of works for King Khafra. Ankhhaf was a son of pharaoh Sneferu.
AnkhkheredneferOfficial22nd dynasty(fl. c. mid-9th century BC)He served under pharaoh Osorkon II. His name is also written as Ankhrenepnefer and Ankhsherynefer.
AnkhmakisLocal KingPtolemaic(fl. early 2nd century BC)He was the second king (reigned c.199 BC – c.185 BC) of a dynasty which controlled much of Upper Egypt during the reigns of the Egyptian kings Ptolemy IV and Ptolemy V. His name is also written as: Ankhonnophris, Khaonnophris, Chaonnophris and Ankmachis.
AnkhmarePrince, Vizier4th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)Son of King Khafre. Served as vizier.
AnkhnesneferibreGod's Wife of Amun26th dynasty(fl. c.mid-6th century BC)Ankhnesneferibre was the daughter of Psamtik II and his wife Takhuit. She governed Thebes until the Persian conquest of Egypt in 525 BC.
AnkhreshetPrince4th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)A son of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu, and of Itet. His name is also written as Ankhersheretef.
AnkhtifiNomarch of Hierakonpolis10th/11th dynasty(fl. c. 22nd century BC)He was the nomarch of Hierakonpolis and a supporter of the Herakleopolitan-based 10th dynasty which was locked in conflict with the Theban-based 11th Dynasty kings for control of Egypt.
AnkhuVizier13th dynasty(fl. c. late 18th century BC)He was vizier during the reigns of King Khendjer and King Sobekhotep II.
AnlamaniKing of Kush(reigned c. 620 BC – c. 600 BC).During his reign, Kush experienced a revival in its power in the region.
'ApepiPharaoh14th dynasty(fl. c. mid-17th century BC)Obscur pharaoh of Canaanite descent reigning in the late 14th Dynasty.
ApepiPharaoh15th dynasty(fl. c. mid-16th century BC)Penultimate Hyksos ruler of Lower and Middle Egypt, belonging to the 15th dynasty and reigning towards the end of the Second Intermediate Period. Also known as Ipepi or Apophis.
AperanatPharaoh15th or 16th dynasty(fl. c. mid to late 17th century BC)Semitic ruler of Lower Egypt, easier an early Hyksos king of the 15th Dynasty or a vassal of the Hyksos kings.
AperelVizier18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-14th century BC)Also known as Aperia. He was a vizier of Egypt who served during the reigns of the 18th dynasty pharaohs Amenhotep III and Akhenaten.
Apries Wahibre HaaibrePharaoh26th dynasty(reigned c. 589 BC – c. 567 BC)During his reign, a civil war broke out between Egyptian army troops and foreign mercenaries in the Egyptian army. Egyptians turned for support towards a victorious general, Amasis II, who declared himself pharaoh and Apries fled Egypt.
Aramatle-qoKing of Kush(fl. c. mid-6th century BC)Also known as Amtalqa, he was a Nubian king who was the son and successor of King Aspelta and Queen Henuttakhbit.
Aristomenes of AlyziaRegent, MinisterPtolemaic(fl. c. early 2nd century BC)Also known as Aristomenes the Acarnanian. He was regent and chief minister of Egypt in the Ptolemaic period during the reign of the boy king Ptolemy V. Around 196 BC, Ptolemy V took personal control of his kingdom, but Aristomenes remained chief minister until he was removed from power in 192 BC.
Arsinoe IQueenPtolemaic(c. 305 BC – c. 247 BC)First wife of Ptolemy II of Egypt. They had three children, including his successor Ptolemy III of Egypt. Around 274 BC, she was accused by Arsinoe II of plotting against him and went in exile.
Arsinoe IIQueenPtolemaic(316 BC–270 BC)Queen of Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia and wife of King Lysimachus, her half-brother Ptolemy Keraunos and later co-ruler of Egypt with her brother and husband King Ptolemy II Philadelphus.
Arsinoe IIIQueenPtolemaic(c. 246 BC – 204 BC)She was a daughter of Ptolemy III and Berenice II. In 220 BC she married her brother, Ptolemy IV and became queen of Egypt. She reigned 220 BC – 204 BC. She was murdered in a palace coup, shortly after her husband's death.
Arsinoe IVQueenPtolemaic(c. 68 BC–41 BC)A daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes. Arsinoe IV was a half-sister of Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XIII. When Julius Caesar arrived in Alexandria in 48 BC and sided with Cleopatra VII, Arsinoe escaped from Alexandria but was later captured and taken to Rome. She lived in a temple in Ephesus until Cleopatra VIII arranged for Mark Antony to have her murdered.
ArtakamaQueenPtolemaicfl c. 4th century BCThe second wife of Ptolemy I Soter. Artakama married Ptolemy (then a general) in April 324 BC at the Susa marriage festival as ordered by Alexander the Great.
Ashakhet IHigh Priest of Ptah21st dynasty(fl. c. mid-11th century BC)Served as high priest during the reigns of Amenemnisu and possibly Psusennes I.
Ashakhet IIHigh Priest of Ptah21st dynasty(fl. c. mid-10th century BC)He served during the reigns of King Siamun and King Psusennes II.
AspeltaKing of Kush(reigned c. 600 BC – c. 580 BC)A ruler of the kingdom of Kush. Egyptian forces invaded Kush because Pharaoh Psamtik II saw Aspelta as a threat to his authority over Upper Egypt. The capital, Napata, was sacked so Aspelta moved the Nubian capital to Meroë.
AtakhebaskenQueen25th dynasty(fl. c. late 8th century BC)Also known as Akhetbasaken. She was the queen consort to pharaoh Taharqa.
AtlanersaKing of Kush(reigned c. 656 BC – c. 640 BC)A Nubian king who was the successor of Tantamani, the last ruler of the 25th Nubian dynasty in Egypt. In contrast to his predecessor, Atlanersa's kingdom was restricted to the region of Kush south of Aswan.
Ay KheperkheprurePharaoh18th dynasty(reigned c. 1323 BC – c.1319 BC)The penultimate pharaoh of Egypt's 18th dynasty. He was pharaoh for a brief period, although he was a close advisor to two or three of the pharaohs who reigned before him and was the power behind the throne during Tutankhamun's reign.
AyaQueen13th dynasty(fl. c. late-18th century BC)Possibly the wife of the 13th dynasty king Sobekhotep II.

B

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
BabaefVizier4th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)Also known as Khnumbaf. He was a vizier during the reign of king Shepseskaf. He was probably the son of the vizier Duaenre.
BakenkhonsuHigh Priest of Amun19th dynasty(c. 1303 BC – c. 1213 BC)From the time of pharaoh Ramesses II.
BakenranefPharaoh24th dynasty(reigned 725 BC – 720 BC)Also known as Bocchoris. Was briefly a king of the 24th dynasty of Egypt. Based at Sais in the western Delta. Captured and executed by Shabaka, a king of the 25th dynasty.
BakenrenefVizier26th dynasty(7th century BCE)From the time of pharaoh Psamtik I.
BaketwernelQueen20th dynasty(fl. c. late-12th century BC)Great Royal Wife of Ramesses IX.
Baqet IIINomarch of Men'at Khufu11th dynasty(fl. c. 21st century BCE)From the time of pharaoh Mentuhotep II.
BaskakerenKing of Kush(fl. c. late-5th century BC)King of Kush (reigned c. 405 BC – c. 404 BC) and was probably a son of King Malewiebamani and the younger brother of King Amanineteyerike. He succeeded Amanineteyerike to the throne.
BaufraPrince4th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)Also known as Baufre or Bauefre. Baufra was a son of Pharaoh Khufu.
Bay IrsuChancellor19th dynasty(fl. c. late-13th century BC)Served under pharaoh Seti II and later became an influential powerbroker in the closing stages of the 19th dynasty. Executed.
BebiVizier11th dynastyfl. c. 21st century BCEgyptian vizier under king Mentuhotep II.
BebiankhPharaoh16th dynastyfl. c. early-16th century BCAlso known as Seuserenre Bebiankh. The successor of king Semenre.
BebnumPharaoh14th or 16th dynastyfl. c. early to mid 17th century BCObscur ruler of Lower or Upper Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period. Only known from the Turin King List.
BehenuQueen6th dynastyfl. c. 23rd century BCShe is thought to have been the wife of either Pepi I or of Pepi II.
Bek (or Bak)Royal Sculptor18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCChief royal sculptor during the reign of Pharaoh Akhenaten. Bek followed the king to Akhetaten, the city founded by Akhenaten. He oversaw the construction of the great temple statues of the king.
BeketamunPrincess18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-15th century BC)Also known as Beket. A daughter of Pharaoh Thutmose III.
BeketatenPrincess18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-14th century BC)She was the youngest daughter of Pharaoh Amenhotep III and Tiye and thus the sister of Pharaoh Akhenaten.
BeneribQueen1st dynasty(fl. 31st century BC)Benerib was most likely a wife of pharaoh Hor-Aha, but she was not the mother of his heir, Djer.
BerenicePrincess/QueenPtolemaic(fl. 261 BC – 246 BC)Also known as Berenice Syra. Daughter of the Egyptian king Ptolemy II Philadelphus and Arsinoe I. She married the Seleucid monarch Antiochus II Theos who divorced his wife, Laodice I. When Antiochus II died, Berenice claimed the regency for her son, Seleucus. However, both Berenice and her son were then killed by Laodice I.
Berenice IQueenPtolemaic(c. 340 BC – c. 275 BC)A Macedonian noblewoman who, through her marriage to Ptolemy I Soter, became the first queen of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. Berenice travelled to Egypt as a lady-in-waiting to Eurydice, Ptolemy I's wife. Ptolemy I married Berenice in 317 BC.
Berenice IIQueenPtolemaic(c. 267 BC – c. 221 BC)The daughter of Magas of Cyrene and Queen Apama II. Her husband, Demetrius the Fair, a Macedonian prince, moved to Cyrene where he became the lover of her mother Apama. So Berenice had him killed in Apama's bedroom. Afterwards she married the Egyptian king, Ptolemy III Euergetes.
Berenice IIIQueenPtolemaic(120–80 BC)She ruled jointly with her uncle/husband Ptolemy X Alexander I (101 BC–88 BC). After Ptolemy X died, Ptolemy IX Lathyros reclaimed the throne, but when he died in 81 BC, Berenice took over the throne. The Roman Republic intervened and forced her to marry Ptolemy XI Alexander II, but he had her killed 19 days later.
Berenice IVQueenPtolemaic(77 BC – 55 BC)Reigned 57 BC – 55 BC. She was a daughter of Ptolemy XII and Cleopatra V. After Cleopatra V's death, Berenice assumed the throne but was forced to marry Seleucus VII Kybiosaktes. So she had him murdered to remain sole ruler. After Ptolemy XII retook the throne with the aid of Roman soldiers, he had Berenice executed.
BetrestQueen1st dynasty(fl. c. 30th century BC)Betrest was the mother of the pharaoh Semerkhet.
BintanathQueen19th dynasty(fl. c. 13th century BC)Also known as Bentanath. A daughter and later wife of the 19th dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses II.
BunebPrince4th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)A son of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu and Itet.
BuneferQueen4th/5th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)Bunefer's titles as a priestess of Shepseskaf mean she may have been a wife or daughter of Shepseskaf or she was the wife of king Thamphthis.

C

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
CaesarionPrince/PharaohPtolemaic47 BC–30 BCHe was the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt (reigned 44 BC – 30 BC). He was the son of Cleopatra VII and Julius Caesar. He was killed on the orders of Octavian. Full name: Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar.
CharmianServant to CleopatraPtolemaicc. 1st century BCA trusted servant and advisor to the historical Cleopatra VII of Egypt. Died with Cleopatra.
ChephrenPharaoh4th dynastysee Khafre
CheopsPharaoh4th dynastysee Khufu
Cleomenes of NaucratisNomarchPtolemaicc. 4th century BCA Greek of Naucratis in Egypt, was appointed by Alexander III of Macedon as nomarch of the Arabian district of Egypt and receiver of the tributes from all the districts of Egypt and the neighboring part of Africa (331 BC).
Cleopatra I SyraQueenPtolemaicc. 204 BC – 176 BCReigned 181 BC – 176 BC. She was the daughter of the Seleucid king Antiochus III and queen Laodice III. As part of a peace treaty, Antiochus III agreed to Cleopatra I marrying Ptolemy V (193 BC). Upon her Ptolemy V's death (181 BC), Cleopatra I ruled on behalf of her young son, Ptolemy VI.
Cleopatra IIQueenPtolemaicc. 185 BC – 116 BCReigned 169 BC – 145 BC, 130 BC – 127 BC, 124 BC – 116 BC. Cleopatra II was the daughter of Ptolemy V and Cleopatra I. She was the sister of, and later married, both Ptolemy VI (175 BC) and Ptolemy VIII (145 BC).
Cleopatra IIIQueenPtolemaic161 BC – 101 BCReigned 142 BC–131 BC and 127 BC – 101 BC. She was a daughter of Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II. She married her uncle Ptolemy VIII. After the death of Ptolemy VIII (116 BC), Cleopatra III ruled with her eldest son Ptolemy IX and then with her second son Ptolemy X until Ptolemy X had her murdered.
Cleopatra IVQueenPtolemaicc.135 BC – 112 BCCleopatra IV was the daughter of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III. Cleopatra IV married her brother Ptolemy IX (c.119 BC), and later the Seleucid prince, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus. Cleopatra IV was executed at the orders of Antiochus VIII.
Cleopatra V TryphaenaQueenPtolemaicc. 95 BC – c. 57 BCCleopatra V was an illegitimate daughter of Ptolemy IX or a daughter of Ptolemy X. In 79 BC she married Ptolemy XII.
Cleopatra VI TryphaenaQueenPtolemaicc. 75 BC – c. 58 BCShe was an older sister of Cleopatra VII and a daughter of Ptolemy XII and Cleopatra V.
Cleopatra VII PhilopatorQueenPtolemaic69 BC–30 BCReigned 51 BC – 30 BC and mistress of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. Cleopatra ruled jointly with her father Ptolemy XII and later with her brothers, Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, whom she married. She had relationships with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony.
Cleopatra Selene IQueenPtolemaicc.135 BC – 69 BCThe daughter of the Egyptian king Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III. She was married to Ptolemy IX and later to the Seleucid kings, Antiochus VIII, Antiochus IX, and Antiochus X.
Cleopatra Selene IIQueenPtolemaic40 BC – 6 ADThe only daughter of Cleopatra VII and Roman triumvir Mark Antony. She married King Juba II of Numidia. Sometimes called Cleopatra VIII.
Cleopatra TheaPtolemaic Princess
Seleucid Queen
Ptolemaicc. 2nd century BCA daughter of Ptolemy VI of Egypt and Cleopatra II. She ruled Syria from 125 BC after the death of Demetrius II Nicator. She eventually ruled in co-regency with her son Antiochus VIII Grypus, who poisoned her in 121 or 120 BC.

D

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
DakhamunzuQueen18th dynasty(fl. c. 14th century BC)Also called Dahamunzu. An Egyptian queen known from the Hittite annals The Deeds of Suppiluliuma, which were composed by Suppiluliuma I's son Mursili II. The identity of this queen has not yet been established with any degree of certainty and Dakhamunzu has variously been identified as either Nefertiti, Meritaten or Ankhesenamen.
DagiVizier11th dynasty(fl. c. 21st century BC)An Egyptian vizier of the 11th dynasty during the reign of Mentuhotep II.
DediMagician4th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)A soothsayer and magician in an Ancient Egyptian tale set in the era of Khufu, one of a number of stories to be found in the Westcar Papyrus.
Dedumose IPharaoh13th dynasty(fl. c. mid-17th century BC)A Pharaoh of Egypt during the 13th dynasty. Also known as Tutimaios.
Dedumose IIPharaoh16th dynasty(fl. c. mid-17th century BC)A native Egyptian king of the 16th Theban dynasty during the Second Intermediate Period. His Horus name was Djedneferre.
Demetrius the FairKing of CyrenePtolemaic(c. 285 BC – c.249 BC)Reigned 250 BC – c. 249 BC. He was a son of King Demetrius I of Macedon and Ptolemais. When the Cyrenaean king Magas died in 250 BC, his widow, Apama II summoned Demetrius from Macedonia to become king of Cyrenaica and marry her daughter Berenice II. Shortly after his marriage to Berenice, Demetrius and Apama became lovers. In a jealous rage, Berenice killed Demetrius. Also known as Demetrius the Handsome.
DenPharaoh1st dynasty(fl. c. 30th century BC)He was the son of Queen Merneith. He was the first to use the title King of the Two Lands, and the first depicted as wearing the double crowns.
DidiaHigh Priest of Ptah19th dynasty(fl. c. mid-13th century BC)High Priest of Ptah during the reign of the 19th dynasty pharaoh, Ramesses II. Didia succeeded his father Pahemnetjer into the office.
DjatyPrince4th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)Djaty was a son of Queen Meresankh II and either pharaoh Djedefre or pharaoh Khafra. Also known as Djati, Zaty, Zati.
DjauVizier6th dynasty(fl. c. 23rd century BC)He was a member of an influential family from Abydos; his mother was the vizier Nebet. His two sisters Ankhesenpepi I and Ankhesenpepi II married Pharaoh Pepi I.
DjedefhorPrince4th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)He was a son of Pharaoh Khufu and brother of pharaohs Djedefre and Khafre. Also known as Hordjedef.
DjedefptahPharaoh4th dynastysee Thamphthis
DjedefrePharaoh4th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)He reigned c. 2566 BC – c. 2558 BC, the son and immediate successor of Khufu. Djedefre was the first king to use the title Son of Ra, which is seen as an indication of the growing popularity of the cult of the solar god Ra. Also known as Radjedef.
DjedhorPharaoh30th dynasty(fl. c. 4th century BC)He reigned 362–360 BC, the son and immediate successor of Nakhtnebef. Also known as Djedher, Takhos and Teos.
DjediPrince4th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)He was a son of Rahotep and Nofret and nephew of the pharaoh Khufu.
DjediufankhPriestAn ancient Egyptian priest who lived between 2,000 and 4,000 years ago.
Djedkare IsesiPharaoh5th dynastyReigned c. 2414 BC – c. 2375 BCBuilt his pyramid at Saqqara instead of Abusir. Also referred to as Tancheres.
Djedkare ShemaiPharaoh7t dynasty(fl. c. 22nd century BC)A 7th dynasty king of Egypt during the First Intermediate Period.
DjedkhonsuefankhHigh Priest of Amun21st dynasty(fl. c. mid-11th century BC)High Priest of Amun in Thebes. He was a son of Pinedjem I and succeeded his brother Masaherta during a time of great turmoil in the city of Thebes.
DjedptahiufankhProphet of Amun22nd dynasty(fl. c. mid-10th century BC)Served as the 3rd or 4th Prophet of Amun and was the husband of Nestanebtishru (who was the daughter of Pinudjem II and Neskhons) during the reign of pharaoh Shoshenq.
DjefatnebtiQueen3rd dynasty(fl. c. 27th century BC)Probably a wife of the 3rd dynasty Egyptian king Huni.
DjefatsenPrincess4th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)A daughter of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu and Itet.
DjehutiPharaoh16th dynasty(fl. c. late-17th century BC)An Egyptian pharaoh belonging to the Theban 16th dynasty based in Upper Egypt during the Second Intermediate period. Also called Djehuty Sekhemresementawy or Thuty.
DjehutihotepNomarch of Hermopolis Magna12th dynasty(fl. 20th-19th century BCE)He is mainly known for the fine decorations on his tomb depicting how colossal statues were transported.
DjehutyGeneral18th dynasty(fl. c. mid-15th century BC)A general under the Egyptian king Thutmosis III in the 18th dynasty. He led Egyptian forces in the capture of Joffa (modern Jaffa) in Canaan. Also referred to as Thuti or Thutii.
DjehutyemhatKing of Hermopolis Magna25th dynasty(fl. late-8th century BCE)A local pharaoh at Hermopolis Magna, vassal of the 25th dynasty.
DjehutynakhtNomarch of Hermopolis Magna11th-12th dynasty(fl. 21st-20th century BCE)Known for his large funerary equipment, exhibited at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts.
DjerPharaoh1st dynasty(fl. c. 31st century BC)The second or third pharaoh of the 1st dynasty of Egypt.
DjeseretnebtiQueen3rd dynasty(fl. c. 27th century BC)Wife of pharaoh Sekhemkhet from the 3rd dynasty. They were possibly the parents of pharaoh Khaba, Sekhemkhet's successor.
DjetPharaoh1st dynasty(fl. c. 30th century BC)An Egyptian pharaoh of the 1st dynasty. Also referred to as Wadj, Zet, and Uadji or Uenephes.
DjoserPharaoh3rd dynasty(reigned c. 2668 BC – c. 2649 BC)The best-known pharaoh of the 3rd dynasty of Egypt. He commissioned his official, Imhotep, to build the Step Pyramid for him at Saqqara. Also referred to as Netjerikhet, Tosarthros, Zoser, Dzoser, Zozer, Dsr, Djeser, Djésèr, Horus-Netjerikhet, and Horus-Netjerichet.
Double FalconKingPredynastic(fl. c. 32nd century BC)Predynastic ruler of Lower Egypt.
DuaenhorPrince4th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)He was probably a son of Prince Kawab (son of Khufu) and Hetepheres II.
DuaenreVizier4th dynasty(fl. c. 26th century BC)Duaenre was the son of King Khafre and Queen Meresankh III.
Duatentopet (or Tentopet)Queen20th dynasty(fl. c. mid-12th century BC)The wife of Pharaoh Ramesses IV and mother of Ramesses V.
Duathathor-HenuttawyPrincess / Queen21st dynasty(fl. c. early-11th century BC)Probably the daughter of Ramesses XI, last king of the 20th dynasty, and queen Tentamun. She married Pinedjem I, the Theban High Priest of Amun who effectively ruled Upper Egypt during the reign of Ramesses XI.

E

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
EratosthenesMathematicianPtolemaicc. 276 BC – c. 195 BCEratosthenes was born in Cyrene (in modern-day Libya). He was the third chief librarian of the Great Library of Alexandria, the center of science and learning in the ancient world, and died in the capital of Ptolemaic Egypt.
Euclid of AlexandriaMathematicianPtolemaic(fl. c. late 4th century BC)A Greek mathematician, known as the "Father of Geometry". He was active in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy I. In his best known work, Elements, Euclid deduced the principles of what is now called Euclidean geometry. Euclid also wrote on perspective, conic sections, spherical geometry, number theory and rigor.
EurydiceQueenPtolemaic(fl. c. late 4th century BC)A daughter of the Macedonian general Antipater and wife of Ptolemy, the son of Lagus, later Ptolemy I of Egypt. She married Ptolemy around 320 BC and was the mother of Ptolemy Keraunos, Meleager, Ptolemais and Lysandra.

G

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
GanymedesTutor of Arsinoe IV, Military CommanderPtolemaic(fl. c. 60 BC – 47 BC)Tutor of Cleopatra VII's half-sister and rival, Arsinoë IV. During the civil war Ganymedes commanded Arsinoës' forces. In 47 BC Caesar won a decisive battle against Ganymedes who perished after fleeing the battle.
GautseshenPrincess21st dynasty(fl. c. late-11th century BC)An Egyptian priestess, daughter of Menkheperre, High Priest of Amun. Her mother was Princess Isetemkheb, a daughter of Pharaoh Psusennes I.
GemenefkhonsbakKing of Tanis25th dynasty(fl. c. early-7th century BCE)A local pharaoh at Tanis after the fall of the Tanite 22nd dynasty.
GilukhipaQueen18th dynasty(fl. c. early-14th century BC)A daughter of Shuttarna II, king of Mitanni. To assist with political relations between the two states, Gilukhipa was sent by Shuttarna II to Egypt to marry the 18th dynasty pharaoh Amenhotep III. Her name is sometimes written as Gilukhipa, Kilu-Hepa, or Kirgipa.

H

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
Hakor (or Akoris)Pharaoh29th dynastyreigned 393 BC – 380 BCHakor overthrew his predecessor Psammuthes. Hakor revolted against his overlord, the Persian King Artaxerxes, and with the support of Athenian mercenaries held off the Persians in a three-year war between 385 and 383 BC.
HannuEgyptian noble11th dynasty21st to 20th century BCServed as m-r-pr "majordomus" under Mentuhotep II and Mentuhotep III.
HapusenebHigh Priest of Amun18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCHigh priest from the time of Hatshepsut.
HaremakhetHigh Priest of Amun25th dynastyfl. 7th century BCA son of Shabaka and High priest from the time of Tanutamani.
HarkhebiAstronomerPtolemaicfl. c. 3rd century BCAn astronomer who lived in Ptolemaic Egypt during the rule of the Ptolemaic dynasty.
HarkhufGovernor6th dynastyfl. c. 23rd century BCGovernor of Upper Egypt and overseer of caravans. His primary business was trade with Nubia, forging political bonds with local leaders and preparing the ground for an Egyptian expansion into Nubia. Also known as Herkhuf or Hirkhuf.
HarsieseHigh Priest of Ptah21st dynastyfl. c. late-11th century BCHe was a contemporary of Pharaoh Psusennes I.
Harsiese Hedjkheperre SetepenamunPharaoh23rd dynastyfl. c. mid-9th century BCKing of Thebes during the early years of the reign of 22nd dynasty pharaoh Osorkon II.
HarsieseHigh Priest of Amun22nd dynastyfl. c. late-9th century BCA High Priest of Amun during the reigns of the pharaohs Osorkon II, Shoshenq III and Pedubast I.
HarsiotefKing of Meroefl. c. early 4th-century BCA Kushite King of Meroe (reigned c. 404 BC – c. 369 BC). Harsiotef was probably the son of Queen Atasamale and King Amanineteyerike. His wives were Batahaliye and probably Pelkha.
HarwaChief Steward25th dynastyca 8th century BCChief Steward of Amenirdis I. His tomb, TT37, is located in El-Assasif, part of the Theban Necropolis, on the West Bank of the Nile, opposite to Luxor.
HatshepsutPharaoh18th dynastyreigned c. 1479 BC – c. 1458 BCWife of Tuthmose II. Served as regent for her stepson Tuthmose III and eventually had herself depicted as Pharaoh.
Hatshepsut-MerytreQueen18th dynastysee Merytre-Hatshepsut
HedjetnebuPrincess5th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCHer father was Pharaoh Djedkare. Also known as Hedjetnub.
HekenuhedjetQueen4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCWife of Pharaoh Khafra. Her son was the vizier Sekhemkare.
HemakaRoyal Seal-bearer1st dynastyfl. c. 30th century BCAn important official during the long reign of Pharaoh Den.
HemetrePrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCShe may have been a daughter or granddaughter of Khafre. She did not hold the title king's wife.. She is mainly known from her tomb, which is located in the central field of Giza.
HemiunuPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of Prince Nefermaat and his wife Itet. He is believed to be the architect of the Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt.
HenutmehytPriestess19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCAn Egyptian Theban priestess who lived during the 19th dynasty.
HenutmireQueen19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCA princess and queen, one of the eight wives of 19th dynasty pharaoh Ramesses II. Either a daughter or a younger sister of Ramesses II as well as his wife.
HenutsenQueen4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCShe was a daughter of Pharaoh Sneferu and married her elder half-brother Khufu.
HenuttanebPrincess18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCA daughter of Egyptian 18th dynasty pharaoh Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye. She was a sister of Pharaoh Akhenaten.
Henut TauiPriestess21st dynastyfl. c. 1000 BCEA priestess and chantress of Amun at Thebes, mainly known for the alleged traces of cocaine and other New-World drugs on her mummy.
HenuttawyPrincess19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCShe was a daughter of Pharaoh Ramesses II and Queen Nefertari.
HenuttawyPrincess21st dynastyfl. c. mid-11th century BCHer father was Pinedjem I, High Priest of Amun and de facto ruler of Southern Egypt and her mother was Duathathor-Henuttawy, a daughter of Ramesses XI.
HenuttawyGod's Wife of Amun20th dynastyfl. c. early-10th century BCA God's Wife of Amun during the 21st dynasty. Her father was Pinedjem II, High Priest of Amun and her mother was Isetemkheb, Singer of Amun.
Henuttawy CChantress of Amun21st dynastyfl. c. early-10th century BCA Chantress of Amun during the 21st dynasty. Her father was Menkheperre, High Priest of Amun and her husband was Smendes II, High Priest of Amun.
HenutwatiQueen20th dynastyfl. c. mid-12th century BCThe Great Royal Wife of Ramesses V. Also known as Ta-Henutwati.
HepuVizier18th dynastyfl. c. late-15th century BCHepu held office during the reign of Pharaoh Thutmose IV.
HeqaibNomarch of Elephantine6th dynastyfl. c. 23rd century BCEHe performed several successful expedition in the South under Pepi II. After his death Heqaib was promptly deified.
HeqanakhtViceroy of Kush19th dynastyfl. c. 13th-12th century BCViceroy of Kush during the reign of Ramesses II. His titles include: King's son of Kush, overseer of the Southern Lands, Fan-bearer on the king's right, Messenger to every land, etc.
HerihorGeneral, High Priest of Amun, Pharaoh20th dynastyfl. c. early-11th century BCAn Egyptian general and High Priest of Amun at Thebes during the reign of Ramesses XI. Herihor played an integral role in restoring order by ousting Pinehesy, viceroy of Nubia, from Thebes. He then assumed a number of titles, from high priest to vizier, before claiming to be pharaoh, although his power base remained limited to Thebes.
HerneithQueen1st dynastyfl. c. 31st century BCQueen consort to Djer.
Hesy-RaPhysician, noble man3rd dynastyfl. c. 27th century BCHersy-Ra was an official, physician and scribe who served under the pharaoh Djoser.
HetepheresPrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCShe was a daughter of pharaoh Sneferu and his half-sister, Queen Hetepheres I. Hetepheres married her younger half-brother Ankhhaf, who was a vizier.
Hetepheres IQueen4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA daughter of pharaoh Huni, Hetepheres is considered to have been the wife of Sneferu. Hetepheres was the mother of Princess Hetepheres and King Khufu.
Hetepheres IIQueen4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA daughter of Khufu, during his reign she married her brother, the Crown Prince Kawab, with whom she had at least one child, a daughter named Meresankh III.
HetephernebtiQueen3rd dynastyfl. c. 27th century BCThe only known wife of Pharaoh Djoser.
HewernefVizier20th dynastyfl. c. early-12th centuryHe served during the reign of the 20th dynasty pharaoh Ramesses III.
HorPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-18th centuryPharaoh of the 13th dynasty, also called Awibre, known for his intact tomb treasure, in particular his Ka-statue.
Hor-AhaPharaoh1st dynastyfl. 31st century BCProbably the second pharaoh of the 1st dynasty of Egypt.
HorbaefKing's Son4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCHorbaef was a son of Pharaoh Khufu. He married his half-sister Meresankh II and they had daughters named Nefertkau III and Nebty-tepites. Also known as Baefhor or Horbaf.
HoremhebPharaoh18th dynastyfl. c. late-14th to early-13th century BCLast pharaoh of the 18th dynasty (reigned c. 1319 BC – c. 1292 BC). Before he became pharaoh, Horemheb was the commander in chief of the army for Tutankhamen and Ay and the legitimate heir of Tutankhamen. He appointed his vizier Paramesse as his successor, who would assume the throne as Ramesses I.
Hori IHigh Priest of Ptah20th dynastyfl. c. late-13th century BCHe served at the very end of the reign of the 19th dynasty pharaoh Ramesses II. Hori succeeded Neferronpet in office. Hori was a son of prince Khaemwaset and hence a grandson of Ramesses II.
Hori IViceroy of Kush20th dynastyfl. c. early-12th century BCHori, son of Kama, was Viceroy of Kush under the 19th dynasty pharaoh Siptah. He continued to serve under the 20th dynasty pharaohs Setnakhte and Ramesses III.
Hori IIVizier19th/20th dynastyfl. c. early to mid-12th century BCHe served during the reigns of the 19th and 20th dynasty pharaohs Sethi II, Siptah, Tawosret, Setnakhte and Ramesses III. Hori II was the son of the High Priest of Ptah Hori I and the grandson of Prince Khaemweset.
Hori IIViceroy of Kush20th dynastyfl. c. mid-12th century BCAson of the Viceroy of Kush, Hori I, and also served as Viceroy of Kush.
HornakhtKing's Son22nd dynastyfl. c. mid-9th century BCA son of pharaoh Osorkon II. He was appointed by his father to the office of chief priest of Amun at Tanis to strengthen Osorkon's authority in Lower Egypt but Hornakht died at age 10.
Horus BirdPharaohBetween the 1st and 2nd dynastiesfl. c. 2900 BCEphemeral ruler during the interregnum from the 1st to the 2nd dynasty
Horus SaPharaoh2nd or 3rd dynastyfl. c. 28902620 century BCEnigmatic pharaoh reigning in the confused mid-2nd dynasty or in the 3rd dynasty.
HotepibrePharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. 17th century BCHotepibre Siharnedjheritef was likely a son of Ameny Qemau.
HotepsekhemwyPharaoh2nd dynastyfl. c. 29th century BCThe first king of the 2nd dynasty of Egypt. (or Boethos)
HsekiuKingpre-dynasticAlso known as Seka, was a Predynastic ancient Egyptian king who ruled in the Nile Delta.
HugronaphorNoble manPtolemaicfl. c. late-3rd century BCA Nubian noble who led Upper Egypt's secession from the rule of Ptolemy IV Philopator in 205 BC. His name is some times given as Hurganophor, Haronnophris, Harmachis, Hyrgonaphor, Herwennefer, or Horwennefer.
HuiDivine Adoratrice18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th centuryShe was the mother of Merytre-Hatshepsut, the Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Thutmose III.
HuneferPriest19th dynastyfl. c. 13th century BCHunefer was "Scribe of Divine Offerings", "Overseer of Royal Cattle", and steward of Pharaoh Seti I. Known for his copy of the Egyptian funerary Book of the Dead.
HuniPharaoh3rd dynastyfl. c. 27th century BCThe last pharaoh of Egypt of the 3rd dynasty. He was the successor to Khaba.
HuyHigh Priest of Ptah18th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCHigh Priest of Ptah during the reign of the 19th dynasty pharaoh Ramesses II. Huy was succeeded by Pahemnetjer.
HuyaSteward of Queen Tiye18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCHe was the Superintendent of the Royal Harem, Superintendent of the Treasury and Superintendent of the House, all titles that are associated with Queen Tiye, mother of Akhenaten.

I

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
IaretQueen18th dynastyfl. c. early-14th century BCThe daughter of Pharaoh Amenhotep II and wife of Thutmose IV.
IbiSteward26th dynastyfl. c. mid-7th century BCChief Steward to the Adorer of the God, Nitocris I, during the reign of Pharaoh Psamtik I. His name is sometimes written as Aba or Abe.
IbiauPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. 17th century BCIbiau, Ibiaw or Wahibre Ibiau was an Egyptian king of the 13th Dynasty.
IbiawVizier13th dynastyfl. c. 17th century BCA vizier under pharaohs Wahibre Ibiau and Merneferre Ay.
ImhotepArchitect, Vizier3rd dynastyfl. c. 27th century BCHe served under King Djoser as chancellor to the pharaoh and High Priest of Re at Heliopolis. He was revered by later Egyptian dynasties as an architect, engineer, physician, poet and philosopher.
ImyremeshawPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. late-18th century BCImyremeshaw Smenkhkare was an Egyptian king of the 13th dynasty.
InarosRebel LeaderPersian Occupationfl. c. mid-5th century BCAn Egyptian rebel ruler who was the son of a Libyan prince named Psamtik. In 460 BC, he revolted against the Persians with the help of his Athenian allies and defeated the Persian army. He was defeated in 454 BC by a Persian army led by Megabyzus. Inaros was captured and executed in 454 BC. Also known as Ienheru, or Inarus.
Inenek-IntiQueen6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCA wife of Pharaoh Pepi I Meryre of the 6th dynasty.
Ineni (or Ini)Queen13th dynastyfl. c. mid-17th century BCHer husband was probably king Merneferre Ay.
IneniArchitect18th dynastyfl. late-16th and early 15th century BCAn Egyptian architect and government official of the 18th dynasty, responsible for major construction projects under the pharaohs Amenhotep I, Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Hatshepsut and Thutmose III. Ineni expanded the Temple of Karnak and probably oversaw the construction of Amenhotep I's tomb and mortuary temple.
InetkawesPrincess3rd dynastyfl. c. 27th century BCShe was the only known child of Pharaoh Djoser and Queen Hetephernebti.
Ini MenkheperreLocal KingThird Intermediate Periodfl. c. mid-8th century BCProbably pharaoh Rudamun's successor at Thebes but was not a member of his predecessor's 23rd dynasty. Unlike the 23rd dynasty rulers, he was a local king who ruled only at Thebes. Also known as Iny Si-Ese Meryamun.
InkaefPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu and Itet.
Intef the ElderPharaoh11th dynastyc. mid-22nd century BCNomarch of Thebes during the first intermediate period, later considered a founding figure of the 11th dynasty.
Intef IPharaoh11th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCIntef I Sehertawy was local Egyptian ruler at Thebes, Egypt. He was the first of his dynasty to assume the title of Pharaoh. His authority was contested by the other nomarchs of Egypt, but he had gained control over Koptos, Dendera and the three nomes of Hierakonpolis by the end of his reign.
Intef IIPharaoh11th dynastyreigned c. 2118 BC – c. 2069 BCIntef II Wahankh's capital was located at Thebes, Egypt. After the death of the nomarch Ankhtifi, Intef II was able to unite all the southern nomes down to the First Cataract. By the time Intef II died, he left behind a strong government in Thebes which controlled the whole of Upper Egypt.
Intef IIIPharaoh11th dynastyreigned c. 2069 BC – c. 2060 BCIntef III Nakhtnebtepnefer was a king during the First Intermediate Period.
Intef VPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. late-18th century BCIntef V Sehetepkare was an Egyptian king. His name is also written as Antef V or Inyotef V.
Intef VIPharaoh17th dynastyfl. c. early-16th century BCIntef VI Sekhemrewepmaat ruled from Thebes. He lived during the Second Intermediate Period, when Egypt was ruled by multiple kings. His name is also written as Antef VI.
Intef VIIPharaoh17th dynastyfl. c. mid-16th century BCIntef VII Nubkheperre ruled from Thebes during the Second Intermediate Period, when Egypt was divided by rival dynasties including the Hyksos in Lower Egypt. He was the brother of Intef VI and perhaps the son of Sekhemre Shedtawy Sobekemsaf I. His name is also written as Antef VII.
Intef VIIIPharaoh17th dynastyfl. c. mid-16th century BCIntef VIII Sekhemreheruhirmaat ruled during the Second Intermediate Period, when Egypt was divided between the Theban-based 17th dynasty in Upper Egypt and the Hyksos 15th dynasty who controlled Lower and part of Middle Egypt. His name is also written as Antef VIII.
IntefGeneral11th dynastyfl. c. 21st century BCServed under king Mentuhotep II.
IntefiqerVizier12th dynastyfl. c. mid-20th century BCAn Egyptian noble who was overseer of the city and vizier under the Pharaohs Amenemhet I and Senusret I.
IpuRoyal Nurse18th dynastyfl. c. late-16th century BCShe was the mother of Queen Satiah, Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Thutmose IV.
IputQueen5th/ 6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCA daughter of Unas, the last king of 5th dynasty of Egypt. She married Teti, the first pharaoh of the 6th dynasty of Egypt. Their son was Pepi I Meryre and she acted for him as a regent after her husband's death.
Iput IIQueen6th dynastyfl. c. 23rd century BCWife of king Pepi II Neferkare.
Iry-HorPharaohPredynasticfl. c. 32nd century BCPredynastic ruler of Egypt, earliest king of Egypt known by name. Ruled Upper Egypt at least as far north as Memphis.
Isesi-ankhHigh official5th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCHigh official, Overseer of all the works of the King, Overseer of the expedition, Royal companion. Possibly A son of king Djedkare Isesi.
IsesuPrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA daughter of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu and Itet.
IsetQueen18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCShe was a secondary wife or concubine of Thutmose II. Iset was the mother of Thutmose III, the only son of Thutmose II.
IsetPrincess18th dynastyfl. c. late-15th century BCA daughter of Pharaoh Thutmose III and his Great Royal Wife Merytre-Hatshepsut.
IsetPrincess-Queen18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCDaughter of Amenhotep III and Tiye. She was a sister of Akhenaten. She later married her father.
IsetPrincess, God's Wife of Amun20th dynastyfl. c. mid-12th century BCDaughter of Pharaoh Ramesses VI and Nubkhesbed, and a sister of Pharaoh Ramesses VII. Also known as Aset, or Isis.
Iset Ta-HemdjertQueen20th dynastyfl. c. mid-12th century BCShe was the wife of Ramesses III and the mother of both Ramesses IV and Ramesses VI.
IsetemkhebPrincess21st dynastyfl. c. late 11th century BCThe sister-wife of the Theban High Priest of Amun, Pinudjem II. Isetemkheb was a daughter of the Theban High Priest of Amun and general, Prince Menkheperre, and his wife, Isetemkheb.
Isetnofret IQueen19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCOne of the wives of Pharaoh Ramesses II and was the mother of his heir, Merneptah. Alternatively called: Isis-nofret or Isitnofret.
Isetnofret IIQueen19th dynastyfl. c. late-13th century BCOne of the wives of Pharaoh Merneptah. Alternatively called: Isis-nofret or Isitnofret.
IsidorusPriestRoman Periodfl. c. 2nd century ADA native ancient Egyptian priest. He led the native Egyptian revolt against Roman rule during the reign of emperor Marcus Aurelius.
IsuPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCHe was a son of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu and Itet.
ItetPrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA noblewoman, a wife of Prince Nefermaat, and daughter-in-law of pharaoh Sneferu. Her name is also written as Atet.
ItisenPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu, and of Itet.
ItuPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCHe was a son of Prince Rahotep and Nofret and grandson of pharaoh Sneferu.
IufaaPriest26th dynastyfl. c. 5th century BCAn Egyptian priest and administer of palaces. His undisturbed tomb was found in 1994.
IufniPharaoh13th dynastyc. 1790 BC or 1740 BCThe only record of this Pharaoh comes from the Turin King List.
Iunmin IVizier4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCHe was possibly a son of king Khafre and served as vizier during the reign of his brother, Menkaure. His name is also written as Yunmin, Iuenmin, and Minuen.
IunrePrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCHe was a son of king Khafre. His name is also written as Yunre.
IuputHigh Priest of Amun22nd dynastyfl. c. mid-10th century BCServed during the reigns of his father Pharaoh Shoshenq I and his brother Osorkon I. He was also general, army commander and governor of Upper Egypt.
Iuput IPharaoh23rd dynastyfl. c. late-9th century BCEA pharaoh of Upper Egypt and a co-regent with his father, Pedubast I.
Iuput IILocal RulerThird Intermediate Periodfl. c. mid-8th century BCThe ruler of Leontopolis in the Egyptian Delta region. He was an ally of Tefnakht of Sais who resisted the invasion of Lower Egypt by the 25th dynasty Kushite king Piye. After Piye defeated Tefnakht's coalition and conquered Lower Egypt, Iuput II remained in power as the local governor of Leontopolis. Also known as Yuput II.
IutyVizierLate New KingdomTomb in Bubastis
IuwelotHigh Priest of Amun22nd dynastyfl. c. early-9th century BCEA High Priest of Amun at Thebes under the pharaohs Osorkon I and Takelot I.
IyibkhentrePharaoh11th-12th dynastyfl. early-20th century BCEAn Egyptian or Nubian pretender to the throne, he was an opponent of Amenemhat I but was defeated by him.
IymeruVizier13th dynastyfl. 18th century BCA vizier under pharaohs Khendjer and Imyremeshaw.
IyneferPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of pharaoh Sneferu.

K

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
KaaperPriest4th-5th Dynastyfl. 25th-26th century BCAlso called Sheikh el-Beled, he was a priest and scribe known for his wooden statue from Saqqara
Ka (pharaoh)KingPre-dynasticfl. c. 32nd-31st century BCKa, also Sekhem Ka or Ka-Sekhen, was a Predynastic pharaoh of Upper Egypt.
KaemqedPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of princess Nefertnesu and grandson of Pharaoh Sneferu.
KaemsekhemDirector of the Palace4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of prince Kawab and Hetepheres II and grandson of the pharaoh Khufu. He served as the director of the palace.
Kagemni IVizier3rd dynastyfl. c. 27th century BCHe was a vizier to both Pharaoh Huni and Pharaoh Sneferu.
Kagemni (II)Vizier6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCVizier during the reign of king Teti. Kagemni's wife Nebtynubkhet Sesheshet was probably the daughter of Teti.
KakhentPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu and Itet.
KamosePharaoh17th dynastyfl. c. mid-16th century BCThe last king of the Theban 17th dynasty (reigned c.1555 BC – c.1550 BC). He was probably the son of Seqenenre Tao and Ahhotep I and brother of Ahmose I, founder of the Eighteenth Dynasty.
KaneferPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCThe son of pharaoh Sneferu.
KapesQueen22nd dynastyfl. c. early 9th century BCWife of pharaoh Takelot I and the mother of Pharaoh Osorkon II.
KaromamaQueen22nd dynastyfl. c. mid-10th century BCWife of pharaoh Sheshonk I and the mother of Pharaoh Osorkon I. Her name is sometimes given as Karamat
Karomama IQueen22nd dynastyfl. c. mid-9th century BCWife of pharaoh Osorkon II. Karomama was probably a daughter of Pharaoh Takelot I.
Karomama IIQueen23rd dynastyfl. c. mid-9th century BCWife of pharaoh Takelot II. Karomama was a daughter of the High Priest of Amun Nimlot and his wife Tentsepeh. Karomama was the mother of pharaoh Osorkon III.
Karomama MeritmutGod's Wife of Amun22nd dynastyfl. c. mid-9th century BCA God's Wife of Amun during the 22nd dynasty. Possibly a daughter of Pharaoh Osorkon II.
KashtaKing of KushSecond Intermediate Periodfl. c. mid-8th century BCA king of the Kushite Dynasty (reigned c. 760 BC – c. 752 BC). Kashta ruled Nubia and he also exercised a strong degree of control over Upper Egypt. During his reign, the native Kushite population adopted Egyptian traditions, religion and culture.
KawabPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCHe was the eldest son of Pharaoh Khufu and Queen Meritites I and half-brother of pharaohs Djedefre and Khafre.
KekheretnebtiPrincess5th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCA daughter of Pharaoh Djedkare Isesi.
KeminubQueen12th dynasty or Second Intermediate Periodfl. c. late-20th century BCAn Egyptian noblewoman with the title king's wife who was buried next to the pyramid of the 12th dynasty pharaoh Amenemhet II at Dahshur. For that reason it has been suggested she was his wife. May date to a later period however.
KhabaPharaoh3rd dynastyfl. c. 27th century BCPharaoh of the 3rd dynasty, possibly succeeded Sanakht, may be the owner of the Layer Pyramid.
KhabashNoblePersian Occupationfl. mid-4th century BCA noble based at Sais in Lower Egypt. During the second Persian occupation of Egypt (343–332 BC) he led a revolt against the Persian rule with his eldest son. During the 330s BC, Khabash led an invasion into the kingdom of Kush but was defeated by king Nastasen. Also known as Khababash.
KhabawPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. early- to mid-18th century BCPharaoh of the 13th dynasty, successor and possible son of Hor Awibre.
KhabekhnetArtisan19th dynastyfl. c. late-13th century BCHe served during the reigns of the pharaoh Ramesses II.
KhaemtirVizier19th dynastyfl. c. late-13th century BCHe served during the reigns of the pharaohs Amenmesse and Seti II.
KhaemwesetPrince18th dynastyfl. c. early-14th century BCHe was probably the son of Pharaoh Amenhotep II.
KhaemwesetPrince, High Priest of Ptah19th dynastyfl. c. late-13th century BCA son of Ramesses II and queen Isetnofret. He was a Sem-Priest and later High Priest of Ptah and governor of Memphis. Khaemwaset restored the monuments of earlier kings, such as Shepseskaf, Sahure and Nyuserre Ini, and restored the pyramid of Unas at Saqqara.
KhaemwesetPrince, High Priest of Ptah20th dynastyfl. c. early-12th century BCA son of Pharaoh Ramesses III. He was a priest of Ptah in Memphis.
KhaemwasetVizier20th dynastyfl. c. late-12th century BCVizier under king Ramesses IX, ordered and led investigation about some royal tomb robberies.
KhafraPharaoh4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCHe reigned c.2558 BC – c.2532 BC. He was a brother of Djedefre. Khafra had his capital at Memphis and built the second largest pyramid at Giza and is thought to have built the Great Sphinx.
KhamerernebtyPrincess5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCA daughter of the 5th dynasty King Nyuserre Ini and was married to the King's vizier, Ptahshepses.
Khamerernebty IQueen4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCShe was probably a wife of the pharaoh Khafra and the mother of Menkaura and Khamerernebty II.
Khamerernebty IIQueen4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCShe was probably the daughter of Pharaoh Khafre and Queen Khamerernebty I and was married to her brother Menkaura.
KhamudiPharaoh15th dynastyfl. c. mid-16th centuryThe last pharaoh of the Hyksos 15th dynasty of Egypt (reigned c.1555 BC – c.1544 BC), who ruled in the northern portion of Egypt. He was defeated by the founding pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, Ahmose I.
KhasekhemwyKing2nd dynastyfl. c. 27th century BCThought to be the last king of the 2nd dynasty of Egypt. He led several significant military campaigns and built several monuments, still extant, mentioning war against the Northerners.
KhawyGuardian in the Place of Truth19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCA guardian in the Place of Truth and servitor of Amun of Opet (Luxor) during the reign of Egyptian pharaoh, Ramesses II.
KhayVizier19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCA vizier in the latter part of pharaoh Ramesses II. Khay was the son of Hai and Nub-em-niut.
KhayuKingPre-dynasticPredynastic ancient Egyptian king who ruled in the Nile Delta.
Khedebneithirbinet IQueen26th dynastyfl. c. late-7th century BCShe was probably the wife of the 26th dynasty pharaoh Necho II. She was the mother of his successor, Psamtik II.
Khendjer UserkarePharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. late 18th century BCKhendjer was the earliest known Semitic king of an Egyptian dynasty.
Khenemetneferhedjet I WeretQueen12th dynastyfl. c. early-19th century BCA wife of King Senusret II and the mother of Senusret III.
Khenemetneferhedjet II WeretQueen12th dynastyfl. c. mid-19th century BCA wife of King Senusret III.
Khenemetneferhedjet IIIQueen12th dynastyfl. c. late-19th century BCShe was the wife of King Amenemhet III.
KhensaQueen25th dynastyfl. c. mid-8th century BCKhensa was the sister-wife of the Pharaoh Piye. Her name is sometimes written as Khenensaiuw.
KhentetkaQueen4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCKhentetka was the wife of the pharaoh Djedefra.
KhenthapQueen1st dynastyfl. c. 31st century BCKenthap was the mother of Djer and was probably the wife of King Hor-Aha.
KhentimereshPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu, and Itet.
Khentkaus IQueen4th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCShe was a daughter of Menkaure, possibly a wife of Shepseskaf and mother of Userkaf.
Khentkaus IIQueen5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCShe was a wife of Egyptian Pharaoh Neferirkare Kakai. She was the mother of Neferefre and Nyuserre Ini.
Khentkaus IIIQueen5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCShe was a wife of Egyptian Pharaoh Neferefre. She was the mother of Menkauhor.
KhenutQueen5th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCA wife of King Unas.
Khety INomarch of Asyut10th dynastyfl. c. 21st century BCENomarch of Asyut, loyal to the pharaohs of Herakleopolis.
Khety IINomarch of Asyut10th dynastyfl. c. 21st century BCENomarch of Asyut under king Merykare, grandson of the namesake above.
KhetiTreasurer11th dynastyfl. c. 21st century BCETreasurer under king Mentuhotep II.
KhetiVizier12th dynastyfl. c. late-19th century BCVizier under king Amenemhet III.
KhnumhotepRoyal Manicurist5th dynastyOverseer of the Manicurists in the Palace of King Niuserre. Shares a tomb with Niankhkhnum.
Khnumhotep INomarch of Men'at Khufu12th dynastyfl. c. early-20th century BCENomarch of Men'at Khufu under pharaoh Amenemhat I.
Khnumhotep IINomarch of Men'at Khufu12th dynastyfl. c. 20th-19th century BCENomarch of Men'at Khufu under Amenemhat II and Senusret II, known for his remarkable tomb at Beni Hasan.
Khnumhotep IIIVizier12th dynastyfl. c. early-19th century BCHe was the son of the local governor Khnumhotep II, and was promoted high steward and then vizier under Senusret II.
KhufuPharaoh4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCThe second pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty (reigned c.2589 BC – c.2566 BC). He is generally accepted as being the builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Greek name: Cheops.
KhufukhafVizier4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCKhufukhaf was a son of Pharaoh Khufu and brother of pharaohs Djedefre and Khafre. His mother might have been Queen Henutsen. His wife was Nefertkau II and she was buried with him in Giza.
KhuiPharaoh8th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCEA local pharaoh mainly known for his purported tomb, the so-called Pyramid of Khui in Middle Egypt.
KhuiqerPharaohn.d.n.d.An extremely poorly known pharaoh, tentatively attributed to various dynasties from the First to the Second Intermediate Period.
Khuit IQueen5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCKhuit I was possibly the wife of Pharaoh Menkauhor Kaiu.
Khuit (II)Queen6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCWife of King Teti.
KhyanPharaoh15th dynastyfl. c. early-16th century BCA king of the Hyksos 15th dynasty of Egypt. Also known as Seuserenre Khyan, Khian' or Khayan.
KiyaQueen18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCOne of the wives of Pharaoh Akhenaten.

L

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
LadiceQueen26th dynastyfl. c. 6th century BCThe daughter of the Greek Cyrenaean King Battus III and his wife Queen Pheretima. Ladice married Amasis II.
LagusPtolemaicfl. c. 4th century BCMarried to Arsinoe, daughter of Meleager, and reputed father of Ptolemy I Soter.
LysandraPrincessPtolemaicfl. c. 3rd century BCThe daughter of Ptolemy I Soter and Eurydice, the daughter of Antipater.
LysimachusPrincePtolemaicfl. c. late 3rd century BCA son of king Ptolemy II Philadelphus and queen Arsinoe I. He survived both his brother Ptolemy III Euergetes and his nephew, Ptolemy IV Philopator, but was put to death by Sosibius, the minister and guardian of Ptolemy V Epiphanes.

M

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
MaathorneferureQueen19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCThe daughter of the Hittite king Hattusili III and his wife Queen Pudukhepa. She was a sister of Hittite king Tudhaliya IV. Maathorneferure married the Egyptian 19th dynasty Pharaoh Ramesses II.
Maatkare MutemhatGod's Wife of Amun21st dynastyfl. c. mid to late-11th century BCShe was the daughter of High Priest of Amun, Pinedjem I, who was the de facto ruler of Southern Egypt from 1070 BC onwards.
MaatkareQueen21st dynastyfl. c. late-10th century BCWife of pharaoh Osorkon I and the mother of pharaoh Sheshonk II. Maatkare was a daughter of Psusennes II.
Magas of CyreneKing of CyrenePtolemaicfl. c. mid-3rd century BCFollowing the death of Ptolemy I, Magas tried to gain independence for Cyrene, until he crowned himself king around 276 BC. Magas and Antiochus agreed on a joint attack on Egypt but the armies of Ptolemy II defeated them. Magas managed to maintain Cyrene's independence until his death.
Mahu (noble)Noble18th dynastyfl. c. 14th century BCMahu was Chief of Police at Akhetaten.
Maia (or Matia)Wet-Nurse18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCThe wet-nurse of the Egyptian 18th dynasty king Tutankhamun.
MaiherpriNoble18th dynastyfl. c. late 15th century BCAn Egyptian noble of Nubian origin. He probably lived during the rule of the 18th dynasty king Thutmose IV. He probably grew up in the royal nursery as a prince of a vassal territory and as an adult was an advisor or bodyguard to the pharaoh.
MalewiebamaniKing of Kushfl. c. mid-5th century BCA Kushite King of Meroe (reigned c.463 BC – c.435 BC). Malewiebamani's mother was probably Queen Saka'aye. Malewiebamani was the son of either Nasakhma (whom he succeeded) or Siaspiqa.
ManethoHistorian, PriestPtolemaicfl. c. mid-3rd century BCAn Egyptian historian and priest from Sebennytos who lived during the Ptolemaic era. He was probably a priest of the sun god Ra at Heliopolis. Manetho wrote the Aegyptiaca (History of Egypt) which is of great interest to Egyptologists and used as evidence for the chronology of the reigns of pharaohs.
MasahartaHigh Priest of Amun21st dynastyfl. c. mid-11th century BCHe succeeded his father, Pinedjem I, who had been also been the de facto ruler of Upper Egypt from 1070 BC. Masaharta's mother was Duathathor-Henuttawy, the daughter of Ramesses XI.
MayaHigh Priest of Amun18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCHigh Priest of Amun during the reign of king Akhenaten.
MayaTreasurer18th dynastyfl. c. late-14th century BCOverseer of the Treasury during the reign of the pharaohs Tutankhamun, Ay and Horemheb. Maya collected taxes and performed other services such as supervising the preparation of their tombs.
MehytenweskhetQueen26th dynastyfl. c. mid-7th century BCDaughter of the High Priest of Re Harsiese, and the Great Royal Wife of pharaoh Psamtik I. Mehytenweskhet was the mother of Necho II, the Divine Adoratrice of Amun Nitocris I and a daughter, Meryetneith.
MeketatenPrincess18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCA daughter of Pharaoh Akhenaten and his wife Nefertiti.
MeketreTreasurer11th dynastyfl. c. 21st century BCChancellor (treasurer) and chief steward during the reign of the 11th dynasty Egyptian kings Mentuhotep II and Mentuhotep III.
Menes also MeniPharaoh1st dynastyfl. 31st century BCLegendary pharaoh of the early dynastic period, credited by classical tradition with having united Upper and Lower Egypt, and being the founder of the 1st dynasty of Egypt. Mainstream consensus identifies him with Narmer.
MenhetQueen18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCA minor foreign-born wife of pharaoh Thutmose III who was buried in a lavishly furnished rock-cut tomb in Wady Gabbanat el-Qurud.
MenkarePharaoh7th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCMay have been a 7th dynasty king of Egypt during the First Intermediate Period.
Menkauhor KaiuPharaoh5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCMenkauhor may have been a son of king Niuserre. Queen Meresankh IV and Queen Khuit I may have been consorts for Menkauhor. Menkauhor's successor, Djedkare Isesi, may have been his son.
MenkaurePharaoh4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCHe reigned c. 2532 BC – c. 2503 BC, and ordered the construction of the third and smallest of the Pyramids of Giza. His chief queen was Khamerernebty II. He was the successor of Khafre.
Menkheperraseneb IHigh Priest of Amun18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCHigh Priest of Amun during the reign of pharaoh Thutmose III. He was possibly the uncle of Menkheperreseneb II.
Menkheperreseneb IIHigh Priest of Amun18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCHigh Priest of Amun, Superintendent of the Gold and Silver Treasuries and Chief of the Overseers of Craftsmen. He served during the reign of pharaoh Thutmose III.
MenkheperrePrince18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCOne of two known sons of Pharaoh Thutmose III and his wife Merytre-Hatshepsut.
MenkheperreHigh Priest of Amun21st dynastyfl. c. late-11th century BCA son of pharaoh Pinedjem I and queen Henuttawy. He was the High Priest of Amun at Thebes and de facto ruler of southern Egypt. Menkheperre married his niece Isetemkheb, daughter of his brother Psusennes I and wife Wiay.
MennaArtisan, Scribe18th dynastyfl. c. early-14th century BCAn Egyptian artisan and "Scribe of the Fields of the Lord of the Two Lands" probably during the reign of the 18th dynasty king Thutmose IV.
MentuherkhopshefPrince,20th dynastyfl. c. 12th century BCOne of the sons of Ramesses III and Iset Ta-Hemdjert
MentuherkhepeshefPrince20th dynastyfl. c. late-12th century BCAn Egyptian prince during the 20th dynasty, a son of Pharaoh Ramesses IX.
MentuhotepTreasurer12th dynastyfl. c. late-20th century BCAn Egyptian official and treasurer under the 12th dynasty pharaoh Senusret I.
MentuhotepQueen16th dynastyfl. c. late-17th century BCShe was possibly the queen consort of the pharaoh Djehuti Sekhemresementawy.
Mentuhotep IPharaoh11th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCA local Egyptian prince at Thebes who became the first acknowledged ruler of the 11th dynasty by assuming the title of first supreme chief of Upper Egypt and, later, declaring himself king over all Egypt.
Mentuhotep II NebhepetrePharaoh11th dynastyfl. c. 21st century BCThe son of Intef III and Iah. His wife was Tem. His only known son was Mentuhotep III. He was able to effectively reunite ancient Egypt for the first time since the 6th dynasty.
Mentuhotep III SankhkarePharaoh11th dynastyfl. c. 21st century BCHe continued the building program of his father Mentuhotep II.
Mentuhotep IV NebtawyrePharaoh11th dynastyfl. c. 20th century BCThe last king of the Egyptian 11th Dynasty (reigned c. 1997 BC – c. 1991 BC).
Mentuhotep V SewedjaraPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. late-18th century BCA pharaoh of Egypt in the 13th dynasty.
Mentuhotep VI SankhenrePharaoh16th dynastyfl. c. late-17th century BCA pharaoh of Egypt of the 16th Theban dynasty based in Upper Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period. His predecessor was Sekhemre Sankhtawy Neferhotep III. Mentuhotep VI was succeeded by Nebiriau I.
MentuhotepiPharaoh16th or 17th dynastyfl. c. 1630 BCPharaoh during the fragmented second intermediate period ruling over little more than Thebes itself.
MenwiQueen18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCA minor foreign-born wife of the 18th dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Thutmose III who was buried in a lavishly furnished rock-cut tomb in Wady Gabbanat el-Qurud.
MerdjefarePharaoh14th dynastyfl. c. early-17th century BCOne of the few attested pharaohs of the 14th dynasty, reigning from Avaris over the eastern Nile Delta.
MerefnebefVizier6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCHe first served at the court of the pharaoh Teti, possibly became vizier during the reign of Userkare, and was dismissed during the reign of Pepi I. (or Unisankh and Fefi)
MerenhorPharaoh7th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCHe may have been a 7th dynasty king of Egypt during the First Intermediate Period.
Merenre Nemtyemsaf IPharaoh6th dynastyfl. c. 23rd century BCMerenre was a son of Pepi I and Ankhesenpepi I.
Merenre Nemtyemsaf IIPharaoh6th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCBriefly king during the 6th dynasty of Egypt (reigned c. 2184 BC – c. 2183 BC), succeeding his long-lived father Pepi II Neferkare.
MereretPrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCShe was a daughter of Rahotep and Nofret and niece of pharaoh Khufu.
MererukaVizier6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCHe was the vizier to the pharaoh Teti and married Teti's daughter, Hert-watet-khet.
MeresamunPriestessfl. c. 8th century BCAn ancient Egyptian singer-priestess in the inner sanctum at the temple in Karnak.
Meresankh IQueen3rd dynastyfl. c. 27th century BCPossibly a lesser wife of pharaoh Huni. Meresankh was the mother of the 4th dynasty pharaoh Sneferu.
Meresankh IIQueen4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCMeresankh II was a daughter of Khufu and Queen Meritites I. She was probably married her half-brother Djedefre, but it is also possible she married the pharaoh Khafra.
Meresankh IIIQueen4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCShe was the daughter of Hetepheres II and Prince Kawab. She married king Khafra.
Meresankh IVQueen5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCShe could have been queen to king Menkauhor Kaiu or Djedkare Isesi.
Meret-IsesiPrincess5th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCHer father was Pharaoh Djedkare.
MeretsegerQueen12th dynastyfl. c. mid-19th century BCShe was probably the wife of Senusret III. She was the first Egyptian queen consort to bear the title Great Royal Wife, which became the standard title for chief wives of pharaohs.
Merhotepre IniPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-17th century BCThe son and successor of Merneferre Ay and a king of the late 13th dynasty of Egypt.
MerikarePharaoh21st dynastyfl. c. 21st century BCA pharaoh during the 10th dynasty of Egypt who controlled territories based around Herakleopolis.
MeritamenPrincess18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCA daughter of Pharaoh Thutmose III and Merytre-Hatshepsut.
MeritamenQueen19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCA daughter and later Great Royal Wife of the 19th dynasty pharaoh Ramesses II. Her name is also written as Meritamun, Merytamen, Merytamun, and Meryt-Amen.
MeritatenPrincess-Queen18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCWife of pharaoh Smenkhkare. Meritaten was a daughter of pharaoh Akhenaten and queen Nefertiti. Meritaten also may have ruled as pharaoh in her own right under the name, Ankhkheperure Neferneferuaten.
Meritaten TasheritPrincess18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCShe was probably the daughter of Meritaten, the eldest daughter of Pharaoh Akhenaten.
Meritites IQueen4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCMeritites was a daughter of Sneferu. Meritites married her elder half-brother the pharaoh Khufu.
Meritites IIPrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCDaughter of pharaoh Khufu and his younger half-sister Meritites I. She married Akhethotep, who was a Director of the Palace.
Meritites IVQueen6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCShe was a wife of king Pepi I.
Merit-PtahPhysician2nd dynastyfl. c. 28th century BCA female physician who lived during the 2nd dynasty in Egypt.
MerkarePharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-17th century BCPoorly known pharaoh of the late 13th dynasty during the second intermediate period.
MerkheperrePharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-17th century BCPoorly known pharaoh of the late 13th dynasty during the second intermediate period.
Merneferre AyPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-17th century BCLongest reigning king of the 13th Dynasty.
MerneithQueen1st dynastyfl. c. 30th century BCA queen consort and a regent of Egypt during the 1st dynasty. She may have been a ruler of Egypt in her own right. She was king Djet's senior royal wife and the mother of Den.
MerneptahPharaoh19th dynastyfl. c. mid to late-13th century BCHe was a son of Ramesses II. Merneptah had to carry out several military campaigns during his reign,including against the Libyans, who he defeated with the assistance of the Sea Peoples.
MerenptahPrince19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCAn Egyptian prince during the 19th dynasty, who was probably the son of the pharaoh Merenptah.
MertiQueen18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCA minor foreign-born wife of the 18th dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Thutmose III who was buried in a lavishly furnished rock-cut tomb in Wady Gabbanat el-Qurud.
MeruOfficial11th dynastyfl. c. 21st century BCAn Egyptian official under king Mentuhotep II during the 11th dynasty. Meru was overseer of sealers at the royal court and therefore one of the highest state officials.
MeryatumHigh Priest of Re19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCAn Egyptian prince and High Priest of Re, the son of the 19th dynasty pharaoh Ramesses II and Nefertari.
Meryatum IIHigh Priest of Re20th dynastyfl. c. mid-12th century BCAn Egyptian prince and High Priest of Re. He was a son of the 20th dynasty pharaoh Ramesses III.
MeryhathorPharaoh10th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCEPossibly the founder of the Herakleopolite 10th dynasty.
Meryibre KhetyPharaoh9th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCELikely the founder of the Herakleopolite 9th dynasty, thus the Greek Achthoes. Also known as Meryibtawy.
MerymoseViceroy of Kush18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCViceroy of Kush under Amenhotep III. He served for almost the entire four decades of that reign.
MeryptahHigh Priest of Amun18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCA High Priest of Amun during the reign of the 18th dynasty pharaoh Amenhotep III.
MeryreHigh Priest of the Aten18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCHe was also Hereditary Noble and High Official and Fan-bearer on the Right Side of the King which emphasised his close relationship to the 18th dynasty king Akhenaten.
Meryre IISteward18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCSuperintendent to the 18th dynasty Egyptian queen Nefertiti and was also Royal Scribe, Steward and Overseer of the Two Treasuries and of the Royal Harem of Nefertiti.
MerysekhmetVizier19th Dynastyfl. c. late-13th century BCHe served during the reign of the 19th dynasty pharaoh Merenptah.
MerytetiVizier6th Dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCServed as vizier to Pepi I. He was the son of the vizier Mereruka. His mother was princess Sesheshet Watetkhetor.
Merytre-HatshepsutQueen18th Dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCWife of pharaoh Thutmose III and the mother of Amenhotep II. She was the daughter of a priestess Hui.
MesehtiNomarch of Asyut11th Dynastyfl. c. 2000 BCEKnown for his tomb in Asyut and particularly for the several soldier models within.
Mesen-kaPrince2nd Dynastyfl. c. late 27th century BCSon of a king of the late 2nd Dynasty or early 3rd Dynasty.
MindjedefPrince4th Dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCHe was probably a son of Prince Kawab and Hetepheres II. He was a grandson of Pharaoh Khufu.
Minkhaf IVizier4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCHe was a son of Pharaoh Khufu. His mother may have been Queen Henutsen. He served as vizier during his father's reign.
Minkhaf IINobleman4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCGreat-nephew of Minkhaf I and great-grandson of Khufu.
MinmontuHigh Priest of Amun18th dynastyfl. c. mid-16th century BCThe High Priest of Amun during the reign of Ahmose I, an 18th dynasty king of Egypt.
MinmoseOverseer of the Works18th dynastyfl. c. late-15th century BCThe overseer of works for the 18th dynasty pharaohs Thutmose III and Amenhotep II and took part in expeditions to Syria and Nubia.
MinneferSupervisor of Palace Attendants, Overseer of Messengers5th dynastyKnown from a statue.
MutbenretPrincess18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCAn Egyptian noblewoman and possibly the sister of the 18th dynasty Great Royal Wife Nefertiti. (or Benretmut)
MutemwiyaQueen18th dynastyfl. c. early-14th century BCA minor wife of the 18th dynasty Egyptian king Thutmose IV and the mother of Amenhotep III.
MuthisPharaoh29th dynastyfl. c. early-4th century BCEMaybe an ephemeral pharaoh usurper of the 29th dynasty.
MutnedjmetQueen18th dynastyfl. c. late-14th century BCAlso known as Mutnedjemet, Mutnodjmet, and Mutnodjemet. She was the Great Royal Wife of Horemheb, the last king of the 18th dynasty.
MutnedjmetQueen21st dynastyfl. c. late-11th century BCShe was the Great Royal Wife of her brother, Psusennes I, and was the mother of Pharaoh Amenemope. She was the daughter of the High Priest of Amun, Pinedjem I.
MutnofretQueen18th dynastyfl. c. late-16th century BCA queen of Thutmose I, and the mother of Thutmose II. She was probably a daughter of Ahmose I and a sister of Amenhotep I.

N

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
NakhtAstronomer18th dynastyfl. c. 14th century BCServed during the reign of Tuthmose IV. Buried in TT52
NakhthorebPharaoh30th dynastySee Nectanebo II
NakhtminGeneral18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCA general during the reign of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. Nakhtmin may have been the son and heir of Pharaoh Ay but died before the end of the Ay's reign.
NakhtnebefPharaoh30th dynastySee Nectanebo I
NakhtneithQueen1st dynastyfl. c. 31st century BCWife to king Djer.
Nakhtpaaten (or Nakht)Vizier18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCVizier of Pharaoh Akhenaten. Nakhtpaaten succeeded the vizier Ramose in office. Known from his tomb in Amarna.
NakhtubasterauQueen26th dynastyfl. c. mid-6th century BCWife of pharaoh Amasis II. Name also written as Nakhtbastetiru.
NaparayeQueen25th dynastyfl. c. late-8th century BCNaparaye was the daughter of King Piye and the sister-wife of King Taharqa.
NarmerPharaoh1st dynastyfl. c. 31st century BCThe pharaoh who is thought to be the successor to the proto-dynastic pharaohs Scorpion and/or Ka, and possibly the unifier of Egypt and founder of the 1st dynasty, and therefore the first pharaoh of all Egypt.
NasakhmaKing of Kushfl. c. mid-5th century BCKushite King of Meroe. He was the successor to king Siaspiqa. (or Nasakhmaqa)
NastasenKing of Kushfl. c. late-4th century BCKing of Kush (reigned c. 335 BC – c. 310 BC). He was probably the son of King Harsiotef and Queen Pelkha and his wife may have been Sekhmakh. Nastasen defeated an invasion of Kush from Upper Egypt led by a local ruler, Khabbash.
NaunyPrincess21st dynastyfl. c. mid-11th century BCAlso known as Nany or Entiuny. She was probably a daughter of High Priest, later Pharaoh Pinedjem I.
NebamunVizier18th- 19th dynastyfl. c. early to mid-13th century BCVizier during the late 18th and early 19th dynasties of Egypt. He held that office from the reign of Horemheb to the reign of Ramesses II.
NebankhHigh steward13th dynastyc. 1730 BCRoyal acquaintance and high steward during the reigns of Neferhotep I and Sobekhotep IV of the mid 13th Dynasty.
NebemakhetPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCHe was the son of pharaoh Khafre and queen Meresankh III. He was Chief Justice and Vizier to the pharaoh Menkaure.
NebetQueen5th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCThe wife of king Unas.
NebetVizier6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCA female vizier who held the office during the reign of Pepi I. Nebet's two daughters, Ankhesenpepi I and Ankhesenpepi II married Pepi I. She was married to Khui and their son Djau was a vizier.
NebetahPrincess18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCDaughter of Amenhotep III and wife Tiye. She was a younger sister of Akhenaten.
NebetiaPrincess18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCShe was the granddaughter of Pharaoh Thutmose IV and the daughter of Prince Siatum.
NebetiunetPrincess18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCA daughter of Pharaoh Thutmose III and his wife Merytre-Hatshepsut.
NebetnehatQueen18th dynastyfl. c. 14th century BCA Queen of an unidentified Pharaoh. Her name is only known from an alabaster canopic fragment found in the valley of the Queens.
NebettawyPrincess- Queen19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCThe daughter and a Great Royal Wife of pharaoh Ramesses II.
Nebiriau I SewadjenrePharaoh16th dynastyfl. c. early-16th century BCAlso known as Nebiryerawet I. A pharaoh of the 16th Theban dynasty based in Upper Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period.
Nebiriau IIPharaoh16th dynastyfl. c. 19th century BCAlso known as Nebiryerawet II. A pharaoh of the 16th Theban dynasty based in Upper Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period.
NebitVizier16th dynastyfl. c. early-16th century BCNebit was an Ancient Egyptian official under king Senusret III.
Nebkaure KhetyPharaoh9th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCA pharaoh of the Herakleopolite 9th dynasty, also mentioned on The Eloquent Peasant.
NebmaatrePharaoh16th or 17th dynastyfl. c. early-16th century BCObscur pharaoh of the early 17th dynasty during the Second Intermediate Period.
NebmaatrePrince, High Priest of Re20th dynastyfl. c. late-12th century BCHigh Priest of Re in Heliopolis. He was probably a son of Ramesses IX.
Nebneteru TenryHigh Priest of Amun19th dynastyfl. c. early-13th century BCHigh Priest of Amun under pharaoh Seti I. Nebneteru's wife, Merytre, was Chief of the Harem of Amun.
NebnuniPharaoh13th dynastySee Nebnun(i) Semenkare.
NebrePharaoh2nd dynastySee Raneb.
NebsenrePharaoh14th Dynastyfl. c. early 17th century BCObscur king of the 14th Dynasty, attested by a single inscription on a jar and the Turin canon.
NebtuQueen18th Dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCWife of the 18th dynasty king, Thutmose III.
NebtyemneferesPrincess5th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCDaughter of Pharaoh Djedkare.
Nebty-tepitesPrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCNebty-tepites was a daughter of Prince Horbaef and his half-sister Meresankh II. After Horbaef's death, Meresankh married either the pharaoh Djedefra or the pharaoh Khafra.
NebwawyHigh Priest of Osiris18th dynastyfl. c. 15th century BCEHigh Priest of Osiris under the pharaohs Hatshepsut, Thutmose III and Amenhotep II.
NebwenenefHigh Priest of Amun19th dynastyfl. c. early-13th century BCHigh Priest of Amun at the beginning of the reign of Ramesses II. Prior to that, Nebwenenef had served as High Priest of Anhur and High Priest of Hathor during the reign of Seti I.
NebyPharaoh7th dynastySee Neferkare Neby.
Necho IKing of Sais26th dynastyfl. c. mid-7th century BCAlso known as Nekau I. Governor of the Egyptian city of Sais. He was the first attested local Saite king of the 26th dynasty of Egypt (reigned c. 672 BC–c. 664 BC). He was killed by an invading Kushite force under Tantamani.
Necho IIPharaoh26th dynastyfl. c. late-7th century BCAlso known as Nekau II (reigned c. 610 BC–c. 595 BC). Following the collapse of the Assyrian Empire, the Babylonians under Nebuchadrezzar II fought the armies of Pharaoh Necho II. The Egyptians were defeated and eventually expelled from Syria.
Nectanebo IPharaoh30th dynastyreigned 380 BC – 362 BCAlso known as Nekhtnebef. Nectanebo deposed and killed Nefaarud II, starting the last dynasty of Egyptian kings. He spent much of his reign defending his kingdom against Persian reconquest but still erected many monuments and temples.
Nectanebo IIPharaoh30th dynastyreigned 360 BC – 343 BCAlso known as Nakhthoreb, the last king of the 30th dynasty and the last native Egyptian ruler in antiquity. He was placed on the throne by the Spartan king Agesilaus II, who helped him overthrow Teos and fight off a rival pretender. Nectanebo II was defeated by the Persian king Artaxerxes III, and went into exile in Nubia. Egypt once again became a satrapy of the Persian Empire.
NedjeftetQueen6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCWife of pharaoh Pepi I.
NedjemPrince18th dynastyfl. c. late-15th century BCHe was a son of Pharaoh Amenhotep II.
NedjemibPrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCShe was a daughter of Rahotep and Nofret and niece of pharaoh Khufu.
NedjemibrePharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. early- to mid-18th century BCEphemeral ruler of the 13th dynasty during the Second Intermediate Period. Known only from the Turin canon.
NeferefrePharaoh5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCAlso known as Raneferef. He reigned c. 2460 BC – c. 2453 BC.
NeferetnebtyQueen5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCA wife of pharaoh Sahure. Her name is sometimes written as Neferet-ha-Nebti, or Neferetnebti.
NeferhetepesPrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA daughter of Pharaoh Djedefre.
NeferhotepScribe13th dynastyfl. c. mid-18th century BCA 13th dynasty Egyptian official and scribe.
Neferhotep IPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. late-18th century BCHe was the son of a Theban military family and brother of King Sobekhotep IV.
Neferhotep III Sekhemre SankhtawyPharaoh16th dynastyfl. c. late-17th century BCA king during the Theban 16th Dynasty.
NeferirkarePharaoh8th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCHe reigned c. 2161 BC – c. 2160 BC, during the First Intermediate Period.
Neferirkare KakaiPharaoh5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCHe reigned c. 2477 BC – c. 2467 BC. He married Queen Khentkaus II.
NeferkahorPharaoh7th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCMay have been a 7th dynasty king of Egypt during the First Intermediate Period.
NeferkaminPharaoh7th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCMay have been a 7th dynasty king of Egypt during the First Intermediate Period.
Neferkamin AnuPharaoh8th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCMay have been an 8th dynasty king of Egypt during the First Intermediate Period.
Neferkara IPharaoh8th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCMay have been a 7th dynasty king of Egypt during the First Intermediate Period.
Neferkare IIPharaoh7th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCMay have been a 7th dynasty king of Egypt during the First Intermediate Period.
Neferkare IIIPharaoh9th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCA king during the 9th dynasty of Egypt controlling territories based around Herakleopolis.
Neferkare IymeruVizier13th dynastyAn Egyptian vizier under king Sobekhotep IV.
Neferkare KhenduPharaoh7th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCMay have been a 7th dynasty king of Egypt during the First Intermediate Period.
Neferkare NebyPharaoh7th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCMay have been a 7th dynasty king of Egypt during the First Intermediate Period. His mother was probably Queen Ankhesenpepi II and his father was probably Pepi II Neferkare.
Neferkare PepisenebPharaoh8th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCMay have been an 8th dynasty king of Egypt during the First Intermediate Period.
Neferkare TereruPharaoh7th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCMay have been a 7th dynasty king of Egypt during the First Intermediate Period.
Neferkare VIIPharaoh9th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCEThe third pharaoh of the 9th dynasty.
Neferkare VIIIPharaoh10th dynastyfl. c. late-22nd century BCEThe second pharaoh of the 10th dynasty.
NeferkareKing of Tanis26th dynastyfl. c. mid-7th century BCEThe last local ruler of Tanis who finally submitted himself to Psamtik I of the 26th dynasty.
NeferkauPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCHe was a son of Rahotep and Nofret and nephew of pharaoh Khufu.
NeferkauhorPharaoh8th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCHe reigned c. 2163 BC–c. 2161 BC, during the First Intermediate Period.
Neferkaure IIPharaoh8th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCHe reigned c. 2167 BC–c. 2163 BC, during the First Intermediate Period.
Nefermaat IVizier4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of pharaoh Sneferu. He was a vizier and was a half-brother of Khufu. Nefermaat's wife was Itet.
Nefermaat IIVizier4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCVizier during the reign of his cousin pharaoh Khafra. Nefermaat was a son of Princess Nefertkau .
Neferneferuaten AnkhkheperurePharaoh18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCA female Egyptian pharaoh (reigned c.1335 BC – c.1333 BC) toward the end of the Amarna era during the 18th Dynasty. She was probably a daughter of pharaoh Akhenaten.
Neferneferuaten TasheritPrincess18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCA daughter of Pharaoh Akhenaten and his Great Royal Wife Nefertiti.
NeferneferurePrincess18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCA daughter of Pharaoh Akhenaten and Great Royal Wife Nefertiti.
NeferronpetVizier19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCAn Egyptian vizier and a High Priest of Ptah during the reign of pharaoh Ramesses II.
Nefersheshemre called SeshiVizier6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCA vizier during the early to middle part of the reign of the 6th dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Teti.
NefertariQueen18th dynastyfl. c. late-15th century BCThe first Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Thutmose IV.
NefertariQueen19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCAlso known as Nefertari Merytmut, one of the Great Royal Wives of pharaoh Ramesses II.
NeferthenutQueen12th dynastyfl. c. mid-19th century BCShe was probably the wife of pharaoh Senusret III.
NefertiabetPrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCShe was a daughter of Pharaoh Khufu and sister of Hetepheres II and Khafra.
NefertitiQueen18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCThe Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten. Nefertiti is also known for her bust which was attributed to the sculptor Thutmose.
Nefertkau IPrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA daughter of pharaoh Sneferu and a half-sister to Khufu.
Nefertkau IIPrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCThe wife and sister of Prince Khufukhaf I, son of the 4th dynasty pharaoh Khufu.
Nefertkau IIIPrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCShe was probably a daughter of Meresankh II and Prince Horbaef. She was married to an official named Iynefer.
NefertnesuPrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCShe was a daughter of pharaoh Sneferu and she was a half-sister to pharaoh Khufu.
Neferu IIIQueen12th dynastyfl. c. mid-20th century BCShe was a daughter of Amenemhat I, wife of her brother, Senusret I, and the mother of Amenemhat II.
NeferuptahPrincess12th dynastyfl. c. late-19th century BCAlso known as Ptahneferu, a daughter of the Egyptian king Amenemhat III of the 12th dynasty. Her sister was the Pharaoh Sobekneferu.
NeferurePrincess18th dynastyfl. c. early-15th century BCThe daughter of two pharaohs, Hatshepsut and Thutmose II. She served in high offices in the Egyptian government and the religious administration.
NefrubityPrincess18th dynastyfl. c. early-15th century BCShe is sometimes called Akhbetneferu. She was the daughter of Pharaoh Thutmose I and Ahmose, the sister of Hatshepsut and the half-sister of Thutmose II.
NehesyPharaoh14th dynastyfl. c. late-18th century BCA ruler during the 14th dynasty of Egypt of the Second Intermediate Period.
NehiViceroy of Kush18th dynastyNehy was in office under Thutmose III.
NeithQueen6th dynastyfl. c. 23rd century BCOne of the queens of the 6th dynasty pharaoh Pepi II. Neith was probably a daughter of the pharaoh Pepi I and queen Ankhesenpepi I, making her half-sister to pharaoh Pepi II. Neith may be the mother of pharaoh Nemtyemsaf II.
NeithhotepQueen1st dynastyfl. c. 31st century BCQueen of Egypt, and likely wife of Narmer.
Neitiqerty SiptahPharaoh6th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCHe reigned c. 2183 BC – c. 2181 BC, and was an obscure successor to Merenre Nemtyemsaf II towards the end of the 6th dynasty of Egypt.
NekaubaPharaoh26th dynastyfl. c. mid-7th century BCHe reigned c. 678 BC – c. 672 BC during the 26th Saite dynasty of Egypt.
Nemtyemsaf IPharaoh6th dynastysee Merenre Nemtyemsaf I
Nemtyemsaf IIPharaoh6th dynastysee Merenre Nemtyemsaf II
Nepherites IPharaoh29th dynastyreigned 399 BC – 393 BCAlso known as Nefaarud I. He founded the 29th dynasty of Egypt by defeating and then executing Amyrtaeus. Nepherites was a native of Mendes, which he made his capital. He supported Sparta in its war against the Persians by supplying them with grain and ship building material.
Nepherites IIPharaoh29th dynastyreigned 380 BCAlso known as Nefaarud II, a pharaoh of Egypt. Following the death of his father Hakor, he was the last pharaoh of the 29th dynasty. He was deposed and killed by Nectanebo I after ruling Egypt for only 4 months.
NerikarePharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. early-18th century BCShort-lived pharaoh of the 13th dynasty.
NeserkauhorPrince5th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCHe was a son of Djedkare Isesi.
NesitanebetashruNoble Woman21st dynastyfl. c. early-10th century BCA daughter of the Egyptian nobleman and High Priest of Amun, Pinedjem II, and his wife Neskhons.
NesitanebetashruQueen22nd dynastyfl. c. mid-9th century BCThe wife of Sheshonk II and the mother of Pharaoh Harsiese. She was also a Chantress of Amun.
NesitaudjatakhetQueen22nd dynastyfl. c. 9th century BCNesitaudjatakhet was a wife of Pharaoh Sheshonk II and the mother of Prince Osorkon D.
NeskhonsPrincess21st dynastyfl. c. late-11th century BCShe was the daughter of Smendes II and Takhentdjehuti, and wed her paternal uncle, High Priest Pinedjem II.
Neterkheperre Meryptah called Pipi IIHigh Priest of Ptah21st dynastyfl. c. early-10th century BCHe was High Priest of Ptah during the reigns of the pharaohs Psusennes I, Amenemope, Osochor and Siamun.
NetjeraperefPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of the Egyptian pharaoh Sneferu. He was a half-brother of Khufu and nephew to Hetepheres I.
NetjerkarePharaoh7th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCMay have been a 7th dynasty king of Egypt during the First Intermediate Period.
NikarePharaoh7th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCMay have been a 7th dynasty king of Egypt during the First Intermediate Period.
NikaureVizier4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA prince, chief justice and vizier during the 4th dynasty. Nikaure was a son of Pharaoh Khafre and Queen Persenet. His wife was Nikanebti.
NimaethapQueen2nd dynastyfl. c. 27th century BCQueen, husband unknown
Nimaethap IIQueen5th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA queen of Egypt at the end of the 2nd dynasty. Wife of Pharaoh Khasekhemwy.
NimlotLibyan chief21st dynastyfl. c. 10th century BCEA Great Chief of the Ma, known for being the father of pharaoh Shoshenq I and brother of pharaoh Osorkon the Elder.
NimlotPrince22nd dynastyfl. c. 940 BCEA prince, son of pharaoh Shoshenq I; he also was a general and a governor at Herakleopolis Magna.
NimlotHigh Priest of Amun22nd dynastyfl. c. mid-9th century BCA High Priest of Amun at Thebes during the latter part of the reign of his father, pharaoh Osorkon II.
NimlotKing of Hermopolis25th dynastyfl. c. mid-8th century BCEA local pharaoh at Hermopolis during the 25th dynasty, he submitted himself to Piye and is depicted on the latter's Victory stela.
NitocrisPharaoh / Queen6th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCMay have been the last pharaoh of the Egyptian 6th Dynasty. However, her historicity has been questioned.
Nitocris IGod's Wife of Amun26th dynastyfl. c. mid-7th to early-6th century BCAlso known as Nitiqret, she was the Divine Adoratrice of Amun or God's Wife of Amun for over 70 years. She was the daughter of the Saite pharaoh Psamtik I.
Nitocris IIPrincess, High Priest of Amun26th Dynastyfl. c. mid-6th century BCDaughter of pharaoh Amasis II and a female High Priest of Amun.
NodjmetNoble20th-21st dynastyfl. c. early-11th century BCEA noblewoman, wife of the High Priest of Amun Herihor and/or Piankh.
NofretPrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA noblewoman and princess who lived during the 4th dynasty of Egypt. Nofret married Prince Rahotep, who was a son of Pharaoh Sneferu.
Nofret IIQueen12th dynastyfl. c. early-19th century BCShe was a daughter of Amenemhat II and wife of Senusret II.
Nubhetepti-kheredPrincess13th dynastyfl. c. mid-18th century BCAn Egyptian king's daughter during the 13th dynasty. Probably a daughter of King Hor.
NubkhaesQueen13th dynastyfl. c. mid-17th century BCA 13th dynasty Egyptian queen whose husband is assumed to be one of the successors of pharaoh Sobekhotep IV.
NubkhesbedQueen20th dynastyfl. c. mid-12th century BCShe was the Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Ramesses VI and mother of Pharaoh Ramesses VII.
NubwenetQueen6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCAlso known as Nebuunet, an Egyptian queen consort and a wife of the 6th dynasty pharaoh Pepi I.
NuyaPharaoh14th dynastyfl. c. 17th century BCPoorly known pharaoh of the 14th dynasty, likely of Semitic descent and reigning over the eastern Nile Delta.
NykaraGranary Official5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCKnown from a granite statue of Nykara and his family, now at the Brooklyn Museum.
NynetjerPharaoh2nd dynastyfl. c. 28th century BCA long-lived king of the mid 2nd dynasty of Egypt. It is possible that he was a son of his predecessor Raneb.
Nyuserre IniPharaoh5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCAlso known as Neuserre Izi, Niuserre Isi, Nyuserra, and Rathoris. A 5th dynasty pharaoh of Egypt (reigned c. 2453 BC – c. 2422 BC).

O

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
Osorkon the ElderPharaoh21st dynastyfl. c. early-10th century BCOsorkon Akheperre Setepenre reigned c. 992 BC – c. 986 BC, and was the first pharaoh of Libyan extraction to rule Egypt. He was the son of Shoshenq, the Great Chief of the Ma.
Osorkon IPharaoh22nd dynastyreigned c. 922 BC – c. 887 BCHe was the son of Sheshonk I and his chief consort, Karomat. Osorkon I's reign was long and prosperous and is known for many temple building projects.
Osorkon IIPharaoh22nd dynastyreigned c. 872 BC – c. 837 BCThe son of Takelot I and Queen Kapes. He ruled Egypt from Tanis. After succeeding his father, he faced a revolt from his cousin, Harsiese, who controlled Thebes. However, Osorkon II was able to unite Egypt after Harsiese's death. Further names include 'Usermaatre Setepenamun.
Osorkon IIIPharaoh23rd dynastyreigned c. 798 BC – c. 769 BCUsermaatre Setepenamun Si-Ese was a pharaoh of Upper Egypt based in Thebes. He was also a High Priest of Amun. He was a son of Takelot II and Queen Karomama II. During his reign, he defeated the rival forces of Sheshonk IV.
Osorkon IVPharaoh22nd dynastyfl. c. mid-8th century BCA ruler of Lower Egypt who was based in Tanis and therefore one of the 22nd dynasty pharaoh Shoshenq V's successors.
Osorkon CGreat Chief of the Ma22nd dynastyfl. c. mid-8th century BCA Great Chief of the Ma and governor of Sais, predecessor of pharaoh Tefnakht of the 24th Dynasty.

P

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
PaanchiPharaoh25th dynastysee Piye
PabasaChief Steward26th dynastyfl. c. mid-7th century BCChief Steward to the Divine Adoratrice of Amun, Nitocris I.
PagetiPrincess4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA daughter of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu and Itet.
PahemnetjerHigh Priest of Ptah19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCA High Priest of Ptah during the reign of Ramesses II. Pahemnetjer succeeded Huy as High Priest of Ptah.
Pami Usermaatre SetepenrePharaoh22nd dynastyfl. c. mid-8th century BCHe reigned c. 785 BC – c. 778 BC, and was a member of the Meshwesh Libyans then ruling the country.
Panehesy (I)Chief servitor of the Aten18th dynastyfl. c. 14th century BCHigh Priest of the Aten in the temple of Aten in Akhetaten during the reign of Akhenaten.
Panehesy (II)Prophet of Amenhotep (I) of the Forecourt19th dynastyfl. c. 13th century BCHe served during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II.
PanehesyVizier19th dynastyfl. c. late-13th century BCHe served during the reign of Pharaoh Merenptah.
ParaemhebVizier19th dynastyfl. c. late-13th century BCA vizier of Egypt during the reigns of the pharaohs Amenmesse and Seti II. Also known as Pre'em'hab.
PareherwenemefPrince19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCHe was a son of pharaoh Ramesses II and Queen Nefertari.
PareherwenemefPrince20th dynastyfl. c. early-12th century BCA son of pharaoh Ramesses III.
Parennefer called WenneferHigh Priest of Amun18th dynastyfl. c. mid to late-14th century BCHigh Priest of Amun during the reigns of the 18th dynasty pharaohs Tutankhamen and Horemheb.
ParenneferRoyal Butler18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCPharaoh Akhenaten's close adviser both before and after Akhenaten came to the throne.
PasenhorPriest22nd dynastyfl. c. 730 BCEPriest of Ptah under pharaoh Shoshenq V, known for his long genealogy written on an Apis burial stela.
Paser IViceroy of Kush18th dynastyfl. c. 14th century BCPaser I likely served during the reigns of Ay and Horemheb
PaserVizier19th dynastyfl. c. early to mid-13th century BCVizier during the reigns of pharaohs Seti I and Ramesses II. Later he became a High Priest of Amun.
Paser IIViceroy of Kush19th dynastyfl. c. 13th century BCPaser II was the son of the High Priest of Min and Isis named Minmose. He was a King's son of Kush, overseer of the Southern Lands, and king's scribe.
PasheduArtisan19th dynastyfl. c. 13th century BCLived in Deir el-Medina on the west bank of the Nile, opposite Thebes, during the reign of Seti I.
PatareshnesQueen22nd dynastyfl. c. mid-10th century BCWife of pharaoh Sheshonk I. Her name is sometimes written as Patoreshnes or Penreshnes.
PaweraaMayor of Western Thebes20th dynastyfl. c. 11th century BCMayor of Western Thebes during a series of tomb robberies that occurred in the Valley of the Kings during the late New Kingdom.
PawuraChief of the Archers18th dynastyfl. c. 14th century BCAn Egyptian official mentioned in the Amarna letters. He is referred to as an Egyptian "archer–commander" and an "irpi–official".
PebatjmaNubian Queenfl. c. 8th century BCWife of King Kashta and mother of King Piye (possibly), King Shabaka, God's Wife Amenirdis I, Queens Khensa and Peksater.
PebekkamenChief of the Chamber20th dynastyfl. c. early-12th century BCOne of the key conspirators in the Harem conspiracy, a plot to overthrow Pharaoh Ramesses III. Pebekkamen had served as chief of the chamber to Ramesses. Following his trial, Pebekkamen was executed.
PediamenopetPriest25th and 26th dynastyfl. c. late 8th century BCA librarian, archivist and Chief Lector Priest during the Egyptian 25th and 26th dynasties who amassed enough wealth to build a labyrinthine tomb covered with frescoes and hieroglyphics.
PedieseLocal RulerThird Intermediate Periodfl. c. late 8th century BCPediese, married to the great-great-granddaughter of Shoshenq III, was one of a number of princes ruling Lower Egypt. He was of Libyan descent, a chief of the Ma. He ruled from Athribis.
Pediese, chief of the MaHigh Priest of PtahThird Intermediate Periodfl. c. late 8th century BCInvolved in the replacement of an Apis bull which had died in the 28th year of the reign of Shoshenq III.
Pehen-PtahChief of sculptors2nd or 3rd Dynastyfl. c. 2827th century BCOfficial in charge of the sculptors of the king.
PetieseAdministratorPersian Occupation, 26th dynastyfl. c. 7th century BCPetiese I, son of Ireturu, administered Upper Egypt. In 651 BCE he had his priestly offices confirmed by Psamtik I.
Pedubast IPharaoh23rd dynastyfl. c. late-9th century BCA king of Libyan ancestry (reigned c. 829 BC – c. 804 BC) . He was the main opponent to the 23rd dynasty Upper Egyptian pharaohs Takelot II and Osorkon III during a protracted civil war between these two competing sides.
Pedubast IIPharaoh22nd dynastyfl. c. mid-8th century BCA pharaoh of Lower Egypt (reigned c. 740 BC – c. 730 BC) associated with the 22nd dynasty. He was a possible son and successor to Shoshenq V.
PeftjauawybastKing of Herakleopolis25th dynastyfl. c. late-8th century BCEA local pharaoh at Herakleopolis Magna who submitted himself to the 25th dynasty pharaoh Piye as shown on the latter's Victory stela. Also called Peftjaubast.
PeksaterQueen25th dynastyfl. c. mid-8th century BCShe was a daughter of King Kashta and Queen Pebatjma and a wife of the pharaoh, Piye.
PenebuiQueen1st dynastyfl. c. 31st century BCWife of King Djer.
PennesuttawyGeneral19th dynastyfl. c. late-14th century BCA general and superintendent of the Southern Lands (Kush) at the beginning of the 19th dynasty of Egypt. Pennesuttawy was a brother of the High Priest of Amun, Parennefer.
PensekhmetVizier19th dynastyfl. c. late-13th century BCHe served during the reign of the 19th dynasty pharaoh Merenptah.
Pentawer(et)Prince19th dynastyfl. c. early-12th century BCA son of Pharaoh Ramesses III and Queen Tiye. He was to be the beneficiary of a "harem conspiracy" planned by his mother to assassinate the pharaoh. The plot failed and Pentawer was forced to commit suicide.
PenthuPhysician, Chamberlain18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCThe seal-bearer of the king, king's scribe, chief of physicians and chamberlain to the 18th dynasty pharaoh Akhenaten.
PentuVizier18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCVizier of Egypt during the reign of pharaoh Tutankhamun. Also written as Pentju.
Pepi I MeryrePharaoh6th dynastyreigned c. 2332 BC – c. 2283 BCPepi I's long reign was marked by an aggressive expansion into Nubia and the spread of trade to far-flung areas such as Lebanon and the Somali coast, but also the growing power of the nomarchs.
Pepi II NeferkarePharaoh6th dynastyreigned c. 2278 BC – c. 2184 BCHe was the son of Merenre and Ankhesenpepi II. His lengthy reign was marked by a sharp decline of the Old Kingdom as the power of the nomarchs grew.
Pepi III SeneferankhrePharaoh16th dynastyObscur ruler of the second intermediate period, possibly a vassal of the Hyksos kings or a king of the 16th dynasty
PernebPrince2nd dynastyfl. c. 28th century BCHe was a son of the 2nd dynasty pharaoh Hotepsekhemwy.
PersenetQueen4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCShe may have been a daughter of King Khufu and a wife of King Khafra.
Peseshet(Female) physician4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCHer title was "lady overseer of the female physicians,"but whether she was a physician herself is uncertain. She had a son, Akhethetep, in whose mastaba at Giza her personal stela was found.
Petubastis IIIPharaohPersian Occupationfl. late 6th century BCAn Egyptian ruler who revolted against Persian rule under the satrap Aryandes. He was probably a member of the old royal Saitic line, who attempted to seize power around 522 BC. Aryandes probably quelled the rebellion.(or Seheruibre Padibastet)
PiankhHigh Priest of Amun21st dynastyfl. c. mid-11th century BCHigh Priest of Amun who led an army against Pinehesy, viceroy of Kush, who had conquered large parts of Upper Egypt and succeeded in driving him back into Nubia.
PihuriCommissioner18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCAn Egyptian commissioner in the "Land of Retenu" (Canaan) mentioned in the Amarna letters. He probably served under pharaohs Amenhotep III and Akhenaten. His name is sometimes written as Pakhura.
PimayPrince22nd dynastyfl. c. late-9th century BCSon of king Sheshonk III. He served as a 'Great Chief of the Ma' during his father's reign.
Pinedjem IHigh Priest of Amun21st dynastyfl. c. mid-11th century BCHigh Priest of Amun at Thebes in Egypt and the de facto ruler of Middle and Upper Egypt from 1054 BC. He asserted his virtual independence from the 21st dynasty based at Tanis. He married Duathathor-Henuttawy, a daughter of Ramesses XI.
Pinedjem IIHigh Priest of Amun21st dynastyfl. c. early-10th century BCHigh Priest of Amun at Thebes in Egypt and the de facto ruler of the south of the country. He married his sister Isetemkheb and his niece Nesikhons, the daughter of his brother Smendes II.
PinehesyViceroy of Kush20th dynastyfl. c. early-11th century BCServed during the reign of pharaoh Ramesses XI. Pinehesy extended his influence over much of the south of Egypt defying Ramesses XI. However, the High Priest of Amun, Herihor, was able to drive Pinehesy back into Nubia. Also known as Panehesy or Panehasy.
PipiHigh Priest of Ptah21st dynastyfl. c. mid-11th century BCHigh Priest of Ptah, a contemporary of Pharaoh Psusennes I. He was the father of the High Priest of Ptah Harsiese.
Piye (or Piankhi the Nubian)Pharaoh25th dynastyreigned c. 752 BC – c. 721 BCA Kushite king and founder of the 25th dynasty of Egypt who ruled from the city of Napata. As ruler of Nubia and Upper Egypt, Piye took advantage of the squabbling of Egypt's rulers to expand Nubia's power beyond Thebes into Lower Egypt receiving the submission of the kings of the Nile Delta.
PotasimtoGeneral26th dynastyfl. c. early-6th century BCCommander of the Greek troops during an expedition against Nubia under pharaoh Psamtik II; his real Egyptian name was Padismatawy.
PothinusRegentPtolemaicfl. mid-1st century BCAn official under Pharaoh Ptolemy XII. When Ptolemy XII died in 51 BC, as his son Ptolemy XIII was under age, Pothinus was appointed as his regent. Pothinus used his influence to turn Ptolemy XIII against Cleopatra VII. In the resultant civil war, Cleopatra VII and Julius Caesar prevailed and Pothinus was executed in 47 BC.
Prehotep IVizier19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCVizier during the latter part of the reign of pharaoh Ramesses II. Also known as Rahotep, Parahotep, Parehotp.
Prehotep IIVizier19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCVizier during the latter part of the reign of pharaoh Ramesses II. Parahotep was the son of the High Priest of Ptah Pahemnetjer. Also known as Rahotep, Parahotep, Parehotp.
Psammetichus IVRebel ruler27th dynastyfl. 5th century BCAn Egyptian ruler who rebelled to the Persian occupation.
PsammuthesPharaoh29th dynastyfl. c. early-4th century BCUpon the death of Nepherites I, two rival factions fought for the throne: one supported Muthis son of Nefaarud, and the other supported an usurper named Psammuthes. Both men were eventually defeated by a general named Hakor.
Psamtik I WahibrePharaoh26th dynastyreigned c. 664 BC – c. 610 BCPsamtik managed to unite all of Egypt and free the country from Assyrian and Nubian control within the first ten years of his reign. (or Psammeticus or Psammetichus)
Psamtik IIPharaoh26th dynastyreigned c. 595 BC – c. 589 BCIn 592 BC, Psamtik II marched deep into Nubia and inflicted a heavy defeat on the kingdom of Kush.(or Psammetichus or Psammeticus)
Psamtik IIIPharaoh26th dynastyreigned c. 526 BC – c. 525 BCThe last pharaoh of the 26th dynasty of Egypt. Psamtik had ruled Egypt for only six months before the Persian invasion led by King Cambyses II. Psamtik was defeated at Pelusium and later executed by the Persians.(or Psammetichus or Psammeticus)
Psusennes IPharaoh21st dynastyreigned c. 1047 BC – c. 1001 BCHe was the son of Pinedjem I and Henuttawy, a daughter of Ramesses XI. He married his sister Mutnedjmet.(or Psibkhanno or Hor-Pasebakhaenniut I)
Psusennes II TitkheperurePharaoh21st dynastyreigned c. 967 BC – c. 943 BCThe last king of the 21st dynasty of Egypt. He was a High Priest of Amun at Thebes and the son of Pinedjem II and Istemkheb.(or Tyetkheperre Psusennes II or Hor-Pasebakhaenniut II)
Psusennes IIIHigh Priest of Amun21st dynastyfl. c. mid-10th century BCA High Priest of Amun at Thebes towards the end of the 21st Dynasty of Egypt.
PtahhotepVizier5th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCHe was the city administrator and vizier during the reign of Djedkare Isesi. He is credited with authoring "The Instruction of Ptahhotep", which was meant to instruct young men in appropriate behaviour.
PtahmoseHigh Priest of Ptah18th dynastyfl. c. late-15th century BCHe served under pharaohs Thutmose IV and Amenhotep III. Ptahmose also held the titles of count and governor, and Sem-priest.
PtahmoseTreasurer18th dynastyfl. c. 14th century BCTreasurer under the 18th dynasty pharaoh Amenhotep III and known from a statue.
PtahmoseVizier18th dynastyfl. c. early-14th century BCHigh Priest of Amun and vizier of southern Egypt under the 18th dynasty pharaoh Amenhotep III.
PtahshepsesVizier5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCThe vizier and son-in-law of king Niuserre. His mastaba complex in Abusir is considered by many to be the most extensive and architecturally unique non-royal tomb of the Old Kingdom.
Ptolemy ApionPrincePtolemaicc. 150 BC – 96 BCThe last Greek Cyrenaean King (reigned 116 BC – 96 BC) and was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty. He was a son of Pharaoh Ptolemy VIII Physcon of Egypt. When Ptolemy VIII died, Ptolemy Apion inherited Cyrenaica and became its king.
Ptolemy EupatorPrincePtolemaicc. 165 BC – c. 152 BCThe son of Ptolemy VI Philometor and Cleopatra II and, for a short time before his death, reigned as co-ruler with his father.
Ptolemy KeraunosPrincePtolemaicc. 325 BC – 279 BCKing of Macedon (reigned 281 BC – 279 BC). He was the eldest son of Ptolemy I Soter and Eurydice. Keraunos was killed during a battle against the Gauls of Bolgius.
Ptolemy of Mauretania (or Ptolemaeus)PrincePtolemaic1 BC – 40 ADThe last king of Mauretania (reigned 23 AD-40 AD). Ptolemy was the son of King Juba II and Queen Cleopatra Selene II. With the support of Roman forces, Ptolemy was able to end Berber revolts by 24 AD. In 40 AD, Caligula invited Ptolemy to Rome where he was killed on Caligula's orders.
Ptolemy PhiladelphusPrincePtolemaic36 BC – c. 29 BCSon of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony. In 34 BC, at the Donations of Alexandria, Ptolemy was made ruler of Syria, Phoenicia and Cilicia. Octavian took Ptolemy and his siblings to Rome to be paraded in his military triumph.
Ptolemy I Soter I (Ptolemy the Savior)PharaohPtolemaicc. 367 BC–c. 283 BCA Macedonian general under Alexander the Great, who became ruler of Egypt (reigned 323 BC–283 BC). In 305 BC he took the title of pharaoh. When Alexander died in 323 BC Ptolemy was appointed satrap of Egypt and in the wars that followed was able to securely hold Egypt.
Ptolemy II PhiladelphusPharaohPtolemaic309 BC–246 BCHe reigned 283 BC – 246 BC. He was the son of Ptolemy I Soter and Berenice. Ptolemy expanded the library in Alexandria and patronized scientific research. Although an enthusiast for Hellenic culture, he also adopted Egyptian religious concepts. Ptolemy's first marriage was to Arsinoë I, daughter of Lysimachus, and later he married his sister Arsinoë II.
Ptolemy III EuergetesPharaohPtolemaicreigned 246 BC–222 BCHe married Berenice of Cyrene. Following Ptolemy's eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus’ murder by the Seleucid rulers in Syria, Ptolemy III invaded Syria. His forces occupied Antioch and even reached Babylon. In exchange for peace in 241 BC, Ptolemy was awarded territories on the northern coast of Syria. Under his rule, the Ptolemaic kingdom reached the height of its power.
Ptolemy IV PhilopatorPharaohPtolemaicreigned 221 BC–205 BCHe was a son of Ptolemy III and Berenice II. During his reign, the decline of the Ptolemaic kingdom began. Ptolemy IV responded effectively to the attacks of Antiochus III on Coele-Syria and Judea and his victory at Raphia (217 BC) secured the northern borders of the kingdom for the remainder of his reign. The native population of Upper Egypt revolted, creating a separate state for twenty years.
Ptolemy V EpiphanesPharaohPtolemaic209 BC – 181 BCA son of Ptolemy IV and Arsinoe III and a king of the Ptolemaic dynasty (reigned 204 BC–181 BC). Ptolemy IV's favourites, Agathocles and Sosibius, became Ptolemy V's regents. In 202 BC, a general, Tlepolemus, revolted and killed the two regents. During his reign lands in Caria, Thrace, Coele-Syria, including Judea, were lost. However, Upper Egypt was brought back under Ptolemaic control.
Ptolemy VI PhilometorPharaohPtolemaic186 BC–145 BCIn 170 BC, Antiochus IV invaded Egypt twice retaining Ptolemy VI as a puppet king. In 164 BC, he was driven off the throne by Ptolemy VIII, but was quickly restored by the Alexandrians after which he ruled uneasily, cruelly suppressing frequent rebellions and facing a growing Roman interference. Ptolemy VI was killed in the Battle of Antioch.
Ptolemy VII Neos PhilopatorPharaohPtolemaicfl. c. mid-2nd century BCHe was possibly the son of Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II and reigned briefly with his father in 145 BC, and for a short time after that, but was murdered by his uncle, Ptolemy VIII, who succeeded him.
Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II PhysconPharaohPtolemaicc. 182 BC–116 BCHe reigned 170 BC – 163 BC, 145 BC – 131 BC, and 127 BC – 116 BC. In 170 BC Antiochus IV invaded Egypt and captured Ptolemy VI and let him rule as a puppet monarch. But the Alexandrians chose Ptolemy VIII as king. While Ptolemy VI went to Rome to gain support, Ptolemy VIII's ruled, but was unpopular. So in 163 BC, Ptolemy VI returned to rule Egypt while Ptolemy VIII ruled Cyrenaica. When Ptolemy VI died, Ptolemy VIII took the throne. In 131 BC, the people of Alexandria rioted and Ptolemy VIII escaped to Cyprus until he regained power in 127 BC.
Ptolemy IX Soter II LathyrosPharaohPtolemaicc.142 BC – 81 BCHe reigned 116 BC – 110 BC, 109 BC – 107 BC and 88 BC – 81 BC, with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander as their mother Cleopatra III played both brothers off against each other.
Ptolemy X AlexanderPharaohPtolemaicc.140 BC – 88 BCHe reigned 110 BC – 109 BC and 107 BC – 88 BC with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy IX as their mother Cleopatra III played both brothers off against each other.
Ptolemy XI Alexander IIPharaohPtolemaicfl. c. early-1st century BCHe ruled Egypt for a few days in 80 BC. Ptolemy XI was a son of Ptolemy X Alexander and either Cleopatra Selene or Berenice III.
Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Theos Philopator Theos PhiladelphosPharaohPtolemaic117 BC–51 BCDuring his reign, Egypt lost Cyprus and Cyrenaica. Ptolemy XII attempted to secure his position through a pro-Roman policy, but the Egyptians rebelled against his high taxes. Ptolemy XII then fled to Rome and his daughter Berenice IV became queen of Egypt. Ptolemy XII was able to recover his throne in 55 BC with the support of Roman soldiers and mercenaries.
Ptolemy XIII Theos PhilopatorPharaohPtolemaicc. 62 BC–47 BCHe was a son of Ptolemy XII and succeeded his father in 51 BC as co-ruler with his wife and older sister Cleopatra VII. In 48 BC, Ptolemy XIII attempted to depose Cleopatra VII leading civil war in Egypt. Julius Caesar intervened, enabling Cleopatra VII to regain Egyptian throne and forcing Ptolemy XIII to flee the city. Ptolemy XIII drowned while attempting to cross the Nile.
Ptolemy XIVPharaohPtolemaicc. 60 BC–44 BCHe was a son of Ptolemy XII. Following the death of his older brother Ptolemy XIII, Ptolemy XIV ruled with his older sister, Cleopatra VII. Cleopatra also married her new co-ruler but continued as Julius Caesar's lover. When Caesar was murdered in Rome, Cleopatra poisoned Ptolemy XIV and replaced him with Ptolemy XV Caesarion, her son by Caesar.
Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor CaesarPharaohPtolemaicsee Caesarion
PuimreSecond prophet of Amun18th dynastyfl. c. early-14th century BCServed during the reigns of Thutmose III and Hatshepsut.
PyhiaPrincess18th dynastyfl. c. early-14th century BCAn Egyptian princess, a daughter of Thutmose IV. Her name is sometimes written as Pyihia or Petepihu.

Q

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
Qa'aPharaoh1st dynastyfl. c. 29th century BCThe last king of the 1st dynasty of Egypt.
Qakare IbiPharaoh8th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCHe reigned c. 2169 BC – c. 2167 BC, during the First Intermediate Period.
Qakare IniPharaoh11th-12th dynastyfl. early-20th century BCEAn Egyptian or Nubian pretender to the throne, he was an opponent of Amenemhat I but was defeated by him.
QalhataQueen25th dynastyfl. c. late-8th century BCQalhata was a daughter of King Piye and a queen consort to her brother Shabaka.
QarRoyal physician and priest6th dynasty23322283 BCPhysiciant and priest of the mortuary cults of Khafre and Menkaure under Pepi I
QarehPharaoh14th or 16th dynastyEither a pharaoh of Canaanite descent reigning over the eastern Nile Delta in the early 14th Dynasty or a vassal of the Hyksos kings.
QenArtisan19th dynastyfl. c. 13th century BCQen lived in Deir el-Medina during the reign of Ramesses II. His titles included Servant in the Place of Truth, meaning that he work on the excavation and decoration of nearby royal tombs.
QennaMerchantKnown from the Papyrus of Qenna, a part of the Book of the Dead.

R

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
RaemkaPrince5th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCPossibly a son of Pharaoh Menkauhor Kaiu. Raemka was buried in Saqqara.
RaherkaChief of Scribes4th - 5th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCRaherka was an official known mainly from the pair statue with his wife: The statue of Raherka and Meresankh
RahotepPharaoh17th dynastyfl. c. early-16th century BCAlso known as Sekhenrewahkhaw Rahotep. He reigned during the Second Intermediate Period, when Egypt was ruled by a number of kings at the same time.
RahotepPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCHe was probably a son of pharaoh Sneferu and his first wife, although his father could have been Huni. Statues of Rahotep and his wife Nofret were found in his mastaba in Meidum.
Ramesses I MenpehtyrePharaoh19th dynastyfl. c. late-14th to early 13th century BCThe founding pharaoh of Egypt's 19th dynasty (reigned c. 1292 BC – c. 1290 BC) . Originally called Paramessu, Ramesses I was born into a noble military family from the Nile delta region. Horemheb, the last pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, appointed him as his Vizier, and later, as his heir.
Ramesses II the GreatPharaoh19th dynastyreigned c. 1279 BC – c. 1213 BCHe is regarded as Ancient Egypt's greatest and most powerful pharaoh. Ramesses II led successful expeditions north into Canaan, Lebanon and Syria and south into Nubia. He focused on building cities, temples and monuments and established the city of Pi-Ramesses in the Nile Delta as his new capital.
Ramesses III UsimarePharaoh20th dynastyreigned c. 1186 BC – c. 1155 BCThe last great New Kingdom king to wield any substantial authority over Egypt. He was the son of Setnakhte and Queen Tiy-Merenese. During his long reign, Egypt was beset by foreign invaders (including the “Sea Peoples” and the Libyans).
Ramesses IV HeqamaatrePharaoh20th dynastyfl. c. mid-12th century BChe reigned c. 1155 BC – c. 1149 BC. A son of Ramesses III, he initiated a substantial building program including an enlargement of the Temple of Khonsu at Karnak. Also known as Amonhirkhopshef.
Ramesses V Usermare SekhepenrePharaoh20th dynastyfl. c. mid-12th century BCThe son of Ramesses IV and Queen Duatentopet. During his reign the power of the priesthood of Amun continued to grow, controlling the state's finances and much of the temple land in the country at the expense of the pharaohs.
Ramesses VIPharaoh20th dynastyfl. c. mid-12th century BCA son of Ramesses III and Iset Ta-Hemdjert. Egypt's political and economic decline continued during his reign. At Thebes, the power of the chief priests of Amun continued to grow at the expense of the pharaohs.
Ramesses VII Usermaatre Meryamun SetepenrePharaoh20th dynastyfl. c. mid-12th century BCA son of Ramesses VI.
Ramesses VIII Usermare AkhenamunPharaoh20th dynastyfl. c. mid-12th century BCOne of the last surviving sons of Ramesses III. Also known as Ramesses Sethherkhepshef Meryamun.
Ramesses IXPharaoh20th dynastyfl. c. late-12th century BCThe son of Montuherkhopshef and grandson of Ramesses III. He reigned c. 1129 BC – c. 1111 BC.
Ramesses X KhepermarePharaoh20th dynastyfl. c. late-12th century BCA pharaoh of the 20th dynasty of Egypt (reigned c. 1111 BC – c. 1107 BC). He was possibly a son of Ramesses IX and husband of Queen Tyti, but this is unproven.
Ramesses XIPharaoh20th dynastyreigned c. 1107 BC – c. 1078 BCThe last king of the 20th dynasty of Egypt. He was probably the son of Ramesses X and Queen Tyti. Ramesses XI's reign saw the continuing disintegration of the Egyptian state. By late in his reign, he was forced to share power with the High Priest of Amun, Herihor, who controlled Thebes and Upper Egypt, and Smendes, who as governor, controlled Lower Egypt.
RamessesPrince19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCThe eldest son of Pharaoh Ramesses II and Queen Isetnofret. He was the heir to the Egyptian throne but pre-deceased his father.
Ramesses-Meryamun-NebwebenPrince19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCA son of pharaoh Ramesses II.
RamessesnakhtHigh Priest of Amun20th dynastyfl. c. mid-12th century BCAppointed as the High Priest of Amun at Thebes under pharaoh Ramesses IV. He held this office until the reign of Ramesses IX. It was during Ramessesnakht's tenure that the power and importance of the Amun priesthood grew while the pharaoh's power began to noticeably decline.
RamosePrince18th dynastyfl. c. late-16th century BCProbably the son of Pharaoh Ahmose I.
RamoseVizier18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCA noble man, Governor of Thebes and vizier under pharaohs Amenhotep III and Akhenaten.
RanebPharaoh2nd dynastyfl. c. late-29th to early-28th century BCA king during the 2nd dynasty of Egypt.
RaneferPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of pharaoh Sneferu, the first ruler of the 4th dynasty of Egypt.
RashepsesVizier5th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCRashepses served under pharaoh Djedkare Isesi.
RawerPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCGreat-grandson of Khufu, brother of Minkhaf II.
RehuerdjersenTreasurer12th dynastyfl. c. 20th century BCA treasurer who held this office under pharaoh Amenemhet I.
RekhetreQueen4th/ 5th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCAn Egyptian queen from the late 4th dynasty or early 5th dynasty. She was a daughter of Pharaoh Khafra. Rekhetre was possibly the wife of one of Khafre's successors as pharaoh.
RekhmireVizier18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCA noble and official, who served as Governor of Thebes and vizier during the reigns of Tuthmosis III and Amenhotep II. He was also High Priest of Annu or Heliopolis.
RensenebPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-18th century BCAn Egyptian king of the 13th dynasty. Alternate spelling: Ranisonb.
ReptynubQueen5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCShe was the wife of King Nyuserre Ini. Her name is also written as Repytnub and Reputnebu.
ReputnebtyPrincess5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCShe was a daughter of pharaoh Nyuserre Ini and possibly queen Reptynub.
Roma-RoiHigh Priest of Amun19th dynastyfl. c. mid to late-13th century BCHigh Priest of Amun towards the end of the reign of Ramesses II and into the reigns of Merenptah and possibly Seti II.
Rudamun Usermaatre Setepenamun MeryamunPharaoh23rd dynastyreigned c. 759 BC – c. 739 BCThe last pharaoh of the 23rd dynasty based in Upper Egypt. He was the younger son of Osorkon III, and the brother of Takelot III.

S

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
SabefOfficial1st dynastyfl. c. 29th century BCAn Ancient Egyptian official under king Qa'a in the 1st dynasty.
SabniOfficial6th dynastyfl. c. 23rd century BCAn Ancient Egyptian expedition under king Pepy II buried at Qubbet el-Hawa..
Sabu called IbebiHigh Priest of Ptah5th and 6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCA High Priest of Ptah during the reigns king Unas and king Teti.
Sabu called ThetyHigh Priest of Ptah6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCA High Priest of Ptah during the reign of king Teti. He was the successor of Sabu Ibebi and probably his son.
SahurePharaoh5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCSon of queen Neferhetepes and his father was probably Userkaf. Sahure established a navy and sent the fleet to Punt. He traded with states and cities in the eastern Mediterranean.
Sakir-HarPharaoh15th dynastyfl. c. late-17th century BCA king of the Hyksos 15th dynasty of Egypt.
SalitisPharaoh15th dynastyfl. c. late-17th century BCAccording to Manetho, the first pharaoh of the Hyksos 15th dynasty of Egypt. The Hyksos founded the city of Avaris which became their capital.
SanakhtPharaoh3rd dynastyfl. c. 27th century BCHe reigned c. 2686 BC – c. 2668 BC, and was probably the first pharaoh of the 3rd dynasty of Egypt. Referred to as Sanakhte or Nebka.
Sankhenre SewadjtuPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-17th century BCA king of Egypt's 13th dynasty at a time when the kings’ control over all of Egypt was receding.
SatiahQueen18th dynastyfl. c. early-15th century BCAn Egyptian queen, the Great Royal Wife of Thutmose III. Also referred to as Sitiah or Sitioh.
SebkayPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. early-18th century BCEA pharaoh of the early 13th dynasty, known from a magic wand.
Scotaprincessin Irish mythology, Scottish mythology, and pseudohistory,fl. c. 10th century BCAn Egyptian princess,. Also referred to as Scotia .
Sedjefakare AmenemhatPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-18th century BCAn Egyptian king of the 13th dynasty.
SegerseniPharaoh11th-12th dynastyfl. early-20th century BCEEgyptian or Nubian pretender to the throne, he was an opponent of Amenemhat I but was defeated by him.
SehebrePharaoh14th dynastyc. 1700 BCPharaoh of the 14th dynasty, probably of Canaanite descent and reigning over the eastern Nile Delta during the second intermediate period.
Seheqenre SankhptahiPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-17th century BCAmong the last pharaohs of the 13th dynasty, shortly before its collapse under the Hyksos.
SeheteprePharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-18th century BCAn Egyptian king of the 13th dynasty.
Sekhemib-PerenmaatPharaoh2nd dynastyfl. c. 28th century BCA king during the Egyptian 2nd dynasty, who may have been the same individual as Peribsen, or, more likely, was a separate king who ruled Lower Egypt at the same time that Peribsen ruled Upper Egypt.
SekhemkareVizier5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCA vizier during the reigns of kings Userkaf and Sahure. He was a son of king Khafre and queen Hekenuhedjet.
SekhemkarePharaoh13th dynastysee Amenemhat V Sekhemkare
SekhemkhetPharaoh3rd dynastyfl. c. 27th century BCA pharaoh in Egypt during the 3rd dynasty.
Sekhemre Khutawy Sobekhotep IPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. early-18th century BCSekhemre Khutawy Sobekhotep I was an Egyptian king of the 13th Dynasty
SekheperenrePharaoh14th dynastyfl. c. early-15th century BCPharaoh of the 14th dynasty, probably of Canaanite descent, reigning over the eastern Delta during the mid second intermediate period.
SekhmakhQueenfl. c. mid-4th century BCThe wife of the Nubian king Nastasen.
SematQueen1st dynastyfl. c. 30th century BCPossibly a wife of the 1st dynasty king Den.
SematawytefnakhtOfficial30th to Argead dynastyfl. c. 330s BCWitnessed the conquest of Egypt by the hands of Alexander the Great.
SemenkarePharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-18th century BCAn Egyptian king of the 13th Dynasty.
SemenrePharaoh16th dynastyfl. c. early 16th century BCA 16th dynasty Theban king during the Second Intermediate Period of Egypt who succeeded Nebiriau II.
SemerkhetPharaoh1st dynastyfl. c. 30th century BCA king during Egypt's 1st dynasty.
SemqenPharaoh15th or 16th dynastyfl. c. mid 17th century BCEarly Hyksos ruler.
Senakhtenre AhmosePharaoh17th dynastyfl. c. mid-16th century BCPharaoh of the late 17th dynasty, his existence and complete name were confirmed by recent archeological discoveries.
SenebOverseer of Dwarfs4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCSeneb was a dwarf who served as a high-ranking court official in the Old Kingdom.
SenebhenafVizier13th dynastyfl. c. late-17th century BCA vizier during the 13th dynasty of the Second Intermediate Period.
SenebiTreasurer13th dynastyfl. c. mid-18th to early-17th century BCA treasurer under the 13th dynasty Egyptian kings Neferhotep I and Sobekhotep IV.
SenebkayPharaoh16th or Abydos dynastyfl. c. mid-16th century BCObscur pharaoh whose tomb discovered in 2014 in Abydos might vindicate the existence of the Abydos Dynasty during the mid second intermediate period.
SenedjPharaoh2nd dynastyfl. c. 28th century BCA king during the 2nd dynasty of Egypt who resided at Memphis.
Senedjemib IntiVizier5th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCA vizier, who served king Djedkare Isesi.
Senedjemib MehiVizier6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCA vizier who started out his career under king Djedkare Isesi and eventually became vizier under king Unas.
SenenmutArchitect, Steward18th dynastyfl. c. early-15th century BCAn architect and government official. Senenmut entered royal service during the reign of Thutmose I or Thutmose II. After Hatshepsut became pharaoh, Senenmut became high steward.
Senewosret-AnkhVizier12th – 13th dynastyfl. c. 18th century BCHe is known from a number of sources making it possible to reconstruct his career.
SenkamaniskenKing of Kushfl. c. mid-7th century BCA Nubian king based at Napata (reigned c. 640 BC – c. 620 BC). He was married to Queen Nasalsa who bore him two sons: Anlamani and Aspelta.
SennedjemArtisan19th dynastyfl. c. early-13th century BCAn Egyptian artisan who lived in Deir el-Medina near Thebes during the reigns of the 19th dynasty pharaohs Seti I and Ramesses II. He worked on the excavation and decoration of the nearby royal tombs.
SenneferMayor of Thebes18th dynastyfl. c. late-15th century BCMayor of Thebes and "Overseer of the Granaries and Fields, Gardens and Cattle of Amun" during the reign of Amenhotep II. He was a son of Ahmose Humay, brother to Amenhotep II's vizier Amenemopet.
SenneferOverseer of the Seal18th dynastyfl. c. early to mid-15th century BCA long serving Egyptian official under pharaohs Thutmose II, Hatshepsut, and Thutmose III. His titles included "Overseer of the Seal" and "Overseer of the Gold-land of Amun".
SenneferiOverseer of the Seal18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCOverseer of the Seal and "Overseer of the Gold-Land of Amun", during the reign of Thutmose III of the Egyptian 18th dynasty.
SensenebQueen-Mother18th dynastyfl. c. late 16th century BCThe mother of pharaoh Thutmose I.
SenusretVizier12th dynastyfl. c. late-20th century BCAn Egyptian official who was a vizier during the last years of king Senusret I's rule and in the first years of king Amenemhet II.
Senusret IPharaoh12th dynastyreigned c. 1971 BC – c. 1926 BCSon of Amenemhat I and Neferitatjenen. He continued his father's aggressive expansionist policies against Nubia. Senusret I established diplomatic relations with rulers in Syria and Canaan. He also tried to centralize the country's political structure by supporting nomarchs who were loyal to him. Also referred to as Sesostris I and Senwosret I.
Senusret IIPharaoh12th dynastyreigned c. 1897 BC – c. 1878 BCSon of Amenemhat II. His pyramid was constructed at El-Lahun. Senusret II was interested in the Faiyum oasis region and began work on an extensive irrigation system. Senusret II maintained good relations with the various nomarchs of Egypt. Also referred to as Sesostris II and Senwosret II.
Senusret IIIPharaoh12th dynastyreigned c. 1878 BC – c. 1860 BCSon of Senusret II and Khnemetneferhedjet I. He built the Sesostris Canal and expanded Egyptian control deep into Nubia. His military campaigns gave rise to an era of peace and economic prosperity and he reduced the power of the nomarchs. Also referred to as Sesostris III and Senwosret III.
Senusret IVPharaoh13th, 16th or 17th dynastyfl. c. late-17th to early-16th century BCPharaoh of some parts of Upper Egypt during the second intermediate period when the Hyksos controlled Lower Egypt.
Seqenenre TaoPharaoh17th dynastyfl. c. 16th century BCHe probably was the son and successor to Senaktenre Ahmose and Queen Tetisheri.
SerethorQueen1st dynastyfl. c. 30th century BCSerethor was likely a wife of king Den.
SerfkaPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu, and Itet.
SeshemetkaQueen1st dynastyfl. c. 30th century BCPossibly a wife of king Den and the mother of Anedjib.
SesheshetQueen-Mother6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCThe mother of pharaoh Teti. She was instrumental in enabling her son to gain the throne and reconciling two warring factions of the royal family. Also known as Shesh.
SetauViceroy of Kush19th dynastyfl. c. 13th century BCSetau was the Viceroy of Kush in the second half of Ramesses II's reign.
SetepenrePrincess18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCA daughter of Pharaoh Akhenaten and queen Nefertiti.
Seth MeribrePharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-18th century BCPoorly known king of the 13th dynasty reigning in the early second intermediate period.
Seth-PeribsenPharaoh2nd dynastyfl. c. 28th century BCA king during the 2nd dynasty of Egypt.
SetiCommander18th dynastyfl. c. late-14th century BCAn Egyptian soldier during the late 18th dynasty, the commander of the army and later vizier. He was the father of Pharaoh Ramesses I. Also known as Suti.
SetiViceroy of Kush19th dynastyfl. c. 13th century BCThe Viceroy of Kush Seti is attested in year 1 of Siptah. Seti is also mentioned on some monuments of his son Amenemhab. Amenemhab was the son of Seti and the Lady Amenemtaiauw. Seti held the titles fan-bearer on the king's right, king's scribe of the letters of the Pharaoh.
Seti I MenmaatrePharaoh19th dynastyreigned c. 1290 BC – c. 1279 BCThe son of Ramesses I and Queen Sitre, and the father of Ramesses II. He reconquered most of the territories in Canaan and Syria disputed with the Hittites. Seti I also fought a series of wars in Libya and Nubia. Also referred to as Sethos I.
Seti II Userkheperure SetepenrePharaoh19th dynastyreigned c. 1203 BC – c. 1197 BCHe was the son of Merneptah and queen Isetnofret II. Seti II had to deal with the accession of a rival named Amenmesse who seized control over Thebes and Nubia in Upper Egypt. Also referred to as Sethos II.
Seti-MerenptahPharaoh19th dynastyfl. c. early-12th century BCAn Egyptian prince of the late 19th dynasty, a son of Pharaoh Seti II and Isetnofret II.
Setnakhte Userkhaure-SetepenrePharaoh20th dynastyfl. c. early-12th century BCThe first pharaoh of the 20th dynasty of Egypt (reigned c. 1190 BC – c. 1186 BC) and the father of Ramesses III. He was either an usurper who seized the throne or a member of a minor line of the royal family who emerged as pharaoh.
SetutPharaoh9th dynastyfl. c. 22nd century BCEA pharaoh of the Herakleopolite 9th dynasty, also called Senen ... .
Seuserenre BebiankhPharaoh16th dynastysee Bebiankh
SewadjkarePharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-17th century BCA pharaoh of the 13th dynasty of Egypt.
Sewadjkare HoriPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-17th century BCA pharaoh of the 13th dynasty of Egypt.
Sewadjkare IIIPharaoh14th dynastyc. 1699 BCPharaoh of the 14th dynasty, probably of Canaanite descent and reigning over the eastern Nile Delta during the second intermediate period.
Shabaka NeferkarePharaoh25th dynastyreigned c. 721 BC – c. 707 BCShabaka is thought to be the son of King Kashta and Pebatjma, although a text from the time of Taharqa could be interpreted to mean that Shabaka was a brother of Taharqa and hence a son of Piye. He consolidated the Nubia's control over Egypt from Nubia to the Delta region. Shabaka maintained Egypt's independence from the Assyrian empire under Sargon II.
SharekPharaoh-reigned during the Second Intermediate PeriodHe was possibly the same person of the Manethonian Salitis, founder of the 15th Dynasty.
ShebitkuPharaoh25th dynastyreigned c. 707 BC – c. 690 BCHe was the nephew and successor of Shabaka and a son of Piye, the founder of the dynasty. Shebitku actively resisted Assyrian expansion under Sennacherib into Canaan.
Shedsu-nefertumHigh Priest of Ptah21st – 22nd dynastyfl. c. late-10th century BCShedsunefertem was the son of the High Priest Ankhefensekhmet and the lady Tapeshenese, who was First Chief of the Harem of Ptah and Prophetess of Mut.
ShemayVizier of Upper Egypt8th dynastyfl. c. early-22nd century BCShemay was nomarch of Coptos and vizier of Upper Egypt in the early First Intermediate Period. The beneficiary of most of the Coptos Decrees, his career is symptomatic of the decline of kingship at the end of the Old Kingdom.
ShenehPharaoh14th or 16th dynastyfl. c. 17th century BCSemitic ruler of Lower Egypt belonging to the 14th dynasty or vassal of the Hyksos and belonging to the 16th dynasty during the second intermediate period.
ShenshekPharaoh14th or 16th dynastyfl. c. 17th century BCSemitic ruler of Lower Egypt belonging to the 14th dynasty or vassal of the Hyksos and belonging to the 16th dynasty during the second intermediate period.
Shepenupet IDivine Adoratrice of Amun25th dynastyfl. c. mid-8th century BCShe was the first Divine Adoratrice of Amun to wield political power in Thebes. She was a daughter of Osorkon III and Queen Karoadjet. Also called Shepenwpet I.
Shepenupet IIDivine Adoratrice of Amun25th dynastyfl. c. early-7th century BCShe was the daughter of the first Kushite pharaoh Piye and sister of Piye's successors Taharqa and Shabaka. Also called Shepenwpet II.
ShepseskaPrince5th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu, and Itet.
ShepseskafPharaoh4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCPossibly a son of the Egyptian king Menkaure who succeeded his father on the throne (reigned c. 2503 BC – c. 2498 BC). He was probably the last king of the 4th dynasty.
Shepseskare IsiPharaoh5th dynastyfl. c. 25th century BCHe reigned c. 2467 BC – c. 2460 BC. Sometime referred to as Shepseskare, Sisiris.
ShepsesnebPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu and Itet.
Shepset-ipetPrincess2nd dynastyfl. c. late 27th century BCDaughter of a king of the late 2nd Dynasty, possibly Khasekhemwy or Peribsen.
SheryOfficial4th dynastyfl. c. 28th century BCAn Egyptian official who probably lived during the 4th Dynasty. He was Great of the Ten of Upper Egypt and Chief of the wab-priest of Peribsen in the necropolis of Senedj.
Sheshi MaaibrePharaoh14th dynastyfl. c. early-17th century BCA 14th dynasty pharaoh of Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period.
Shoshenq I Hedjkheperre SetepenrePharaoh22nd dynastyreigned c. 943 BC – c. 922 BCHe was a Meshwesh (Libyan) Berber king of Egypt and the founder of the 22nd Dynasty. He was the son of Nimlot, Great Chief of the Ma, and his wife Tentshepeh. Sheshonk I pursued an aggressive foreign policy against Syria, Philistine, Phoenicia, Judah and Israel. Also known as Shoshenq I, Sheshonk, Sheshonq I.
Sheshonk II HeqakheperrePharaoh22nd dynastyreigned c. 887 BC – c. 885 BCA king of the 22nd dynasty of Egypt.
Shoshenq III Usermaatre SetepenrePharaoh22nd dynastyreigned c. 837 BC – c. 798 BCHis reign was marked by the loss of Egypt's political unity, with the appearance of Pedubast I at Thebes. Henceforth, the 22nd Dynasty kings only controlled Lower Egypt.
Shoshenq IV Hedjkheperre SetepenrePharaoh22nd dynastyreigned c. 798 BC – c. 785 BCA king during Egypt's 22nd dynasty. Also referred to as Shoshenq IV.
Shoshenq VPharaoh22nd dynastyreigned c. 778 BC – c. 740 BCThe final king of the 22nd dynasty of Egypt of Meshwesh Libyans which controlled Lower Egypt. With his death, the kingdom in the Egyptian Delta disintegrated into various city states.
Shoshenq VIPharaoh23rd dynastyfl. c. late-9th century BCA 23rd Dynasty king based at Thebes (reigned c. 804 BC – c. 798 BC). He was defeated and ousted from power by Prince Osorkon (later Osorkon III).
ShoshenqLibyan chief21st dynastyfl. c. 11th-10th century BCEA Great chief of the Ma during the 21st dynasty, father of pharaoh Osorkon the Elder and grandfather of pharaoh Shoshenq I.
ShoshenqHigh Priest of Amun22nd dynastyfl. c. late-10th century BCThe eldest son of pharaoh Osorkon I and queen Maatkare, the daughter of Psusennes II, and served as the High Priest of Amun at Thebes during his father's reign.
ShoshenqHigh Priest of Ptah22nd dynastyfl. c. mid-9th century BCShoshenq was the eldest son of Osorkon II and Queen Karomama.
Siamun Netjerkheperre-SetepenamunPharaoh21st dynastyreigned c. 986 BC – c. 967 BCSiamun doubled the size of the Temple of Amun at Tanis and initiated works at the Temple of Horus at Mesen. He embarked upon an active foreign policy.
SiamunPrince18th dynastyfl. c. late-16th century BCHe was the son of Pharaoh Ahmose I and Queen Ahmose Nefertari.
SiamunPrince18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCA son of Pharaoh Thutmose III.
SiaspiqaKing of Meroefl. c. early-5th century BCA Kushite King of Meroe (reigned c. 487 BC – c. 468 BC).
SiatumPrince18th dynastyfl. c. early-14th century BCHe was probably one of the sons of Pharaoh Thutmose IV and thus the brother or half-brother of Amenhotep III.
SieseVizier12th dynastyfl. c. 20th century BCAn Egyptian vizier and treasurer during the 12th dynasty. He was probably vizier under pharaoh Amenemhat II. Also called Zaaset.
SihathorPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. 18th century BCEphemeral coregent of his brother Neferhotep I.
Simut called KykySecond Prophet of Amun18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCAn Egyptian priest who held the position of Second Prophet of Amun towards the end of the reign of the 18th dynasty Pharaoh Amenhotep III. Simut was also treasurer (“Overseer of the House of Silver”) and “sealer of every contract in Karnak”.
Siptah Akhenre SetepenrePharaoh19th dynastyfl. c. late-13th to early-12th century BCHis father's identity is unknown with both Seti II and Amenmesse being suggested. Siptah succeeded to the throne as a child after the death of Seti II. Also known as Merneptah Siptah.
SitamunQueen18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCShe was the eldest daughter of Pharaoh Amenhotep III and his wife Tiye and later married her father.
SitdjehutiQueen17th dynastyfl. c. mid-16th century BCShe was a daughter of Pharaoh Senakhtenre Ahmose and the sister to Pharaoh Seqenenre Tao and the queens Ahhotep and Ahmose Inhapy. She was married to her (half-)brother Tao.
SithathoriunetPrincess12th dynastyfl. c. mid-19th century BCShe was possibly a daughter of Senusret II.
SitreQueen19th dynastyfl. ca 13th century BCWife of Pharaoh Ramesses I of Egypt and mother of Seti I. Also called Tia-Sitre.
Sitre InNurse18th dynastyfl. c. late-16th century BCThe nurse of the female pharaoh Hatshepsut.
Smendes Hedjkheperre SetepenrePharaoh21st dynastyfl. c. early to mid-11th century BCThe first pharaoh of the 21st dynasty of Egypt (reigned c. 1077 BC – c. 1052 BC). He is thought to have been a powerful governor in Lower Egypt during the reign of Ramesses XI.
Smendes IIHigh Priest of Amun21st dynastyfl. c. early-10th century BCHe was a son of High Priest Menkheperre and Princess Isetemkheb, the daughter of Psusennes I. Also known as Nesbanebdjed II.
Smendes IIIHigh Priest of Amun22nd dynastyfl. c. early-9th century BCEA son of pharaoh Osorkon I, he officiated under the reign of the brother Takelot I. Also known as Nesbanebdjed III.
SmenkhkarePharaoh18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCHe was probably a younger son of Amenhotep III and queen Tiye, and therefore a younger brother of Akhenaten.
SnaaibPharaoh13th or Abydos Dynastyfl. c. mid 17th century BCPoorly known pharaoh of the late 13th or Abydos dynasty during the second intermediate period, close to the time of the Hyksos invasion.
SneferuPharaoh4th dynastyreigned c. 2613 BC – c. 2589 BCHe built at least three pyramids at Dahshur (including the Bent Pyramid and the Red Pyramid) and Meidum (Meidum pyramid). He introduced major innovations in the design and construction of pyramids. Also known as Snefru, Snofru or Soris.
SneferukhafPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCHe was a son of Prince Nefermaat II and a grandson of Princess Nefertkau.
SobekemhatVizier12th dynastyfl. c. mid-19th century BCAn Egyptian vizier under king Senusret III during the 12th dynasty.
Sobekemsaf IPharaoh17th dynastyfl. c. early-16th century BCSekhemre Shedtawy Sobekemsaf reigned during the Second Intermediate Period. Sobekemsaf I is thought to have been the father of both Intef VI and Intef VII.
Sobekemsaf II SekhemrewadjkhawPharaoh17th dynastyfl. c. mid-16th century BCHe may have reigned after Djehuti and Intef VI. Sobekemsaf's chief wife was Queen Nubemhet.
Sobekhotep I SekhemrekhutawyPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-18th century BCFirst pharaoh of the 13th dynasty, possibly a son of Amenemhat IV, otherwise, may have reigned later in the dynasty.
Sobekhotep IIPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. late-18th century BCAn Egyptian king of the 13th Dynasty. He appears in the Turin King List as Sobekhotep and is otherwise mainly known from reliefs coming from a chapel set up in Abydos, from a pedestal of a statue and from a fragment of a column.
Sobekhotep III SekhemresewdjtawyPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. late-18th century BCHis father was Mentuhotep. His mother was Jewetibaw. The king had two wives, Senebhenas and Neni.
Sobekhotep IV KhaneferrePharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. early-17th century BCHe was the son of Haankhef and Kemi. His brother, Neferhotep I, was his predecessor on the throne.
Sobekhotep VPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. early-17th century BCSobekhotep Merhotepre was an Egyptian king.
Sobekhotep VIPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. early-17th century BCSobekhotep Khahotepre was an Egyptian king.
Merkawre Sobekhotep VIIPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-17th century BCAmong the last pharaohs of the 13th dynasty, shortly before the Hyksos conquest of Lower Egypt.
Sobekhotep VIII Sekhemre SusertawiPharaoh16th dynastyfl. c. late-17th century BCHe is believed to be the successor of Djehuti. He reigned over Upper Egypt during the time of the Hyksos conquest of Memphis and Lower Egypt.
Sobeknakht IIGovernor16th dynastyfl. c. early-16th century BCA local governor at El-Kab and a supporter of the Theban 16th dynasty during the Second Intermediate Period.
SobekneferuPharaoh/ Queen12th dynastyreigned c. 1807 BC – c. 1803 BCShe was a daughter of Pharaoh Amenemhat III. Also known as Neferusobek.
SonbefPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. early-18th century BCSecond pharaoh of the 13th dynasty, possibly a son of Amenemhat IV. Also known as Amenemhat Sonbef.
SosibiusChief MinisterPtolemaicfl. c. late 3rd century BCThe chief minister of Ptolemy IV Philopator. He was able to exercise great power through his influence over the king throughout Ptolemy IV's reign. Based on Sosibius' advice, Ptolemy IV put to death his uncle Lysimachus, his brother Magas, and his mother Berenice.
Sosibius of TarentumCaptain of the GuardPtolemaicfl. c. mid-3rd century BCOne of the captains of the body-guards of Ptolemy II Philadelphus, king of Egypt. He may have been the father of the Sosibius, chief minister to Ptolemy IV Philopator.

T

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
TabekenamunQueen25th dynastyfl. c. late-8th century BCTabekenamun was a daughter of King Piye and may have been a queen consort to her brother Taharqa or to Shabaka.
TabiryQueen25th dynastyfl. c. mid-8th century BCTabiry was the daughter of Alara of Nubia and his wife Kasaqa and the wife of King Piye.
Tadibast IIIQueen22nd dynastyfl. c. mid-8th century BCTadibast III was the mother of Osorkon IV and likely the wife of Shoshenq V.
TadukhipaQueen18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCA daughter of Tushratta, king of Mitanni and his queen, Juni. Tushratta married his daughter to his ally pharaoh Amenhotep III to cement their two states' alliances. Amenhotep III died shortly after Tadukhipa arrived in Egypt so she eventually married his son and heir Akhenaten. Her name is sometime written as Tadu-Hepa.
TaharqaPharaoh25th dynastyreigned c. 690 BC – c. 664 BCHe was the son of Piye, the Nubian king of Napata who had first conquered Egypt. During his reign, Assyria forces under General Esarhaddon invaded Egypt and managed to conquer Lower Egypt putting Neto I on the throne in Sias.
TakahatenamunQueen25th dynasty8th century BCShe was the daughter of King Piye and the sister-wife of King Taharqa.
Takelot I Hedjkheperre SetepenrePharaoh22nd dynastyreigned c. 885 BC – c. 872 BCHe was a son of Osorkon I and Queen Tashedkhonsu. He married Kapes who bore him a son, Osorkon II. Takelot I's authority was not fully recognised in Upper Egypt where a local Theban king challenged his authority.
Takelot II Si-Ese Hedjkheperre SetepenrePharaoh23rd dynastyreigned c. 840 BC – c. 815 BCA Pharaoh and High Priest of Amun, ruling Middle and Upper Egypt separately from the Tanite 22nd dynasty kings who at that time only controlled Lower Egypt.
Takelot III Si-Ese Usimare SetepenamunPharaoh23rd dynastyreigned c. 774 BC – c. 759 BCHe was Osorkon III's eldest son and successor and High Priest of Amun at Thebes.
TakhatQueen19th dynastyfl. c. late 13th century BCThe mother of the usurper pharaoh Amenmesse. She was a queen consort to either Merenptah or Seti II.
TakhatQueen-Mother20th dynastyfl. c. late 13th century BCThe mother of pharaoh Ramesses IX and probably the wife of Montuherkhepeshef, a son of Ramesses III.
TakhuitQueen26th dynastyfl. c. 6th century BCTakhuit was the wife of Psamtik II and the mother of Pharaoh Apries and the God's Wife of Amun Ankhnesneferibre.
TalakhamaniKing of Kushfl. c. mid-5th century BCA Kushite King of Meroe (reigned c. 435 BC – c. 431 BC). He may have been a son of Nasakhma and a younger brother of Malewiebamani. It is also possible Talakhamani was a son of Malewiebamani.
TantamaniPharaoh25th dynastyreigned c. 664 BC – c. 656 BCAfter the Assyrians had appointed Necho I as king and left Egypt, Tantamani marched from Nubia, killed Necho I in battle and reoccupied all of Egypt. The Assyrians returned to Egypt defeated Tantamani's army and effectively ended Nubian control over Egypt. Also known as Tandaname, Tanwetamani or Tementhes.
Seqenenre TaoPharaoh17th dynastyfl. c. mid-16th century BCRuled over the local kingdoms of the Theban region of Egypt in the 17th dynasty (reigned c. 1558 BC – c. 1554 BC) . He probably was the son and successor to Senaktenre Ahmose and Queen Tetisheri. Also known as Sekenenra Taa.
TashedkhonsuQueen22nd dynastyfl. c. late-10th century BCWife of Pharaoh Osorkon I and the mother of Pharaoh Takelot I.
TawerettenruQueen20th dynastyfl. c. mid-12th century BCThe Royal Wife of Ramesses V.
TefibiNomarch of Asyut10th dynastyfl. c. 21st century BCENomarch of Asyut, he helped an Herakleopolite pharaoh of the 10th dynasty in the reconquest of Thinis.
Tefnakht ShepsesrePharaoh24th dynastyreigned c. 732 BC – c. 725 BCA Libyan-descended prince of Sais, Great Chief of the Meshwesh and Great Chief of the Libu, and founder of the 24th dynasty of Egypt. Tefnakht established his capital at Sais and was able to unify many of the cities of the Delta region. Also known as Tnephachthos.
Tefnakht IILocal King25th dynastyfl. c. early-7th century BCA native king who ruled Sais during the 25th Nubian Dynasty of Egypt.
TentamunPrincess18th dynastyfl. c. late-15th century BCA daughter of Thutmose IV.
TentamunQueen20th dynastyfl. c. late-12th century BCProbably the wife of Ramesses XI, last ruler of the 20th dynasty.
TentamunQueen21st dynastyfl. c. mid-11th century BCThe wife of the 21st dynasty pharaoh Smendes. She was probably the daughter of Ramesses XI, last ruler of the 20th dynasty.
TentkhetaQueen26th dynastyfl. c. mid-6th century BCWife of Amasis II. She was a daughter of a priest of Ptah named Padineith. She was the mother of Pharaoh Psamtik III. Also known as Tanetkheta
TeosPharaoh30th dynastyfl. c. mid-4th century BCA 30th dynasty pharaoh of Egypt (reigned 362 BC – 360 BC) who was overthrown by Nectanebo II with the aid of Agesilaus II of Sparta and was forced to flee to Persia. The Persian king Artaxerxes II gave him refuge and Teos lived in Persian exile until his death.
TetaPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu, and Itet.
TetiPharaoh6th dynastyreigned c. 2345 BC – c. 2333 BCThe first pharaoh of the 6th dynasty of Egypt. Teti was either murdered by his palace bodyguards in a harem plot or assassinated by the usurper Userkare. Also known by the name Othoes.
Teti, Son of MinhotepTemple Official17th dynasty16th century BC?An Egyptian official in Coptos during the reign of the Seventeenth Dynasty Pharaoh, Nubkheperre Intef. Known from the Coptos Decree, which deprives him of his office and its stipend for some act of sacrilege.
TetisheriQueen17th dynastyfl. c. mid-16th century BCWife of pharaoh Senakhtenre Ahmose and the mother of Seqenenre Tao, Queen Ahhotep I and possibly Kamose.
TeyQueen18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCThe wife of Kheperkheprure Ay who was a pharaoh of Egypt's 18th dynasty.
ThamphthisPharaoh4th dynastyfl. c. mid-25th century BCThe Greek name of an Egyptian king of the 4th dynasty. His original Egyptian name is lost, but it may have been Djedefptah or Ptahdjedef.
Thutmose IPharaoh18th dynastyreigned c. 1506 BC – c. 1493 BCDuring his reign, he campaigned deep into the Levant and Nubia, pushing the borders of Egypt further than ever before. He built many temples throughout Egypt and was the first pharaoh to build a tomb for himself in the Valley of the Kings. His name is sometimes written as Thothmes, Thutmosis or Tuthmosis I.
Thutmose IIPharaoh18th dynastyreigned c. 1493 BC – c. 1479 BCSon of Thutmose I and Queen Mutnofret. He built some minor monuments and initiated some minor campaigns. Thutmose II was probably strongly influenced by his wife and royal half-sister Hatshepsut.
Thutmose IIIPharaoh18th dynastyreigned c. 1479 BC – c. 1425 BCDuring the early years of his reign, he was co-regent with his stepmother, Hatshepsut, who was named the pharaoh. After her death, he created the largest empire Egypt had ever seen. He conducted at least seventeen campaigns and he conquered lands from northern Syria to the fourth cataract of the Nile.
Thutmose IVPharaoh18th dynastyreigned c. 1401 BC – c. 1391 BCSon of Amenhotep II and Tiaa. Known for the restoration of the Sphinx at Giza.
ThutmosePrince18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCThe eldest son of pharaoh Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye. His apparent early death led to Akhenaten becoming the successor to Amenhotep III. Also known as Djhutmose.
ThutmoseSculptor18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCThe official court sculptor of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten in the latter part of his reign. Also known as Djhutmose or Thutmosis
ThutmoseVizier18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCEVizier during the reign of Amenhotep III, was the father of Ptahmose.
ThutmoseVizier19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCVizier during the latter part of the reign of Ramesses II.
TiaPrincess19th dynastyfl. c. mid-13th century BCThe daughter of Pharaoh Seti I and Queen Tuya and the elder sister of Ramesses II. Married to a noble man also called Tia. Buried with her husband in Saqqara.
TiaaQueen18th dynastyfl. c. late-15th century BCShe was the wife of Pharaoh Amenhotep II and the mother of Thutmose IV.
TiaaPrincess18th dynastyfl. c. early-14th century BCShe was a daughter of Pharaoh Thutmose IV.
TiaaQueen19th dynastyfl. c. late-13th century BCPossibly a wife of Pharaoh Seti II.
TiyeQueen18th dynastyfl. c. early to mid-14th century BCThe daughter of Yuya and Tjuyu. She was the Great Royal Wife of pharaoh Amenhotep III and matriarch of the Amarna family from which many members of the royal family of Ancient Egypt were to come.
TiyeQueen20th dynastyfl. c. early-12th century BCA wife of Ramesses III. She instigated a failed "harem conspiracy" to kill the king and place Tiye's son Pentawer on the throne, instead of the appointed heir, who was the son of queen Iset Ta-Hemdjert.
Tiy-MereneseQueen20th dynastyfl. c. early-12th century BCThe wife of Setnakhte and mother of Ramesses III. Her name is sometimes written as Teye-Merenaset or Tiye-Mereniset.
TjahapimuPrince and regent30th dynastyfl. 4th century BCEA prince, regent of Egypt during the reign of his brother Teos, and father of the future pharaoh Nectanebo II.
TjaneferFourth Prophet of Amun21st dynastyfl. c. late-11th century BCA 21st dynasty Egyptian priest. His father was Nesipaherenmut, the Fourth Prophet of Amun, his mother was Isetemheb. He married Gautseshen, the daughter of High Priest Menkheperre and Princess Isetemkheb.
TjuyuNoble woman18th dynastyfl. c. early-14th century BCAn Egyptian noblewoman and the mother of queen Tiye, wife of pharaoh Amenhotep III. Also known as Thuya, Thuyu and Tuya.
TlepolemusRegent, Military GovernorPtolemaicfl. c. late-3rd century BCRegent of Egypt during the reign of the boy king Ptolemy V. Tlepolemus was military governor of Pelusium when the regent Agathocles and his family were overthrown and killed in a popular uprising. Tlepolemus briefly took Agathocles' place as regent until he was replaced by Aristomenes of Alyzia.
TryphaenaQueenPtolemaicc. 141 BC – 111 BCA Ptolemaic princess and Seleucid queen. She was the oldest daughter of the Egyptian king Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III. She married the Seleucid king Antiochus VIII Grypus and was queen of Syria (124 BC – 111 BC).
TutankhamunPharaoh18th dynastyc. 1341 – c. 1323 BCTutankhamen reigned c. 1333 BC – c. 1323 BC. He married his half sister, Ankhesenpaaten, who later changed her name to Ankhesenamun. He ended the worship of the god, Aten and restored the god Amun to supremacy. The capital of Egypt was moved back to Thebes.
Tutkheperre ShoshenqPharaoh22nd dynastyfl. c. early-9th century BCA 22nd dynasty Libyan king of Egypt.
TutuOfficial18th dynastyfl. c. 14th century BCTutu, the Egyptian official, was one of pharaoh's officials during the Amarna letters period.
TuyaQueen19th dynastyfl. c. early-13th century BCThe wife of Pharaoh Seti I and mother of Ramesses II. Also known as Tuy and Mut-Tuya.
TwosretPharaoh, Queen19th dynastyfl. c. early 12th century BCThe last pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty of Egypt. She was a royal wife of Seti II. She was regent to Seti's heir Siptah. When Siptah died, Twosret officially assumed the throne. Twosret's reign ended in a civil war leading to her successor Setnakhte founding the 20th dynasty. Also known as Tawosret and Tausret.
TytiQueen20th dynastyfl. c. late-12th century BCAn Egyptian queen of the 20th dynasty. She may have been married to Ramesses X.

U

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
UdjahorresnetOfficial26th-27th dynastyfl. c. late-6th century BCEA high official who made a remarkable career under Cambyses II and Darius I during the first Persian domination (27th dynasty).
UdjebtenQueen6th dynastyfl. c. 23rd or 24th century BCA wife of Pharaoh Pepi II. Her name is also written as Wadjebten.
UnasPharaoh5th dynastyreigned c. 2375 BC – c. 2345 BCThe last 5th dynasty pharaoh of Egypt. Unas may have had two queen consorts, Khenut and Nebit. His name is also written as Oenas, Unis, Wenis, or Ounas.
UseramenVizier18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCA vizier of Egypt under Hatshepsut and Tuthmosis III. Also known as User and Amenuser.
UserhetOverseer of the Fields of Amun18th dynastyfl. c. mid-15th century BCUserhet was buried in the Valley of the Kings, in tomb KV45. He probably lived during the rule of Thutmose IV.
UserkafPharaoh5th dynastyreigned c. 2498 BC – c. 2491 BCThe first 5th dynasty king of Egypt. He started the tradition of building sun temples at Abusir. He constructed the Pyramid of Userkaf complex at Saqqara.
UserkarePharaoh6th dynastyfl. c. 24th century BCHe is considered to be either a usurper to the throne after Teti or he could have been a son of Teti and Queen Khuit.
UsermontuVizier18th dynastyfl. c. mid-14th century BCHe served during the reign of Pharaoh Tutankhamun.

W

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
WadjmosePrince18th dynastyfl. c. late-16th century BCA son of Pharaoh Thutmose I.
WadjitefniPrince2nd Dynastyfl. c. early 28th century BCA son of a king of the early 2nd Dynasty.
Wahibre IbiauPharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. mid-17th century BCAn Egyptian king of the 13th Dynasty.
Wahkare KhetyPharaoh10th dynastyfl. c. 21st century BCEA pharaoh likely of the 10th dynasty of Egypt controlling territories based around Herakleopolis.
WebensenuPrince18th dynastyfl. c. late-15th century BCHe was a son of Pharaoh Amenhotep II.
Wegaf KhutawyrePharaoh13th dynastyfl. c. late-19th century BCAn Egyptian king of the 13th Dynasty, also known as Ugaf.
WehemkaPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCA son of Nefermaat, the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu and Itet.
WendjebauendjedOfficial21st dynastyfl. c. 13th century BCEA general, high official and priest under pharaoh Psusennes I, known for his undisturbed tomb and its relative treasure at Tanis.
WenegPharaoh2nd dynastyfl. c. 28th century BCWeneg was the royal Nebti name of a pharaoh during the 2nd dynasty of Egypt. He is assumed to have been a king who ruled Egypt between Nynetjer and Khasekhemwy. He is also referred to as Wneg or Wadjnes or Tlas.
WenenneferHigh Priest of Osiris19th dynastyfl. c. 13th century BCEA High Priest of Osiris under pharaoh Ramesses II.
Weni the ElderCourt Official, General6th dynastyfl. c. late 24th to early 23rd centuries BCA court official of the 6th dynasty of Egypt. He began his career under Teti, and served as a general under Pepi I Meryre and as governor of Upper Egypt during the reign of Merenre Nemtyemsaf I.
WentawatViceroy of Kush20th dynastyfl. c. 12th century BCWentawat (also written as Wentawuat), was Viceroy of Kush under Ramesses IX. Wentawat was possibly a son of the Viceroy Hori II
WepwawetemsafPharaoh13th, 16th or Abydos dynastyfl. c. 17th century BCPoorly known pharaoh during the second intermediate period.
WetkaPrince4th dynastyfl. c. 26th century BCWetka was a son of Prince Khufukhaf I and Nefertkau II, and a grandson of Khufu.
WazadPharaoh14th dynastyfl. c. 1700 BCPharaoh of Canaanite descent reigning over the eastern Nile Delta during the second intermediate period.

Y

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
Ya'ammuPharaoh14th or 16th dynastyc. early-18th or 17th century BCPossibly, an early semitic pharaoh of the eastern Nile Delta during the second intermediate period. Alternatively a vassal of the Hyksos kings.
YakarebPharaoh14th dynastyfl. c. 17th century BCSemitic pharaoh of the eastern Nile Delta during the second intermediate period.
YakbimPharaoh14th or 16th dynastyc. early-18th or 17th century BCPossibly, an early semitic pharaoh of the eastern Nile Delta during the second intermediate period. Alternatively a vassal of the Hyksos kings.
YanhamuOfficial18th dynastyfl. c. 14th century BCAn Egyptian commissioner mentioned in the 1350-1335 BC Amarna letters correspondence. His name has also been read as Yenhamu, and Enhamu.
Yaqub-HarPharaoh14th or 15th dynastyfl. c. late-17th century BCEither a pharaoh of the 14th dynasty reigning over the eastern Nile Delta or a vassal of the Hyksos kings during Egypt's fragmented Second Intermediate Period.
YunySteward19th dynastyfl. c. early to mid-13th century BCAn official during the reign of pharaoh Ramesses II. He served as chief scribe of the court, the overseer of priests and royal steward. Yuni started building projects at Amara West and Aksha. His name is sometimes written as Iuny.
YuyaMaster of the Horse18th dynastyfl. c. early-14th century BCAn Egyptian courtier of the 18th dynasty of Egypt. He was the King's Lieutenant and Master of the Horse. He married Tjuyu who held high offices in governmental and religious hierarchies. Their daughter, Tiye, became queen to Amenhotep III. His name is sometimes written as Iouiya.
YuyuHigh Priest of Osiris19th dynastyfl. c. 13th-12th century BCEAn High Priest of Osiris under Ramesses II and Merenptah, and a grandson of Wenennefer.

Z

NameMain TitleDynastyDateComment
ZamonthVizier12th dynastyc. 1800 BCAlso known as Samonth. An Ancient Egyptian vizier who was in office at the end of the Twelfth Dynasty
ZannanzaHittite Prince18th dynastyc. 14th century BCPrince Zannanza (died c. 1324 BC) was a son of Suppiluliuma I, king of the Hittites. He is best known for almost becoming the Pharaoh of Egypt and because his death caused a diplomatic incident between the Hittite Empire and Egypt, that resulted in warfare.
ZoserPharaoh3rd dynastyc. 27th century BCSee Djoser

See also

Other articles including lists of ancient Egyptians:

Notes and references

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