Lazdijai

Lazdijai (pronunciation ) is a city in Lithuania located about 7 km (4.3 mi) east of the border with Poland.

Lazdijai
City

Coat of arms
Lazdijai
Location of Lazdijai
Coordinates: 54°14′N 23°31′E
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionDzūkija
County Alytus County
MunicipalityLazdijai district municipality
EldershipLazdijai city eldership
Capital ofLazdijai district municipality
Lazdijai city eldership
Lazdijai rural eldership
First mentioned1570
Granted city rights1597
Population
 (2001)
  Total5,140
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

History

It was established by Sigismund II Augustus in 1570 and granted Magdeburg Rights by Sigismund III Vasa in 1587.[1]

On November 3, 1941, 1,535 Jews were murdered in Lazdijai, including 485 men, 511 women and 539 children[2] The perpetrators were members of the Rollkommando Hamann, local policemen and Lithuanian nationalists.

In 1990 Lithuania declared independence from the Soviet Union, and new check points between the borders Poland and Lithuania were established and Lazdijai became the center that oversees and continues to regulate these operations. It is the birthplace of Lithuanian politician and producer Arūnas Valinskas and of Russian-American composer and violinist Joseph Achron.

References

  1. Encyclopedyja Powszechna (Universal Encyclopedia). Vol. 17 (in Polish). Warszawa: S. Orgelbrand. 1864. p. 655.
  2. "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". holocaustatlas.lt. Retrieved 2017-07-15.


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