List of Japanese poetry anthologies

This is a list of significant Japanese poetry anthologies.


Starting with the Kokin Wakashū, there were 21 official anthologies, known collectively as the Nijūichidaishū (二十一代集, Collections of the Twenty-One Eras).

Nara period chronicles (710 to 794)

  • Man'yōshū the oldest anthology in Japanese, c.785, 20 manuscript scrolls, 4,516 poems (when the tanka envoys to the various chōka are numbered as separate poems), Ōtomo no Yakamochi was probably the last to edit the Man'yōshū. It is not organized in any particular way (most metadata is supplied by headnotes), and the poems are written in a Japanese version of the Chinese monosyllabic pronunciation for the Chinese characters.

Heian period (794 to 1185)

Kamakura period (1185–1333) and Muromachi period (1336–1573)

  • Imperial anthologies - thirteen anthologies were edited mostly in the Kamakura period.
9. Shinchokusen Wakashū
10. Shokugosen Wakashū
11. Shokukokin Wakashū
12. Shokushūi Wakashū
13. Shingosen Wakashū
14. Gyokuyō Wakashū
15. Shokusenzai Wakashū
16. Shokugoshūi Wakashū
17. Fūga Wakashū
18. Shinsenzai Wakashū
19. Shinshūi Wakashū
20. Shingoshūi Wakashū
21. Shinshokukokin Wakashū


Haikai and Haiku

  • Shinseninutsukubashū (1532) Edited by Yamazaki Sōkan. The significant anthology of early haikai renga from which haiku later developed.
  • Kai Ōi (The Seashell Game). 1672 hokku anthology, compiled by Matsuo Bashō
  • Haikai Shichibushū The conventional name for seven anthologies collecting Matsuo Bashō and his disciples' renku.
    • Fuyunohi (A Winter Day)
    • Harunohi (A Spring Day)
    • Arano (Wilderness)
    • Hisago (Gourd)
    • Sarumino (Monkey's Straw Raincoat)
    • Sumidawara (Carbon Carton)
    • Zokusarumino (Monkey's Straw Raincoat II)



See also

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