Limon, Colorado

The Town of Limon is the Statutory Town that is the most populous municipality in Lincoln County, Colorado, United States. The population was 1880 at the 2010 United States Census. Limon has been called the "Hub City" of Eastern Colorado because Interstate 70, U.S. Highways 24, 40, and 287, and State Highways 71 and 86 all pass through or near the town.[9] The Limon Correctional Facility is part of the Colorado Department of Corrections system and is a major employer in the area with employment of roughly 350. Limon is listed as the official AASHTO control city for signs on Interstate 70 between Denver and Hays, Kansas, although westbound signs in both Colorado and Kansas often omit Limon and list the larger city of Denver.

Town of Limon, Colorado
Limon, Colorado
Nickname(s): 
Hub City of Eastern Colorado
Location of Limon in Lincoln County, Colorado.
Coordinates: 39°15′50″N 103°41′32″W
CountryUnited States
StateColorado
County[1]Lincoln
Incorporated (town)November 18, 1909[2]
Government
  TypeStatutory Town[1]
  MayorJulie Coonts
  Town ManagerGreg Tacha
  Chief of PoliceLynn Yowell
Area
  Total3.08 sq mi (7.99 km2)
  Land3.05 sq mi (7.90 km2)
  Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation5,377 ft (1,639 m)
Population
  Total1,880
  Estimate 
(2016)[7]
1,955
  Density640.56/sq mi (247.35/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
  Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP codes[8]
80826, 80828
Area code(s)719
FIPS code08-44980
GNIS feature ID0204819
WebsiteTown of Limon

Limon is the western terminus of the Kyle Railroad and it is here the shortline interchanges with the Union Pacific Railroad. Trains previously stopped at Limon Railroad Depot.

Education

Limon Schools

Limon Schools has a new K-12 facility that opened in the fall of 2015. The $22.5 million project built two stories of new classrooms that accommodate up to 600 students.

The building addition, designed design-build partner, Klipp, a division of GKK Works, adds 85,228 square feet and many site improvements to the campus. Among them are new classrooms, a library, a cafeteria and commons area and vibrant playgrounds.

Limon Elementary School is a public coed school with 240 students in grades K-5. According to state standards, 82% of students at this school are considered proficient in math or reading.

Limon Junior-Senior High School has 233 students in grades 6-12. According to state standards, 77% of students at this school are considered proficient in reading. Graduation rate is 90%.

Morgan Community College

Morgan Community College: Limon Center serves Arickaree, Flagler, Genoa-Hugo, Karval, Kit Carson, Limon, and Woodlin high schools. It currently offers A.A., A.S., A.A.S. & A.G.S. degrees; Transfer courses; Nursing pre-requisites; Agriculture & Business Management; GED preparation & testing; Specialty classes for teacher re-licensure; EMS training; and Computer classes.

Limon Child Development Center

Limon Child Development Center (Limon Head Start) offers a full-day, full-year preschool program for children ages 3–5. There are various funding programs available for children including Head Start, Colorado Preschool Program (CPP), CCCAP through the Lincoln County Department of Human Services, and private pay tuition.

Geography

Limon is located at 39°15′50″N 103°41′32″W at an elevation of 5,377 feet (1,639 m).[5] Although entirely in Lincoln County, Limon is located immediately east of the Elbert County line. It lies on the north side of Big Sandy Creek, a tributary of the Arkansas River, on the eastern edge of the Colorado Piedmont region of the Great Plains, and is near the eastern end of the Palmer Divide.[10][11] Located in east-central Colorado at the junction of Interstate 70, U.S. Highway 40, U.S. Highway 24, and State Highway 71, Limon is far from any major city or town, being 72 miles (116 km) northeast of Colorado Springs, 83 miles (134 km) southeast of Denver, and 486 miles (782 km) west of Kansas City.[12][13]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2), all land.[14]

Climate

Limon has a semi-arid steppe climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, dry winters and warm, mildly wetter summers. Due to its location on the eastern plains, the town is often subject to severe, sometimes violent thunderstorms throughout the summer. Large hail, damaging winds, heavy rain, and tornadoes are common in the summer months. The average temperature in Limon is 47.3 °F (8.5 °C), and the average relative humidity is 56%.[15][16] Over the course of a year, temperatures range from an average low of 10 °F (−12 °C) in December to an average high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July.[17] The high temperature reaches or exceeds 90 °F (32 °C) an average of 26 days a year and reaches or exceeds 100 °F (38 °C) an average of 0.6 days a year. The minimum temperature falls below the freezing point 32 °F (0 °C) an average of 188 days a year. Typically, the first fall freeze occurs by the fourth week of September, and the last spring freeze occurs by the third week of May. In a typical year, Limon receives 16 inches (410 mm) of precipitation, and there are 82 days of measurable precipitation. Annual snowfall averages 43 inches (110 cm). Measurable snowfall occurs an average of 31 days a year with at least an inch of snow being received on 12 of those days. Snow depth of at least an inch occurs an average of 50 days a year.[15] On average, December is the coldest month, July is the hottest month, and August is the wettest month. The hottest temperature recorded in Limon was 100 °F (38 °C) in 1990; the coldest temperature recorded was -27 °F (-33 °C) in 1984.[17]

Climate data for Limon, Colorado
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 73
(23)
73
(23)
82
(28)
88
(31)
90
(32)
100
(38)
99
(37)
99
(37)
96
(36)
86
(30)
78
(26)
74
(23)
100
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 42
(6)
44
(7)
53
(12)
61
(16)
70
(21)
80
(27)
87
(31)
84
(29)
76
(24)
64
(18)
51
(11)
41
(5)
63
(17)
Average low °F (°C) 11
(−12)
13
(−11)
20
(−7)
28
(−2)
38
(3)
47
(8)
53
(12)
52
(11)
42
(6)
30
(−1)
19
(−7)
10
(−12)
30
(−1)
Record low °F (°C) −27
(−33)
−24
(−31)
−13
(−25)
4
(−16)
18
(−8)
33
(1)
41
(5)
37
(3)
17
(−8)
1
(−17)
−11
(−24)
−22
(−30)
−27
(−33)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.33
(8.4)
0.48
(12)
0.84
(21)
1.39
(35)
1.99
(51)
2.41
(61)
2.48
(63)
2.83
(72)
0.85
(22)
1.01
(26)
0.60
(15)
0.37
(9.4)
15.58
(395.8)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 6.1
(15)
6.4
(16)
6.5
(17)
5.3
(13)
1.6
(4.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
3.2
(8.1)
8.3
(21)
5.4
(14)
43
(108.71)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 4.0 4.3 6.5 7.5 10.5 9.2 9.2 10.4 6.0 5.0 4.8 4.4 81.8
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.7 4.6 5.1 3.6 0.7 0 0 0 0.4 1.7 4.6 5.1 30.5
Source: National Weather Service;[15] The Weather Channel[17]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910534
19201,04796.1%
19301,1005.1%
19401,053−4.3%
19501,47139.7%
19601,81123.1%
19701,8140.2%
19801,805−0.5%
19901,8311.4%
20002,07113.1%
20101,880−9.2%
Est. 20161,955[7]4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]

As of the 2010 census, there were 1,880 people, 828 households, and 476 families residing in the town. The population density was 989.5 people per square mile (382/km²). There were 963 housing units at an average density of 506.8 per square mile (200.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.2% White, 0.9% American Indian, 0.8% African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.8% from some other race, and 1.5% from two or more races. 9.4% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.[6]

There were 828 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.5% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27, and the average family size was 3.00.[6]

In the town, the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males age 18 and over.[6]

As of 2009, the median income for a household in the town was $40,903, and the median income for a family was $46,061. Males had a median income of $49,097 versus $31,615 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,442. About 16.6% of families and 18.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.5% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Porter Lynching

Limon was the site of a lynching on November 16, 1900. Preston Porter Jr, a sixteen-year-old African-American male, had confessed to the murder of eleven-year-old Louise Frost who was Caucasian. Porter was apparently being held some 90 miles away in Denver, but was sent back to Limon by request of unspecified people and against the wishes of Sheriff Freeman. When the train carrying Porter stopped in Limon, sixteen men selected from a mob of 300 "marked by calmness and determination" took Porter from Freeman's custody despite the sheriff's protestations "in the name of law." Originally it was announced that Porter would be hanged but many in the crowd including R. W. Frost, the girl's father, objected "that such a death would be too easy." The method was left to Frost who decided upon burning at the stake. Frost also refused to allow mutilation of Porter's body before burning. While waiting for his execution, Porter sat next to a bonfire reading the Gospel of Luke from the Bible. Porter was chained to an iron railroad rail set in the ground on the exact spot where the murder had taken place and burned to death, the match to start the fire being set by the girl's father. Lynchings of this type were apparently rare, as reporters on the scene wrote: "The general sentiment expressed approves the execution of the negro, but deprecates the method adopted." [20]

1990 Tornado

On June 6, 1990, an F3 tornado touched down near Matheson (about 16 miles west of Limon), tearing roughly east-northeast through fields. Minutes later, the then rain-wrapped tornado arrived, devastating the city. The storm injured 14 people, but remarkably no one was killed. Most of Limon's business district had been laid to ruins in just moments.

Governor Roy Romer declared Limon a disaster area the next day.[21]

Limon successfully rebuilt its business district adding streetscaping, a new Town Hall, relocating a medical clinic and Limon Memorial Library, creating Hub City Senior Center and a new fire station. Downtown Limon is now a thriving center of the community demonstrating the strength of this rural community.[22]

Media

Print

The Limon Leader is the city's weekly newspaper, published by Hoffman Publications, LLC and has a circulation of about 3,200 copies.[23]

Radio

The following radio stations are licensed to or broadcast from Limon:

AM

Frequency Callsign[24] Format[25] City of License Notes
1120KCRNAdult ContemporaryLimon, Colorado-

FM

Frequency Callsign[26] Format[25] City of License Notes
89.1KYCOLimon, Colorado-
89.9K210CCPublicLimon, ColoradoNPR; Translator of KRCC, Colorado Springs, Colorado[27]
91.9K220IKReligiousLimon, ColoradoTranslator of KAWZ, Twin Falls, Idaho[28]
93.7KBUDClassic HitsLimon, Colorado-

Television

Limon is in the Denver television market.[29]

See also

References

  1. "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Archived from the original on 2009-12-12. Retrieved 2007-09-01.
  2. "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
  3. "Town of Limon, Colorado - Officials/Staff". Town of Limon. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  4. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 25, 2017.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. "American FactFinder 2". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  7. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. "ZIP Code Lookup". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original (JavaScript/HTML) on November 4, 2010. Retrieved November 14, 2007.
  9. "Town of Limon, Colorado - Home". Town of Limon. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  10. "Limon City Map" (PDF). Colorado Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
  11. "Physiographic Provinces of Colorado". Colorado Geological Survey. Archived from the original on 2012-05-24. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
  12. "Colorado Travel Map" (PDF). Colorado Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-05-30. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
  13. "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
  14. "Colorado: 2000 - Population and Housing Counts" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. July 2003. p. 18. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
  15. "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Weather Service Forecast Office - Denver-Boulder, CO. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  16. "Historical Weather for Limon, Colorado, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  17. "Average weather for Limon, CO". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  18. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  19. "Limon town, Colorado - Selected Economic Characteristics: 2005-2009". 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  20. "Boy Burned at the Stake in Colorado" NewYorkTimes.com, 17 November 1900. Retrieved 24 July 2009.
  21. Colorado Tornadoes
  22. Gutierrez, Barry (May 25, 2013). "Rebirth after the big storm: How one small town dug out, spruced up and lived on". NBC News. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  23. "Limon Leader". Mondo Times. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  24. "AMQ AM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  25. "Radio Stations in Limon, Colorado". Radio-Locator. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  26. "FMQ FM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  27. "Frequencies". Radio Colorado College. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  28. "CSN Stations". CSN International. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  29. "Colorado TV Markets Map". EchoStar Knowledge Base. Archived from the original on 2014-07-04. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
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