Kunio Hatoyama

Kunio Hatoyama (鳩山邦夫, Hatoyama Kunio, 13 September 1948 – 21 June 2016) was a Japanese politician who served as Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications under Prime Ministers Shinzō Abe and Yasuo Fukuda until 12 June 2009.

Kunio Hatoyama
鳩山 邦夫
Minister of Justice
In office
27 August 2007  2 August 2008
Prime MinisterShinzō Abe
Yasuo Fukuda
Preceded byJinen Nagase
Succeeded byOkiharu Yasuoka
Minister of Labour
In office
28 March 1994  30 June 1994
Prime MinisterTsutomu Hata
Preceded byChikara Sakaguchi
Succeeded byMansō Hamamoto
Minister of Education
In office
5 November 1991  12 December 1992
Prime MinisterKiichi Miyazawa
Preceded byYutaka Inoue
Succeeded byMayumi Moriyama
Personal details
Born(1948-09-13)13 September 1948
Tokyo, Japan
Died21 June 2016(2016-06-21) (aged 67)
Tokyo, Japan
Political party
  • 1976: NLC-endorsed independent
  • 1978: LDP
  • 1993: Independent
  • Jan. 1994: "Assembly of Reform"
  • July 1994: "Liberal Reform League"
  • Dec. 1994: NFP
  • 1996: ("Old") DPJ
  • 1998: ("New") DPJ
  • 1999: Independent
  • 2000: LDP
  • 2010: Independent
  • 2012: LDP
Spouse(s)Emily Hatoyama
Children
  • Tarō Hatoyama
  • Hanako Hatoyama
  • Jirō Hatoyama
Alma materUniversity of Tokyo

Biography

Kunio Hatoyama was born in Tokyo in 1948. He was a son of Yasuko Hatoyama and Iichirō Hatoyama, a bureaucrat who later became a third-generation politician, and grandson of Ichirō Hatoyama, who became the President of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and Prime Minister of Japan between 1954 and 1956. His brother Yukio Hatoyama, also a politician and leader of the rival Democratic Party of Japan, became the country's Prime Minister in September 2009 following a landslide victory in the August 2009 election. His maternal grandfather was Shōjirō Ishibashi, founder of Bridgestone.

Hatoyama attended the Faculty of Law at the University of Tokyo and graduated with a degree in political science. He wanted to get into politics right away and became an aide to Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka. He ran for the House of Representatives in 1976 as a member of the New Liberal Club and entered the LDP after winning.

In 1993, he left the LDP and became a conservative independent, saying he wanted to form a new party to oppose the LDP. He was briefly Minister of Education, Science, Sports and Culture in the Cabinet of Prime Minister Tsutomu Hata.

In 1994, he helped form the now-defunct New Frontier Party, which he left in 1996 to form the Democratic Party of Japan with his brother, Yukio Hatoyama, and became the Vice Leader of the opposition. Divisions between the brothers eventually led him to leave the DPJ in 1999, and he re-joined the LDP in 2000 after running unsuccessfully for the seat of the Governor of Tokyo.

He joined the Shinzō Abe cabinet as Justice Minister in August 2007, and maintained his post through the September inauguration of the cabinet of Yasuo Fukuda. Serial killer Tsutomu Miyazaki was executed during his tenure.[1] After the execution, he was called "Grim Reaper" by the Asahi Shimbun, which made him angry.[2]

Subsequently, in the Cabinet of Prime Minister Tarō Asō, appointed on 24 September 2008, Hatoyama was moved to the post of Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications.[3] In a dispute with Asō over a possible replacement of Japan Post Holdings president Yoshifumi Nishikawa Hatoyama resigned on 12 June 2009.[4]

Personal life

He was married to Emily Hatoyama (née Emily Baird, aka Emily Takami), the daughter of an Australian army sergeant, Jimmy Baird, and a Japanese woman. Emily is a former model and actress. The couple has three children, Tarō Hatoyama, Hanako Hatoyama and Jirō Hatoyama.

Hatoyama died on 21 June 2016 in a hospital in Tokyo, at the age of 67.[5] He was survived by his wife, three children and five grandchildren.[6]

Controversies

Views on the death penalty

In September 2007, Hatoyama caused a controversy after making a remark during a press conference, where he suggested a system in which execution of death row inmates could take place without him having to sign the final execution order, as currently required by Japanese law. He came under criticism from opponents to capital punishment such as Amnesty International Japan for his attitude, which said that he was trying to avoid accountability as well as showing disregard for human rights.[7]

Remarks about the Bali bombing

In October 2007, during a news conference, Hatoyama attempted to justify plans to fingerprint and photograph all foreigners at immigration by claiming that an unidentified "friend of a friend", who is an Al-Qaeda terrorist involved in the 2002 Bali bombings, was able to sneak in and out of Japan repeatedly over the following years using different passports and wearing a fake moustache. He added that he had received prior warning to stay away from the centre of Bali because it would be bombed. The remarks were made during a news conference at Foreign Correspondents' Club of Japan in Tokyo, where he was trying to explain the necessity of new anti-terrorism measures being implemented whereby all foreigners entering the country will be fingerprinted and photographed.

Later that day, he gave another press conference in which he retracted his remarks, saying instead that it was actually his friend who had received a prior warning about the bombing, and that he only found out about the warning three or four months after the bombing. He also issued a statement denying any connections to members of Al-Qaeda, as well as apologising to Prime Minister Fukuda for the confusion he caused.[8][9][10][11]

Revisionism

Hatoyama was affiliated to the openly revisionist organization Nippon Kaigi.[12]

Ancestry

Notes

References

Further reading

Political offices
Preceded by
Yutaka Inoue
Minister of Education of Japan
19911992
Succeeded by
Mayumi Moriyama
Preceded by
Chikara Sakaguchi
Minister of Labour of Japan
1994
Succeeded by
Mansō Hamamoto
Preceded by
Jinen Nagase
Minister of Justice of Japan
20072008
Succeeded by
Okiharu Yasuoka
Preceded by
Hiroya Masuda
Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications of Japan
20082009
Succeeded by
Tsutomu Sato
Minister of State for Decentralization Reform of Japan
20082009
House of Representatives of Japan
Preceded by
MMC
Representative for Tokyo 8th district (multi-member)
19761979
19801996
Served alongside: Hisanori Yamada, Yoshimi Nakagawa, Takashi Fukaya, Mitsuhiro Kaneko
District eliminated
New district Representative for Tokyo 2nd district
19961999
Vacant
Title next held by
Yoshikatsu Nakayama
Preceded by
N/A
Representative for the Tokyo PR block
20002005
Succeeded by
N/A
Preceded by
Issei Koga
Representative for Fukuoka 6th district
20052016
Vacant
Title next held by
Jirō Hatoyama
Preceded by
Iwao Kudo
Chair, Lower House Committee on Education
19891990
Succeeded by
Hajime Funada
Preceded by
Muneo Suzuki
Chair, Lower House Committee on Rules and Administration
2002
Succeeded by
Yoshinori Ohno
New title Chair, Lower House Special Committee for Regional Revitalization
20142016
Succeeded by
Kozo Yamamoto
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