List of Viceroys of Peru

The viceroys of Peru ruled the Viceroyalty of Peru from 1544 to 1826 in the name of the King of Spain. The territories under de jure rule by the viceroys included in the 16th and 17th century almost all of South America except eastern Brazil.

Viceroy of Peru
ResidenceThe Viceroy palace
(Now the Government Palace)
AppointerThe King of Spain
Formation1528
First holderFrancisco Pizarro
Final holderPío de Tristán
Abolished23 January 1826

The following is a list of Viceroys of Peru.

Governors of New Castile (1528–1544)

Picture Governor From Until Monarch
Francisco Pizarro152826 June 1541
Charles I
Cristóbal Vaca de Castro15411544
Gonzalo Pizarro
Usurper and claimant to the governorship of Peru.
Claims not definitively quelled until Battle of Jaquijahuana
15441548

Viceroys of Peru (1544–1826)

Picture Viceroy From Until Monarch
Blasco Núñez Vela15 May 154418 January 1546
Charles I
Pedro de la Gasca,
Dean of the Audiencia
10 April 154727 January 1550
Antonio de Mendoza,
Marquis of Mondéjar, Count of Tendilla
23 September 155121 July 1552
Melchor Bravo de Saravia,
Dean of the Audiencia
July 1552June 1556
Andrés Hurtado de Mendoza,
3rd Marquis of Cañete
29 June 155630 March 1561
Philip II
Diego López de Zúñiga,
4th Count of Nieva
17 April 156120 February 1564
Juan de Saavedra,
Dean of the Audiencia
15641564
Lope García de Castro,
Dean of the Audiencia
2 September 156426 November 1569
Francisco Álvarez de Toledo
26 November 156923 September 1581
Martín Enríquez de Almanza23 September 158113 March 1583
Cristóbal Ramírez de Cartagena,
Dean of the Audiencia
15841584
Fernando Torres de Portugal y Mesía,
1st Count of Villadompardo
31 March 158420 November 1589
García Hurtado de Mendoza,
5th Marquis of Cañete
8 January 159024 July 1596
Luis de Velasco,
Marquis of Salinas
24 July 159618 January 1604
Gaspar de Zúñiga,
5th Count of Monterrey
18 January 160416 March 1606
Philip III
Diego Núñez de Avendaño,
Dean of the Audiencia
16071607
Juan de Mendoza,
3rd Marquis of Montesclaros
21 December 160718 December 1615
Francisco de Borja y Aragón,
Count of Rebolledo, Prince of Esquilache
18 December 161531 December 1621
Juan Jiménez de Montalvo,
Dean of the Audiencia
31 December 162125 July 1622
Philip IV
Diego Fernández de Córdoba,
Marquis of Guadalcázar, Count of Posadas
25 July 162214 January 1629
Luis Jerónimo de Cabrera,
4th Count of Chinchón
14 January 162918 December 1639
Pedro de Toledo,
1st Marquis of Mancera
18 December 163920 September 1648
García Sarmiento de Sotomayor,
2nd Count of Salvatierra
20 September 164824 February 1655
Luis Enríquez de Guzmán,
9th Count of Alba de Liste
24 February 165531 December 1661
Diego de Benavides,
8th Count of Santisteban del Puerto, 1st Marquis of Solera
31 December 166116 March 1666
Bernardo de Iturriaza,
Dean of the Audiencia
March 1666November 1667
Charles II
Pedro Antonio Fernández de Castro,
10th Count of Lemos
21 November 16676 December 1672
Bernardo de Iturriaza,
Dean of the Audiencia
December 1672August 1674
Baltasar de la Cueva,
Count of Castellar
15 August 16747 July 1678
Melchor Liñán y Cisneros
(Archbishop of Lima)
7 July 167820 November 1681
Melchor de Navarra,
Duke of Palata
20 November 168115 August 1689
Melchor Portocarrero,
3rd Count of Monclova
August 16891705
Miguel Núñez de Sanabria,
Dean of the Audiencia
September 1705May 1707
Philip V
Manuel de Oms,
1st Marquis of Castelldosrius
7 July 170722 April 1710
Miguel Núñez de Sanabria,
Dean of the Audiencia
22 April 171014 September 1710
Diego Ladrón de Guevara14 September 17102 March 1716
Mateo de la Mata Ponce de León,
Dean of the Audiencia
2 March 171615 August 1716
Diego Morcillo Rubio de Auñón, O.SS.T.
(Archbishop of Lima)
15 August 17165 October 1716
Carmine Caracciolo,
5th Prince of Santo Buono
5 October 171626 January 1720
Diego Morcillo Rubio de Auñón, O.SS.T.
(Archbishop of Lima)
26 January 172014 May 1724
José de Armendáriz,
1st Marquis of Castelfuerte
14 May 17244 February 1736
Louis I
From 1700–1724, Philip V of Spain was the king; then from 1724–1746. Louis I only reigned in 1724.
José Antonio de Mendoza,
3rd Marquis of Villagarcía
4 February 173615 December 1745
Philip V
José Manso de Velasco,
1st Count of Superunda
15 December 174512 October 1761
Ferdinand VI
Manuel de Amat y Juniet12 October 176117 July 1776
Charles III
Manuel de Guirior17 July 177621 July 1780
Agustín de Jáuregui21 July 178029 April 1784
Teodoro de Croix29 April 178425 March 1790
Francisco Gil de Taboada25 March 17906 June 1796
Charles IV
Ambrosio O'Higgins,
1st Marquis of Osorno
24 July 179619 March 1801
Manuel Arredondo y Pelegrín,
Dean of the Audiencia
19 March 18015 November 1801
Gabriel de Avilés,
2nd Marquis of Avilés
5 November 180120 August 1806
José Fernando de Abascal y Sousa,
1st Marquis of La Concordia
20 August 18067 July 1816
Joaquín de la Pezuela,
1st Marquis of Viluma
7 July 181629 January 1821
Ferdinand VII
José de la Serna e Hinojosa,
1st Count of los Andes
29 January 18219 December 1824
Juan Pío de Tristán y Moscoso9 December 182423 January 1826

See also

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