The Link Train is an automated people mover (APM) at Toronto Pearson International Airport in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. The wheelchair-accessible train runs 24 hours a day, seven days a week and is completely free-of-charge to ride. In 2012, it transported 17,000 passengers daily, 60 to 70% of whom were airport staff.
Link train approaching Terminal 1 station in 2012, in old livery
|Locale||Toronto Pearson International Airport, Mississauga, Ontario|
|Daily ridership||17,000 (2012)|
|Opened||July 6, 2006|
|Owner||Greater Toronto Airport Authority|
|Operator(s)||Greater Toronto Airport Authority|
|Rolling stock||DCC Cable Liner|
|Line length||1.5 km (0.9 mi)|
|Number of tracks||2 parallel shuttles|
|Track gauge||Automated guideway transit|
|Electrification||36 mm Cable Propelled Transit|
|Operating speed||43.2 km/h (26.84 mph)|
The original proposal for an automated people mover system at Pearson Airport was submitted in May 2002. Six months later, on November 15, 2002, a $55-million contract was signed with DCC Doppelmayr Cable Car GmbH of Wolfurt, Austria, followed by four years of construction, and the system opened to the public on July 6, 2006. The new service initially operated alongside its predecessor, the Link shuttle bus system.
Design and rolling stock
The Link Train uses a pair of Cable Liner trains. They use a cable-hauled, drive and tension system. Each train has capacity for 175 passengers with baggage (25 per car: 17 standing, 8 seated) or 2,500 passengers per hour per direction (pphpd).
- Married set formed of cars
- Married set formed of cars
The two trains, plus a small work car, cost a total of CA$56 million when delivered. They were refurbished in 2013, and received a new paint scheme, new seats, and a seventh car (they were originally delivered and used as six-car trains).
Stations and operation
The two fully elevated lines, running side-by-side, are 1.5 kilometres (0.9 mi) long, and have a travel time of four minutes one way. They serve a total of three stations:
Both lines operate independently in shuttle mode with a total capacity of up to 2,180 pphpd. The trains run on rubber tires on a smooth steel surface and all propulsion is provided by the cable. The absence of onboard motors, braking systems and gearboxes eliminates excessive noise, oil spills from the trains, and dust from brakes. Doppelmayr asserts that a cable-driven APM is the most environmentally responsible solution for transportation in high density applications.
|Length||1,473 metres (4,833 ft)|
|Configuration||Dual track shuttle with two trains operating independently|
|Operating Speed||43.2 kilometres per hour (26.8 mph)|
|Dwell Time||36 s|
|Guideway||Elevated steel tube truss|
|System Capacity||2,500 pphpd|
|Trains||Two 7-car trains|
|Train Capacity||25 passengers/vehicle, 175 passengers/train|
On March 30, 2009, the Link Train was put out of service for extensive maintenance due to engineering design flaws. During this time, service was replaced by an inter-terminal shuttle bus contracted to Penetang-Midland Coach Lines. Normal service resumed in July 2009.
On March 16, 2013, the Link Train was shut down for approximately eight months during construction of the Union Pearson Express. The trains were refurbished during this time and received a seventh car, new seats, and a new paint scheme.
The Union Pearson Express airport rail link service between Pearson Airport and Union Station in Downtown Toronto opened on June 6, 2015, in time for the 2015 Pan American Games. It directly serves Terminal 1, with a connection to Terminal 3 via the Link Train.
A number of public transport bus services in the GTA have a stop on the lower level of Terminal 1; these include the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC), MiWay, Brampton Transit, and GO Transit. The TTC has an additional stop on the lower level at Terminal 3, served after departing Terminal 1.
As originally proposed, Line 5 Eglinton was to connect Pearson Airport with Scarborough by 2018 as part of the Transit City plan. However, when the four Transit City lines were found to be $2.4 billion over their funding envelope in January 2010, parts of the network were deferred, including the western section of the Eglinton LRT. A future extension could eventually reach the airport, completing the line as envisioned.
- The 1.5 km line connects Terminals 1 and 3 (there is no longer a Terminal 2) and the Viscount Reduced Rate parking lot and garage.
Irwin Rapoport (July 6, 2006). "Airport opens automated people mover: New train system connects three terminals, parking area". Toronto: Daily Commercial News. Archived from the original on January 30, 2013.
It’s a 1.5-kilometre train with three stations gliding along an elevated guideway connecting Terminals 1, 3 and a reduced rate parking area serving both passengers and employees of the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA).
Tess Kalinowski (May 21, 2012). "Pearson's cable-propelled transit LINK is TTC rider's dream". Toronto: Toronto Star. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013.
Propelled on a continuous loop of 36mm hydraulic cable, the LINK system is actually two driverless trains that operate side by side on an elevated guideway, shuttling back and forth on a 1.5-km, three-stop route in about four minutes.
- McGran, Kevin (June 19, 2006). "Testing, testing, bump; Volunteers try out airport monorail". Toronto Star. p. B05.
The Canadian Architect, Volume 49. Southam Business Publications. 2004. p. 13. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
Scheduled to begin operations in 2006, the GTAA's new Automated People Mover (APM) will have the ability to carry as many as 2.150 people each way every hour in the first phase of operations.
- Automated People Mover (APM): Planner's guide. DCC Doppelmayr Cable Car GmbH. 2008. p. 89.
- DCC Doppelmayr Cable Car. DCC Doppelmayr Cable Car GmbH. 2008. p. 7.
- "Terminal Link Train Is Back In Service - Toronto Pearson Employee Community". Toronto Pearson International Airport. November 8, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
- "Commission Report Macro" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on July 26, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2010.
- Jack Collins (May 19, 2010). "Achieving 5 in 10: A Revised Plan for the Big 5 Transit Projects" (PDF). Metrolinx. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 13, 2013.
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