Link is a 1986 British horror film starring Elisabeth Shue and Terence Stamp along with a trio of simian stars which consist of Locke as Link, Jed as Imp, and Carried as Voodoo. The title character, "Link", is a super-intelligent yet malicious chimpanzee (played by an orangutan) who lashes out against his masters when they try to have him euthanised.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Richard Franklin|
|Produced by||Richard Franklin|
|Screenplay by||Everett De Roche|
|Story by||Lee David Zlotoff and|
|Music by||Jerry Goldsmith|
|Edited by||Andrew London|
|Distributed by||Cannon Films (US)|
Thorn EMI (UK)
|Box office||$1,720,450 (USA)|
It was directed by Richard Franklin and written by Everett De Roche from a story by Lee David Zlotoff and Tom Ackermann. The score was provided by Jerry Goldsmith. It was filmed in St. Abbs, Scotland.
Shue and Goldsmith received Saturn Award nominations for their contributions.
Link is supposed to be a chimpanzee, as is evidenced by a poster of him in his old circus days as a chimpanzee, but for some unknown reason he is played by an orangutan who has his fur colored darker and is wearing prosthetic ears to make him resemble a chimpanzee.
Franklin was a devotee of Alfred Hitchcock - he had recently directed Psycho II - and said after filming “I hesitate to liken it to The Birds because everyone will say ‘Oh shit, he's doing Hitchcock again.' Unlike The Birds, which is kind of a fantasy, Link is based on anthropological realities. I’m calling it an anthropological thriller as opposed to a psychological thriller.”
Dr Steven Phillip lives in a Victorian mansion by the English Coast with three chimpanzees whom he has been doing research on to investigate the “link” between man and ape. Jane Chase is invited to his house during summer vacation as an assistant, and upon arriving, she gets greeted at the door by a chimp named Link, dressed in a butler’s uniform.
Philips disappears, but Jane thinks he left for London. She decides to stay with the chimps. Over time the chimps become more violent. They begin to take over the house and to get involved in intertribal squabbles, leading to a confrontation with Jane..
- Elisabeth Shue as Jane Chase, a young American zoology studying in England who takes the opportunity to assist Dr. Phillip with his studies.
- Terence Stamp as Dr. Steven Phillip, an anthropologist studying the mental capabilities of chimpanzees in his isolated estate in the English countryside. Anthony Perkins was offered the role but turned it down.
- Steven Pinner as David, Jane's boyfriend who investigates Phillip's estate after Jane's call gets abruptly cut off.
- Kevin Lloyd as Bailey, Phillip's friend who is called to put Link down.
- David O'Hara as Tom, David's friend who goes with him on his search for Jane.
- Richard Garnett as Dennis, David's friend who goes with him on his search for Jane.
- Linus Roache (uncredited)
- Locke as Link, a 45 year old circus chimp who now serves as Phillip's butler and lashes out against his human masters. Despite being written to be a chimpanzee and having a poster of his old circus days as a chimp, the role was given to Locke who is an orangutan. His fur was dyed darker and wore prosthetic ears to make him resemble a chimp. He was owned and trained by legendary animal trainer Ray Berwick.
- Carrie as Voodoo, a female chimpanzee who is often caged for her aggressive nature, but is occasionally let loose. This is one of the few times a full grown chimpanzee is used in a film.
- Jed as Imp, Voodoo's son and Phillip's prized student in his studies. He has a tendency to escape and kill other animals (birds, cats, sheep).
In 1979 Richard Franklin optioned a short outline which he described as "a sort of Jaws with chimps." He did not do anything with it until Everett de Roche showed him a National Geographic article by Jane Goodall about violence among chimpanzees.
Franklin later said what sparked the idea of the film was Goodall observing "the cannibalizing of young chimpanzees by one particular mad female chimp. She observed actual intertribal warfare, not unlike the opening of 2001, between two groups of chimps. The whole ’60s idea of man being the only animal to make war against its own kind was suddenly thrown out the window. Since then, they’ve discovered that lions and other animals do it as well, but that, to me, was a really interesting idea for a good thriller.”
"Link is much more mysterious than it is horrifying," said Franklin. "For a long time, the girl doesn’t know, nor does the audience, exactly what happened to the doctor. It owes a bit to Psycho, actually, because you’ll notice that in mood, tone and look, it resembles Psycho II, crossed with the English setting of Jane Eyre.”
The film was made in the UK for EMI Films.
The English setting to me was essential. I wanted to contrast the primitivism of jungle animals with Old World values, high culture, and "civilisation" - which is one of the subjects of the picture.
"From a technical viewpoint, it was really not as hard to do as I had anticipated," said Franklin. "But there was a lot of pressure on me, even at the last minute, to use men in suits, which I thought would be dishonest. We weren’t making a fantasy, and we weren’t making Greystoke with its fable-like qualities. We were doing something which was supposed to be based on what chimps can really do. "
Filming finished in July 1985. It was one of the last films made under the regime of Verity Lambert at EMI.
"The killings are strange with one chimp actually pulling somebody through a mail slot, which is kind of different,” said Franklin. “It breaks new ground, and cinema- tically, it has never been done."
Prior to the film's release Frankin said "Universal’s instinct will probably be to release it this summer, which I really hope they don't do. It’s not a Spielberg movie. It’s quite different and, in a way, I wish Psycho II had been given the chance to make more money by playing fewer theaters for a longer period of time. Link is a very special thriller and should be tre ated accordingly.”
When the film was released in the US by the Cannon Group, eight minutes were cut, despite Franklin's objections. When EMI was taken over by the Cannon Group, five more minutes were cut out. Franklin later described this process as "each new one chipping a little more away until my wife was moved to liken the plight of my monkey movie to that of the horse in Black Beauty."
The film received generally mixed to negative reviews. Rotten Tomatoes gave at the film 29% positives reviews based on 7 reviews. Franklin later called the movie "on almost every level... an unsatisfying experience."
Prior to the film's release Franklin said he had an idea for a follow up movie, about an anthropologist in Africa who becomes involved in a chimp war. "It would be another picture entirely, ” said Franklin. "Steven Spielberg said he would direct Jaws 2 if he could do the story of the Indianapolis, which is the story that’s told in Jaws by Robert Shaw. With Link, we got an entirely different story, which takes chimps as far from the jungles of Africa as possible.” However the commercial failure of Link meant the film was never made.
- Link at Box Office Mojo
- LINK Monthly Film Bulletin; London Vol. 53, Iss. 624, (Jan 1, 1986): 376.
- Gross p 38
- "Richard Franklin and Link", Cinema Papers, March 1989 p40
- Gross p 39
- Gross p 40
- Gross p 39
- Gross 39
- Gross p 39
- Gross p 39
- Three of the best: David Newpart on three big theatrical names going into films Newport, David. The Guardian 1 Aug 1985: 11.
- Gross p 65
- Gross p 65
- Franklin, Richard (1999). "Pistols at Dawn: the art of film versus the science of previewing". Second take : Australian film-makers talk. Allen & Unwin. p. 123.
- "Interview with Richard Franklin", Signet, 15 September 1995 Archived 1 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine accessed 18 November 2012
- Gross p 39
- Gross, Edward (1986). "Going Ape with Link". Fangoria. No. 52. p. 38-65.