Lipsk

Lipsk [lʲipsk], (also Polish: Lipsk nad Biebrzą; Lithuanian: Liepinė; Yiddish: ליפּסק נאַד בּיבּג'ו) is a town in Augustów County, Podlaskie Voivodeship, Poland, with 2,520 inhabitants (2004).

Lipsk is also the old Slavonic form of the name of Leipzig in Germany.
Lipsk

Lipsk nad Biebrzą
Church of Our Lady of Angels in Lipsk

Coat of arms
Lipsk
Coordinates: 53°44′N 23°24′E
Country Poland
VoivodeshipPodlaskie
CountyAugustów
GminaLipsk
Town rights1580
Government
  MayorLech Łępicki[1]
Area
  Total4.97 km2 (1.92 sq mi)
Population
 (2017[1])
  Total2,376
  Density480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
16-315
Area code(s)+48 87
Vehicle registrationBAU
Websitehttp://www.lipsk.pl

History

Lipsk was granted town rights in 1580 by King Stephen Báthory by virtue of a privilege issued in nearby Grodno. It was a royal town until the Third Partition of Poland when it was annexed by Prussia.[2] In 1807 it was regained by Poles as part of the short-lived Duchy of Warsaw.[2] In 1815 it became part of Congress Poland,[2] later on forcibly integrated with Imperial Russia. As part of anti-Polish repressions after the January Uprising, Lipsk was deprived of town rights by the Russian administration in 1869.[3] Under Russian rule, it was known as Лейпциг на Бебже. It was part of Poland again, after the country again regained independence in 1918.

During World War II it was occupied by the Soviet Union from September 1939 to June 1941.[3] Several Polish families were deported deep into the USSR, and the occupation administration was co-created by local Jews.[3] From June 1941 to July 1944 it was occupied by Nazi Germany. In 1941, the Germans deported 99 local Jews to the ghettos in Augustów and Grodno, from where they were later transported to the Treblinka extermination camp.[4] On July 13, 1943, the Germans murdered 50 Poles from Lipsk in nearby Naumowicze.[5] Among those killed was Marianna Biernacka, one of the 108 Martyrs of World War II. In July 1944, Lipsk was captured by the Red Army, and murders and robberies followed, as well as the fight against the Polish Home Army resistance movement.[5]

Lipsk regained its municipal rights in 1983.[2][3]

References

  1. "Lipsk (podlaskie)". Polska w liczbach (in Polish). Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  2. "Lipsk". Encyklopedia PWN (in Polish). Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  3. Władysław Czarnecki, Historia ziemi lipskiej, p. 12 (in Polish)
  4. Czarnecki, Op. cit., p. 7
  5. Czarnecki, Op. cit., p. 13
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