List of Egyptian hieroglyphs

The total number of distinct hieroglyphs increased over time from several hundred in the Middle Kingdom to several thousand during the Ptolemaic Kingdom.

The following is a list of Egyptian hieroglyphs.

The most widely used list of hieroglyphs is Gardiner's sign list (1928/9), which includes 763 signs in 26 categories. Georg Möller compiled more extensive lists, organised by historical epoch (published posthumously in 1927 and 1936). The Unicode Egyptian Hieroglyphs block (Unicode version 5.2, 2009) includes 1071 signs, with organisation based on Gardiner's list. As of 2016, there is a proposal by Michael Everson to extend the Unicode standard to comprise Möller's list.[1]

See the following pages for notable subset of hieroglyphs:[2]

List

Unicode character names follow Gardiner's sign list (padded with zeroes to three digits, i.e. Gardiner A1 is "EGYPTIAN HIEROGLYPH A001"), with the addition of glyph names in NL001–NL020 and NU001–NU022, representing the 20 Nomes of Lower Egypt and the 22 Nomes of Upper Egypt, respectively. Z12–Z16 are extensions to Gardiner's list, including some Egyptian numerals.

Hieroglyph Gardiner Unicode Description Transliteration Phonetic Notes
𓀀A1U+13000seated man I (Masculine) (paeu)

male, man, typical masculine role, son, courtier (Masculine)

Commonly placed behind a name to indicate masculine sex of named person.
𓀁A2U+13001man with hand to mouth eat (wnm)

drink (swr)

speak, think, feel, tell (sdjd)

refrain from speech (gr) advise/counsel (kAj)

love (mrj)

Activities involving the mouth, head, or ideas.
𓀂A3U+13002man sitting on heel sit (achmsj) sitting activities
𓀃A4U+13003seated man with hands raised offer, beseech (dwA)

to shield oneself (jmn)

𓀄A5U+13004crouching man hiding behind wall hide (jmn) Determinative for jmn, to hide, to conceal, secret, mysterious; also hidden person or thing, concealed, secret, mysterious (verb, noun, adjective)
𓀅A5AU+13005seated man hiding behind wall
𓀆A6U+13006seated man under vase from which water flows to be clean possibly refers to all aspects of 'clean' dependent on context, i.e. 'cleanliness', 'to cleanse', 'purify', etc.
𓀇A6AU+13007seated man reaching for libation stone, under vase from which water flows
𓀈A6BU+13008seated man reaching down, under vase from which water flows
𓀉A7U+13009fatigued man to be tired or weak (wrdj)
𓀊A8U+1300Aman performing hnw-rite rejoice, celebrate, to be jubilant (hnw) possibly also 'joyful', 'celebratory', etc.
𓀋A9U+1300Bman steadying basket on headwork, toil (kAt)

load (v. or n.), burden (Adjp)

carry or haul (fAj)

1a.-ꜣtp, ꜣdp
(Coptic-otp)
1b.-fa, fai
2.-kꜣt
1a. for ꜣtp, ꜣdp, to load, to be laden, master of the load; equals Coptic language, otp; (minor use for 'tp, 'dp);
1b. for fa, fai, to carry, to bear; additional constructs for carrier, bearer, supporter, (and types thereof); for fa-dni, the "bearer-of-the-
-basket", see: Greek-Kanephoros;
2. for ka-t, kau-ti,
𓀌A10U+1300Cseated man holding oar to saw (sqdw)
𓀍A11U+1300Dseated man holding scepter of authority and shepherd's crook friend (ichnms)
𓀎A12U+1300Esoldier with bow and quiver soldier, company/unit of soldiers (mnfyt)
𓀏A13U+1300Fman with arms tied behind his back enemy (ichfti)

rebel (sbj)

possibly also 'criminal', 'traitor', 'prisoner'
𓀐A14U+13010falling man with blood streaming from his head die (mwt)

enemy (ichfti)

The wound is either self-inflicted or from a weapon strike.

The A14 figure could be a youth or child, being depicted without clothing, while A14A would be an adult.

𓀑A14AU+13011man whose head is hit with an axe
𓀒A15U+13012man falling trap (ichr) ḫr (kh + r) biliteral

kh voiceless velar fricative

[x] in Old Egyptian

Egyptian uniliteral signstransliteration

𓀓A16U+13013man bowing downto bend or bow oneself (ksj) ks
(and ks, ksi)
A. Determinative for ks, ksi, & ks, to bow, to do homage, to submit;
B. same for ḫꜣb, (and thematic words of ḫꜣ-ꜣ-b, star & luminary, hippopotamus, lamp & light, etc.)
𓀔A17U+13014child sitting with hand to mouth young, child (schrj)

orphan (nmach)

nnj, triliteral A17, depicted with bare head, indicates the figure as a 'lower' class than A17A.
𓀕A17AU+13015child sitting with arms hanging down Noble/Aristocratic Supplement for A3 and A17 sitting, sitting youth The head of A17A indicates the class of the figure to be of a 'higher' class than A17.
𓀖A18U+13016child wearing red crown Child King
𓀗A19U+13017bent man leaning on staff old, to be fragile (jaw)

Elder (smsw)

bigger (wr)

to learn (rhn)

to hit (ḥwj)

jk biliteralperhaps also wise and sage
𓀘A20U+13018man leaning on forked staff Elder (smsw)
𓀙A21U+13019man holding staff with handkerchief Civil Servant (sr)

Courtier (smr)

High Official

strike (achwj)

𓀚A22U+1301Astatue of man with staff and scepter of authority statue (achntj), (twt)
𓀛A23U+1301Bking with staff and mace with round head monarch, lord, ruler(jty)
𓀜A24U+1301Cman striking with both hands to hit or strike (achwj)

power, strength

teach lesson or instruct (sbA)

call (njs)

be happy (achaj)

𓀝A25U+1301Dman striking, with left arm hanging behind back to hit or strike (achwj)

possibly 'attack'

Most likely synonymous with A24
𓀞A26U+1301Eman with one arm pointing forward servant,

to call

𓀟A27U+1301Fhastening man jn (ḏ + n) Egyptian biliteral signsOriginal Wiki English translation: sound sign for, only in "through" (jn)

Possibly this means to transition.

𓀠A28U+13020man with hands raised on either sideto be happy or in high spirits (qAj)

mourn (achAj)

to be high, to exalt
𓀡A29U+13021man upside down headlong or head over heels (sichd)
𓀢A30U+13022man with hands raised in front offer, praise, laud, respect, entreat, beseech
𓀣A31U+13023man with hands raised behind him to turn away the connotation of A31 is unclear.
𓀤A32U+13024man dancing with arms to the backdance (ichbj)

cheer, rejoyce (hy-hnw)

be happy

Ideogram or det. for (kh)bi, to dance; also det. for ib, ibu; ibꜣu, ibꜣ, for dance, dancer, etc.
𓀥A32AU+13025man dancing with arms to the front
𓀦A33U+13026man with stick and bundle on shoulder to herd, (mnjw) journey,

tramp (ichwsj)

shepherd (mnjw)

wander,

hike,

traveler, (ichwsj)

construction, (qb)

foreign, strange(schmAw)

𓀧A34U+13027man pounding in a mortarto stomp man grinding (etc.); to grind in a mortar, to build, to construct, etc.
𓀨A35U+13028man building wallto build (qd) man constructing: a "Mason"; Ideogram or det. for qd, "to construct"; (see Wall, (Collapsing)-Wall)
𓀩A36U+13029man kneading into vessel brewer (aftj)
𓀪A37U+1302Aman in vessel brewer (aftj)
𓀫A38U+1302Bman holding necks of two emblematic animals with panther heads Cusae (qjs)
𓀬A39U+1302Cman on two giraffes Cusae (qjs)
𓀭A40U+1302Dseated god Ptah

Month (mntjw)

divine/heavenly I (j),(jnk)

me, myself (wj)

God

𓀮A40AU+1302Eseated god with sceptre
𓀯A41U+1302Fking with uraeus king (nsw)


majesty (achm)

(royal)

I (j) (jnk)

me, myself (wj)

𓀰A42U+13030king with uraeus and flagellum king (nsw)

majesty (achm)(royal)

I (j) (jnk)

me, myself (wj)

𓀱A42AU+13031king with uraeus and flagellum
𓀲A43U+13032king wearing white crown King of Upper Egypt (nsw)

Osiris (wsjr)

𓀳A43AU+13033king wearing white crown with sceptre
𓀴A44U+13034king wearing red crown with flagellum King of Upper Egypt (nsw)

Osiris (wsjr)

𓀵A45U+13035king wearing red crown King of Lower Egypt (bjtj)
𓀶A45AU+13036king wearing red crown with sceptre
𓀷A46U+13037king wearing red crown with flagellum King of Lower Egypt (bjtj)
𓀸A47U+13038shepherd seated and wrapped in mantle, holding stick shepherd (mnjw)

guard (sAw)

𓀹A48U+13039beardless man seated and holding knife belonging to (jrj)
𓀺A49U+1303Aseated Syrian holding stick foreigner, Asian (aAmw)
𓀻A50U+1303Bnoble on chair courtier (smr)

entrepreneur as in 'one or distinguished one who undertakes a task or distinguished task'

I (j) (jnk)

me, myself (wj)

𓀼A51U+1303Cnoble on chair with flagellum to be of noble blood (schpsi)

entrepreneur of noble blood as in 'one or distinguished one who undertakes a task or distinguished task',

undertake a task (schpsi)

one who does things

𓀽A52U+1303Dnoble squatting with flagellum to be of noble blood (schpsi)

entrepreneur of noble blood[3] as in 'one or distinguished one who undertakes a task or distinguished task'

(schpsi)

𓀾A53U+1303Estanding mummytut form, likeness, image, (double)
Tutankhamun: Form-Living-(of)- Amun
𓀿A54U+1303Flying mummy death (mnj)

dead

𓁀A55U+13040mummy on bedlie down(sdjr)

spend the night/overnight, corpse display (achAt)

Overnight meaning an overnight stay in any location, i.e. 'spend the night at home', 'spent the night in a hotel', 'slept over at (random person's name)'s house', etc...
𓁁A56U+13041seated man holding stick
𓁂A57U+13042man holding loaf on mat
𓁃A58U+13043man applying hoe to ground
𓁄A59U+13044man threatening with stick to take away/withhold
𓁅A60U+13045man sowing seeds
𓁆A61U+13046man looking over his shoulder
𓁇A62U+13047Asiatic
𓁈A63U+13048king on throne holding staff
𓁉A64U+13049man sitting on heels holding forward cup
𓁊A65U+1304Aman wearing tunic with fringes and holding mace
𓁋A66U+1304Bman holding sistrum
𓁌A67U+1304Cdwarf
𓁍A68U+1304Dman holding up knife
𓁎A69U+1304Eseated man with raised right arm and left arm hanging down
𓁏A70U+1304Fseated man with raised arms
𓁐B1U+13050seated woman woman in feminine role (st)

Goddess (ntjrt)

daughter (sAt)

widow (hArt)

singer (schm-ayt)

(feminine) I (j)

Commonly placed behind a name to indicate feminine sex of named person.
𓁑B2U+13051pregnant woman to be pregnant (bkA)

conceive (jwr)

𓁒B3U+13052woman giving birth to give birth (msj)
𓁓B4U+13053combination of woman giving birth and three skins tied together to give birth (msj)
𓁔B5U+13054woman suckling child to nurse, to nurture, to care for (rnn)

wet nurse n. def. 1 (mnat)

𓁕B5AU+13055woman suckling child (simplified)
𓁖B6U+13056woman on chair with child on lap to rear
𓁗B7U+13057queen wearing diadem and holding flower
𓁘B8U+13058woman holding lotus flower
𓁙B9U+13059woman holding sistrum
𓁚C1U+1305Agod with sun-disk and uraeusrꜣ

Sun God Re

𓁛C2U+1305Bgod with falcon head and sun-disk holding ankhSun God Re Variant of C1
𓁜C2AU+1305Cgod with falcon head and sun-diskGod Thot (djachwtj)
𓁝C2BU+1305DC2A reversed
𓁞C2CU+1305EC2 reversed
𓁟C3U+1305Fgod with ibis head--
𓁠C4U+13060god with ram headGod Chnum (achnmw) Det. or Ideo. ẖnmw "Khnum"
𓁡C5U+13061god with ram head holding ankhGod Chnum (achnmw) Variant of C4
𓁢C6U+13062god with jackal headGod Anubis (jnpw)

God Upuaut (wpi-wAwt)

𓁣C7U+13063god with Seth-animal headGod Seth
𓁤C8U+13064ithyphallic god with two plumes, uplifted arm and flagellumGod Min (mnw)
𓁥C9U+13065goddess with horned sun-diskGoddess Hathor (achwt)
𓁦C10U+13066goddess with featherGoddess Maat (mAat) Goddess Maat
𓁧C10AU+13067goddess with feather holding ankh
𓁨C11U+13068god with arms supporting the sky and palm branch on headmany,

million,

God Hah (ach/u>ach)

million, many
Heh (god)
𓁩C12U+13069god with two plumes and scepterGod Amun (jmn) see Amun
𓁪C13U+1306AC12 reversed
𓁫C14U+1306Bgod with two plumes and scimitar
𓁬C15U+1306CC14 reversed
𓁭C16U+1306Dgod wearing red crown with ankh
𓁮C17U+1306Egod with falcon head and two plumesGod Month (mntjw) Det. and Ideo Mntw "Montu."
𓁯C18U+1306Fsquatting godGod Tatenen (tA-tnn) Det. and Ideo. t3-ṯnnii "Tatjenen."
𓁰C19U+13070mummy-shaped godGod Ptah (ptach) Det. and Ideo. Ptḥ "Ptah."
𓁱C20U+13071mummy-shaped god in shrineGod Ptah (ptach) Variant of C19
𓁲C21U+13072Bes
𓁳C22U+13073god with falcon head and moon
𓁴C23U+13074goddess with feline head and sun with uraeus
𓁵C24U+13075god wearing red crown with scepter
𓁶D1U+13076headhead (tp) (dAdA)

back of head (hA)

behind (hA)

neglect, to leave behind (mkachA)

forehead (dhnt)

appoint (dhn)

1. Ideogram for tp, "head"; other uses related to actions of the head; (example "the tp of the rebels", 'the "chief" of the rebels');2. also for tp, see archaic dagger;3. (Narmer Palette shows 10 enemy heads-(decapitated))
𓁷D2U+13077faceface

on, around, over, for

ḥr 1. Bil. hr-(ḥr); 2. Ideogram for 'face';
3. A major preposition for "on, upon", etc.; additional preposition constructs; 4. (see also: Nose, sometimes used for the face)
𓁸D3U+13078hair hair (schnj)

skin (jnm)

color (jwn)

nature, mourn (jAkb)

empty, barely, loss of hair (wsch)

𓁹D4U+13079eyeeye (jrt)

make (mA)

see (mAA)

watch, to be watchful, to be awake (rs)

to be blind (schp)

jr (ḏ+r) biliteral

(mA) (m + 3) the biliteral in "lion" (mAj)

Osiris
𓁺D5U+1307Aeye touched up with paint eye (jrt)

view (dgi)

to be blind (schp)

𓁻D6U+1307Beye with painted upper lid eye (jrt)

view (dgi)

to be blind (schp)

𓁼D7U+1307Ceye with painted lower lid eye make-up / eye paint (msdmt)

decorate, adorn, to be beautiful (at)

view (prt)

see (mAA) (seldom, rarely used)

𓁽D8U+1307Deye enclosed in sandy tract in
𓁾D8AU+1307Eeye with painted lower lid enclosed in sandy tract
𓁿D9U+1307Feye with flowing tears
𓂀D10U+13080Eye of HorusUdjat-eye (wdjAt) Eye of Horus
𓂁D11U+13081left part of the eye of Horus abbreviation for Heqat-Maß grain
𓂂D12U+13082pupil Determinative for pupil (djfdj) abbreviation for Heqat-measure grain
𓂃D13U+13083eyebrow abbreviation for 1/8 Heqat-measure grain smd abbreviation for 1/8 Heqat-measure grain; in 2-fold execution (Determinative):, eyebrow (jnach) (two brows above one another)
𓂄D14U+13084right part of eye of Horus abbreviation for 1/16 Heqat-measure grain
𓂅D15U+13085diagonal marking of eye of Horus abbreviation for 1/32 Heqat-measure grain
𓂆D16U+13086vertical marking of eye of Horus abbreviation for 1/64 Heqat-measure grain
𓂇D17U+13087diagonal and vertical markings of eye of Horus Determinative Smell (sn) Ideogram for ear (msdjr)
𓂈D18U+13088earto listen

sḏm
"stchm"

sound sign for ichnt Determinative and Ideogram for nose (fndj), be happy (rschw), be (sfn) face, front (ichnt), mild, itself wiedersetzten (btjn), disobediently
𓂉D19U+13089nose, eye and cheekfnḏ/fnd-(fnḏ/fnd)
(sh)rt-(šrt)
(kh)nt-ẖnt
Ideogram or det. for the "nose", fnḏ/fnd-(fnḏ/fnd), (sh)rt-(šrt); det. for words relating to smell, joy, and the nose; det. for "face", (kh)nt, -(ẖnt), (and the phoneme for face)
𓂊D20U+1308Anose, eye and cheek (cursive)nose (fndj),

smell (sn),

be happy (rschw),

be (sfn)

face, front (ichnt),

mild, itself wiedersetzten (btjn),

disobediently

ichnt Determinative and Ideogram for nose (fndj), smell (sn), be happy (rschw), be

(sfn) face, front (ichnt), mild, itself wiedersetzten (btjn), disobediently

𓂋D21U+1308Bmouthrr
p(kh)ar
r to turn in the other direction

sound sign for r Ideogram for mouth. This on consonant sign is used in the so named Hieroglyphen-ABC to the reproduction of the consonant "r".

𓂌D22U+1308Cmouth with two strokes Ideogram for 2/3 (rAwj)
𓂍D23U+1308Dmouth with three strokes Ideogram for 3/4 (*ichmt-rAw)
𓂎D24U+1308Eupper lip with teeth Ideogram for lip (spt), edge
𓂏D25U+1308Flips (Both) lips (sptj) the two lips
𓂐D26U+13090liquid issuing from lips spit (psg),

speien, vomieren (bschj),

blood(snf)

𓂑D27U+13091small breast Suck (snq), breast (mndj), tutor (mnaj)
𓂒D27AU+13092large breast Suck (snq), breast (mndj), tutor (mnaj)
𓂓D28U+13093two arms upraisedClose, the Ka (life spirit) (kA) kꜣ
--
(bil.)
Bil. kꜣ, ka
𓂔D29U+13094combination of hieroglyphs D28 and R12 the (divine) Ka (life spirit) (kA)
𓂕D30U+13095two arms upraised with tail God Nehebkau (nachb-kAw)
𓂖D31U+13096arms embracing club dead priest (achm-kA)
𓂗D31AU+13097two arms uppraised and club
𓂘D32U+13098arms embracing into the arms,

comprise (jnq), embrace (achpt), open arms (pgA open)

𓂙D33U+13099arms rowingrow (achnj) fight (aachA) fight (aachA) (kh)n
ẖn
Egyptian biliteral sign (kh)n, ẖn
𓂚D34U+1309Aarms
with shield
and battle axe
'ḥꜣ Ideogram for ꜥḥꜣ, "combat"; (fight, contest, struggle)-(noun or verb)
𓂛D34AU+1309Barms with shield and mace
𓂜D35U+1309Carms in gesture of negation not (n) (nn), that that not (jwtj), do not know (ichmj), shrine (ichm), forget (me in smich) n
𓂝D36U+1309Dforearm (palm upwards) uniliteral sign representing Egyptian ayin
𓂞D37U+1309Eforearm with bread conegive! (Jmj), give (rdjj) (djj) sound sign for dj (only in djdjw bus iris), mJ (rarely), m (especially in: see (mk)) to give, or given
𓂟D38U+1309Fforearm with rounded loaf give! (Jmj) present (achnk) mJ, m
𓂠D39U+130A0forearm with bowlḥnk Determinative in ḥnk, "to make an offering", also: gift, offering, etc. (see also: List of portraiture offerings with Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs)
𓂡D40U+130A1forearm with stick strongly (not), strike (achwj), examine (ichAj) power abbreviation for
𓂢D41U+130A2forearm with palm down and bent upper armArm (gbA), shoulder (rmn), to the left (jAbj), sing (achsj), actions with arm: bend (achms), movement: stop (grach), deny (nj) protect (ichwj) lead (ichrp) nj (rarely)
𓂣D42U+130A3forearm with palm down and straight upper armyard (make) mḥ
𓂤D43U+130A4forearm with flail(kh)uy
ḫuy
1. Ideogram for (kh)uy, "to protect"
𓂥D44U+130A5arm with sekhem scepter--
𓂦D45U+130A6arm with wandḏsr
--
(tril.)
to be holy, to segregate
See djsr (arm with powerstick)
𓂧D46U+130A7hand hand (djrt) 'red', in Egyptian hieroglyphs for word constructs
𓂨D46AU+130A8liquid falling from hand "to cense", "to pour out a libation"; as the noun, "incense", "incense offering", "dew";

B. For the noun, Coptic language eiote-(5 entries), (Egyptian id, idy, id.t), for dew, mist, vapour, rain-storm, moisture, exudation (under spelling of Egyp. lang. iad.

𓂩D47U+130A9hand with palm up hand (djrt)
𓂪D48U+130AAhand without thumb hand width (schsp)
𓂫D48AU+130ABhand holding egg
𓂬D49U+130ACfist grasp (Amm)
𓂭D50U+130ADone finger finger (djba) abbreviation for 10,000 (djba)
𓂮D50AU+130AEtwo fingers
𓂯D50BU+130AFthree fingers
𓂰D50CU+130B0four fingers
𓂱D50DU+130B1five fingers
𓂲D50EU+130B2six fingers
𓂳D50FU+130B3seven fingers
𓂴D50GU+130B4eight fingers
𓂵D50HU+130B5nine fingers
𓂶D50IU+130B6five fingers (row)
𓂷D51U+130B7one finger (horizontal) finger nail (ant). Activities with finger: measure (ichAj), take (tjAj), go (jw) (schm) dqr
𓂸 D52U+130B8phallusphallus (achnn), man-like, man (tjAy), donkey (aA), bull (kA) mt Censored by some OS/browser vendors.
Image rendering:
𓂹D52AU+130B9phallus with folded cloth Censored by some OS/browser vendors.
𓂺D53U+130BAphallus with emissionin before (m bAach), phallus (achnn), urinate (wssch), seed (mtwt), man (tjAy), husband (hj) Censored by some OS/browser vendors.
Image rendering:
𓂻D54U+130BBlegs walking approach (tkn) enterprise (nmtt), do not move, stop Injure leg (rd), thigh (mnt)
𓂼D54AU+130BChieratic legs walking
𓂽D55U+130BDlegs walking backwards
𓂾D56U+130BElegrd Ideo., det. for rd, "leg"; Det. "to tread";
(see Foot)
Also: for pds, w'rt, sbq.
𓂿D57U+130BFleg with knife mutilates become (jAtj)
𓃀D58U+130C0foot place (bw) b
𓃁D59U+130C1foot and forearm
𓃂D60U+130C2foot under vase from which water flows purely its (wove)
𓃃D61U+130C3three toes oriented leftward toe (sAach)
𓃄D62U+130C4three toes oriented rightward toe (sAach)
𓃅D63U+130C5two toes oriented leftward toe (sAach)
𓃆D64U+130C6hand with palm down
𓃇D65U+130C7lock of hair
𓃈D66U+130C8arm with reed pen
𓃉D67U+130C9one dot
𓃊D67AU+130CAtwo dots
𓃋D67BU+130CBthree dots
𓃌D67CU+130CCfour dots
𓃍D67DU+130CDfive dots
𓃎D67EU+130CEsix dots
𓃏D67FU+130CFseven dots
𓃐D67GU+130D0eight dots
𓃑D67HU+130D1nine dots
𓃒E1U+130D2bull bull
𓃓E2U+130D3bull charging kȝ-kḫt
𓃔E3U+130D4calf bḥs
𓃕E4U+130D5sacred cow ḥsȝt
𓃖E5U+130D6cow suckling calf ȝms
𓃗E6U+130D7horse ssmt jbr
𓃘E7U+130D8donkey
𓃙E8U+130D9kidib jb 1. Phoneme ib for 'young goat';
2. Determinative for words of 'young farm animals'
3. (See also heart, for ib)
𓃚E8AU+130DAkid jumping
𓃛E9U+130DBnewborn hartebeest "iu" jw Determinative, for newborn animals, etc.
𓃜E9AU+130DCmature bovine lying down
𓃝E10U+130DDram bȝ ẖnmw
𓃞E11U+130DEram bȝ ẖnmw
𓃟E12U+130DFpig rrj
𓃠E13U+130E0catmiu mjw Determinative for cat, as well as for the onomatopoeic Egyptian miu
𓃡E14U+130E1dog jw ṯsm
𓃢E15U+130E2lying canine jnpw ḥrj-sštȝ
𓃣E16U+130E3lying canine on shrine jnpw ḥrj-sštȝ
𓃤E16AU+130E4lying canine on shrine with flagellum
𓃥E17U+130E5jackal sȝb
𓃦E17AU+130E6jackal looking back
𓃧E18U+130E7wolf on standard wpj-wȝwt
𓃨E19U+130E8wolf on standard with mace wpj-wȝwt
𓃩E20U+130E9Set-animal-- stẖ, stš, swti ẖnnw Set (mythology)
𓃪E20AU+130EASet-animal on basket
𓃫E21U+130EBlying Set-animal nšnj
𓃬E22U+130EClionmꜣi mȝj Ideogram for standing lion, mꜣi
𓃭E23U+130EDlying lion mȝj
𓃮E24U+130EEpanther ȝby
𓃯E25U+130EFhippopotamus db
𓃰E26U+130F0elephant3bu
3b
dnhr-(Ptolemaic)
ȝbw 1. Determinative in ꜣbw, elephant (ultimate source of English word ivory); phonetic ꜣb 2. Ptolemaic Kingdom, new use of dnhr.
𓃱E27U+130F1giraffe mmj sr
𓃲E28U+130F2oryxgḥs mȝ-ḥḏ gazelle
(Gḥs-t, a Gazelle-Goddess)
𓃳E28AU+130F3oryx with irrigation system
𓃴E29U+130F4gazelle gḥs
𓃵E30U+130F5ibex njȝw
𓃶E31U+130F6goat with collar sˁḥ
𓃷E32U+130F7baboon jˁn ky qnd
𓃸E33U+130F8monkey gjf
𓃹E34U+130F9hareun
(wn)
--
(bil.)
wn bil. wn
𓃺E34AU+130FAhare (low)
𓃻E36U+130FBbaboon
𓃼E37U+130FCbaboon with recptacle and basket
𓃽E38U+130FDlong-horned bull
𓃾F1U+130FEox head
𓃿F1AU+130FFbovine head
𓄀F2U+13100charging ox head ḏnd
𓄁F3U+13101hippopotamus head ȝt
𓄂F4U+13102forepart of lion ḥȝt
𓄃F5U+13103hartebeest head šsȝ
𓄄F6U+13104forepart of hartebeest šsȝ
𓄅F7U+13105ram head šfyt
𓄆F8U+13106forepart of ram šfyt
𓄇F9U+13107leopard
head
pḥty Determinative or abbreviation for "pehty"-(pḥty), "strength"
𓄈F10U+13108head and neck of animal ḫḫ
𓄉F11U+13109head and neck of animal ḫḫ
𓄊F12U+1310Ahead and neck of animal wsr
𓄋F13U+1310Bhorns wp, jp "open", the New Year Festival, (Opening the Year)
𓄌F13AU+1310Chorns
𓄍F14U+1310Dhorns with palm branch wpt-rnpt (see: Renpet)
𓄎F15U+1310Ehorns with palm branch and sun wpt-rnpt
𓄏F16U+1310Fhorn ˁb
𓄐F17U+13110horn and vase from which water flows ˁbw
𓄑F18U+13111tusk bḥ, ḥw
𓄒F19U+13112lower jaw-bone of ox ˁrt
𓄓F20U+13113tongue ns 1. Egyp. bil. ns.
2. A-tongue, and related words for speech; B-30th-(the 'Last Day of the Month'), and therefore, (next)-last.
𓄔F21U+13114ear of bovine msḏr, ḏrḏ, sḏ
𓄕F21AU+13115hieratic ear of bovine
𓄖F22U+13116hind-quarters of lion pḥ 1. ideas of 'physical force', and 'strength, (from the legs of the hindparts);
2. Biliteral pḥ;
3. see also: "forepart of lion", what is 'foremost', what 'excels', etc.,
𓄗F23U+13117foreleg
of ox
ḫpš 1. (kh)p(sh), khepesh; 2. the reversed hieroglyph means, "strength", "power"
𓄘F24U+13118F23 reversed ḫpš
𓄙F25U+13119leg of
ox
wḥm 1. meanings of: "repeat, repetition"
2. Tril. for wḥm;
3. Ideogram for "bovine leg"
4. (to repeat, narrate, recount, tell a story, tell a dream)
𓄚F26U+1311Askin of goat ẖn
𓄛F27U+1311Bskin of cow with bent tail dḥr, pnw
𓄜F28U+1311Cskin of cow with straight tail ȝb
𓄝F29U+1311Dcow's skin pierced by arrow st (sṯ) piercing rays
see ubn, (sun-with-rays)
𓄞F30U+1311Ewater-
skin
šd 1. Determinative for (sh)dw-(šdu), "belly"; phon. for (sh)d-(šd);
2. (See: similar shaped hieroglyph: whip)
𓄟F31U+1311Fthree skins tied together ms Bil. ms, "born", "born-of"; example, Pharaoh Ahmose, "Moon-Born"; Kamose, "Spirit-Born"
𓄠F31AU+13120three skins tied together
𓄡F32U+13121animal's belly
𓄢F33U+13122tailsd sd 1. Determinative for sd, "tail"; then phon., sd;
2. (See: "Festival of the Tail", the Sed festival)
𓄣F34U+13123heartib jb Ideogram or det. for ib, "heart"; (See also kid (goat), for ib)
𓄤F35U+13124heart and
windpipe
nfr
--
(tril.)
nfr Egyptian triliteral sign for nfr, (beauty), or "perfect"
𓄥F36U+13125lung and windpipesma
(smꜣ)
--
(tril.)
smȝ Egyptian "lung", sma-(smꜣ); used for union, (as in the "Two Lands", "Upper and Lower Egypt)-(Lower Egypt=the Nile Delta); Ideogram or det. for "unite", "join"
𓄦F37U+13126backbone and ribs and spinal cord(sh)'t
š't
jȝt wounds, slaughter, carnage
𓄧F37AU+13127backbone and ribs
𓄨F38U+13128backbone and ribs jȝt
𓄩F38AU+13129backbone and ribs and spinal cord
𓄪F39U+1312Abackbone and spinal cord jmȝḫ
𓄫F40U+1312Bbackbone and spinal cordsꜣu
--
(bil.)
ȝw to be long, length, to extend
Pharaoh: Extent of Happiness-(for Egypt-Land),

, (on Reliefs)
(i.e. the Welfare of the Nation)
𓄬F41U+1312Cvertebrae psḏ
𓄭F42U+1312Drib spr
𓄮F43U+1312Eribs spḥt
𓄯F44U+1312Fbone with meatisu
iw', iw
swt
jsw 1. Phoneme, isu-"Reward". 2. Determinative for thigh bone, iw' -"Heir", Inheritance, Ancestry, (phonetic iw. Also, tibia, swt.
𓄰F45U+13130uterus vulva, womb, cow jdt
𓄱F45AU+13131uterus
𓄲F46U+13132intestinep(kh)ar, rr
utchb
pẖr, dbn Egyptian language, utchb; from dikeworks, to turn round, to change the direction, (crop rows)
𓄳F46AU+13133intestine pẖr, dbn
𓄴F47U+13134intestine pẖr, dbn
𓄵F47AU+13135intestine pẖr, dbn
𓄶F48U+13136intestine pẖr, dbn
𓄷F49U+13137intestine pẖr, dbn
𓄸F50U+13138combination of F46 and S29sp(kh)r spẖr to write, to engrave
𓄹F51U+13139piece of flesh ȝs, ws
𓄺F51AU+1313Athree pieces of flesh horizontally
𓄻F51BU+1313Bthree pieces of flesh vertically
𓄼F51CU+1313CF51 reversed
𓄽F52U+1313Dexcrementḥs ḥs Determinative in hs-(ḥs), "excrement"
𓄾F53U+1313Edivine rod with ram head
𓄿G1U+1313FEgyptian vulture3 uniliteral sign representing Egyptian alef
𓅀G2U+13140two Egyptian vultures 33
𓅁G3U+13141combination of Egyptian vulture and sickle m3
𓅂G4U+13142buzzard tyu tjw Tril. tyu
𓅃G5U+13143falconḥrw Horus; about 200 Horus-god names; an example: Horus-the-Child, Greek language-equivalent, arpokrates; Egyptian, Hru-p-(kh)ard(d=t),


𓅄G6U+13144combination of falcon and flaggellum Falcon (bjk) Id. ḥrw
𓅅G6AU+13145falcon on basket
𓅆G7U+13146falcon on standard Various words related

to the divine

nswt or ny-sw.t
𓅇G7AU+13147falcon in boat
𓅈G7BU+13148falcon in boat
𓅉G8U+13149falcon on collar of beads Id. ḥr-nbw/bjk-nbw
𓅊G9U+1314Afalcon with sun on head skr
𓅋G10U+1314Bfalcon in Sokar barque Sokar, ḥnw-bark
𓅌G11U+1314Cimage of falcon
𓅍G11AU+1314Dimage of falcon on standard
𓅎G12U+1314Ecombination of image of falcon and flagellum
𓅏G13U+1314Fimage of falcon with two plumes Sopdu Id. ḥrw nḫnj
𓅐G14U+13150vulture Vulture (nrt) mwt
𓅑G15U+13151combination of vulture and flagellum Mut Id. mwt
𓅒G16U+13152vulture and cobra each on a basket Id. nbtj
𓅓G17U+13153owl
m
(vertical)
m
𓅔G18U+13154two owls mm
𓅕G19U+13155combination of owl and forearm with conical loaf m, mj
𓅖G20U+13156combination of owl and forearm m, mj
𓅗G20AU+13157combination of owl and mouth
𓅘G21U+13158guinea-fowlnḥ
--
(bil.)
nḥ, Id. nḥ 1. Egyp. bil. nḥ, for the bird; phon. for nḥ;
2. Ideas of petition, supplicate, beseech; for Egyptian language nḥ-t, nḥḥ-t, oil, unguent, equivalent of Coptic language, "neh";
3. for nḥḥ, eternity, or ever and ever, (see ḥḥ), Coptic "eneh".
𓅙G22U+13159hoopoe ḏb
𓅚G23U+1315Alapwing rḫyt-people Id. rḫyt
𓅛G24U+1315Blapwing with twisted wings rḫyt-people Id. rḫyt
𓅜G25U+1315Cnorthern bald ibis3(kh)
(3ḫ)
--
(bil.)
3ḫ Bil. ꜣ(kh), for the 'divine'; also the ideogram
𓅝G26U+1315Dsacred Ibis on standardIbis (hb) Id. ḏḥwtj God Thoth, the god of scribes
𓅞G26AU+1315Esacred Ibis
𓅟G27U+1315Fflamingo Flamingo (dšr) dšr
𓅠G28U+13160glossy ibisgm
--
(bil.)
gm to find, or to discover
𓅡G29U+13161saddle-billed stork bA
--
(bil.)
b3 |
𓅢G30U+13162three saddle-billed storks bAiu Id. b3w divine souls, souls of gods
𓅣G31U+13163heronHeron/Bennu-bird (bnw)
(bnu)
1. the heron-like Bennu;
2. Determinative for bnw, the "Phoenix-bird";
3. For 'Phoenix' & Harp, in both cultures-(Egypt & Mesopotamia), one of few Akkadian, Semitic word similarities: Akkadian: banuA, to create, build, generate; and banuB, to be good, beautiful.[4]
𓅤G32U+13164heron on perch To inundate (bˁḥj) Id. bˁḥj
𓅥G33U+13165cattle egret To tremble (sd3/sd3d3)
𓅦G34U+13166ostrich Ostrich (njw)
𓅧G35U+13167cormorant ˁq
𓅨G36U+13168swallowSwallow (mnt) wr bil. wr
𓅩G36AU+13169swallow (low)
𓅪G37U+1316Asparrow Various words related to

the idea of small or bad

𓅫G37AU+1316Bsparrow (low)
𓅬G38U+1316Cwhite-fronted gooseBird s3, s3-t
--
(bil.)
1. "son of", "daughter of", sa, sa-t; 2. goose
𓅭G39U+1316Dpintail Pintail duck (st) s3
𓅮G40U+1316Epintail flyingp3
--
(bil.)
p3 Ideogram and bil. for pꜣ, to fly; phoneme for pꜣ
𓅯G41U+1316Fpintail alighting p3
𓅰G42U+13170widgeon To fatten (wš3), Food (ḏf3w) Id. wš3
𓅱G43U+13171quail chickw
u
w, Id. w 1. Unil. w, or u;
2. Either "quail chick" or equivalent coil (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. Z7,
, used as the Plural at word endings; 3. (see also: Plural)
𓅲G43AU+13172combination of quail chick and flat loaf
𓅳G44U+13173two quail chicks ww
𓅴G45U+13174combination of quail chick and forearm
𓅵G45AU+13175combination of quail chick and forearm with conical loaf
𓅶G46U+13176combination of quail chick and sickle m3w
𓅷G47U+13177ducklingtjꜣ
t_ꜣ
--
(bil.)
ṯ3, Id. ṯ3 Bil. (tsh)ꜣ, t_ꜣ, for 'baby bird', duckling; Ideogram for 'young bird'
(The Egyptian vizier is the "tshat(y)")
𓅸G48U+13178three ducklings in nest Nest, pond, marsh () Id.
𓅹G49U+13179three ducklings in pool Nest, pond, marsh () Id.
𓅺G50U+1317Atwo plovers Id. rḫtj
𓅻G51U+1317Bbird pecking at fish To catch fish (ḥ3m/ḥjm)
𓅼G52U+1317Cgoose picking up grain To feed (snm)
𓅽G53U+1317D human-headed bird with bowl with smoke Ba (b3), personality Id. b3 Ba
𓅾G54U+1317Eplucked birdTo wring (birds' necks) (wšn) snḏ 1. Determinative for u(sh)n, (wšn), Egyptian: "twist the neck (of a bird)";
2. Phonetically sn(tj), (snṯ)
3. (see Trussed-goose Palette)
𓅿H1U+1317Fhead of pintailbird (in ringing of bird's neck wSn) mAa, wschm, pq (pAq) 1. an abbreviation for ꜣpd, "bird"
𓆀H2U+13180head of crested bird mAa, wschm, pq (pAq) 1. Phoneme for pq;
2. Also as:
H2a(head ofduck(one type))
or

(cloth apparelcoveringetc
 
)
𓆁H3U+13181head of spoonbill pAq
𓆂H4U+13182head of vulture nr, rmT in "people"
𓆃H5U+13183wingwing (djnach), fly (pA) wing
𓆄H6U+13184featherfeather (schwt), Maat (mAat) schw Goddess Shu; Maat's Shu feather
𓆅H6AU+13185hieratic feather
𓆆H7U+13186claw schA (only in country schAt)
𓆇H8U+13187eggson, egg (swacht) det. for feminine in goddess names, wives, etc.; det. in swḥt, 'egg'
𓆈I1U+13188gecko '(sh)a
'š3
--
(tril.)
1. "multitudes", (=the populace, etc.); 2. Det. or ideo. in 'šꜣ "lizard"; also the tril.
𓆉I2U+13189turtle(sh)t
št
turtle
𓆊I3U+1318Acrocodile
𓆋I4U+1318Bcrocodile
on shrine
sbk Ideogram of det. for sbk, (Sobek); (see also Crocodile)
𓆌I5U+1318Ccrocodile with curved tail
𓆍I5AU+1318Dimage of crocodile
𓆎I6U+1318Ecrocodile scales
𓆏I7U+1318Ffrogḥqt
(bḫn' and qrr)
Determinative, frog; (See also (frog)-Goddess Heket, her 'emblem'); noun words for 'frog': 'bḫn, qrr
𓆐I8U+13190tadpoleḥfn
100,000
100,000
𓆑I9U+13191horned viperf 1. Uniliteral f;
2. 3rd person singular masculine suffix pronoun
𓆒I9AU+13192horned viper crawling out of enclosure
𓆓I10U+13193cobraḏd
tchd
to speak
𓆔I10AU+13194cobra with feather
𓆕I11U+13195two cobras
𓆖I11AU+13196combination of cobra, flat loaf and sandy tract
𓆗I12U+13197erect cobrai'r-t Uraeus; Determinative for jꜥrt "uraeus", and also in goddess names
𓆘I13U+13198erect cobra on basket
𓆙I14U+13199snake
𓆚I15U+1319Asnake
𓆛K1U+1319BtilapiaNile tilapia ỉn.t or flathead mullet (Mugil cephalus) int, in
--
(bil.)-in
Egyptian biliteral sign jn; det. for "Tilapia", jnt; phoneme for jn; the common fish shape for reliefs & art; also for the fish cosmetic palettes.
𓆜K2U+1319Cbarbel for bw
𓆝K3U+1319Dmullet flathead mullet (adw) or adj (ad) only in "country commissioner (adj-mr)"
𓆞K4U+1319Eelephant-snout fishMormyrus (achAt) achA 1. Phonetic value (kh)a-((kh)ꜣ), from name, ideogram (kh)it-(ḫit); 2. Bil. for (kh)a
𓆟K5U+1319FPetrocephalus bane Petrocephalus bane (rm) bs
𓆠K6U+131A0fish scale fish scale (nschmt)
𓆡K7U+131A1puffer Nile pufferfish,

annoying (schpt)

𓆢K8U+131A2catfish
𓆣L1U+131A3dung beetleDung beetle, become, emerge kpr See: Scarab (artifact)
See: God Khepri
𓆤L2U+131A4beebee (bjt) for bjt (only in "king of lower Egypt" (bjt)) This hieroglyphic shows the very important hieroglyphic for bee, that stands also for honey. It is found very often on pharaonic naming-inscriptions-(as the combined term: Nesu-bity), because this hieroglyphic is a symbol for Lower Egypt together with the sedge, the symbol that stands for Upper Egypt, showing the domination of the Pharaohs over Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt.

see also nswt-bjt

𓆥L2AU+131A5combination of bee, sedge and two flat loafs
𓆦L3U+131A6fly Fly (aped)
𓆧L4U+131A7locust Grasshopper (snachmn), locust
𓆨L5U+131A8centipede centipede (spA)
𓆩L6U+131A9shell ichA (rarely)
𓆪L6AU+131AAL6 reversed
𓆫L7U+131ABscorpion Scorpion

Goddess Selkis (srqt)

Modified for religious reasons
𓆬L8U+131AC
𓆭M1U+131ADtree
𓆮M1AU+131AEcombination of tree and branch
𓆯M1BU+131AFcombination of tree and horned viper
𓆰M2U+131B0plantḥn-(from ḥni)
is-(from isw)
1. Determinative for various plants or flowers;
2. Two phonemes for "cane", and "canes", ḥn-(from ḥni), is-(from isw).
3. flower (garland), plant, branch, seed
4. Rosetta Stone, line R12, The people shall wear garlands on their heads, shall be made festal...
𓆱M3U+131B1branch(kh)t
ḫt
1. Bil. (kh)t; 2. Ideo. or det. for wood, tree; 3. linear measure, (=100 cubits)
𓆲M3AU+131B2combination of owl and branch
𓆳M4U+131B3palm branch
𓆴M5U+131B4combination of palm branch and flat loaf
𓆵M6U+131B5combination of palm branch and mouth
𓆶M7U+131B6combination of palm branch and stool
𓆷M8U+131B7pool with lotus flowersš3-(sh)a 1. Ideogram & Phoneme for š3-(sh)a, "flooded country"; 2. Ideogram for a(kh)t, Season of the Inundation
𓆸M9U+131B8lotus flowersšn
(also snšn)
A. Ideogram or det. in sšn, lotus flower;
B. Greek language 'souson';
C. also det. for snšn, for lily, lotus.
𓆹M10U+131B9lotus bud with straight stem
𓆺M10AU+131BAlotus bud with winding stem
𓆻M11U+131BBflower on long twisted stalkutn
wtn
an offering, gift; make a gift; see utchb-uḏb
𓆼M12U+131BCone lotus plant1000
(kh)a-ḫꜣ
Ideogram for (kh)a-(ḫꜣ), a part of the "lotus"; phonetically used for ḫꜣ; in Egyptian mathematics, 1000: (see also ksi, to bow, to bend, to do homage, etc., for ḫꜣ-ꜣ-b)
𓆽M12AU+131BDtwo lotus plants 2000
𓆾M12BU+131BEthree lotus plants 3000
𓆿M12CU+131BFfour lotus plants 4000
𓇀M12DU+131C0five lotus plants 5000
𓇁M12EU+131C1six lotus plants 6000
𓇂M12FU+131C2seven lotus plants 7000
𓇃M12GU+131C3eight lotus plants 8000
𓇄M12HU+131C4nine lotus plants 9000
𓇅M13U+131C5papyrus
stem
u3ḏ

(tril.)
Tril. wꜣḏ
𓇆M14U+131C6combination of papyrus and cobra
𓇇M15U+131C7clump of papyrus with buds
𓇈M15AU+131C8combination of clump of papyrus with buds and village
𓇉M16U+131C9clump of papyrus
𓇊M16AU+131CAcombination of clump of papyrus and village
𓇋M17U+131CBreedy alphabetic uniliteral vowel y
𓇌M17AU+131CCtwo reeds
𓇍M18U+131CDcombination of reed and legs walkingi(i)
it
combined sound-sign, determinative for i(+i); come, to come, coming, etc
𓇎M19U+131CEheaped conical cakes between reed and club
𓇏M20U+131CFfield of reeds
𓇐M21U+131D0reeds with root
𓇑M22U+131D1rush-- --
𓇒M22AU+131D2two rushes
𓇓M23U+131D3sedgesw see nswt-bjt
𓇔M24U+131D4combination of sedge and mouth
𓇕M24AU+131D5lily
𓇖M25U+131D6combination of flowering sedge and mouth rs Upper Egypt. Also, the South.
𓇗M26U+131D7flowering
sedge
(sh)m'u
šm'w
flowering rush; also Gardiner nos. M25, M27, M28,
 
 
𓇘M27U+131D8combination of flowering sedge and forearm
𓇙M28U+131D9combination of flowering sedge and hobble
𓇚M28AU+131DAthree lilies on village
𓇛M29U+131DBseed-podnḏm
--
(tril.)
1. Ideogram for types of tree nḏm, and "sweet", nḏm;
2. Egyptian triliteral sign for nḏm "date"
𓇜M30U+131DCroot bnri Ideogram or det. for bnr, sweet, date; for Egyptian language bnryt, sweetness, a favor, anything sweet, pleasant or nice; for bnry, the 'confectioner'.
𓇝M31U+131DDrhizome
𓇞M31AU+131DEtree in vase
𓇟M32U+131DFrhizome
𓇠M33U+131E03 grains horizontally
𓇡M33AU+131E13 grains vertically
𓇢M33BU+131E23 grains in triangular arrangement
𓇣M34U+131E3ear of emmer
𓇤M35U+131E4stack
(of grain)
(kh)ty
'ḥ'-'ḥ'u
Determinative in 1. 'ḥ'-'ḥ'u, for "stack-(of grain)"; (or other determiners for: food, provisions, stores, heaps of grain, wealth, riches, abundance);
2. and (kh)ty, 'heap of grain', where (kh)tyt, is "barn floor", or "place where grain is stored for sale"
𓇥M36U+131E5bundle of flax1-ḏr
many word
constructs
2-dma
--
(bil.)-ḏr
1. Bil. & phoneme for ḏr;
2. Determinative for dmꜣ, to tie together, to bind, to gather together, to collect
𓇦M37U+131E6bundle of flax
𓇧M38U+131E7wide bundle of flax
𓇨M39U+131E8basket of fruit or grain1-[ḏr]
2-dma-(to-gather)
--
(bil.)
ḏr-(equivalent)
1. see "Bundle of Flax";
2. interchangeable with 'Bundle of Flax', bil. ḏr;
3A. Determinative; 3B. for the Decree of Canopus, used once, line 18, for Egyptian language rd, (to grow, to flourish, to spring up, to spread out)

as a replacement for the "Garland"-(3-Plants-Bundle), "...., and the great processional festival of the Goddess Bast, because the time for the in-gathering of all the crops, and the inundation of the Nile (River) taketh place therein. ...."[5]
𓇩M40U+131E9bundle of reeds
𓇪M40AU+131EAbundle of reeds
𓇫M41U+131EBpiece of wood
𓇬M42U+131ECflower
𓇭M43U+131EDvine on trellis
𓇮M44U+131EEthornspd
srt
Determinative for spd, "readiness", sharp, pointed, etc.; det. for srt, "thorn" Also means "giving"
𓇯N1U+131EFskypt sky, (or heaven), and often used as God/Pharaoh XXXX, Lord of Sky/Heaven,
hieroglyph block:


𓇰N2U+131F0sky with sceptre
𓇱N3U+131F1sky with sceptregrḥ night, darkness
𓇲N4U+131F2sky with rain
𓇳N5U+131F3sun Ra/Re ( Every pharaoh's prenomen has 'Re' in it, the name of the sun god (sometimes written 'Ra').
𓇴N6U+131F4sun with uraeus
𓇵N7U+131F5combination of sun and butcher's block
𓇶N8U+131F6sunshine see sun-shining-with-rays (hieroglyph)
𓇷N9U+131F7moon with lower half obscured
𓇸N10U+131F8moon with lower section obscured
𓇹N11U+131F9crescent mooni'ḥ 1. Det. "moon"; 2. Ideogram, i'h-(i'ḥ), 'moon'; 3. items of the 'month', (timeperiod); see ploughing, laborer ("planting"), Gardiner no. T24, (also i'ḥ)
𓇺N12U+131FAcrescent moon
𓇻N13U+131FBcombination of crescent moon and star
𓇼N14U+131FCstarsb3
dw3

(tril.)-dwꜣ
(tril.)-sbꜣ
Ideogram or det. for sba-(sbꜣ), "star"; phonetic for dua-(dwꜣ)(dua); (see Duat)
𓇽N15U+131FDstar in circledwꜣt Otherworld, the Duat
𓇾N16U+131FEland with grainstꜣ Biliteral tꜣ "land", "country", etc.
𓇿N17U+131FFland variant of N16
𓈀N18U+13200sandy tract
𓈁N18AU+13201combination of sandy tract andripple of water
𓈂N18BU+13202combination of roll of breadand bolt
𓈃N19U+13203two sandy tractstꜣwy in ḥrw tꜣš(w) tꜣwy "Horus who joins the two lands"
𓈄N20U+13204tongue of land
𓈅N21U+13205short tongue of land
𓈆N22U+13206broad tongue of land
𓈇N23U+13207irrigation canal
𓈈N24U+13208irrigation canal systemspꜣt spꜣt
𓈉N25U+13209three hills
𓈊N25AU+1320Athree hills (low)
𓈋N26U+1320Btwo hillsḏw
--
(bil.)
Bil. ḏw, for "mountain"; ideogram and phoneme for "mountain"
𓈌N27U+1320Csun over mountaina(kh)t
ꜣḫt
Ideogram for a(kh)t-(ꜣḫt), "horizon"; (see Akhenaten's townsite, Akhetaten)
𓈍N28U+1320Drays of sun over hill(kh)'
ḫ'
Bil. (kh)' , ḫ'; sun-rising (hieroglyph)
𓈎N29U+1320Eslope of hill
𓈏N30U+1320Fmound of earth
𓈐N31U+13210road with shrubs
𓈑N32U+13211lump of clay
𓈒N33U+13212grain
𓈓N33AU+13213three grains
𓈔N34U+13214ingot of metal
𓈕N34AU+13215ingot of metal
𓈖N35U+13216ripple of water The letter n (+of,by)
𓈗N35AU+13217three ripples of water
𓈘N36U+13218canalmr mr-(Beloved of XX); det. water; (see also for mr, Chisel)
𓈙N37U+13219pool(sh)
š
uniliteral (sh)-š, a pool
𓈚N37AU+1321Apool
𓈛N38U+1321Bdeep pool
𓈜N39U+1321Cpool with water 1.-inr
2.-dbt-ḏbt
dby-t-plinth
1. block of stone, (or brick, etc.)
2. Ideogram or det. in inr for "stone", "block", etc.
3. Det. in types of building stones or types of minerals;
4A. Det. for dbt-(ḏbt), "brick"; 4B. dby-t-plinth, pedestal
𓈝N40U+1321Dpool
with legs
-- pool with walking legs
𓈞N41U+1321Ewell with ripple of waterḥmt
bi3
Phonemes for ḥmt, biꜣ; A "basin", but commonly used for 'wife', or 'woman'
𓈟N42U+1321Fwell with line of water
𓈠NL1 U+13220 1st Nome of Lower Egypt (NL001), Aneb-Hetch
𓈡NL2 U+13221 2nd Nome of Lower Egypt (NL002)
𓈢NL3 U+13222 3rd Nome of Lower Egypt (NL003)Wetjes-Hor
𓈣NL4 U+13223 Nome of Lower Egypt (NL004)
𓈤NL5 U+13224 Nome of Lower Egypt (NL005)
𓈥NL5aU+13225 5th Nome of Lower Egypt (NL005A)
𓈦NL6 U+13226 Nome of Lower Egypt (NL006)
𓈧NL7 U+13227 Nome of Lower Egypt (NL007)
𓈨NL8 U+13228 Nome of Lower Egypt (NL008)
𓈩NL9 U+13229 Nome of Lower Egypt (NL009)
𓈪NL10 U+1322A Nome of Lower Egypt (NL010)
𓈫NL11 U+1322B Nome of Lower Egypt (NL011)
𓈬NL12 U+1322C Nome of Lower Egypt (NL012)
𓈭NL13 U+1322D Nome of Lower Egypt (NL013)
𓈮NL14 U+1322E Nome of Lower Egypt (NL014)
𓈯NL15 U+1322F Nome of Lower Egypt (NL015)
𓈰NL16 U+13230 Nome of Lower Egypt (NL016)
𓈱NL17 U+13231 Nome of Lower Egypt (NL017)
𓈲NL17a U+13232 Nome of Lower Egypt (NL017A)
𓈳NL18U+13233 Nome of Lower Egypt (NL018)
𓈴NL19 U+13234 Nome of Lower Egypt (NL019)
𓈵NL20 U+13235 Nome of Lower Egypt (NL020)
𓈶NU1 U+13236 1st Nome of Upper Egypt (NU001)Ta-Seti
𓈷NU2 U+13237 2nd Nome of Upper Egypt (NU002)
𓈸NU3 U+13238 3rd Nome of Upper Egypt (NU003)Nekhen (nome)
𓈹NU4 U+13239 Nome of Upper Egypt (NU004)
𓈺NU5 U+1323A Nome of Upper Egypt (NU005)Nomos of Harawî
𓈻NU6 U+1323B Nome of Upper Egypt (NU006)
𓈼NU7 U+1323C Nome of Upper Egypt (NU007)
𓈽NU8 U+1323D Nome of Upper Egypt (NU008)
𓈾NU9 U+1323E Nome of Upper Egypt (NU009)
𓈿NU10 U+1323F Nome of Upper Egypt (NU010)
𓉀NU10aU+13240 Nome of Upper Egypt (NU010A)
𓉁NU11 U+13241 Nome of Upper Egypt (NU011)
𓉂NU11a U+13242 Nome of Upper Egypt (NU011A)
𓉃NU12 U+13243 Nome of Upper Egypt (NU012)
𓉄NU13 U+13244 Nome of Upper Egypt (NU013)
𓉅NU14 U+13245 Nome of Upper Egypt (NU014)
𓉆NU15 U+13246 Nome of Upper Egypt (NU015)
𓉇NU16 U+13247 Nome of Upper Egypt (NU016)
𓉈NU17 U+13248 Nome of Upper Egypt (NU017)
𓉉NU18 U+13249 Nome of Upper Egypt (NU018)
𓉊NU18a U+1324A Nome of Upper Egypt (NU018A)
𓉋NU19 U+1324B Nome of Upper Egypt (NU019)
𓉌NU20 U+1324C Nome of Upper Egypt (NU020)
𓉍NU21 U+1324D Nome of Upper Egypt (NU021)
𓉎NU22 U+1324E Nome of Upper Egypt (NU022)
𓉏NU22a U+1324F Nome of Upper Egypt (NU022A)
𓉐O1U+13250housepr
--
(bil.)
bil. pr; used extensively in "placenames"-(home of God XXX); placenames for a Pharaoh, etc.
1. Ideogram, house, estate; 2. bil. pr; 3. Determinative for 'building', 'location'
𓉑
O1A
U+13251combination of house and sandle-strap
𓉒O2U+13252combination of house and mace with round head
𓉓O3U+13253combination of house, oar, tall loaf and beer jug
𓉔O4U+13254shelterh 1. first alphabetic h; 2. Egyptian uniliteral sign h; 3. see second uniliteral h, the wick (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. V28,
𓉕O5U+13255winding wall from upper-left corner
𓉖O5AU+13256winding wall from lower-left corner
𓉗O6U+13257enclosureḥut 1. Ideogram for hwt-(ḥut), palace, temple, tomb; see also:
palace, 'ḥ
𓉘O6AU+13258opening of ḥwt-enclosure
𓉙O6BU+13259opening of ḥwt-enclosure
𓉚O6CU+1325Aopening of ḥwt-enclosure
𓉛O6DU+1325Bclosing of ḥwt-enclosure
𓉜O6EU+1325Cclosing of ḥwt-enclosure
𓉝O6FU+1325Dclosing of ḥwt-enclosure
𓉞O7U+1325Ecombination of enclosure and flat loaf
𓉟O8U+1325Fcombination of enclosure, flat loaf and wooden column
𓉠O9U+13260combination of enclosure, flat loaf and basket
𓉡O10U+13261combination of enclosure and falcon
𓉢O10AU+13262combination of enclosure and sandle-strap
𓉣O10BU+13263combination of enclosure and bee
𓉤O10CU+13264combination of shrine in profile and face
𓉥O11U+13265palace 'ḥ 1. Ideogram, 'h-('ḥ), "palace"; see also:
palace, temple, tomb, ḥut
𓉦O12U+13266combination of palace and forearm
𓉧O13U+13267battlemented enclosure
𓉨O14U+13268part of battlemented enclosure
𓉩O15U+13269enclosure with cup and flat loaf
𓉪O16U+1326Agateway with serpents
𓉫O17U+1326Bopen gateway with serpents
𓉬O18U+1326Cshrine in profile
𓉭O19U+1326Dshrine with fence
𓉮O19AU+1326Eshrine
𓉯O20U+1326Fshrine
𓉰O20AU+13270shrine
𓉱O21U+13271façade of shrine
𓉲O22U+13272booth with pole
𓉳O23U+13273double platform
𓉴O24U+13274pyramid
𓉵O24AU+13275pedestal of sun temple
𓉶O25U+13276obelisktḫn Ideogram or det. for t(kh)n, obelisk
𓉷O25AU+13277obelisk and pedestal of sun temple
𓉸O26U+13278stelauḏ-wḏ
'h'u-'ḥ'w
1. Ideogram or det. for wḏ, a stele; det. for 'ḥ'w, station (of a procession), "stele"; used also for 'memorial slab', boundary stone, landmark. 2. NOTE: there are other listed, (or Non-listed) hieroglyphs for boundary steles:
(similar) (variants)
3. Similar spelling for wḏ: uses a stone block as det. and hand: ud

𓉹O27U+13279hall of columns
𓉺O28U+1327Acolumn
𓉻O29U+1327Bhorizontal wooden column ˁȝ 'Great'
(wooden)-column
𓉼O29AU+1327Cvertical wooden column
𓉽O30U+1327Dsupport
𓉾O30AU+1327Efour supports
𓉿O31U+1327Fdoor 'ꜣ 1. Egyptian language, 'ꜣ, equivalent to
 
.
2. Determinative, 'open'
𓊀O32U+13280gateway
𓊁O33U+13281façade of palace
𓊂O33AU+13282closing of srḫ-enclosure
𓊃O34U+13283door bolts
(horizontal)
Unil. s, (the horizontal s); the vertical s is Gardiner no. S29, a folded cloth,
𓊄O35U+13284combination of bolt and legs
𓊅O36U+13285wallinb 1. Ideogram or det. for inb, "wall";2. (a det. for related words)
𓊆O36AU+13286opening of oval fortified wall enclosure
𓊇O36BU+13287closing of oval fortified wall enclosure
𓊈O36CU+13288opening of square fortified wall enclosure
𓊉O36DU+13289closure of square fortified wall enclosure
𓊊O37U+1328Afalling wall
𓊋O38U+1328Bcorner of wall
𓊌O39U+1328Cstone
𓊍O40U+1328Dstair single-- a determinative
𓊎O41U+1328Edouble stairwayq3, q33, q3i 1. Determinative for qꜣ-(constructs): high ground, hill, high place;
2. same for iꜣr, to climb
𓊏O42U+1328Ffence(sh)sp
šsp
tril. (sh)sp-šsp-(shesep)
𓊐O43U+13290low fence
𓊑O44U+13291emblem of Miniaut-i3wt 1. Ideogram or det. for iaut-(iꜣwt), for "post", "office", "position", etc.;
2. the fetish of the "Temple of Min"
𓊒O45U+13292domed building
𓊓O46U+13293domed building
𓊔O47U+13294enclosed mound
𓊕O48U+13295enclosed moundsp time; see also "threshing floor", Gardiner no. O50,
𓊖O49U+13296village
𓊗O50U+13297threshing floorsp
(from spt)
Biliteral sp; (equal to Egyptian: "time"); see also "time", Gardiner no. O48,
𓊘O50AU+13298hieratic threshing floor
𓊙O50BU+13299O50A reversed
𓊚O51U+1329Apile of grain (sh)nut
šnwt
Ideo. or det., šnwt-(sh)nut, "granary"
𓊛P1U+1329Bboat ship, boat (dpt), sail, go downstream
𓊜P1AU+1329Cboat upside down
𓊝P2U+1329Dship under sail sail (go upstream)
𓊞P3U+1329Esacred barque sacred barque (wiA)
𓊟P3AU+1329Fsacred barque without steering oar
𓊠P4U+132A0boat with net Abbreviation for fisherman (wHa)
𓊡P5U+132A1sail sail (tjAwt) (achtAw), sailor (nfw), wind, north wind (machyt)
𓊢P6U+132A2mast
Stand (aHa) aHa Triliteral 'h' , "to erect"
𓊣P7U+132A3combination of maste and forearm aHaw Combination of P6 and D36
𓊤P8U+132A4oarOar (wsrw) 1. Determinative for usr-(wsr), "oar";
2. Tril. phonogram, (kh)ru-(ḫrw)
𓊥P9U+132A5combination of oar and horned viper says (Xryfy) Combination of P8 and I9
𓊦P10U+132A6rudderSteering oar (hmw) Determinative, hmu-(ḥmw), for "rudder" and related words
𓊧P11U+132A7mooring
post
mooring post (minit) 1. Determinative in mnit, the "mooring post", or related words.
𓊨Q1U+132A8seat
throne
seat (st), place st, achtm Ideogram for st, seat, throne, place; and phonogram st; see is-t, for major use of Place of XXXX, etc.
𓊩Q2U+132A9carrying
chair
seat (st) *ws in Osiris (wsjr) Ideogram for ꜣsir, the God Osiris
𓊪Q3U+132AAstool support (p), stool, stool made out of reed

(originally the stool's Mat)

A common usage is for the name of god Ptah-(p,t,h)
𓊫Q4U+132ABheadresturs A. Determinative for urs-(wrs), the "headrest";
B. headrest is also Egyptian language, uars-t,


(one spelling)
(equals Coptic language, "ouras").
C. See also: WikiCommons: Egyptian headrests
𓊬Q5U+132ACchest box (hn), box
𓊭Q6U+132ADsarcophaguscoffin (qrsw), bury (qrs) Ideogram or det. for qrsw, sarcophagus
𓊮Q7U+132AEbrazier1.-Fire-Flame
2.-Lamp
3.-Brazier
1. lamp
2. (see Fire-Flame)-(in progress)
3. "Brazier"
4. Egyptian language, (kh)ꜣbs, (for lamp, etc.-tied to (kh)ꜣbs, for "star", "luminary"; for Flame: (kh)t, sḏt, & nsr; for Heat: rkḥ & tꜣ.
𓊯R1U+132AFhigh table with offerings Offering table (ḫȝwt) ḫȝwt
𓊰R2U+132B0table with slices of bread Offering table (ḫȝwt) ḫȝwt
𓊱R2AU+132B1high table with offerings
𓊲R3U+132B2low table with offerings Offering table (ḫȝwt) ḫȝwt
𓊳R3AU+132B3low table altar; contentment ḥtp
𓊴R3BU+132B4low table with offerings (simplified)
𓊵R4U+132B5loaf on matḥtp "altar, offering, boon which the king grants, be pleased, be happy, be gracious, pardon, be at peace, be peaceful, become calm" (Faulkner 1991:179)
𓊶R5U+132B6narrow censer
𓊷R6U+132B7broad censer
𓊸R7U+132B8bowl with smoke
𓊹R8U+132B9Cloth on pole ntjr logogram of god; Phonogram ntjr.
𓊺R9U+132BAcombination of cloth on pole and bag
𓊻R10U+132BBcombination of cloth on pole, butcher's block and slope of hill
𓊼R10AU+132BCcombination of cloth on pole and butcher's block
𓊽R11U+132BDreed columnḏd
tchd
--
(bil.)
Djed
𓊾R12U+132BEstandard
𓊿R13U+132BFfalcon and feather on standard
𓋀R14U+132C0Emblem
of the West
imny-("West")
unmy-("right")
Emblem of the West
Ideogram for imnt, west, (and similar); also for unmy, "right".
𓋁R15U+132C1spear emblem
𓋂R16U+132C2sceptre with feathers and string
𓋃R16AU+132C3sceptre with feathers
𓋄R17U+132C4wig on pole
𓋅R18U+132C5combination of wig on pole and irrigation canal system
𓋆R19U+132C6scepter with feather
𓋇R20U+132C7flower with horns Symbol representing the goddess Seshat
𓋈R21U+132C8flower with horns
𓋉R22U+132C9two narrow belemnites
𓋊R23U+132CAtwo broad belemnites
𓋋R24U+132CBtwo bows tied horizontallynt 1. Ideogram or det. for name of Goddess Neith;
2. Egyp. bil. nt.
𓋌R25U+132CCtwo bows tied vertically
𓋍R26U+132CDcombination of land, lung and windpipe, lily, and papyrus
𓋎R27U+132CEtwo arrows crossed over a shield
𓋏R28U+132CFBat
𓋐R29U+132D0niche with serpent
𓋑S1U+132D1white crownḥḏ see Hedjet; (see also Red crown & Pschent))
𓋒S2U+132D2combination of white crown and basket
𓋓S2AU+132D3combination of white crown and village
𓋔S3U+132D4red crownn
(vertical)
see Deshret; Red crown (hieroglyph)-(uniliteral n-(vertical)); (see also White crown)
𓋕S4U+132D5combination of red crown and basket
𓋖S5U+132D6Pschent Crown-- for the Pharaoh, King of the Two Lands, (i.e. Upper and Lower Egypt)
𓋗S6U+132D7combination of Pschent Crown and basket
𓋘S6AU+132D8combination of red crown and village
𓋙S7U+132D9blue crown(kh)prš
(ḫprš)
khepresh-helmet
𓋚S8U+132DAAtef
crown
atf
(3tf)
Ideo. or det. for the crown ꜣtf-(atef)
𓋛S9U+132DBshuti
two-feather
adornment
(sh)uty-šuty two feathers, shuti two-feather adornment
𓋜S10U+132DCheadband
𓋝S11U+132DDbroad collar
𓋞S12U+132DEcollar of beads nb
(nub)
--
(bil.)
bil. nb; Horus of Gold name in Pharaonic titulary
𓋟S13U+132DFcombination of collar of beads and foot
𓋠S14U+132E0combination of collar of beads and mace with round head
𓋡S14AU+132E1combination of collar of beads and sceptreḏ'm
tch'm
white-gold
see gold (hieroglyph)
𓋢S14BU+132E2combination of collar of beads and sceptre
𓋣S15U+132E3pectoral four props, the Four Pillars of Heaven; also as, s(kh)nut, four pillars of the sky; (sa)(kh)niu, additionally, 4 legs of a chair; s(kh)nut, 4 legs of a vessel & s(kh)nut IV, the 4 Pillars that Support the Sky
𓋤S16U+132E4pectoral
𓋥S17U+132E5pectoral
𓋦S17AU+132E6girdle
𓋧S18U+132E7"menat
necklace
and
counterpoise"
(mnit) 1. "Menat and counterpoise"; 2. Ideogram or det. in mnit, the necklace of Menat pearls
𓋨S19U+132E8seal
with necklace
-- seal
with necklace
𓋩S20U+132E9necklace with sealmany
see under:
ḏb-to seal
ḏb'i-t
1. (confer cylinder seal); 2. Ideogram or det. in (kh)tm-(ẖtm), sḏꜣt, ḏb't, all words for "seal", or equivalent words
Seal-rings, (Impression seals, or Seals of Office)
𓋪S21U+132EAring
𓋫S22U+132EBshoulder-knot
𓋬S23U+132ECtwo whips
with shen ring
dmḏ
dmd-dmḏ
or dnd-dnḏ
Ideogram and det. in dmḏ-(dmḏ), for "to unite"
𓋭S24U+132EDgirdle knottjs
--
(bil.)
1. knot; to tie in a knot, fetter;
2. Bil. (tsh)s, t_s
𓋮S25U+132EEgarment with ties
𓋯S26U+132EFapron
𓋰S26AU+132F0apron
𓋱S26BU+132F1apron
𓋲S27U+132F2cloth with two strands
𓋳S28U+132F3cloth with fringe on top and folded cloth
𓋴S29U+132F4folded clothspdit A. Sirius, Sothic cycle, Sothis;
B. 'Readiness', beginning of the year: planting, the Season of the Inundation, (w/ rising of the Dog Star)
𓋵S30U+132F5combination of folded cloth and horned viper
𓋶S31U+132F6combination of folded cloth and sickle
𓋷S32U+132F7cloth with fringe on the side
𓋸S33U+132F8sandle
𓋹S34U+132F9life
sandle-strap
ankh
'n(kh)
'nḫ
--
(tril.)
Tril. 'n(kh);
Ideogram for "life", "live"
𓋺S35U+132FAsunshade
𓋻S35AU+132FBsunshade
𓋼S36U+132FCsunshade
𓋽S37U+132FDfan
𓋾S38U+132FEcrookḥq 1. 'to rule', 'chief', 'ruler', ḥq;
2. Hq-scepter;
3. the pharaoh was called the Ruler of On, (Ruler of Heliopolis)
𓋿S39U+132FFshepherd's crook
𓌀S40U+13300wꜣssceptre
(uꜣs)
wꜣs
(uas)
--
(tril.)
see Was scepter
𓌁S41U+13301sceptre
𓌂S42U+13302Sekhem
scepter
sḫm Sekhem scepter; "power" is s(kh)m, (sḫm)
𓌃S43U+13303walking stick
𓌄S44U+13304walking stick with flagellum
𓌅S45U+13305flagellum
𓌆S46U+13306covering for head and neck
𓌇T1U+13307mace with flat head
𓌈T2U+13308mace with round head
𓌉T3U+13309mace with round headḥḏ Ideogram, and phonogram for mace, ḥḏ
𓌊T3AU+1330Acombination of mace with round head and two hills
𓌋T4U+1330Bmace with strap
𓌌T5U+1330Ccombination of mace with round head and cobra
𓌍T6U+1330Dcombination of mace with round head and two cobras
𓌎T7U+1330Eaxe
𓌏T7AU+1330Faxe
𓌐T8U+13310daggertp "top", or "first";
"first", "foremost";
Ideogram in tp, tpy; det. in mtpnt
𓌑T8AU+13311dagger
𓌒T9U+13312bowpṯ
p(tj)
to stretch, to extend
𓌓T9AU+13313bow
𓌔T10U+13314composite bow
𓌕T11U+13315arrow
𓌖T11AU+13316two crossed arrows
𓌗T12U+13317bowstringruḏ
rwḏ
1. Tril. rwḏ; Ideo. for "bowstring";
2. items that are "hard, durable, strong, rooted," thus "growth, growing";
3. (see Pharaoh Rudamun)
𓌘T13U+13318joined pieces of woodrs phonogram, rs
𓌙T14U+13319throw stick vertically
𓌚T15U+1331Athrow stick slanted
𓌛T16U+1331Bscimitar
𓌜T16AU+1331Cscimitar
𓌝T17U+1331Dcharioturrt Ideogram or det. for chariot
𓌞T18U+1331Ecrook with package attached(sh)ms follower sign
𓌟T19U+1331Fharpoon headgn-t "memorial, record, archive, memorandum"; in plural: "annals"
𓌠T20U+13320harpoon head
𓌡T21U+13321harpoonu'
w'
--
(bil.)
1. "single" items; "1", 'each', etc.; 2. Bil. w'
𓌢T22U+13322arrowheadsn Bil. sn; Ideo. for "arrow"
used for:
brother, husband
sister, wife
"smell"
touch, grasp
2, "second", 'the same'-(twin), two, both, etc.
𓌣T23U+13323arrowhead
𓌤T24U+13324fishingneti'ḥ see moon, (also i'h);
A. plough, break ground;
B. field laborer, peasant;
C. field;
D. det. in name of a god "I'h-ur"-(I'h-Great)
𓌥T25U+13325floatḏb
(ḏa)
to supply, furnish with, equip, provide, & to decorate...(thus the "life preserver")
see also: seal, (to seal, ḏb'i-t)
𓌦T26U+13326birdtrap
𓌧T27U+13327traps(kh)t
(sḫt)
1. trap, bird-trap, (the device); 2. Ideogram or det. in s(kh)t-(sḫt), Egyptian "trap" and related words
𓌨T28U+13328butcher's blockkhr
ẖr
1. Bil. (kh)r;
2. Ideas of items below, (butchered, segmented, then 'owned'); and major use of 'below', or 'under', as a prepositional use
𓌩T29U+13329butcher's block with knife
𓌪T30U+1332Aknife(sh)'
š'
𓌫T31U+1332Bknife-sharpener
𓌬T32U+1332Ccombination of knife and legs
𓌭T32AU+1332Dcombination of knife and folded cloth
𓌮T33U+1332Eknife-sharpener of butcher
𓌯T33AU+1332Fcombination of knife-sharpener and folded cloth
𓌰T34U+13330butcher's knife
𓌱T35U+13331butcher's knife
𓌲T36U+13332shield
𓌳U1U+13333sickle
𓌴U2U+13334sickle
𓌵U3U+13335
𓌶U4U+13336
𓌷U5U+13337
𓌸U6U+13338
𓌹U6AU+13339
𓌺U6BU+1333A
𓌻U7U+1333Bhoemr 1. bil. mr, for "beloved";
2. used in Pharaoh, individuals, other names, etc.: (Pharaoh XX, Beloved of God/Goddess YY)
𓌼U8U+1333C
𓌽U9U+1333D
𓌾U10U+1333Egrain measure (with plural, for grain particles)dbḥ
𓌿U11U+1333F
𓍀U12U+13340
𓍁U13U+13341
𓍂U14U+13342
𓍃U15U+13343sled
(sledge)
tm Bil. tm
𓍄U16U+13344
𓍅U17U+13345Pick, opening earthgrg
gr
to have, hold, possess; (used in building new town-locations)
𓍆U18U+13346
𓍇U19U+13347
𓍈U20U+13348
𓍉U21U+13349adze-
on-block
stp triliteral, stp, for "chosen";
often used in Pharaonic cartouche names as: "Chosen of God XXXX", (example: Beloved of Maat, Chosen of Maat)
𓍊U22U+1334Aclapper-(of-bell)
tool/instrument
forked-staff, etc.
mn(kh)-(mnḫ) 1. Determinative for mn(kh)-(mnḫ), for "cut", "give shape to";
2. Ideogram in mn(kh)-(mnḫ), for "to be excellent";
3. The grandfather of Ptolemy V of the Rosetta Stone is Ptolemy III Euergetes-(the Canopus Stone), the "Well-doer Gods"-(pharaohs).[6] Their name is a composition block of two 'God' hieroglyphs-(husband & wife), (no. R8),
, with a chisel at the base of each,
 
 
𓍋U23U+1334Bchiselꜣb
mr
(See: Narmer Palette)
bil., ꜣb, mr; (see also for mr, Canal)
𓍌U23AU+1334C
𓍍U24U+1334Dhand
drill
(hieroglyph)
ḥmt 1. Ideogram in hmt-(ḥmt), the name for the 'hand drill tool'; also hmt for words of "art", "artisan", etc.
2. Ideo. or det. for uba, (wbꜣ), to 'rise', to 'open'; see: Rise of a Star: ubn:
𓍎U25U+1334E
𓍏U26U+1334F
𓍐U27U+13350
𓍑U28U+13351fire-drillḏa
ḏ3
--
(bil.)
1. bil. ḏꜣ; Ideogram for "forest"
Emphatically used with words as ḏaḏa constructs;
2. (see AUS-(article), and "Scale-2"-(on list)-uḏ')
𓍒U29U+13352
𓍓U29AU+13353
𓍔U30U+13354kilntꜣ Bil. tꜣ; Ideogram for "potter's kiln";
(for tꜣ, see also Land, tꜣ)
𓍕U31U+13355
𓍖U32U+13356
𓍗U32AU+13357
𓍘U33U+13358'pestle'-(curved top)ti Bil. ti
𓍙U34U+13359
𓍚U35U+1335A
𓍛U36U+1335Bfuller's-clubḥm
--
(bil.)
1. Egyptian biliteral sign ḥm, for a fuller's club;
2. Ideogram for ḥmw, 'washer', and ḥm, slave, servant; phonogram ḥm.
𓍜U37U+1335C
𓍝U38U+1335Dscalem(kh)ꜣt Ideogram and det. for m(kh)ꜣt-(mḫat), "scale": see Stand (for Scales)
𓍞U39U+1335E
𓍟U40U+1335Fa support-(to lift)utjs
uṯs
1. to lift up, support, etc.
2. see also: utjs
𓍠U41U+13360plummet
𓍡U42U+13361pitchfork
𓍢V1U+13362 "string, rope", Egyptian numeral 100
𓍣V1AU+13363 Egyptian numeral 200
𓍤V1BU+13364 Egyptian numeral 300
𓍥V1CU+13365 Egyptian numeral 400
𓍦V1DU+13366 Egyptian numeral 500
𓍧V1EU+13367 Egyptian numeral 600
𓍨V1FU+13368 Egyptian numeral 700
𓍩V1GU+13369 Egyptian numeral 800
𓍪V1HU+1336A Egyptian numeral 900
𓍫V1IU+1336B Egyptian numeral 500
𓍬V2U+1336C
𓍭V2AU+1336D
𓍮V3U+1336E
𓍯V4U+1336Flasso(ua)
wꜣ
--
(bil.)
lasso, for "cord", (possibly earlier, a word related to "lasso")
𓍰V5U+13370
𓍱V6U+13371rope-(shape)(sh)s
šs
--
(bil.)
Egyptian biliteral sign šs
𓍲V7U+13372rope-(shape)(sh)n
šn
--
(bil.)
Egyptian biliteral sign šn
𓍳V7AU+13373
𓍴V7BU+13374
𓍵V8U+13375
𓍶V9U+13376shen
ring
"shen"
šn
Determinative in (sh)nw-(šnu), the cartouche
𓍷V10U+13377cartouche
(hieroglyph)
šn-(shen)
rn
special uses, (often with inserted name)
šn-(shen), "circle", "encircle", or a 'ring'; later timeperiod usage for "name", rn
𓍸V11U+13378cartouche-(divided)tn
(tny, tnu
dnit-t)
ideas of to divide, to exclude, words related to Egyptian language tn, etc.
𓍹V11AU+13379
𓍺V11BU+1337A
𓍻V11CU+1337B
𓍼V12U+1337C
𓍽V12AU+1337D
𓍾V12BU+1337E
𓍿V13U+1337F
𓎀V14U+13380
𓎁V15U+13381Tethering rope w/ walking legstjt
t_t
to take possession of, seize, carry off, conquer, acquire
𓎂V16U+13382cattle
hobble
--
(bil.)
sꜣ bil. sꜣ; equivalent of Gardiner no. V17, also sꜣ,

(see also: tethering rope)
𓎃V17U+13383lifesaversꜣ
--
(bil.)
bil. sꜣ; equivalent of Gardiner no. V16, also sꜣ,

(see also: tethering rope)
𓎄V18U+13384
𓎅V19U+13385
𓎆V20U+13386"cattle hobble"mḏu
(also md)
Egyptian numeral 10
𓎇V20AU+13387 Egyptian numeral 20
𓎈V20BU+13388 Egyptian numeral 30
𓎉V20CU+13389 Egyptian numeral 40
𓎊V20DU+1338A Egyptian numeral 50
𓎋V20EU+1338B Egyptian numeral 60
𓎌V20FU+1338C Egyptian numeral 70
𓎍V20GU+1338D Egyptian numeral 80
𓎎V20HU+1338E Egyptian numeral 90
𓎏V20IU+1338F Egyptian numeral 20
𓎐V20JU+13390 Egyptian numeral 30
𓎑V20KU+13391 Egyptian numeral 40
𓎒V20LU+13392 Egyptian numeral 50
𓎓V21U+13393Fetter + Cobramḏ, mḏut deep place, deep, pit, cavern-extending, subterranean shrine, etc.
𓎔V22U+13394whipmḥ Bil. mh, (mḥ); (See: similar shaped hieroglyph: water-skin)
𓎕V23U+13395
𓎖V23AU+13396
𓎗V24U+13397
𓎘V25U+13398"command staff"uḏ
(wḏ)
--
(bil.)
to give an order, to command, to decree; (bil.
𓎙V26U+13399
𓎚V27U+1339A
𓎛V28U+1339B'eternity'
a-long-timeperiod
wick-Ra-wick
God-Huh
ḥḥ eternity, or "a long time period"; (variations of timeperiods, with tweaks of the seated man holding renpet-constructs)
𓎜V28AU+1339C
𓎝V29U+1339D(fiber)
swab
(straw broom)
sq, (or)
u3ḥ

bil.-tril.
--
(bil.-sq
(tril.)-uꜣḥ)
1. Biliteral sq; "to clean", "dust";
2. Triliteral uah, (wꜣḥ)
𓎞V29AU+1339E
𓎟V30U+1339Fbasket
(hieroglyph)
nb
--
(bil.)
Egyptian for "everything", every; major use: "Lord", (or feminine, Lady);
Bil. nb
Ideogram for basket: master, lord
𓎠V30AU+133A0
𓎡V31U+133A1basket-
with-handle
(hieroglyph)
k
(unil.)
Unil. k
𓎢V31AU+133A2
𓎣V32U+133A3
𓎤V33U+133A4
𓎥V33AU+133A5
𓎦V34U+133A6
𓎧V35U+133A7
𓎨V36U+133A8doubled container
(or-added-glyphs)
many spellings
ḥnty period of 120 years; in translation: "for..'henti years'"; from,


ḥn-t, border, boundary, end, limit, frontier, etc.
𓎩V37U+133A9
𓎪V37AU+133AA
𓎫V38U+133AB
𓎬V39U+133AC?stylized ankh
(for Isis)(?)
tjt
t_t
tyet
Tyet, Knot of Isis, Girdle of Isis
𓎭V40U+133AD
𓎮V40AU+133AE
𓎯W1U+133AFOil jar Ointment (mrḥt), oil
𓎰W2U+133B0Oil-jar without ties Bas-container (bAs) bAs
𓎱W3U+133B1alabaster
basin
Alabaster (schs), festival (achb)
sš-s(sh)
'(sesh)'
festival
(Equivalent to Gardiner W4, Jubilee Pavilion (hieroglyph))
det. in , 'alabaster', or "precious stone"; det. in hb

abbreviation for ḥbt in "ritual book" ḥrj-ḥbt

𓎲W3AU+133B2alabaster
basin
𓎳W4U+133B3festival chamber, (the tail is also vertical 'Great': 'ꜣ)festival (ḥb) Sṯ Sed festival
𓎴W5U+133B4 abbreviation for Lector Priest
𓎵W6U+133B5Metal vessel boiler (wḥAt)
𓎶W7U+133B6Granite Bowl red granite (mAtj) mAtj
𓎷W8U+133B7Granite Bowl red granite (mAtj)
𓎸W9U+133B8Stone jug Nechnem-oil (nḥnm) ḥnm
𓎹W9AU+133B9
𓎺W10U+133BAcupwsḫ, sẖw Determinative for goblet (jab) A. Determinative for the "vessel", Egyptian language, i'b-(no. 5 of 6); det. for i'b (1 & 2), 1: to approach, to come towards, to meet; 2: "to present a gift", to make an offering, 'an offering';
B. i', i'y, bathing; i'u, food, morning meal; i'b-(no. 3 of 6), uses Gardiner no. F16,
as det. for "to comb"; the other use of 'to comb', is for 'to card wool' and also uses the Horn hieroglyph, but is the equivalent word: b'-(no. 2, of 3); (no. 1 is a vessel, bowl, but made of "copper", etc.)
𓎻W10AU+133BBPot bA (rarely)
𓎼W11U+133BCJar stand seat (nst) g
𓎽W12U+133BDJar stand seat (nst) g
𓎾W13U+133BEpot Heset-pitcher, Senbet-pitcher (snbt) or similar containers
𓎿W14U+133BFwater jarside area (jmw), side (gs) m, m, gs Bil. ḥs
𓏀W14AU+133C0Water jar with water
𓏁W15U+133C1Water jar with rack clean (qbḥ) (only Ideogram)
𓏂W16U+133C2Water jar with rack Libation (qbḥ), (qbb)
𓏃W17U+133C3Water jar with rack water pitchers in the stand (ḫntw), first ḫnt (j) ḫnt
𓏄W17AU+133C4
𓏅W18U+133C5Water jar with rack water pitchers in the stand (ḫntw), first ḫnt (j) ḫnt
𓏆W18AU+133C6
𓏇W19U+133C7Milk jug with handlemi 1. like, as, according to, inasmuch as, since, as well as, together with; all adverbial forms, some as a segue;
2. early forms use other hieroglyphs;
3. Egyptian: mity and mitt relate to "image" or "likeness": likeness, copy, resemblance, statue, image, similitude, the like etc.
𓏈W20U+133C8Milk jug with cover milk (jrtjt), milk container and contents
𓏉W21U+133C9Wine jarsWine (jrp) Determinative in irp, "wine"
𓏊W22U+133CABeer jug beer (achnqt), containers and its contents, tribute (jnw), victim, attendant (wdpw)
𓏋W23U+133CBBeer jug ontainer (qracht), containers and their contents
𓏌W24U+133CCPotnw, jn * (accompanies the signs Aa-27 and Aa-28) get (jnj) nu
qd
--
(bil.)-nu
Phoneme for nw; det. for qd, construct, mold; (see: ḥnk, Arm-with-nu-pot)
𓏍W24AU+133CDThree pots
𓏎W25U+133CEPot with legs fetch
𓏏X1U+133CFloaf of breadt Unilateral for "t"
𓏐X2U+133D0
𓏑X3U+133D1
𓏒X4U+133D2
𓏓X4AU+133D3
𓏔X4BU+133D4
𓏕X5U+133D5
𓏖X6U+133D6loaf-with-decorationpꜣt
(phoneme pꜣ)
1. Determinative for the 'decorated bread loaf', pꜣt; phoneme for pꜣ; meanings of: stuff, matter, substance; for 'bread': dough, cake, bread, offering, food, product;
2. for the "primordial god(s)": "Pauti",

(or)

(many spelling versions)
𓏗X6AU+133D7
𓏘X7U+133D8
𓏙X8U+133D9cone-
shaped
bread
di Ideogram for di, rdi, give, given, to give; (an equivalent to arm offering conical "loaf"), Gardiner no. D37,

In iconography and reliefs, used for pharaonic statements: "Given, Life, Power...Forever"-(the vertical form of 'to give')
𓏚X8AU+133DA
𓏛Y1U+133DBpapyrus
roll
papyrus scroll, book (mdjAt) mḏ3-t
mḏ3t
terms connected with writing, or 'abstract' concepts
𓏜Y1AU+133DC
𓏝Y2U+133DDpapyrus scroll, book (mdjAt) Old Kingdom variation of Y1.
𓏞Y3U+133DEScribe's outfitScribe's outfit (mnhd) abbreviation for write, (ssch) writing, etc. naa, snaa
𓏟Y4U+133DFScribe's outfit Scribe's outfit (mnhd) abbreviation for write, (ssch) writing, etc. naa, snaa Rarer alternative of Y3
𓏠Y5U+133E0Senet board mn Extensive dictionary entries beginning at "Mn"-(or men), since the definitions center around permanence, enduring, etc. A common Pharaonic epithet was: Mn-Kheper-Ra, but many names using "mn" as a name component.
𓏡Y6U+133E1game piecegame figure (jbA) abbreviation for dancer (jbA) jbA 1. Ideogram or det. in ib3, "pawn", draughtsman; phoneme for ib3; 2. Det. for ib3u, ib3, dance [of the gods]; also dancer, dancing man, etc.
𓏢Y7U+133E2harpHarp bint
[bin-t, bn-t]
Determinative in bint, "harp"; (see article Medamud for relief usage)
𓏣Y8U+133E3SistrumSistrum (sschscht) sš, sššt
(also s(kh)m)
A. Ideo. for "sistrum", sššt, (or s(kh)m(=sistrum)); det. in sššt;
B. s(kh)m is Egyptian for 'power', (confer with Sekhem scepter-(list skhm) and Medamud-(article))
𓏤Z1U+133E4Single stroke Singularity,

Egyptian numeral 1

indicates that the prior sign is an Ideogram as if it no feminine ending, can stand as an abundance stroke at empty places.
𓏥Z2U+133E5Plural stroke (horizontal) plural, majority, collective concept (e.g. meat, jwf)
𓏦Z2AU+133E6 Can be used as a replacement for signs perceived to be dangerous to be actually written
𓏧Z2BU+133E7
𓏨Z2CU+133E8
𓏩Z2DU+133E9
𓏪Z3U+133EAplural strokes (vertical) Can be used as a replacement for signs perceived to be dangerous to be actually written
𓏫Z3AU+133EB
𓏬Z3BU+133EC
𓏭Z4U+133EDDual stroke Egyptian numeral 2,

plural, majority, collective concept (e.g. meat, jwf),

Duality

for j (y) (only if ending sounds like a dual ending) Can be used as a replacement for signs perceived to be dangerous to be actually written
𓏮Z4AU+133EE Egyptian numeral 2
𓏯Z5U+133EFDiagonal stroke (from hieratic) Can be used as a replacement for signs perceived to be dangerous to be actually written)
𓏰Z5AU+133F0
𓏱Z6U+133F1Substitute for various human figures for death, die (mwt)
𓏲Z7U+133F2coil
(hieratic equivalent)
w or (u) unil., equivalent of unil. w, the quail chick,
; Both chick and coil are used for plural, the w, (or u);
(see also: Plural)
𓏳Z8U+133F3Oval round (šnw)
𓏴Z9U+133F4Crossed diagonal sticksDestroy (achdjj), break, divide (wpj), over load (djAj), cross, meet swA, sdj, ichbs, šbn, wp, wr.
𓏵Z10U+133F5Crossed diagonal sticksDestroy (achdjj), break, divide (wpj), over load (djAj), cross, meet swA, sdj, ichbs, šbn, wp, wr. Determinative for "break, divide" (wpj), "over load" (ḏAj), "cross, meet".
𓏶Z11U+133F6Two planks crossed and joined imi
𓏷Z12U+133F7
𓏸Z13U+133F8
𓏹Z14U+133F9
𓏺Z15U+133FA Egyptian numeral 1
𓏻Z15AU+133FB Egyptian numeral 2
𓏼Z15BU+133FC Egyptian numeral 3
𓏽Z15CU+133FD Egyptian numeral 4
𓏾Z15DU+133FE Egyptian numeral 5
𓏿Z15EU+133FF Egyptian numeral 6
𓐀Z15FU+13400 Egyptian numeral 7
𓐁Z15GU+13401 Egyptian numeral 8
𓐂Z15HU+13402 Egyptian numeral 9
𓐃Z15IU+13403 Egyptian numeral 5
𓐄Z16U+13404 numeral 1 in dates
𓐅Z16AU+13405 numeral 2 in dates
𓐆Z16BU+13406 numeral 3 in dates
𓐇Z16CU+13407 numeral 4 in dates
𓐈Z16DU+13408 numeral 5 in dates
𓐉Z16EU+13409 numeral 6 in dates
𓐊Z16FU+1340A numeral 7 in dates
𓐋Z16GU+1340B numeral 8 in dates
𓐌Z16HU+1340C numeral 9 in dates
𓐍Aa1U+1340DPlacenta or sieve Kh
𓐎Aa2U+1340EPustule Bodily growths or conditions, disease
𓐏Aa3U+1340FPustule with liquid issuing from it Medical or anatomical condition, specifically soft matter or liquid Rare alternative for AA2
𓐐Aa4U+13410 bA (rarely) See W10
𓐑Aa5U+13411Part of steering gear of a ship Hasten (hip), Hepet-device (achpt) achp (rarely)
𓐒Aa6U+13412mat (TmA) tmA, tjmA.
𓐓Aa7U+13413A Smiting-Blade spr Abbreviation for "smite" (spr)
𓐔Aa7AU+13414
𓐕Aa7BU+13415
𓐖Aa8U+13416Irrigation tunnels Estate (djAtt) qn, ḏAt, ḏAḏAt
𓐗Aa9U+13417rich (Hwd)
𓐘Aa10U+13418drf
𓐙Aa11U+13419Raised platform (tjntt), platform abbreviation for mAa in (mAa-ichrw) mAa and mAa in mAa-ichrw
𓐚Aa12U+1341ARaised platform (tjntt), platform abbreviation for mAa in (mAa-ichrw) mAa
𓐛Aa13U+1341Bside area (jmw), side (gs) m, m, gs
𓐜Aa14U+1341Cside area (jmw), side (gs) m, m, gs
𓐝Aa15U+1341D jm, m, gs
𓐞Aa16U+1341Eside (gs) gs
𓐟Aa17U+1341Fback (sA) sA
𓐠Aa18U+13420back (sA) sA
𓐡Aa19U+13421 Hr
𓐢Aa20U+13422 apr
𓐣Aa21U+13423divide (wdja) abbreviation for Seth
𓐤Aa22U+13424divide (wdja) abbreviation for Seth
𓐥Aa23U+13425 Often instead of U35
𓐦Aa24U+13426 Often instead of U35
𓐧Aa25U+13427garment priest (smA)
𓐨Aa26U+13428 sbj
𓐩Aa27U+13429 ndj
𓐪Aa28U+1342A qd
𓐫Aa29U+1342B
𓐬Aa30U+1342CHeker-frieze
𓐭Aa31U+1342D
𓐮Aa32U+1342E

See also

Articles on individual hieroglyphs

References

  1. Michael Everson, Preliminary proposal to encode Möller's Egyptian Hieroglyphs in the SMP of the UCS, ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2 N4741 L2/16-250 (2016).
  2. "Time Trips".
  3. Michael Everson, Preliminary proposal to encode Möller’s Egyptian Hieroglyphs in the SMP of the UCS, ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2 N4741 L2/16-250 (2016).
  4. Parpola, 1997l. The Standard Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh, Parpola, Simo, Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, c 1997, Tablet I thru Tablet XII, Index of Names, Sign List, and Glossary-(pp. 119–145), pp. 165.
  5. Budge, 1989, (1929), The Rosetta Stone, p. 288-289.
  6. Budge, 1989, (1929). The Rosetta Stone, p. 126.
  • Budge, Sir E.A.Wallis, An Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary, in Two Volumes, Sir E.A.Wallis Budge, (Dover Publications, Inc. New York), c 1920, Dover Edition, c 1978. (Large categorized listings of Hieroglyphs, Vol 1, pp. xcvii–cxlvii (97–147) (25 categories, 1000+ hieroglyphs), 50 pgs.)
  • Faulkner, William (1991). Middle Egyptian. Griffith. ISBN 0-900416-32-7.:
  • A.H. Gardiner, Catalogue of the Egyptian hieroglyphic printing type, from matrices owned and controlled by Dr. Alan (1928).
  • A.H. Gardiner, "Additions to the new hieroglyphic fount (1928)", The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 15 (1929), p. 95.
  • A.H. Gardiner, "Additions to the new hieroglyphic fount (1931)", The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 17 (1931), pp. 245–247.
  • A.H. Gardiner, Supplement to the catalogue of the Egyptian hieroglyphic printing type, showing acquisitions to December 1953 (1953).
  • A.H. Gardiner, Egyptian Grammar: Being an Introduction to the Study of Hieroglyphs. 3rd Ed., pub. Griffith Institute, Oxford, 1957 (1st edition 1927), pp. 438–548 (pdf).
  • Möller, Georg. 1909. Hieratische Paläographie: die aegyptische Buchschrift in ihrer Entwicklung von der Fünften Dynastie bis zur römischen Kaiserzeit. Erster Band: Bis zum Beginn der achtzehnten Dynastie
  • Möller, Georg. 1927. Hieratische Paläographie: die aegyptische Buchschrift in ihrer Entwicklung von der Fünften Dynastie bis zur römischen Kaiserzeit. Zweiter Band: Von der Zeit Thutmosis' III bis zum Ende der einundzwanzigsten Dynastie,
  • Möller, Georg. 1936. Hieratische Paläographie: die aegyptische Buchschrift in ihrer Entwicklung von der Fünften Dynastie bis zur römischen Kaiserzeit. Dritter Band: Von der zweiundzwanzigsten Dynastie bis zum dritten Jahrhundert nach Chr.
  • Möller, Georg. 1936. Hieratische Paläographie: die aegyptische Buchschrift in ihrer Entwicklung von der Fünften Dynastie bis zur römischen Kaiserzeit. Vierter *Band: Ergänzungsheft zu Band I und II
  • Wilkinson, Richard, Reading Egyptian Art, A Hieroglyphic Guide to Ancient Egyptian Painting and Sculpture, Richard H. Wilkinson, with 450 Illustrations, (Thames & Hudson Ltd, London), c 1992.
  • Rainer Hannig: Großes Handwörterbuch Ägyptisch-Deutsch. (2800 – 950 v. Chr.) Marburger Edition. 4th rev. ed. von Zabern, Mainz 2006, ISBN 3-8053-1771-9, (= Hannig-Lexica. vol. 1); (= Kulturgeschichte der Antiken Welt. vol. 64, ISSN 0937-9746),contains the Gardiner list plus an extended sign list.
  • Rainer Hannig, Petra Vomberg: Wortschatz der Pharaonen in Sachgruppen. Hannig Lexica vol. 2, 2nd ed, von Zabern, Mainz 2012, ISBN 978-3-8053-4473-9.
  • Friedrich Junge: Einführung in die Grammatik des Neuägyptischen 3rd rev. ed. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 2008, ISBN 978-3-447-05718-9, information on transcription and transliteration and peculiarities of New Kingdom orthographies.
  • Christian Leitz: Die Tempelinschriften der griechisch-römischen Zeit. 3rd rev ed. Münster 2009, ISBN 978-3-8258-7340-0, (= Quellentexte zur ägyptischen Religion 1), (= Einführungen und Quellentexte zur Ägyptologie 2), references older inventories of Ptolemaic era hieroglyphics.
  • Michael Everson and Bob Richmond, Towards a Proposal to encode Egyptian Hieroglyphs in Unicode (2006)
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.